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The Effect Of Student Housing Conditions On Academic Performance - Education - Nairaland

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The Effect Of Student Housing Conditions On Academic Performance by SAccommod8: 5:01pm On Mar 15, 2018
There is a general notion that students who live in decent housing units within or around their university have a better chance of exceling academically. So much so that a lot of tertiary institutions in and outside Nigeria make it compulsory for first year and final year students to live on campus.

Academic performance here is defined as the level to which a student has achieved their educational goals. A lot of educators believe that there should be close proximity between a student’s living and learning environment in order to produce all-rounders that are socially integrated and mentally sound. However, the lack of decent housing for students within and outside campus means that a lot of these students are left to their devices and have to settle for whatever is available. The population of students admitted into Nigerian universities has seen a significant increase over the years. A case in point is UNILAG with a student population of 58,000 but has only 8000 bed spaces available. So, you passed the first major hurdle of gaining admission into one of the top tertiary institutions in Nigeria, but you now have to worry about where you will reside. This undue pressure is not a great start to the semester and students may end up struggling to keep up with their school work whilst looking for adequate accommodation. The appropriate authorities have done very little to curb this issue and students end up paying a high price for this. It is widely believed that availability of decent housing units significantly reduces the risks of students dropping out and are more capable of achieving high level of academic performance.

Despite this common perception, it is difficult to categorically attribute a student’s bad academic performance to his housing situation due to various reasons such as his socio-economic status — it could however, to a large extent contribute to it.

What is Bad Housing?

Housing is a basic need and fundamental human right of every individual. In Nigeria, the struggle to get decent housing at a reasonable cost is a constant issue faced by the citizens and the same can be said for students.

Some of the factors that influence the choice of a student’s accommodation are adequate security, availability of electricity and clean water, toilet facilities and a peaceful environment, proximity to campus and the fees. Whilst some students prefer off campus accommodation due to privacy and better facilities albeit at a costly price, others prefer a cheaper, housing on campus that is close to their lecture halls.

Bad housing covers a wide range of issues including:

· Overcrowding

· Poor Physical Condition

· Inadequate security

· Poor Facilities

Whilst this is a simple definition, it does not give the full picture. The World Health Organisation (1989) provided recommendations that housing should be situated in a setting which has adequate commercial, social, religious, educational, welfare and health facilities. Residents who are not able to fully utilise these resources will experience a great deal of stress. The same could be said for a student who lives in poor housing, having to share facilities such as bathrooms and kitchens, will have little privacy and the inability to function properly in such an environment. Poor housing, as an immediate environmental stressor, therefore plays a central role in the psychological well-being of residents (Page, 2002). Below are the results of surveys carried out in 3 top tertiary institutions in Nigeria on the condition of student housing facilities

- A survey carried out on the state of the basic infrastructure (water supply, refuse disposal and building condition) in Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-ife shows that the university’s student hostels has more than average number of the total facilities in deteriorating conditions. (Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Lagos)

- An assessment on the condition of student hostels in UNILAG shows that more than average number of the total facilities are in bad condition — 27% as good facilities, 52.5% as poor facilities and 20.5% as fairly good facilities. (Department of Urban and Regional Planning, UNILAG)

- An assessment on housing facilities in The Polytechnic, Ibadan showed that 66.7% of the facilities provided were inadequate whilst 33.3% were adequate. (Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Bells University)

The Effects

Three components that are detrimental to a student’s health are overcrowding, dampness/moulds and poor sanitation. Maslow (1943) stated that learning is secondary to bodily needs and any attempt towards learning requires psychological and physical satisfaction.

Not having adequate security is also a major issue that affects a student’s academic performance because they end up living in constant fear of danger/theft of properties and are not fully able to concentrate in their lectures or stay up at night to study.

Living in noisy and overcrowded residences with minimal supervision put students at risk at falling ill or not being able to have private study time. They end up spending more time trying to get over one illness or the other rather than on spending time on their studies and as a result end up struggling to keep up with the school’s curriculum.

Research has shown that poor health seems to be the underlying factor for students’ low performance and/or even early school dropout. This is as a result of poor facilities — unsafe water, unsanitary bathrooms/toilets and poorly ventilated rooms. Creating a hygienic and sanitary living environment has a great influence on the growth and development of the student both mentally and physically. On the other hand, some may argue that a students’ academic performance is solely dependent on his resolve and determination to succeed regardless of his surroundings. For a student who is used to living in a not so great environment with no access to these excellent facilities, he may know no better and will likely be able to thrive in whatever environment he is put in. Other factors that are not health related now come into play such as transportation — having to travel a long distance to get to school may mean missing some important lectures, lack of funds for school fees and not having the right backing from family, could be reasons why a student won’t perform well academically.

