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The 250+ Tribes/ethnic Groups In Nigeria - Culture (3) - Nairaland

Nairaland Forum / Nairaland / General / Culture / The 250+ Tribes/ethnic Groups In Nigeria (107732 Views)

Why Do Igbo People Detest Marrying Other Tribes? / What Are The Things You Like About Other Ethnic Groups And Tribes? / Ethnic Groups in Nigeria, Less Than 40 (1) (2) (3) (4)

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Re: The 250+ Tribes/ethnic Groups In Nigeria by AndreUweh(m): 10:10pm On Apr 03, 2010
Egun is completely different from Yoruba. No similarities of any sort. The Yorubas do not regard them as Yorubas either. The place regarded as enuani is a part of Igboland. Hence, the number one post in Igboland today is held by an Igbo from Enuani or Enuali or Enuana.
It is our Igbo brothers who shamelessly make themselves minorities when they are not. Take it or leave it, Enuani is Igbo.
Re: The 250+ Tribes/ethnic Groups In Nigeria by marvielson(m): 3:07am On Apr 05, 2010
shocked I'l have to leave it.
@ chineyen my mistake, totally agree with you.
Re: The 250+ Tribes/ethnic Groups In Nigeria by 006(m): 3:58pm On Apr 06, 2010
There are 3 tribes in my family, so Nigeria could be more than a 1,000 tribes in reality. cool
Re: The 250+ Tribes/ethnic Groups In Nigeria by 9jaSoul(f): 3:37am On Apr 10, 2010
http://www.onlinenigeria.com/tribes/


