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Nigeria's Most Venomous Snakes . - Education - Nairaland

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Nigeria's Most Venomous Snakes . by TheSourcerer: 11:14pm On Feb 22
Four families of venomous snakes are found in Nigeria--
Viperidae , Elapidae, Colubridae and Actraspididae but three species carpet viper (Echis ocellatus), black-necked spitting cobra (Naja nigricollis) and puff adder (Bitis arietans), belonging to the first two families, are the most important snakes associated with envenoming in Nigeria. The incidence of bites has been reported as 497 per 100,000 population per year with a 12 percent natural mortality, with Echis ocellatus accounting for at least 66 percent in certain foci. Bites occur more often while victims were farming, herding or walking although the spitting cobra may bite victims who roll upon it in their sleep. Carpet viper venom contains a prothrombin activating procoagulant, haemorrhagin and cytolytic fractions which cause haemorrhage, incoagulable blood, shock and local reactions/ necrosis. The spitting cobra bite manifests with local tissue reaction and occassionally with bleeding from the site of bite, but no classic neurotoxic feature has been observed except following Egyptian cobra (N. haje) bites. Cardiotoxicity and renal failure may occassionally occur following bites by the carpet viper and the puff adder. In the laboratory, haematological and other features are noted and immunodiagnosis has a role in species identification. Immobilisation of the bitten limb is probably the single most important first aid measure. Antivenom should be used cautiously when indicated. As only 8.5 percent of snake bite victims attend hospitals in Nigeria, health education should be the main preventive measure, mean-while, the study of immunisation of occupationally predisposed individuals in endemic areas should be intensified. A new Fab fragment antivenom specific to Nigerian Echis ocellatus was investigated clinically, just as the local herbs-Aristolochia spp, Guiera spp and Schummaniophyton spp are investigated experimentally.

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Re: Nigeria's Most Venomous Snakes . by TheSourcerer: 11:15pm On Feb 22
Echis ocellatus, known by the common names West African carpet viper and ocellated carpet viper,is a highly venomous species of viper endemic to West Africa. No subspecies are currently recognized.




Budaatum Peaceful sinkhole

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Re: Nigeria's Most Venomous Snakes . by HopeVictor(m): 11:17pm On Feb 22
Lala will like this..

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Re: Nigeria's Most Venomous Snakes . by TheSourcerer: 11:20pm On Feb 22
Naja nigricollis, commonly known as the black-necked spitting cobra, is a species of spitting cobra found mostly in sub-Saharan Africa. They are moderately sized snakes that can grow to a length of 1.2 to 2.2 m (3.9 to 7.2 ft) in length. Their coloration and markings can vary considerably. They prey primarily on small rodents. They possess medically significant venom, although the mortality rate for untreated bites on humans is relatively low (~ 5-10%). Like other spitting cobras, they can eject venom...

Re: Nigeria's Most Venomous Snakes . by TheSourcerer: 11:28pm On Feb 22
This thick, heavily built snake has a large, flattened, triangular head (as killed by a nlder recently ) and large nostrils which point vertically upwards. The body is yellow-brown to light brown, with black, pale-edged chevrons on the back and bars on the tail.

Breeding

Large litters, usually consisting of 20 - 40 young are born in late summer.
Venom-Cytotoxic.
Diet-Rodents, sometimes birds and even other snakes.


The Puff Adder is responsible for more bites and fatalities in Africa than any other snake due to its habit of not moving away from approaching footsteps, instead blowing out air as a warning, hence the name.

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Re: Nigeria's Most Venomous Snakes . by chiiraq802(m): 11:29pm On Feb 22
Make i sit down well jarreee!!!! cool

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Re: Nigeria's Most Venomous Snakes . by Shittaakeem(m): 11:34pm On Feb 22
Front page tins
PS Op edit your post well and add some spacing else someone will steal this post and will make it to front page without giving U the dur credit

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Re: Nigeria's Most Venomous Snakes . by TheSourcerer: 11:34pm On Feb 22
Boomslang (Dispholidus typus)
Characteristics

Highly venomous, greenish tree snake, about 1,5m long

Preys- Birds' eggs, small mammals and reptiles

Habitat

Thick woodlands near water

Other notable reptiles in west Africa are two species of monitor lizards (leguaans), the water and the rock monitors. The water leguaan can be up to two metres long and is found at permanent water sources.
It feeds mainly on fish, crabs, mussels, small animals and birds.

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Re: Nigeria's Most Venomous Snakes . by TheSourcerer: 11:36pm On Feb 22
Shittaakeem:
Front page tins
PS Op edit your post well and add some spacing else someone will steal this post and will make it to front page without giving U the dur credit
I'm an Old guy , they can steal all they want, I'm posting to learn.I'm not getting paid . let's just enjoy the snakessssssssss

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Re: Nigeria's Most Venomous Snakes . by TheSourcerer: 11:41pm On Feb 22
Our close Roommates
Lamprophis The brown house snake .

Species of Lamprophis exhibit a wide variety of pattern variation, and may be spotted, striped, or solid in color. House snakes are sexually dimorphic, the females grow significantly larger, to about 120 cm (47 in) in some species, and some specimens have been recorded over 150 cm (59 in), the males only grow to around 75 cm (30 in). Albino variants of Lamprophis aurora have been found.

