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What Should Be The Correct Diet For Diabetes? - Health - Nairaland

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What Should Be The Correct Diet For Diabetes? by inuredmine: 6:48pm On Feb 18
Diabetes is a disease that affects a large number of people. This can affect the quality of life of the patient, so it is better to keep it at bay. The best way to do this is through proper nutrition. Now, what diet should a person with diabetes follow?

We can answer that and many other questions about this disease. In the following article by Dr. Giulianna Saldarriaga Bravo, a specialist in the Nutrition area of ClĂ­nica Internacional, we will tell you about the best eating habits for diabetic patients.

1. How does diet influence diabetes?
It has a very important influence. Food is essential for the care and management of diabetes, which must be kept on a par with the pharmacological treatment designated by the treating physician.

An adequate diet will help us control blood glucose levels (concentration of sugar) in the blood and prevent or slow down the evolution of complications associated with diabetes.

2. What is the diet for a diabetic person?
An adequate diet for a diabetic person includes eating a healthy balanced diet. For that, it is necessary to avoid high calorie intake and meal times must be respected.

Let's remember that the key foods will be fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Now, even within these food groups there are some products that a person with diabetes should not consume, which brings us to the next point.

3. What specific foods should a diabetic person avoid?
This is a very important point, since there is a good part of foods that can raise the glycemic index faster. You certainly know that sugar should be avoided, but it is equally necessary to refrain from foods such as honey, jam, white bread, sugary cereals, fruit juices, noodles, cooked carrots, grapes, mango and the mashed potato.

Let's not forget that diabetes increases the risk of heart disease, stroke and the development of clogged or hardened arteries. Therefore, foods containing the following ingredients make it difficult to have a healthy diet:

Saturated fats
Avoid high-fat dairy products, as well as animal proteins like butter, beef, sausage, and bacon. Additionally, you should also limit coconut and palm kernel oils.

Trans fat
Likewise, you need to stay away from the fat found in processed foods, baked goods, and shortening.

Cholesterol
Cholesterol sources include high-fat products such as egg yolks, liver, and other organ meats. Try not to exceed 200 milligrams of cholesterol per day.

Sodium
Similarly, you should aim to consume less than 2,300 milligrams of sodium per day. Your treating doctor might suggest an even lower amount if you have high blood pressure.

4. What specific foods cannot be missing from the menu of a diabetic person?

Well, just as we saw that there are foods that a person with diabetes should not consume, there is also another variety that is highly recommended for people with this disease, particularly certain fruits.

It is necessary that foods such as blueberries, kiwi, pitahaya, aguaymanto and pear be considered in the regular diet. Similarly, the consumption of vegetables (preferably fresh) and whole grains is highly recommended. Finally, it is necessary to maintain constant and adequate hydration.


5. What should a diabetic eat to lower blood sugar?

What a person with diabetes should try at all costs is to keep blood sugar levels low. For that, it is best to consume fruits naturally or chopped, but not in juices. On the other hand, it is important to include fresh vegetables in the regular diet, as well as whole grains.

6. What not to eat when you have high blood sugar?
Well, if a person with diabetes currently has high glycemic levels, they need to refrain from eating processed foods that are high in sugar. For example, the consumption of carbonated beverages, refined flours, cookies, cakes, pizzas, sweet bread, etc. should be avoided.

7. Does overeating affect a diabetic person? How?
Yes, it can affect health. Here we must take into account that excess food intake can cause overweight and/or obesity, this being a factor that could further aggravate the condition or the management of the disease.

8. Is it necessary to have a different diet for each meal of the day (breakfast, lunch and dinner)?

Yes, it is better to have a varied diet for each meal time. In addition, this way it is also easier to avoid the deficiency of any nutrient.
These are the main measures that a person with diabetes should take to maintain a balanced diet. With a little rigor and patience, you can incorporate these eating habits into your daily routine.

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