Tribe Name State In Nigeria
     
1   Abayon   Cross River   
2   Abua (Odual)   Rivers   
3   Achipa (Achipawa)   Kebbi   
4   Adim   Cross River   
5   Adun   Cross River   
6   Affade   Yobe   
7   Afizere   Plateau   
8   Afo   Plateau   
9   Agbo   Cross River   
10   Akaju-Ndem (Akajuk)   Cross River   
11   Akweya-Yachi   Benue   
12   Alago (Arago)   Piateau   
13   Amo   Plateau   
14   Anaguta   Plateau   
15   Anang   Akwa lbom   
16   Andoni   Akwa lbom, Rivers   
17   Angas   Bauchi, Jigawa, Plateau   
18   Ankwei   Plateau   
19   Anyima   Cross River   
20   Attakar (ataka)   Kaduna   
21   Auyoka (Auyokawa)   Jigawa   
22   Awori   Lagos, Ogun   
23   Ayu   Kaduna   
24   Babur   Adamawa, Bomo, Taraba, Yobe   
25   Bachama   Adamawa   
26   Bachere   Cross River   
27   Bada   Plateau   
28   Bade   Yobe   
29   Bahumono   Cross River   
30   Bakulung   Taraba   
31   Bali   Taraba   
32   Bambora (Bambarawa)   Bauchi   
33   Bambuko   Taraba   
34   Banda (Bandawa)   Taraba   
35   Banka (Bankalawa)   Bauchi   
36   Banso (Panso)   Adamawa   
37   Bara (Barawa)   Bauchi   
38   Barke   Bauchi   
39   Baruba (Barba)   Niger   
40   Bashiri (Bashirawa)   Plateau   
41   Bassa   Kaduna, Kogi, Niger, Plateau   
42   Batta   Adamawa   
43   Baushi   Niger   
44   Baya   Adamawa   
45   Bekwarra   Cross River   
46   Bele (Buli, Belewa)   Bauchi   
47   Betso (Bete)   Taraba   
48   Bette   Cross River   
49   Bilei   Adamawa   
50   Bille   Adamawa   
51   Bina (Binawa)   Kaduna   
52   Bini   Edo   
53   Birom   Plateau   
54   Bobua   Taraba   
55   Boki (Nki)   Cross River   
56   Bkkos   Plateau   
57   Boko (Bussawa, Bargawa)   Niger   
58   Bole (Bolewa)   Bauchi, Yobe   
59   Botlere   Adamawa   
60   Boma (Bomawa, Burmano)   Bauchi   
61   Bomboro   Bauchi   
62   Buduma   Borno, Niger   
63   Buji   Plateau   
64   Buli   Bauchi   
65   Bunu   Kogi   
66   Bura   Adamawa   
67   Burak   Bauchi   
68   Burma (Burmawa)   Plateau   
69   Buru   Yobe   
70   Buta (Butawa)   Bauchi   
71   Bwall   Plateau   
72   Bwatiye   Adamawa   
73   Bwazza   Adamawa   
74   Challa   Plateau   
75   Chama (Chamawa Fitilai)   Bauchi   
76   Chamba   Taraba   
77   Chamo   Bauchi   
78   Chibok (Chibbak)   Yobe   
79   Chinine   Borno   
80   Chip   Plateau   
81   Chokobo   Plateau   
82   Chukkol   Taraba   
83   Daba   Adamawa   
84   Dadiya   Bauchi   
85   Daka   Adamawa   
86   Dakarkari   Niger, Kebbi   
87   Danda (Dandawa)   Kebbi   
88   Dangsa   Taraba   
89   Daza (Dere, Derewa)   Bauchi   
90   Degema   Rivers   
91   Deno (Denawa)   Bauchi   
92   Dghwede   Bomo   
93   Diba   Taraba   
94   Doemak (Dumuk)   Plateau   
95   Ouguri   Bauchi   
96   Duka (Dukawa)   Kebbi   
97   Duma (Dumawa)   Bauchi   
98   Ebana (Ebani)   Rivers   
99   Ebirra (lgbirra)   Edo, Kogi, Ondo   
100   Ebu   Edo, Kogi   
101   Efik   Cross River   
102   Egbema   Rivers   
103   Egede (lgedde)   Benue   
104   Eggon   Plateau   
105   Egun (Gu)   Lagos,Ogun   
106   Ejagham   Cross River   
107   Ekajuk   Cross River   
108   Eket   Akwa Ibom   
109   Ekoi   Cross River   
110   Engenni (Ngene)   Rivers   
111   Epie   Rivers   
112   Esan (Ishan)   Edo   
113   Etche   Rivers   
114   Etolu (Etilo)   Benue   
115   Etsako   Edo   
116   Etung   Cross River   
117   Etuno   Edo   
118   Palli   Adamawa   
119   Pulani (Pulbe)   Bauchi, Borno, Jigawa , Kaduna, Kano, Katsina, Kebbi , Niger, Sokoto, Taraba, Yobe, etc.   
120   Fyam (Fyem)   Plateau   
121   Fyer(Fer)   Plateau   
122   Ga'anda   Adamawa   
123   Gade   Niger   
124   Galambi   Bauchi   
125   Gamergu-Mulgwa   Bomo   
126   Qanawuri   Plateau   
127   Gavako   Borno   
128   Gbedde   Kogi   
129   Gengle   Taraba   
130   Geji   Bauchi   
131   Gera (Gere, Gerawa)   Bauchi   
132   Geruma (Gerumawa)   Plateau   
133   Geruma (Gerumawa)   Bauchi   
134   Gingwak   Bauchi   
135   Gira   Adamawa   
136   Gizigz   Adamawa   
137   Goernai   Plateau   
138   Gokana (Kana)   Rivers   
139   Gombi   Adamawa   
140   Gornun (Gmun)   Taraba   
141   Gonia   Taraba   
142   Gubi (Gubawa)   Bauchi   
143   Gude   Adamawa   
144   Gudu   Adamawa   
145   Gure   Kaduna   
146   Gurmana   Niger   
147   Gururntum   Bauchi   
148   Gusu   Plateau   
149   Gwa (Gurawa)   Adamawa   
150   Gwamba   Adamawa   
151   Gwandara   Kaduna, Niger, Plateau   
152   Gwari (Gbari)   Kaduna, Niger, Plateau   
153   Gwom   Taraba   
154   Gwoza (Waha)   Bomo   
155   Gyem   Bauchi   
156   Hausa   Bauchi, Borno, Jigawa, Kaduna,Kano, Kastina, Kebbi, Niger,Taraba, Sokoto, etc   
157   Higi (Hig)   Borno, Adamawa   
158   Holma   Adamawa   
159   Hona   Adamawa   
160   Ibeno   Akwa lbom   
161   Ibibio   Akwa lbom   
162   Ichen   Adamawa   
163   Idoma   Benue, Taraba   
164   Igalla   Kogi   
165   lgbo   Abia, Anambra, Benue, Delta, Ebonyi,Enugu, Imo, Rivers   
166   ljumu   Kogi   
167   Ikorn   Cross River   
168   Irigwe   Plateau   
169   Isoko   Delta   
170   lsekiri (Itsekiri)   Delta   
171   lyala (lyalla)   Cross River   
172   lzondjo)   Bayelsa, Delta, Ondo, Rivers   
173   Jaba   Kaduna   
174   Jahuna (Jahunawa)   Taraba   
175   Jaku   Bauchi   
176   Jara (Jaar Jarawa Jarawa-Dutse)   Bauchi   
177   Jere (Jare, Jera, Jera, Jerawa)   Bauchi, Plateau   
178   Jero   Taraba   
179   Jibu   Adamawa   
180   Jidda-Abu   Plateau   
181   Jimbin (Jimbinawa)   Bauchi   
182   Jirai   Adamawa   
183   Jonjo (Jenjo)   Taraba   
184   Jukun   Bauchi, Benue,Taraba, Plateau   
