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|How The Catholic Influenced Art And Architecture All Over The World by POPEII: 1:41am On Nov 20, 2013|
The Roman Catholic Church is the largest group of Christians in the world. There are about 2 billion members, mostly in Europe, North South America and Africa. The church goes back to about 30 A.D., to the life of Jesus Christ and his apostles. Roman Catholics believe that Jesus Christ is the son of God, and that he rose to heaven after being crucified. They believe that Jesus brought salvation to all people on Earth.
The leader of the Roman Catholic Church and successor of Jesus Christ on Earth is the Pope. He governs the church from the Vatican, a small state situated in the heart of Rome. The Pope selects cardinals and bishops to lead the church throughout the world.
The Roman Catholic Church has influenced history more than any other organization/Religion. It exercised its power throughout the Middle Ages. Missionaries travelled to other continents to spread Catholicism. Great architects created churches and cathedrals, artists drew paintings and made frescoes.
The Beliefs of the Roman Catholic Church
The beliefs of Catholics are based on the Bible. Creeds are short statements of faith that Catholics believe in and recite in mass.
Roman Catholics believe that there is only a single God, who exists in three persons – the Father, Jesus Christ the son, and the Holy Spirit. Each of these people, however, personifies God. They also believe that God created the universe, the world, human beings and everything else on Earth. Believers in the Roman Catholic religion also honor the Virgin Mary, mother of Jesus Christ/God.
God wanted human beings to live forever, just like him. But because the first human being, Adam, did not obey God, the sin he committed was passed on to the rest of humanity. The church says that everyone is born with this original sin. God sent his son Jesus Christ to Earth to save everyone from sin. During the latter part of his life Jesus spent much time with his followers, apostles who would continue his teachings after his death. Roman Catholics celebrate two important events in the life of Jesus: Christmas, the birth of Jesus Christ and Easter, the resurrection of Jesus.
According to Catholic beliefs, life does not end with death. The soul leaves its bodily form and rises to heaven, purgatory or hell. Heaven is the place where God wants everyone to be, purgatory is a place in which those who have sinned against God stay for a short time and are cleaned of their sins. A person is punished in Hell because they have not lived God’s life.
The Catholic Church teaches people to behave in certain ways. They must love God and their fellow human beings. It asks its followers to live a life as Jesus had, to follow their consciences.
There are seven sacraments in the Roman Catholic Church. These are rituals that all good Catholics perform.
•Baptism is an event in which a child, or sometimes an adult, is cleaned from their original sin. Water is poured over a person as a sign of cleaning and starting a new life.
•Confirmation is usually performed at the age of 14 or 15, when a child turns into a young adult. A bishop or priest puts oil on the forehead of a worshipper as a sign of strength.
•The Eucharist or mass is normally a Sunday celebration. It consists of prayers, hymns and texts from the Bible. A priest turns bread and wine into Christ’s body and blood. At communion worshippers eat Christ’s body in form of a host.
•Confession is a sacrament in which Catholics tell their sins to a priest. They promise to God that they are sorry for what they have done.
•Holy orders are sacraments that turn young men into priests or bishops. They then lead their community in the name of God.
•Marriage is a sacrament in which man and woman promise to live together in a family.
•The anointment of the sick is a sacrament that is given to a person who is very ill and in danger of dying. The priest anoints a sick person with oil and frees them from sin so that they can rise to heaven.
pictures are coming
Baptism of a child
Baptism of a child
How the Church is organized
Catholics in a small town or village are usually organized in a parish. Priests or deacons are in charge of celebrating mass and performing other rituals in church. Today, more and more lay people have tasks in the Roman Catholic Church. They read passages from the Bible at mass and sometimes give others communion.
A diocese is a group of many parishes that is supervised by a bishop. The bishop appoints the priests who lead the parishes. He also is in charge of other religious organizations in his diocese. Bishops are responsible for teaching and guiding people in their region.
The Pope is the leader of the Roman Catholic Church. Catholics respect the Pope as Jesus Christ’s representative on Earth. He is supported by chosen bishops, called cardinals, and the Roman curia, the Pope’s administrative organization. The Curia represents the Vatican in other countries, writes documents or deals with cases of abuse within the church.
