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|Five (5) Effect Of Street Hawking Among Teenage Girls by projectregards7: 3:04pm On Aug 09, 2020|
Street hawking is the act of selling goods along the road or from street to street. These sellers also go from house to house which leads to the act of canvassing for these sale items that are carried by these street hawkers.
Street hawking especially by children have been referred to as child labour. Street hawking by a child be it beneficial or an act of wickedness or for whatever the reason is an act can be said to be detrimental and harmful to the child’s personal development.
Street hawking or Child labour has been one of the serious societal problems that have engaged the attention and concerns of scholars, professionals, social workers, and law enforcement officials. It calls for a serious concern because it is perceived as an impediment to the proper well-being and development of children generally. It is a total act of exploitation that can be detrimental to the physical, social, cognitive and even moral development of the child. It has been established that these children hawk in some of the unconceivable and unimaginable conditions where they are at risk at various menace and abuse of any kind such as rape, kidnap and some cases death in the hands of ritual murderers because of their vulnerability at odd hawking hours.
Some irresponsible and pedophilias in the society see these little girls as an object of sexual satisfaction and abuse with promises and threat to their lives if they ever disclose to anyone. Most of the sexual defilements and assault in the society today is as a result of street hawking. Some of the consequences of these acts usually result in an unwanted pregnancy, sexually transmitted diseases, psychological problems and a gradual creation of fear and withdrawal from a healthy relationship with the opposite gender. The unhealthy exposure of these children to street life leads them to associate with bad company that will eventually pressure and force them into delinquent behaviors.
Causes Of Street Hawking
a) Family background
The family background of a child is one of the root causes of street hawking. When the family is incapacitated to provide the basic things of life for the child, they settle for hawking as a means of survival. While in some cases, because of the poor background of the family, they may resort to sending the child out to another family to serve as a maid or help, and these families may in turn send the child out to hawk as an act of wickedness to the child. Therefore, it has been observed that the dynamics of child labour can be associated to children from poor and difficult family backgrounds.
b) Lack of unemployment
The lack of employment in the society today is overwhelming and has led to the poor living standard of many families in the country. Because of this condition some families even find it difficult to eat not to talk of providing other necessities of life. As a result of unemployment the parent may go into trading therefore, in order to ensure an increased income to the family, some parents engage their children in street hawking of same commodities.
c) socio-economic status of parents
The socio-economic status of parents is another cause of street hawking by children. When parent earn little or nothing it can lead to engaging the children to hawking in the street.
Five (5) major effect of street hawking
a) Poor academic performance
One of the effects of street hawking is poor academic performance of students. The effect of street hawking is not only seen among secondary school students but also those in tertiary institution in Nigeria. This is so since some of the children that are involved in street hawking and till attend school tend to do the hawking in the morning before going to school, some hawk in the evening immediately after school while most of them do it on weekends and during holidays. With the divided attention it will be difficult for the children to concentrate and give full attention to their academics thereby leading to poor academic performance. There have been series of undergraduate research project topics that is based on street hawking and all of them are referencing poor academic performance as a major effect of street hawking.
b) Behavioural pattern
Because of the kind of associations and friends they keep they may end up with a negative behavioural pattern. The unhealthy exposure of these children to street life will lead them into associating with bad company that will eventually pressure and force them into delinquent and immoral behaviors.
c) Unwanted pregnancy
As a result of the social vices such as sexual molestation and assault faced by these little girls while hawking may eventually lead them into unwanted pregnancy.
d) Risk of being kidnapped
Another effect and consequences of street hawking is that the children are at risk of been kidnapped with the intention of asking for ransom from the parents who financially incapacitated while in some cases they could be kidnapped by ritual murderers.
e) Psychological makeup
The psychological makeup of a child is also affected as a result of hawking. The general psychological well-being of the child will be grossly affected. And some of such ways are through stigmatization by the press and public, feelings of disheartenment, stress and irritability, personality disorders, antisocial behaviours, alienation, and isolation from their family.
The general overview to street hawking is that it is highly disastrous and detrimental to children’s psychological, social, emotional, physical and mental development. It also exposes them to danger and at risk of victims of many social vices such as rape, kidnap, and prostitution among others.
Therefore, it is a call to appropriate authorities to look into ways to curbing street hawking and protect the rights of these children and save them from falling victims to any of these social vices.
An enlightenment program should be encouraged through organizations, mass Medias, religious institutions on the negative effect and consequences of street hawking and the need to protect every child regardless of the condition of the family. NGOs and other humanitarian organizations can help these families financially or set up a decent business for them in order to help them provide basic amenities for them to avoid the option of sending their children into the street to hawk. In addition, government should provide free education for children in the country or children should be given school fees waivers as a way of discouraging the tendency for embarking on street hawking in order to augment family income.
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