185   Kaba(Kabawa)   Taraba   
186   Kadara   Taraba   
187   Kafanchan   Kaduna   
188   Kagoro   Kaduna   
189   Kaje (Kache)   Kaduna   
190   Kajuru (Kajurawa)   Kaduna   
191   Kaka   Adamawa   
192   Kamaku (Karnukawa)   Kaduna, Kebbi, Niger   
193   Kambari   Kebbi, Niger   
194   Kambu   Adamawa   
195   Kamo   Bauchi   
196   Kanakuru (Dera)   Adamawa, Borno   
197   Kanembu   Bomo   
198   Kanikon   Kaduna   
199   Kantana   Plateau   
200   Kanufi   Kaduna, Adamawa, Bomo, Kano,Niger, Jigawa, Plateau, Taraba, Yobe   
201   Karekare (Karaikarai)   Bauchi, Yobe   
202   Karimjo   Taraba   
203   Kariya   Bauchi   
204   Katab (Kataf)   Kaduna   
205   Kenern (Koenoem)   Plateau   
206   Kenton   Taraba   
207   Kiballo (Kiwollo)   Kaduna   
208   Kilba   Adamawa   
209   Kirfi (Kirfawa)   Bauchi   
210   Koma   Taraba   
211   Kona   Taraba   
212   Koro (Kwaro)   Kaduna, Niger   
213   Kubi (Kubawa)   Bauchi   
214   Kudachano (Kudawa)   Bauchi   
215   Kugama   Taraba   
216   Kulere (Kaler)   Plateau   
217   Kunini   Taraba   
218   Kurama   Jigawa, Kaduna, Niger, Plateau   
219   Kurdul   Adamawa   
220   Kushi   Bauchi   
221   Kuteb   Taraba   
222   Kutin   Taraba   
223   Kwalla   Plateau   
224   Kwami (Kwom)   Bauchi   
225   Kwanchi   Taraba   
226   Kwanka (Kwankwa)   Bauchi, Plateau   
227   Kwaro   Plateau   
228   Kwato   Plateau   
229   Kyenga (Kengawa)   Sokoto   
230   Laaru (Larawa)   Niger   
231   Lakka   Adamawa   
232   Lala   Adamawa   
233   Lama   Taraba   
234   Lamja   Taraba   
235   Lau   Taraba   
236   Ubbo   Adamawa   
237   Limono   Bauchi, Plateau   
238   Lopa (Lupa, Lopawa)   Niger   
239   Longuda (Lunguda)   Adamawa, Bauchi   
240   Mabo   Plateau   
241   Mada   Kaduna, Plateau   
242   Mama   Plateau   
243   Mambilla   Adamawa   
244   Manchok   Kaduna   
245   Mandara (Wandala)   Bomo   
246   Manga (Mangawa)   Yobe   
247   Margi (Marghi)   Adamawa, Bomo   
248   Matakarn   Adamawa   
249   Mbembe   Cross River, Enugu   
250   Mbol   Adamawa   
251   Mbube   Cross River   
252   Mbula   Adamawa   
253   Mbum   Taraba   
254   Memyang (Meryan)   Plateau   
255   Miango   Plateau   
256   Miligili (Migili)   Plateau   
257   Miya (Miyawa)   Bauchi   
258   Mobber   Bomo   
259   Montol   Plateau   
260   Moruwa (Moro'a, Morwa)   Kaduna   
261   Muchaila   Adamawa   
262   Mumuye   Taraba   
263   Mundang   Adamawa   
264   Munga (Mupang)   Plateau   
265   Mushere   Plateau   
266   Mwahavul (Mwaghavul)   Plateau   
267   Ndoro   Taraba   
268   Ngamo   Bauchi, Yobe   
269   Ngizim   Yobe   
270   Ngweshe (Ndhang.Ngoshe-Ndhang)   Adamawa, Borno   
271   Ningi (Ningawa)   Bauchi   
272   Ninzam (Ninzo)   Kaduna, Plateau   
273   Njayi   Adamawa   
274   Nkim   Cross River   
275   Nkum   Cross River   
276   Nokere (Nakere)   Plateau   
277   Nunku   Kaduna, Plateau   
278   Nupe   Niger   
279   Nyandang   Taraba   
280   Ododop   Cross River   
281   Ogori   Kwara   
282   Okobo (Okkobor)   Akwa lbom   
283   Okpamheri   Edo   
284   Olulumo   Cross River   
285   Oron   Akwa lbom   
286   Owan   Edo   
287   Owe   Kwara   
288   Oworo   Kwara   
289   Pa'a (Pa'awa Afawa)   Bauchi   
290   Pai   Plateau   
291   Panyam   Taraba   
292   Pero   Bauchi   
293   Pire   Adamawa   
294   Pkanzom   Taraba   
295   Poll   Taraba   
296   Polchi Habe   Bauchi   
297   Pongo (Pongu)   Niger   
298   Potopo   Taraba   
299   Pyapun (Piapung)   Plateau   
300   Qua   Cross River   
301   Rebina (Rebinawa)   Bauchi   
302   Reshe   Kebbi, Niger   
303   Rindire (Rendre)   Plateau   
304   Rishuwa   Kaduna   
305   Ron   Piateau   
306   Rubu   Niger   
307   Rukuba   Plateau   
308   Rumada   Kaduna   
309   Rumaya   Kaduna   
310   Sakbe   Taraba   
311   Sanga   Bauchi   
312   Sate   Taraba   
313   Saya (Sayawa Za'ar)   Bauchi   
314   Segidi (Sigidawa)   Bauchi   
315   Shanga (Shangawa)   Sokoto   
316   Shangawa (Shangau)   Plateau   
317   Shan-Shan   Plateau   
318   Shira (Shirawa)   Kano   
319   Shomo   Taraba   
320   Shuwa   Adamawa, Borno   
321   Sikdi   Plateau   
322   Siri (Sirawa)   Bauchi   
323   Srubu (Surubu)   Kaduna   
324   Sukur   Adamawa   
325   Sura   Plateau   
326   Tangale   Bauchi   
327   Tarok   Plateau, Taraba   
328   Teme   Adamawa   
329   Tera (Terawa)   Bauchi, Bomo   
330   Teshena (Teshenawa)   Kano   
331   Tigon   Adamawa   
332   Tikar   Taraba   
333   Tiv   Benue, Plateau, Taraba   
334   Tula   Bauchi   
335   Tur   Adamawa   
336   Ufia   Benue   
337   Ukelle   Cross River   
338   Ukwani (Kwale)   Delta   
339   Uncinda   Kaduna, Kebbi, Niger, Sokoto   
340   Uneme (Ineme)   Edo   
341   Ura (Ula)   Niger   
342   Urhobo   Delta   
343   Utonkong   Benue   
344   Uyanga   Cross River   
345   Vemgo   Adamawa   
346   Verre   Adamawa   
347   Vommi   Taraba   
348   Wagga   Adamawa   
349   Waja   Bauchi   
350   Waka   Taraba   
351   Warja (Warja)   Jigawa   
352   Warji   Bauchi   
353   Wula   Adamawa   
354   Wurbo   Adamawa   
355   Wurkun   Taraba   
356   Yache   Cross River   
357   Yagba   Kwara   
358   Yakurr (Yako)   Cross River   
359   Yalla   Benue   
360   Yandang   Taraba   
361   Yergan (Yergum)   Plateau   
362   Yoruba   Kwara, Lagos, Ogun, Ondo, Oyo, Osun, Ekiti, Kogi   
363   Yott   Taraba   
364   Yumu   Niger   
365   Yungur   Adamawa   
366   Yuom   Plateau   
367   Zabara   Niger   
368   Zaranda   Bauchi   
369   Zarma (Zarmawa)   Kebbi   
370   Zayam (Zeam)   Bauchi   
371   Zul (Zulawa)   Bauchi