History of the Roman Catholic Church
The history of the Roman Catholic Church begins with the life and death of Jesus Christ, about 2,000 years ago. Paul, the Apostle, is often seen as the founder of the Church. He carried the word of Jesus Christ to the people. Many churches were built throughout the Roman Empire. During this time Christianity spread throughout Europe and the Middle East. The Romans, who ruled these areas had their own religion and at first persecuted and mistreated Christians. At around 300 AD Christianity became the main Roman religion. By this time there were two capitals in the empire: in Rome and Constantinople (now Istanbul).
When the western part of the Roman Empire collapsed in the 5th century Christianity still had a major influence in Europe. The bishops in Constantinople often disagreed with the popes of western Rome, who were becoming more and more powerful. In 1054 the church split into an eastern and a western branch. The eastern half became the Orthodox Church and the western half became the Roman Catholic Church.
During the Middle Ages the Roman Catholic Church was the most powerful organization in western Europe. It not only had religious power but also gained more and more political power. Popes launched Crusades to conquer back the Holy Land from Muslims. Kings and leaders in the west were very often in direct conflict with the Pope and his bishops.
In the 14th century cardinals elected a French Pope who did not want to go to Rome. For about 70 years there were two popes who fought for power, one in Avignon and one in Rome. As the Roman Catholic Church became weaker people began to break away and form new Christian churches.
Martin Luther, a German monk, began the reformation movement in the early 16th century. Central and Northern Europe became Protestant while the Mediterranean regions remained Roman Catholic. In England Henry VIII broke away from Rome and founded the Anglican Church.
Nevertheless, Roman Catholicism expanded throughout the world during the Age of Exploration. Explorers and settlers brought Catholic beliefs to the New World. Spanish, Portuguese and French missionaries set up churches and colonized areas in North and South America.
As time went on the Pope’s influence in Europe diminished and he lost much of his land. By 1870 only the Vatican City remained. The Roman Catholic Church faced changes in society as well as new theories in science, which it was mostly against. In 1962 Pope John XXIII opened the Second Vatican Council which dealt with the church’s problems and modernized many things.
|Re: How The Catholic Influenced Art And Architecture All Over The World by POPEII: 2:03am On Nov 20, 2013|
1- Emblem of the Papacy.
2- St Peter's Basilica
3- Christ Church Cathedral Canterbury
4- Holy Virgin Mary, Mother of God
|Re: How The Catholic Influenced Art And Architecture All Over The World by POPEII: 2:09am On Nov 20, 2013|
1- St Patrick Church (NYC)
2- The Cathedral Basilica of St joseph (CA)
3- Catholic Church in Turkey
4- St Benedict Catholic Church
|Re: How The Catholic Influenced Art And Architecture All Over The World by plaetton: 6:52am On Nov 20, 2013|
You Christians never seize to amaze me.
This is the information age , brother.
Your op is a lie , but a forgivable one borne out of ignorance.
They say if you want to hide something from a black man, just hide it inside a book because Africans don't read.
Please read up on this subject.
You will discover first that Christianity is a borrow borrow religion.
What you call Roman Catholic architecture came from and was greatly influenced by a blend of Hermetic philosophy (what you might call paganism) and later by Islam(yes , Islam).
In the hermetic tradition, churches were carefully designed and built as , and seen as giant talismans that were supposed(by the hermetic/pagan law of correspondence) to draw cosmic power from both within and outside the physical medium , to be bestowed upon the faithful within the church.
|Re: How The Catholic Influenced Art And Architecture All Over The World by woky: 8:26am On Nov 20, 2013|
plaetton: You Christians never seize to amaze me.u dy yan DUST!
|Re: How The Catholic Influenced Art And Architecture All Over The World by Emusan(m): 9:21am On Nov 20, 2013|
How does this your post promote the GOOD NEWS of Christ- of the salvation?
|Re: How The Catholic Influenced Art And Architecture All Over The World by POPEII: 11:59pm On Nov 20, 2013|
plaetton: You Christians never seize to amaze me.God forbid, Islam never influenced Catholicism in any way .
I don't want to derail my own thread but your post is trash and doesn't make sense
|Re: How The Catholic Influenced Art And Architecture All Over The World by POPEII: 12:01am On Nov 21, 2013|
Emusan: @Opwhat do you mean? Is history also against the message of God ?
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