In conclusion, the lack of or deplorable conditions of facilities provided in student hostels across Nigeria is at an all-time high and has not received adequate attention from university administrators. Living in such conditions is detrimental to the health of the students and will hinder them from attaining their full potential academically.

1 Like

Re: The Effect Of Student Housing Conditions On Academic Performance by Ademat7(m): 4:59am On Mar 16, 2018
Good research
Lalasticlala good morning

using this FTC to wish all students well in their stroruggle
Aluta continua victoria asserta

1 Like

Re: The Effect Of Student Housing Conditions On Academic Performance by Rexphobia(m): 7:24am On Mar 16, 2018
On the other hand, some may argue that a students’ academic performance is solely dependent on his resolve and determination to succeed regardless of his surroundings.

Above is more like my view, outside the university community its the same problem...

1 Like

Re: The Effect Of Student Housing Conditions On Academic Performance by Josiahadams22: 7:25am On Mar 16, 2018
chai
Re: The Effect Of Student Housing Conditions On Academic Performance by DrHighchief(m): 7:27am On Mar 16, 2018
Goodone...
Re: The Effect Of Student Housing Conditions On Academic Performance by LORDKing001: 7:28am On Mar 16, 2018
G

Re: The Effect Of Student Housing Conditions On Academic Performance by HigherEd: 7:29am On Mar 16, 2018
This is good.
Re: The Effect Of Student Housing Conditions On Academic Performance by thundafire: 7:29am On Mar 16, 2018
Everything concerning Naija na wahala
Re: The Effect Of Student Housing Conditions On Academic Performance by sbashir10(m): 7:30am On Mar 16, 2018
N
Re: The Effect Of Student Housing Conditions On Academic Performance by Nobody: 7:33am On Mar 16, 2018
Well, 9ja education na wos wobi style of education.
Re: The Effect Of Student Housing Conditions On Academic Performance by debolayinka(m): 7:35am On Mar 16, 2018
Many schools have refused to provide enough accommodation for their students on campus, thereby pushing them out into the hands of greedy landlords who charge exorbitant prices for their apartments, making students overcrowd themselves themselves in a room just to save costs.

3 Likes

Re: The Effect Of Student Housing Conditions On Academic Performance by iamleumas: 7:38am On Mar 16, 2018
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Re: The Effect Of Student Housing Conditions On Academic Performance by uuzba(m): 7:42am On Mar 16, 2018
The last good buildings are in VI, Surulere, Yaba, Ikoyi.
These were planned and built during the colonial era. Ever since independence, the quality of housing has been declining. Currently there are many multimillion naira structures that do not function. Bad doors, bad windows, collapsed kitchen cabinets, flooded gutters, flooded estate Getting it all together and correctly is our biggest issue. Good house, good interior, good exterior and good access road.
-
Since we all wish to live in our own houses one day, I think all student should learn how to build and just fix up their current accommodation. This is Nigeria, fantastic house will not fall from heaven no matter how much money you have. If you want it fine, you must use your hands to do something.
-
You have so much money for phones and credit. Start with one screwdriver..

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Re: The Effect Of Student Housing Conditions On Academic Performance by wwwtortoise(m): 7:42am On Mar 16, 2018
The depth of your pocket determines whether you reside on-campus or off-campus.
Re: The Effect Of Student Housing Conditions On Academic Performance by izzy4shizzy(m): 7:53am On Mar 16, 2018
,,,
Re: The Effect Of Student Housing Conditions On Academic Performance by Originalsly: 7:54am On Mar 16, 2018
SAccommod8:


A lot of educators believe that there should be close proximity between a student’s living and learning environment in order to produce all-rounders that are socially integrated and mentally sound. .

Does this really make sense?....living in a bubble makes you more socially integrated and mentally sound? The farther a student lives from school... the more socially integrated he becomes because he will be exposed to and has to interact with a wayyy wider cross section of people. People who move in small circles are usually unsocial and uncomfortable outside their circle/comfort zone.....the type that become mass murderers. Better fornstudies..mno doubt...but not for socialization or mental soundness.
Re: The Effect Of Student Housing Conditions On Academic Performance by NonFarmPayrol: 8:02am On Mar 16, 2018
when you look at foreign hostels and apartments and look at Nigerian ones





you can only shake your head


99.9% of NIgerian Students dont have a good accommodation

literally living in IDP camps
Re: The Effect Of Student Housing Conditions On Academic Performance by bored(m): 8:08am On Mar 16, 2018
Click To Whatsapp

https:///send?phone=2348175634771&text=I%20need%20a%20logo%20design.