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Re: The 250+ Tribes/ethnic Groups In Nigeria by 006(m): 2:17pm On Jun 26, 2010
Nigeria does not have 250 tribes. It’s about 36 in number as recognized by the Nigerian government. Most people’s claims are merely towns, local governments, dialects etc but cannot be classified as ethnic groups.
Ignorance shouldn’t be consuming us.

1 Angas
2 Bariba
3 Batta
4 Birom
5 Boki
6 Bussawa
7 Chamba
8 Dukawa
9 Edo
10 Ekoi
11 Gwari
12 Hausa
13 Ibibio
14 Idoma
15 Igala
16 Igbirra
17 Igbo
18 Ijaw
19 Itsekiri
20 Jarawa
21 Jukun
22 Kambari
23 Kamuku
24 Kanuri
25 Kare
26 Katab
27 Longuda
28 Marghi
29 Mumuye
30 Ningawa
31 Nupe
32 Tangale
33 Tiv
34 Urhobo
35 Vkelle (Kukele)
36 Yoruba

Source: National Bureau of Statistic (Nigerian government official website)
www.nigerianstat.gov.ng
Re: The 250+ Tribes/ethnic Groups In Nigeria by 006(m): 2:34pm On Jun 26, 2010
States where they exist.

1 Abia Ekoi
Ibibio
Igbo

2 Adamawa Batta
Chamba
Kanuri
Longuda
Marghi
Mumuye

3 Akwa Ibom Ekoi
Ibibio
Igbo

4 Anambra Igala
Igbo

5 Bauchi Angas
Hausa
Jarawa
Kanuri
Kare
Ningawa
Tangale

6 Bayelsa Igbo
Ijaw

7 Benue Idoma
Igbo
Tiv
Vkelle (Kukele)

8 Bornu Hausa
Kanuri
Longuda
Marghi

9 Cross River Boki
Ekoi
Ibibio
Idoma
Igbo
Tiv
Vkelle (Kukele)

10 Delta Edo
Igbo
Ijaw
Itsekiri
Urhobo

11 Ebonyi Ekoi
Idoma
Igbo
Vkelle (Kukele)

12 Edo Edo
Igala
Igbirra
Igbo
Itsekiri
Urhobo
Yoruba

13 Ekiti Yoruba

14 Enugu Idoma
Igala
Igbo

15 Gombe Batta
Hausa
Kanuri
Kare
Longuda
Marghi
Tangale

16 Imo Igbo

17 Jigawa Hausa
Kanuri
Ningawa

18 Kaduna Angas
Birom
Gwari
Hausa
Jarawa
Katab

19 Kano Hausa
Jarawa
Ningawa

20 Katsina Hausa

21 Kebbi Bussawa
Dukawa
Hausa
Kambari
Kamuku
Nupe

22 Kogi Edo
Gwari
Idoma
Igala
Igbirra
Igbo
Nupe
Yoruba

23 Kwara Bariba
Bussawa
Nupe
Yoruba

24 Lagos Yoruba

25 Nassarawa Angas
Gwari
Idoma
Igbirra
Katab
Tiv

26 Niger Bariba
Bussawa
Dukawa
Gwari
Igbirra
Kambari
Kamuku
Nupe
Yoruba

27 Ogun Yoruba

28 Ondo Edo
Igbirra
Ijaw
Yoruba

29 Osun Yoruba

30 Oyo Yoruba

31 Plateau Angas
Birom
Jarawa
Jukun
Tangale
Tiv

32 Rivers Ibibio
Igbo
Ijaw

33 Sokoto Bussawa
Dukawa
Hausa

34 Taraba Angas
Batta
Chamba
Jukun
Mumuye
Tangale
Tiv

35 Yobe Hausa
Kanuri
Kare
Marghi

36 Zamfara Dukawa
Gwari
Hausa
Kambari
Kamuku

37 Abuja FCT Gwari
Igbirra
Re: The 250+ Tribes/ethnic Groups In Nigeria by 006(m): 2:51pm On Jun 26, 2010
In the Southern Nigeria, we have:
1 Boki
2 Edo
3 Ekoi
4 Ibibio

5 Idoma
6 Igala
7 Igbirra
8 Igbo
9 Ijaw
10 Itsekiri
11 Tiv
12 Urhobo
13 Vkelle (Kukele)
14 Yoruba

Where Ekoi and Ibibio are dialects of the yet to be named ethnic group which some people call Efik/Ibibio.
Idoma, Igala, Igbirra, and Tiv have insignificant population in the South as they live mainly in the North.
Re: The 250+ Tribes/ethnic Groups In Nigeria by 006(m): 2:58pm On Jun 26, 2010
In the Northern Nigeria, we have:

1 Angas
2 Bariba
3 Batta
4 Birom
5 Bussawa
6 Chamba
7 Dukawa
8 Edo
9 Gwari
10 Hausa
11 Idoma
12 Igala
13 Igbirra
14 Igbo
15 Jarawa
16 Jukun
17 Kambari
18 Kamuku
19 Kanuri
20 Kare
21 Katab
22 Longuda
23 Marghi
24 Mumuye
25 Ningawa
26 Nupe
27 Tangale
28 Tiv
29 Vkelle (Kukele)
30 Yoruba

Where Edo and Igbo have insignificant population in the North as they live mainly in the South.
Re: The 250+ Tribes/ethnic Groups In Nigeria by ChinenyeN(m): 3:03pm On Jun 26, 2010
I find the 250+ claim, much more believable than what you posted, 006.
Re: The 250+ Tribes/ethnic Groups In Nigeria by Maple(m): 8:08am On Jun 27, 2010
who was that Bendelite  woman that sang the song

one kilometer is another language
half a kilometer is another language
wamise

you sravel to Onitsha them go speak Igbo
You sravel to  Warri,them go speak Urhobo
To Calabar them go speak Efik
e sravel,e sravel

Evi-Edna Ogholi and later Evi-Edna Oghosi.


she pronounced  travel, sravel
maybe they had no "t" in her language


Her name is Evi Edna Ugholi

There are forumites who have not stepped foot in some regions of Nigeria, yet they are here debating whether the country do indeed have upto  250 languages.

At least a hundred languages are spoken in the middle belt alone. The exhaustive list even left out many languages, for instance in Borno State where I grew up, languages like KareKare and Zage-Zage where left out. Some noted that the list contains name of Villages or places, while this is true, one should also know that there is often a direct correlation between the name of a tribe and the name of the land which its people inhabits. It is a common phenomenon in many countries.

