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Top 5 Interrogation Techniques Used By The Police Force. - Crime - Nairaland

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Top 5 Interrogation Techniques Used By The Police Force. by Nobody: 7:34pm On Feb 19, 2019
Police use a number of different interrogation techniques to extract confessions from suspects. There is no one-size-fits-all method, so they have to depend on a diverse range of tactics. Sometimes, they even employ multiple techniques on a single suspect.
Some interrogation methods lead innocent people to claim guilt for crimes they never committed and have sparked controversy for this reason. However, as we will all see, it all depends on the use of coercive psychology, tricks, deceit, and lies.

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Re: Top 5 Interrogation Techniques Used By The Police Force. by Nobody: 7:36pm On Feb 19, 2019
MR. BIG

Mr. Big is also called the Canadian Technique because it was developed by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police in the 1990s. The tactic is time-consuming and only used as a last resort for uncooperative suspects the police know are guilty.
The police find where the uncooperative suspect hangs out. An undercover officer befriends the suspect and, after several visits, asks if the suspect is interested in some “jobs” from the officer’s “organization.” The suspect, who is usually a person of shady character, says yes.
The jobs start off as smaller tasks like recovering vehicles from people owing the organization but soon involve burglaries and other crimes. During that time, the undercover officer will converse with the suspect until the latter reveals details of the crime being investigated.
The undercover officer introduces the suspect to the boss of the organization several months later. The boss, of course, is another undercover officer. The first undercover officer revisits the details of the crime he had earlier gleaned from the suspect and coerces the suspect to confess to the boss.
The suspect will usually refuse to talk, but the boss will insist on knowing the details of the crime because he wants to know everything about his new man and does not want surprises. The boss sends the suspect away if he still refuses to talk and does not give him more work.
The undercover officer contacts the suspect again weeks later. The suspect is desperate at this time and wants more work, , so he becomes cooperative and reveals the details of the crime to the undercover officer. He repeats the confession to the boss, after which he is arrested.

Re: Top 5 Interrogation Techniques Used By The Police Force. by Nobody: 7:38pm On Feb 19, 2019
4. Good Cop, Bad Cop.

The Good Cop, Bad Cop interrogation technique is the carrot and stick of police interrogation. It was originally part of the Reid Technique but is used as a standalone tactic these days. Like the name already hints, one cop pretends to be the “bad guy,” while the other is the “good guy.”

The bad cop interrogates the suspect first. He is brash, uncouth, and very arrogant. He intimidates the suspect, insists he is guilty, and urges him to confess. Some suspects become afraid at this point and confess.

The good cop comes in when the suspect does not confess. He chides the bad cop for his aggressive interrogation tactics and takes over the interrogation.

He assures the suspect of receiving a lighter punishment or even a pardon if they confess to the crime. The goal is that the suspect will become calmer and be more likely to confess to the nicer cop.

Re: Top 5 Interrogation Techniques Used By The Police Force. by Nobody: 7:41pm On Feb 19, 2019
3. LIES

The police are allowed to lie to you. And they often do. Police tell all sort of lies to coerce suspects to confess . They could claim they have fingerprints, DNA evidence, or eyewitnesses who saw the suspect commit the crime, even when they do not.

One of the most coercive lies involves assuring the suspect that whatever they say will not be used against them in court. Another involves the false revelation that an accomplice already confessed and implicated the suspect. Then they offer to help the suspect if he confesses.

Police could also tell the suspect that a lie will put him in more trouble or other people in trouble. They can also give fake tests and lie about test results. Some suspects are made to take fake lie detector tests and given fake results that will usually show they failed.

During tense interrogations, police could offer to switch the recorder in the interrogation room off in an attempt to coerce the suspect into making an unrecorded confession. While they might truly have stopped recording, they probably haven’t. Besides, interrogation rooms often have several cameras on them, so switching one off is no assurance that the rest are off.

Police could also trick a suspect into giving them DNA samples without asking. They do this by offering the suspect a can of soda, a cup of coffee, or water. They later extract DNA from the saliva at the tip of the cup or can.

Re: Top 5 Interrogation Techniques Used By The Police Force. by Nobody: 7:43pm On Feb 19, 2019
2. LEADING & LOADED QUESTIONS

Interrogators ask lots of questions during interrogations. One category of these is called leading questions. These are questions that force the suspect to give specific answers. Interrogators choose their words carefully when asking leading questions.

For instance, an interrogator could ask, “Did you see the man in the black-and-white overalls?” The use of “the” instead of “a” has made the question a leading question. The suspect could have just said he didn’t see any man wearing black-and-white overalls if an “a” was used.

But a “the” means the man in black-and-white overalls was there. Now the suspect has to think about the incident. The thing is, though, that the
police could ask this sort of question even if a man wearing black-and-white overalls was never at the scene.

A similar tactic involves the use of loaded questions. Loading questions assume that certain facts are true, even if they are not. For instance, an interrogator could ask, “At what time last night did you drive away in the getaway car?” or “What were the two of you arguing about that ended in you hitting him?”
The first questions implies that the suspect was in the getaway car. The other question accuses the suspect of hitting another person, even if he never did.

There are also dichotomous questions that require “yes” or “no” answers and multiple-choice questions that give the suspect more possible answers but still limit the responses to a certain number of choices.

Re: Top 5 Interrogation Techniques Used By The Police Force. by Nobody: 7:46pm On Feb 19, 2019
1. Minimization & Maximization

Minimization and maximization are two different but similar interrogation techniques. They have the same premise. Minimization means the crime is made to look smaller than it truly is. The suspect is fooled into believing the offense really is innocuous and confesses. This works by making the suspect believe his punishment will be smaller than he thought.

Maximization is the opposite. This means the crime is made to look bigger than it is. The interrogator will often remind the suspect of long jail terms and the most severe
punishments applicable to the offense.

This works by making the suspect believe he will receive a lighter punishment if he confesses. Both techniques are considered controversial because they could lead to harsher punishments for the suspect.

During an experiment, it was discovered that a mock jury was more likely to convict people who confessed after interrogators used the minimization technique to coerce a confession.

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