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Re: Nigeria's Most Venomous Snakes . by TheSourcerer: 11:47pm On Feb 22
The Black Mamba


The black mamba (Dendroaspis polylepis) is a species of highly venomous snake belonging to the family Elapidae. It is native to parts of sub-Saharan Africa. First formally described by Albert Günther in 1864, it is the second-longest venomous snake after the king cobra; mature specimens generally exceed 2 m (6 ft 7 in) and commonly grow to 3 m (9 ft 10 in). Specimens of 4.3 to 4.5 m (14 ft 1 in to 14 ft 9 in) have been reported. Its skin colour varies from grey to dark brown. Juvenile black mambas tend to be paler than adults and darken with age.

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Re: Nigeria's Most Venomous Snakes . by TheSourcerer: 11:52pm On Feb 22
The Gaboon Viper

The Gaboon viper is a viper species found in the rainforests and savannas of sub-Saharan Africa. Like all vipers, it is venomous. It is the largest member of the genus Bitis, and it has the longest fangs of any snake – up to 2 inches in length – and the second-highest venom yield of any snake after the king cobra.

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Re: Nigeria's Most Venomous Snakes . by TheSourcerer: 11:57pm On Feb 22
Egyptian Cobra

Two patients were bitten by Egyptian cobras (Naja haje). One became drowsy and developed transient ptosis 24 hours later. The other lost consciousness and died within two hours of the bite, but no cause was revealed by autopsy. A third patient developed severe transient neurological signs after being bitten by an unidentified snake. Talk of a quick kiss .

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Re: Nigeria's Most Venomous Snakes . by TheSourcerer: 12:02am On Feb 23
Horned Adder


The horned adder (Bitis caudalis) is a venomous viper species found in the arid region of southwest Africa, easily distinguished by the presence of a single, large horn-like scale over each eye. No subspecies are currently recognized

Re: Nigeria's Most Venomous Snakes . by theFilmtric: 12:13am On Feb 23
Re: Nigeria's Most Venomous Snakes . by Yeyeboi05(m): 1:46am On Feb 23
Omo na pot of soup dem go end
Re: Nigeria's Most Venomous Snakes . by GayPontiff: 3:57am On Feb 23
Apart from that white python Mehn all these things are Fvcking ugly
Re: Nigeria's Most Venomous Snakes . by LordIsaac(m): 5:01am On Feb 23
Hmmm..
Death in physical form.

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Re: Nigeria's Most Venomous Snakes . by judgementyard(m): 6:16am On Feb 23
The only thing I like about Snake's is the pattern of their skin.

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Re: Nigeria's Most Venomous Snakes . by unity004(m): 6:28am On Feb 23
judgementyard:
The only thing I like about Snake's is the pattern of their skin.
cheesy I don't like any thing about snakes bcus I have been bitten once. u guys that glorify snakes should pray not to be in that situation

5 Likes

Re: Nigeria's Most Venomous Snakes . by Kriss216: 6:49am On Feb 23
Nigerian girls are the most venomous snakes in the world.

1 Like

Re: Nigeria's Most Venomous Snakes . by Kingluqman(m): 7:14am On Feb 23
Na only Lala fit understand those names grin

2 Likes

Re: Nigeria's Most Venomous Snakes . by Twelfthman: 7:17am On Feb 23
Snakes don't have feelings. They aren't capable of that. They just want bite anything threatening, slide, gulp down their food and a cool shade over them. I wonder why some people are foolish enough to keep them as pet

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Re: Nigeria's Most Venomous Snakes . by paulolee(m): 7:50am On Feb 23
all looking ugly and deadly...still dnt know the real health important of these creatures in our society..
Re: Nigeria's Most Venomous Snakes . by TheSourcerer: 7:56am On Feb 23
paulolee:
all looking ugly and deadly...still dnt know the real health important of these creatures in our society..
God (my own God ) has a reasonable reason for making theses beautiful poisonous venomous legless creatures
.
Re: Nigeria's Most Venomous Snakes . by House1411: 7:58am On Feb 23
all these names dey make person fear

1 Like

Re: Nigeria's Most Venomous Snakes . by royalair(m): 8:23am On Feb 23
Front page in 3 2 1.....

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Re: Nigeria's Most Venomous Snakes . by bigjackass: 9:18am On Feb 23
BMC members are supposed to be in the list

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Re: Nigeria's Most Venomous Snakes . by peacefull(f): 9:26am On Feb 23
TheSourcerer:
Echis ocellatus, known by the common names West African carpet viper and ocellated carpet viper,is a highly venomous species of viper endemic to West Africa. No subspecies are currently recognized.




Budaatum Peaceful sinkhole

I love animals! But snake....
Let me try to read smiley

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Re: Nigeria's Most Venomous Snakes . by BigYash: 9:38am On Feb 23
See snakes oooooo shocked

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Re: Nigeria's Most Venomous Snakes . by extol1(m): 10:32am On Feb 23
no matter how they paint snakes good, I personally hate them with passion

2 Likes

Re: Nigeria's Most Venomous Snakes . by SKhanmi: 10:47am On Feb 23
unity004:
cheesy I don't like any thing about snakes bcus I have been bitten once. u guys that glorify snakes should pray not to be in that situation

Mind to share your experience?

1 Like

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