What next are some people gonna refute?  that the country's population is not 150 million plus, but 20 million?
Re: The 250+ Tribes/ethnic Groups In Nigeria by 006(m): 1:47pm On Jun 27, 2010
^^^

Ignorance is what is consuming Nigeria. When you understand the difference between a dialect and a language, then you’ll blush at your ignorance. Notwithstanding all the socio-political clans and towns/LGs claiming ethnicity separate from their parent ethnicity, Nigeria does not have that many languages. All we have are merely dialects which if the criteria used to elongate the list to 250+ is applied to the letter, then we’ll probably be counting over 2,000 languages in Nigeria.

As for your KareKare, they are found mainly in Bauchi, Gombe, and Yobe States and are known as Kare. The last time I checked, Yobe was part of former Borno State.
Re: The 250+ Tribes/ethnic Groups In Nigeria by ChinenyeN(m): 2:13pm On Jun 27, 2010
Language vs Dialect. . . Those two words cause so much trouble. That's why I've elected to use the word "lect". It carries the meaning of both language and dialect and none of the preconceptions. Anyway, 006, do you, yourself know the difference between a language and a dialect? If so, please enunciate.
Re: The 250+ Tribes/ethnic Groups In Nigeria by ezeagu(m): 4:13pm On Jun 27, 2010
006:

In the Northern Nigeria, we have:

1 Angas
2 Bariba
3 Batta
4 Birom
5 Bussawa
6 Chamba
7 Dukawa
8 Edo
9 Gwari
10 Hausa
11 Idoma
12 Igala
13 Igbirra
14 Igbo
15 Jarawa
16 Jukun
17 Kambari
18 Kamuku
19 Kanuri
20 Kare
21 Katab
22 Longuda
23 Marghi
24 Mumuye
25 Ningawa
26 Nupe
27 Tangale
28 Tiv
29 Vkelle (Kukele)
30 Yoruba

Where Edo and Igbo have insignificant population in the North as they live mainly in the South.

Ishan is a major ethnic group and it is missing from this list, which means there are other ethnic groups missing from this list. Ethnic groups in Nigeria may actually be 250+, that being said, the relationship and similarities between these groups is not indicated. What I'm trying to say is that not all groups in Nigeria have come together under a larger body to form an ethnicity. The Igbo, Yoruba, Hausa/Fulani could have easily had their divisions down to the towns represented as separate ethnic groups and they would have been able to defend their uniqueness because it exists, in fact some of those divisons are already listed as separate ethnic groups on that larger list. I don't believe there are hundreds of 'microscopic' tribes with completely different languages though.

Let's look at the list of 250+ ethnic groups for an example for some possible relations:

49   Bilei   Adamawa   
50   Bille   Adamawa   

I don't know if this is a spelling mistake that made one group seem like two (similar to Igbo, Ibo) but these two groups names are too similar to be completely different, especially as they are in the same location.

Eket, Ekoi, Ibibio, Annang, Oron, Efik, Ejagham are an ethnic group, similar language and do not have any other variety apart from some parts of culture. Oron is a town and so is Eket.

Ukwuani: 8 states are indicated as Igbo/partially Igbo which cover Ika, Ikwerre, Ogba, etc, yet Ukwuani is on the list as separate. The list is not trustworthy.

350   Waka   Taraba: Some of these ethnic groups are even insulting the reader. undecided
Re: The 250+ Tribes/ethnic Groups In Nigeria by 006(m): 10:18pm On Jun 27, 2010
@ ezeagu

Ishan/Eshan and Afemai are Edo speaking groups thus belong to Edo ethnic group.

One thing you should know is that no one speaks a language; instead everyone speaks a dialect of a language. It is imperative to find the language for which a given dialect belongs to. The problem we have in Nigeria is that before the Europeans came, many groups did not know that similar groups ever existed and thought that they were the only ones. When communication improved, similar groups were discovered and grouped together; some in those groups sometimes find it hard to accept the reality because the mentality was that they were the only ones.

For instance, an Ijebu or an Egba in those days may not know that he is a Yoruba until he was told so and when he actually listens to the language called Yoruba, he’ll find out that Ijebu or Egba are mere dialects of the bigger group. Some accepted without fuss, others refused to be group together with others; but their refusal cannot force the academia to group them separately because it’s irrational. Note that these groups may not necessarily have the same progenitor or migration but are grouped together based solely on language and similarity of culture. Same exists in Igbo, Ijaw and other groups.

The list I gave is what Nigerian government has and it’s not quite different from ethnic maps published by our colonial masters.
Re: The 250+ Tribes/ethnic Groups In Nigeria by ChinenyeN(m): 10:28pm On Jun 27, 2010
006:

Ishan/Eshan and Afemai are Edo speaking groups thus belong to Edo ethnic group.
Ethnicity is about consciousness and identity; not mode of speech. Mode of speech only help perpetuate an ethnic identity. They are not the identity itself.
Re: The 250+ Tribes/ethnic Groups In Nigeria by ezeagu(m): 1:20am On Jun 28, 2010
006:

@ ezeagu

Ishan/Eshan and Afemai are Edo speaking groups thus belong to Edo ethnic group.

One thing you should know is that no one speaks a language; instead everyone speaks a dialect of a language. It is imperative to find the language for which a given dialect belongs to. The problem we have in Nigeria is that before the Europeans came, many groups did not know that similar groups ever existed and thought that they were the only ones. When communication improved, similar groups were discovered and grouped together; some in those groups sometimes find it hard to accept the reality because the mentality was that they were the only ones.

For instance, an Ijebu or an Egba in those days may not know that he is a Yoruba until he was told so and when he actually listens to the language called Yoruba, he’ll find out that Ijebu or Egba are mere dialects of the bigger group. Some accepted without fuss, others refused to be group together with others;

Don't let an Ishan hear you calling them Edo, on that note where is Urhobo/Isoko and Itsekiri? If these groups are going to be called Edo then the Ika should as well.