1 Like

Re: The Effect Of Student Housing Conditions On Academic Performance by Ademat7(m): 8:12am On Mar 16, 2018
his point is the right way to go,a lecturer in statistics department gave us a comprehensive analysis of the right accommodation for student and a combine faculty class of 1500students was silent that you could hear a pin drop
Originalsly:


Does this really make sense?....living in a bubble makes you more socially integrated and mentally sound? The farther a student lives from school... the more socially integrated he becomes because he will be exposed to and has to interact with a wayyy wider cross section of people. People who move in small circles are usually unsocial and uncomfortable outside their circle/comfort zone.....the type that become mass murderers. Better for nstudies..mno doubt...but not for socialization or mental soundness.
Re: The Effect Of Student Housing Conditions On Academic Performance by Nobody: 8:28am On Mar 16, 2018
I think NUC should sanction Universities that refused to upgrade and maintain there accommodation facilities , I wonder what they do with the funds they get for accommodation every year

1 Like

Re: The Effect Of Student Housing Conditions On Academic Performance by Achillesdam500(m): 8:55am On Mar 16, 2018
This thread is a perfect one to point out to the flaws of OAU leadership which has excessively failed in providing good hostels to her students.. Hostels like pigsties cry embarassed

1 Like

Re: The Effect Of Student Housing Conditions On Academic Performance by Gaddafithe2nd(m): 9:03am On Mar 16, 2018
Overcrowding in the school hostel affected me during my undergraduate days. When I was in 200 level, I saw hell. A room for 6 turned to 20. Portals brought their own people after collecting money from them. Noise every time. Everything na history.
Re: The Effect Of Student Housing Conditions On Academic Performance by oPPOSEE: 9:15am On Mar 16, 2018
it is not Advisable for anybody to stay in the hostel throughout his stay in school.
off campus brings life outside school closer to you. You hustle to make ends meet.
I worked from year 1 to my final year while living off campus. Imagine i was staying in the hostel with all the free things.
As i finish school I never pack go my mama house, i still dey hustle dey go.



This above statement is not for people wey get father for Abraham. YOU KNOW WHAT I MEAN.
Re: The Effect Of Student Housing Conditions On Academic Performance by Nobody: 9:17am On Mar 16, 2018
OP you're right. For a light sleeper, having 18 people in a room designed for 2 gives a harvest of COs.
Re: The Effect Of Student Housing Conditions On Academic Performance by piagetskinner(m): 9:50am On Mar 16, 2018
I remember during my undergraduate days it was always noise noise noise.


but surprisingly one of my neighbours came out with a first class..so u see its a little more about self determination
Re: The Effect Of Student Housing Conditions On Academic Performance by akigbemaru: 10:47am On Mar 16, 2018
SAccommod8:
There is a general notion that students who live in decent housing units within or around their university have a better chance of exceling academically. So much so that a lot of tertiary institutions in and outside Nigeria make it compulsory for first year and final year students to live on campus.

Academic performance here is defined as the level to which a student has achieved their educational goals. A lot of educators believe that there should be close proximity between a student’s living and learning environment in order to produce all-rounders that are socially integrated and mentally sound. However, the lack of decent housing for students within and outside campus means that a lot of these students are left to their devices and have to settle for whatever is available. The population of students admitted into Nigerian universities has seen a significant increase over the years. A case in point is UNILAG with a student population of 58,000 but has only 8000 bed spaces available. So, you passed the first major hurdle of gaining admission into one of the top tertiary institutions in Nigeria, but you now have to worry about where you will reside. This undue pressure is not a great start to the semester and students may end up struggling to keep up with their school work whilst looking for adequate accommodation. The appropriate authorities have done very little to curb this issue and students end up paying a high price for this. It is widely believed that availability of decent housing units significantly reduces the risks of students dropping out and are more capable of achieving high level of academic performance.

Despite this common perception, it is difficult to categorically attribute a student’s bad academic performance to his housing situation due to various reasons such as his socio-economic status — it could however, to a large extent contribute to it.

What is Bad Housing?

Housing is a basic need and fundamental human right of every individual. In Nigeria, the struggle to get decent housing at a reasonable cost is a constant issue faced by the citizens and the same can be said for students.

Some of the factors that influence the choice of a student’s accommodation are adequate security, availability of electricity and clean water, toilet facilities and a peaceful environment, proximity to campus and the fees. Whilst some students prefer off campus accommodation due to privacy and better facilities albeit at a costly price, others prefer a cheaper, housing on campus that is close to their lecture halls.