Many groups did know others like them existed, not necessarily the scope, but there were trading routes and people all the way from a town like Owerre or Aba regularly travelled to Bonny, etc. You even see town names from the Igbo part of the west of the river Niger mimic those of the east of the river (e.g. Owerre). The thing is that in every ethnic group on earth, the subdivisions are never living in Harmony, see Scottish clans for instance who hold on to grudges that are hundreds of years old or Japanese towns who carry out honour killings. It's only when an alien group is met that their similarities become clearer to them, no one was pushing away the Igbo label in 1930. These problems between Igbo groups go down to the village; different communities regularly fall out of/create/enter other communities when they have conflict with their old federations, the Ika even have problems between towns. In Ebonyi two Igbo groups are having/had an all out war.

006:

but their refusal cannot force the academia to group them separately because it’s irrational. Note that these groups may not necessarily have the same progenitor or migration but are grouped together based solely on language and similarity of culture. Same exists in Igbo, Ijaw and other groups.

The list I gave is what Nigerian government has and it’s not quite different from ethnic maps published by our colonial masters.

The 'Academia' once called the Ijaw 'Eboe' along with the rest of the Igbo people. These ethnic groups, had they been in Europe or had they had at least 5 million members each, would have been grouped separately. After all English people and German people are both Germanic and share aspects of culture and language but they aren't an ethnic group.
Re: The 250+ Tribes/ethnic Groups In Nigeria by 006(m): 2:27am On Jun 28, 2010
A beg, review the list before you start ranting!

006:

Nigeria does not have 250 tribes. It’s about 36 in number as recognized by the Nigerian government. Most people’s claims are merely towns, local governments, dialects etc but cannot be classified as ethnic groups.
Ignorance shouldn’t be consuming us.

1 Angas
2 Bariba
3 Batta
4 Birom
5 Boki
6 Bussawa
7 Chamba
8 Dukawa
9 Edo
10 Ekoi
11 Gwari
12 Hausa
13 Ibibio
14 Idoma
15 Igala
16 Igbirra
17 Igbo
18 Ijaw
19 Itsekiri
20 Jarawa
21 Jukun
22 Kambari
23 Kamuku
24 Kanuri
25 Kare
26 Katab
27 Longuda
28 Marghi
29 Mumuye
30 Ningawa
31 Nupe
32 Tangale
33 Tiv
34 Urhobo
35 Vkelle (Kukele)
36 Yoruba

Source: National Bureau of Statistic (Nigerian government official website)
www.nigerianstat.gov.ng


For goodness sake, is the academia the same as our colonial masters and where on earth has Nigeria as a nation ever called the Ijaw Eboe? 

006:

but their refusal cannot force the academia to group them separately because it’s irrational.
Re: The 250+ Tribes/ethnic Groups In Nigeria by ChinenyeN(m): 3:36am On Jun 28, 2010
006, you do understand that those groupings are primarily/particularly linguistic groupings, right? You do realize that linguistics is the basis of how the groups in Nigeria are classified, right?
Re: The 250+ Tribes/ethnic Groups In Nigeria by ezeagu(m): 6:19am On Jun 28, 2010
006:

A beg, review the list before you start ranting!

I didn't even realise you split the list into north and south. I was looking at north. My point still stands because of the Ishan and others.

006:

For goodness sake, is the academia the same as our colonial masters and where on earth has Nigeria as a nation ever called the Ijaw Eboe? 

There is no mention of Ijaw or Ijo any time before Nigeria's creation, many groups were joined under 'Eboe'. What the 'academia' says always changes. If a group is serious about being distinct and can prove it, things will be changed.
Re: The 250+ Tribes/ethnic Groups In Nigeria by Nobody: 6:23am On Jun 28, 2010
Ukwuani: 8 states are indicated as Igbo/partially Igbo which cover Ika, Ikwerre, Ogba, etc, yet Ukwuani is on the list as separate. The list is not trustworthy.

I thought the Ikwerres dont see themselves as Igbo undecided
Re: The 250+ Tribes/ethnic Groups In Nigeria by 006(m): 2:52pm On Jun 28, 2010
ezeagu:

I didn't even realise you split the list into north and south. I was looking at north. My point still stands because of the Ishan and others.

There is no mention of Ijaw or Ijo any time before Nigeria's creation, many groups were joined under 'Eboe'. What the 'academia' says always changes. If a group is serious about being distinct and can prove it, things will be changed.

Had you ever read about the Edo people?

When was Nigeria created? 1914 or 1960?   *chuckles*
Anyway, before our independence, Ijaw/Ijo was known as an ethnic group.
Re: The 250+ Tribes/ethnic Groups In Nigeria by ChinenyeN(m): 3:28pm On Jun 28, 2010
006, I see you ignoring my posts. Honestly, I only need you to answer my question. We aren't going to go into any kind of debate/discussion. That is far from my intention. I'm not here to get into it with you. I would only like to know if you realize that those lists you have there are primarily/particularly linguistic groupings. I also want to know if you really know the difference between a language and a dialect (or at least, what you think the difference between a language and a dialect are). So please, just briefly touch on those for me. Just know that I'm not interested in arguing with you. I just want to better understanding your understanding.
Re: The 250+ Tribes/ethnic Groups In Nigeria by 006(m): 7:59pm On Jun 28, 2010
^^^

Sorry but you're asking a question you already knew the answer and believed/accepted what you want to believe/accept.

1 Like

Re: The 250+ Tribes/ethnic Groups In Nigeria by ChinenyeN(m): 8:32pm On Jun 28, 2010
006:

Sorry but you're asking a question you already knew the answer and believed/accepted what you want to believe/accept.
That shouldn't be a reason why you wouldn't answer. As for whether or not I know the answer to those questions (there are two questions by the way, if you didn't notice). . . sorry, I don't, and that's why I'm asking. I'm looking for further clarification.

That ought not be a problem, should it?
Re: The 250+ Tribes/ethnic Groups In Nigeria by 006(m): 10:17pm On Jun 28, 2010
^^^

Let me start by saying that when you enter a community you’ve never been to and never learnt their language and was able to communicate with them effectively without putting much effort to it within 0 – 7 days, then know you speak the same language with them. (0 – 7 days is my personal assumption as I believe that no one can understand perfectly a new language he has never heard before within a week without much effort).

An Ika man, who was born and bred in Ika and never heard or learnt any other language other than Ika, can comfortably move to Aro (a faraway community) and start communicating with them effectively within a very short period without much effort – it takes mere adjustment to the sound an Ika man has been hearing all the time; but cannot move to Bini (a neighbouring community) and do the same without much effort despite the fact some bini words are in Ika language. This means that Ika and Aro are dialects of the same language and Bini does not belong to that same language.

It is imperative to note that everyone speaks a dialect of a language and no one speaks a language. When different dialects with similar syntax, structure and grammar are grouped together, then we have a language. Sometimes, a group of similar dialects do not have a name for the language they belong to but that does not make them separate languages, e.g. Efik/Ibibio.

What is a dialect? As defined by Oxford dictionary, it is the form of a language that is spoken in one area with grammar, words [/b]and [b]pronunciation that may be different from other forms of the same language. This means that a dialect belongs to a language and a language does not belong to a dialect. It might be possible for a dialect to exist all on its own without any other variation; in this case, it is a language on its own.


ChinenyeN:

006, you do understand that those groupings are primarily/particularly linguistic groupings, right? You do realize that linguistics is the basis of how the groups in Nigeria are classified, right? 

Yes, the groupings are primarily linguistic and secondarily cultural. Any group of peoples with similar language usually have so many similar cultures as well, no exception anywhere in the world. A group of people must not necessarily have the same progenitor or migration.
Re: The 250+ Tribes/ethnic Groups In Nigeria by ChinenyeN(m): 10:26pm On Jun 28, 2010
There. Thank you. Now, was that so difficult? Anyway, your post raised many more questions for me, but I don't care enough to ask.
Re: The 250+ Tribes/ethnic Groups In Nigeria by 006(m): 10:39pm On Jun 28, 2010
^^^

You can ask if you want but I can answer only the things I know of.
Re: The 250+ Tribes/ethnic Groups In Nigeria by Maple(m): 4:38am On Jun 29, 2010
Ignorance is what is consuming Nigeria. When you understand the difference between a dialect and a language, then you’ll blush at your ignorance. Notwithstanding all the socio-political clans and towns/LGs claiming ethnicity separate from their parent ethnicity, Nigeria does not have that many languages. All we have are merely dialects which if the criteria used to elongate the list to 250+ is applied to the letter, then we’ll probably be counting over 2,000 languages in Nigeria.

As for your KareKare, they are found mainly in Bauchi, Gombe, and Yobe States and are known as Kare. The last time I checked, Yobe was part of former Borno State.

@006

Yes, some of the listed languages, could be classified as dialects, that is, if one applies the definition of dialect in the true sense of its meaning. However, your whole approach to this issue is flawed.  Perhaps, you need  to be educated on some facts and realities of the life we live in.  My brother,  in reality, things are not often interpreted in Black and White - it is a simple fact they dont teach at school - you need to think outside the box most times to understand a lot of things.  There is a difference between what is Right and what is Correct, and your arguments and those of others stemmed from the inability to differentiate between the two.    I'm glad you defined  (from Oxford dictionary) what a dialect is, you said, "it is the form of a language that is spoken in one area with grammar, words and pronunciation that may be different from other forms of the same language." By this definition, many so-called languages spoken in many parts of the world today are (actually) dialects. For instance, English and German are dialects of the Germanic language with lots of words in common, but we all know that the "all knowing English" do not regard the English language as a dialect.  

Spanish, Portuguese and Italian are variants (dialects) of the latin language, yet they are classified as different languages.  Korean and Japanese are two very similar languages, but they are classified as different languages. Ukrainian, russian, belarussian, polish, and bulgarian are dialects of the slavic language, yet they are officially categorized as separate languages.  Turkish (Turkey), Azeri (Azaibejan), Turkmen (Turkmenistan), Uzbek (Uzbekistan), Kyrgyz (Kyrgystan), and Kazakh (Kazkhstan) are dialects of the Turkic language, yet are officially classified as different languages. Tajiki is recognized as a language, even though it is a dialect of the Persian language,  should I go on?

Most Europeans are still yet to digest the complexity and richness of Africa's cultural diversities - and the fact that it surpasses those in every other continent - hence they try looping us as one at every chance they get.  I have seen so many Europeans who are so-called "experts of African history and cultures" come on TV to claim how so-and-so African languages are dialects and not languages, simply because they can name few words they have in common. What they do not apply to themselves, they apply to us.  There dialects are "languages" , but ours are not.

(sigh), for so long African cultures have suffered from intellectual double standards, particularly from the western world, and many Africans have internalized and assimilated this trend so much so, that they become intellectually naive whenever it comes to discussions like this.  They are quick to belittle their brethren and showcase how  "educated" they are with their academic interpretations of issues, while they ignore realities.  Every development or findings in their countries that do not 100% fit into their so-called academic views, they criticize vehemently. You often do not see such scrutiny and criticism whenever they are dealing with issues concerning the Europeans.  They let Europeans have their way, but their African brethren have to play by the book.  Should the Nigerian government fully play by the "rules" of the Europeans and other non-African nations, the number of languages that 'll make the list would surpass 600. Now,is it the right thing to do? No; but it is the correct thing to do.

The 'Academia' once called the Ijaw 'Eboe' along with the rest of the Igbo people. These ethnic groups, had they been in Europe or had they had at least 5 million members each, would have been grouped separately. After all English people and German people are both Germanic and share aspects of culture and language but they aren't an ethnic group.