Bad housing covers a wide range of issues including:

· Overcrowding

· Poor Physical Condition

· Inadequate security

· Poor Facilities

Whilst this is a simple definition, it does not give the full picture. The World Health Organisation (1989) provided recommendations that housing should be situated in a setting which has adequate commercial, social, religious, educational, welfare and health facilities. Residents who are not able to fully utilise these resources will experience a great deal of stress. The same could be said for a student who lives in poor housing, having to share facilities such as bathrooms and kitchens, will have little privacy and the inability to function properly in such an environment. Poor housing, as an immediate environmental stressor, therefore plays a central role in the psychological well-being of residents (Page, 2002). Below are the results of surveys carried out in 3 top tertiary institutions in Nigeria on the condition of student housing facilities

- A survey carried out on the state of the basic infrastructure (water supply, refuse disposal and building condition) in Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-ife shows that the university’s student hostels has more than average number of the total facilities in deteriorating conditions. (Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Lagos)

- An assessment on the condition of student hostels in UNILAG shows that more than average number of the total facilities are in bad condition — 27% as good facilities, 52.5% as poor facilities and 20.5% as fairly good facilities. (Department of Urban and Regional Planning, UNILAG)

- An assessment on housing facilities in The Polytechnic, Ibadan showed that 66.7% of the facilities provided were inadequate whilst 33.3% were adequate. (Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Bells University)

The Effects

Three components that are detrimental to a student’s health are overcrowding, dampness/moulds and poor sanitation. Maslow (1943) stated that learning is secondary to bodily needs and any attempt towards learning requires psychological and physical satisfaction.

Not having adequate security is also a major issue that affects a student’s academic performance because they end up living in constant fear of danger/theft of properties and are not fully able to concentrate in their lectures or stay up at night to study.

Living in noisy and overcrowded residences with minimal supervision put students at risk at falling ill or not being able to have private study time. They end up spending more time trying to get over one illness or the other rather than on spending time on their studies and as a result end up struggling to keep up with the school’s curriculum.

Research has shown that poor health seems to be the underlying factor for students’ low performance and/or even early school dropout. This is as a result of poor facilities — unsafe water, unsanitary bathrooms/toilets and poorly ventilated rooms. Creating a hygienic and sanitary living environment has a great influence on the growth and development of the student both mentally and physically. On the other hand, some may argue that a students’ academic performance is solely dependent on his resolve and determination to succeed regardless of his surroundings. For a student who is used to living in a not so great environment with no access to these excellent facilities, he may know no better and will likely be able to thrive in whatever environment he is put in. Other factors that are not health related now come into play such as transportation — having to travel a long distance to get to school may mean missing some important lectures, lack of funds for school fees and not having the right backing from family, could be reasons why a student won’t perform well academically.

In conclusion, the lack of or deplorable conditions of facilities provided in student hostels across Nigeria is at an all-time high and has not received adequate attention from university administrators. Living in such conditions is detrimental to the health of the students and will hinder them from attaining their full potential academically.
Re: The Effect Of Student Housing Conditions On Academic Performance by paxonel(m): 11:25am On Mar 16, 2018

Does this really make sense?....living in a bubble makes you more socially integrated and mentally

sound? The farther a student lives from school... the more socially integrated he becomes because he will be exposed to and has to interact with a wayyy wider cross section of people. People who move in small

circles are usually unsocial and uncomfortable outside their circle/comfort zone.....the type that become mass murderers. Better fornstudies..mno doubt...but not for socialization or mental soundness.
Re: The Effect Of Student Housing Conditions On Academic Performance by Originalsly: 12:25pm On Mar 16, 2018
Ademat7:
his point is the right way to go,a lecturer in statistics department gave us a comprehensive analysis of the right accommodation for student and a combine faculty class of 1500students was silent that you could hear a pin drop
Why didn't any of you 1500 strong students tell him that his lecture should've been directed to the administration? Why didn't any of you guys organize a demonstration ...use the lecturer's points to support your demand for better accommodation? The deplorable conditions at universities and other institutions remain so because the students allow it to happen. University students are almost always the ones to demand and bring about change. ...in USA...in China....you name it...why not Nigeria? A dorm room for 4 and 14 are paying to be packed in...all suffering and smiling in silence...but quick to shout ...Nigeria is a sh.thole country. Not personal÷...just venting!
Re: The Effect Of Student Housing Conditions On Academic Performance by Goldman360: 1:46pm On Aug 13, 2018
Effects of Stress on the Academic Performance of Students of the University of Benin

Academic stress pervades the life of students, and tends to impact adversely their mental and physical health, and their ability to perform school work effectively (Clark and Reeker, Felsten and Wilcox, 1992).  Stress associated with academic activities has been linked to various negative outcomes such as poor health...

http://www.scharticles.com/effects-of-stress-on-the-academic-performance-of-student/

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