@ezeagu
Thanks, you raised an important point which people like @006 need to fully comprehend. If we apply the definition of dialect in its true sense of meaning, many European languages  we know today would not be classified as  languages, but dialects.  One also ought to know that most countries around the world, especially in Europe, were formed on the basis of ethnicity and dialects. We however, were not the architects of our present geographic boundaries, the Europeans were.  Often some of us forget that countries in Africa are actually a conglomerate of nations that made no sense to the Europeans. The reason why some are still blinded to the fact that so many non-African languages we know today are actually dialects, and not languages,  is because of the share sizes of the land and population of their speakers. 

Some tend to forget that Africa is where it (speech) all started, Africa gave the rest of the world the power of speech.  As the cradle of humanity, it is no surprise that the continent has almost an endless number of languages and dialects like no other, hence  ethnic groups are often  found to be few miles apart.  If one plays by the "rules",  it is therefore correct to list many so-called dialects in Nigeria, as languages.  The problem I have with the official list is that,  it did not play by the "rules" well enough, else it should have at least 600 languages.  The list left out many languages mostly because the population of their speakers were deemed to be too small and therefore unworthy of note.  Were it not for the devastating impacts centuries of slave trades had on the continent, the population of those small ethnic groups alone could have surpassed those of many nations around the world.

So, whenever my European friends ask me how many languages are spoken in my country, I say (with pride) 250 plus. Suddenly, they wanna know how and why that was possible, I then go on to lecture them on some hard facts they never would learn at school and/or via the media. grin
Re: The 250+ Tribes/ethnic Groups In Nigeria by ezeagu(m): 11:29am On Jun 29, 2010
006:

Had you ever read about the Edo people?

When was Nigeria created? 1914 or 1960? *chuckles*
Anyway, before our independence, Ijaw/Ijo was known as an ethnic group.

What is there to read about the Edo people? The Ishan are Ishan, the Edo are Edo. If the Ishan are Edo, then by the same measure the Ika are Edo. The Nigerian protectorate (amalgamation of the Southern and Northern protectorate which were created in the 1800's) was created in the 1910's. The Ijaw were known as 'Brass tribes' in the 1800's and in the 1700's as 'Eboes' of the 'Eboe country', there are books with written accounts of men with 'large canoes in the Eboe country', the only two groups mentioned here are 'Eboes' and 'Bites'/'Calabaries'/'Mokos'.
Re: The 250+ Tribes/ethnic Groups In Nigeria by ChinenyeN(m): 12:48pm On Jun 29, 2010
Maple, it is like that, because the terms "language" and "dialect" are rooted more so in politics than linguistics. There is a joke/humor saying that linguists use, which goes, "a language is a dialect with an army and a navy". This [proverbial] saying is how linguists have come to recognize and highlight on the highly politicized meanings of "language" and "dialect".

In reality, there is not real difference between a language and a dialect. At least, linguistically, there isn't.
Re: The 250+ Tribes/ethnic Groups In Nigeria by 006(m): 1:23pm On Jun 29, 2010
ezeagu:

What is there to read about the Edo people? The Ishan are Ishan, the Edo are Edo. If the Ishan are Edo, then by the same measure the Ika are Edo. The Nigerian protectorate (amalgamation of the Southern and Northern protectorate which were created in the 1800's) was created in the 1910's. The Ijaw were known as 'Brass tribes' in the 1800's and in the 1700's as 'Eboes' of the 'Eboe country', there are books with written accounts of men with 'large canoes in the Eboe country', the only two groups mentioned here are 'Eboes' and 'Bites'/'Calabaries'/'Mokos'.

@ ezeagu,
Did you even read my last post? Surely you didn’t.

You’re angle of the argument is a bit funny. So you want to tell me about Ijaws and Igbos and you went as far back as 1700’s and 1800’s when the Europeans had barely explored the whole of Africa and understood her peoples.

My brother, come down to pre-independence, around 1940 – 1960.
Where the Ijaws known as Ijaw/Ijo by the Europeans/colonial masters at this time?
A Yes or a No answer would suffice.
Re: The 250+ Tribes/ethnic Groups In Nigeria by 006(m): 1:39pm On Jun 29, 2010
Maple:

For instance, English and German are dialects of the Germanic language with lots of words in common, but we all know that the "all knowing English" do not regard the English language as a dialect.  

Spanish, Portuguese and Italian are variants (dialects) of the latin language, yet they are classified as different languages.  Korean and Japanese are two very similar languages, but they are classified as different languages. Ukrainian, russian, belarussian, polish, and bulgarian are dialects of the slavic language, yet they are officially categorized as separate languages.  Turkish (Turkey), Azeri (Azaibejan), Turkmen (Turkmenistan), Uzbek (Uzbekistan), Kyrgyz (Kyrgystan), and Kazakh (Kazkhstan) are dialects of the Turkic language, yet are officially classified as different languages. Tajiki is recognized as a language, even though it is a dialect of the Persian language,  should I go on?

In all these languages you listed, can you speak/understand any of them apart from English? How could you know the extent of the similarities and differences between them? Let’s be realistic. When you talked about English and German, both have the same origin; in fact, English people had German origin. The languages have diverged so significantly that an English man cannot move to Germany and start communicating with the Germans without putting in months of study to understand German and vice versa. Despite the fact that the English were Germans, the two languages are no longer the same, hence the English are no longer of German ethnicity; this is the essence of what I was talking about. Ethnicity has all to do with language and maybe culture and little or nothing to do with origin/progenitor/migration. The same is applicable to the rest you listed.
It’s like the Igbos and the Igalas that have the same origin but the two languages have diverged significantly that an Igbo can’t understand Igala and vice versa.

It’s like saying that Southern Nigeria has just one language because all of us speak Kwa language (Igbo, Yoruba, and Bini are Kwa languages). The fact is that they have diverged significantly. If you had not cherry picked from my last post, you wouldn’t have come up with your response.

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