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The Art And Architecture Of Yorubaland! - Culture (3) - Nairaland

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A Short History Of Yorubaland With Pictures / Art And Architecture Of The Igbo People / Benin Art And Architecture (2) (3) (4)

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Re: The Art And Architecture Of Yorubaland! by aljharem3: 9:18pm On Oct 01, 2011


These door panels and lintel were carved for the royal palace at Ikere in Yorubaland.

The door panels and lintel were chosen for display in 1924 at the British Empire exhibition at Wembley, London. The Ogoga refused to sell them to the British Museum but agreed to exchange them for a British carved throne. Olowe of Ise was subsequently commissioned to carve a replacement door for the Ogoga's palace.
Re: The Art And Architecture Of Yorubaland! by lakal(m): 9:19pm On Oct 01, 2011
Thank you PhysicsQED for the additional pictures of the Akaba Idena!
Re: The Art And Architecture Of Yorubaland! by aljharem3: 9:20pm On Oct 01, 2011


Esu Staff--OPA ESU.

Esu is the Deity in Charge of Law Enforcement and/or Chief Justice (Neutrality-At-Its-Best) in Yoruba's Cosmology. ESU is neither Satan nor Devil. The Abramic faiths-- Christian and Islam have no equivalent for Esu in their theology or cosmology.

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Re: The Art And Architecture Of Yorubaland! by lakal(m): 9:25pm On Oct 01, 2011
The stone figures found at Esie (Kwara State) have been posited as a link between Nok and Ile-Ife.  Around 800 figures made of soapstone have been found near Esie.  However, their dating is uncertain.


[img]http://archives.icom.museum/redlist/afrique/pict/img02b_pg03.jpg[/img]


[img]http://2.bp./-QpP1ie4LH54/Tb4bvhKTdcI/AAAAAAAAAGM/PiGgZ1rH2x4/s1600/Esie+statutte.jpg[/img]
Re: The Art And Architecture Of Yorubaland! by lakal(m): 9:27pm On Oct 01, 2011
Re: The Art And Architecture Of Yorubaland! by PhysicsQED(m): 9:34pm On Oct 01, 2011
@ alj harem,

You posted some interesting pictures, but some of the stuff you posted is not Yoruba art though.

The Ododowa mask you posted is from Benin. The messenger with the cross is also Benin artwork.

The warrior figure with the shield and the bell around his neck with the leopard teeth collar is from the Lower Niger Bronze group (http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/works-of-art/1977.173), which is not necessarily Yoruba. The outfit he's wearing with the leopard teeth suggest that he's from a group more directly related to Edo. Also the two marks above his nose (the so-called "can of eye" marks) that indicate seriousness or determination, indicate that the caster was familiar with the aesthetic worldview of the Edo artists or had a similar artistic perception. The eyes on the figure are in a Yoruba style however, so given the combination of Edo and Yoruba aspects to the figure, maybe it's an Itsekiri warrior by an Itsekiri artist.

The bell with the horse face design is also from that lower Niger bronze industry, which is more likely to be Itsekiri, Isoko, etc. than Yoruba.
Re: The Art And Architecture Of Yorubaland! by PhysicsQED(m): 9:36pm On Oct 01, 2011
lakal:

Thank you PhysicsQED for the additional pictures of the Akaba Idena!

No problem. I was glad to find them.
Re: The Art And Architecture Of Yorubaland! by aljharem3: 9:36pm On Oct 01, 2011
[img]http://3.bp./_9yNjJXtCrA8/S5WzmXn2rRI/AAAAAAAAANc/Sn47mhSe530/s320/agha+nima.jpg[/img]

Ife Wooden Divination Tray, Areogun of Osi-Ilorin, Nigeria; Yoruba People, about 1880 - 1956.This is a fine example of African graphic design. The tray depicts some of the most important fortunes, that are at the heart of Yoruba philosophy: a healthy long life, wealth, love, children, wisdom and security. All these good fortunes are conveyed by the graphic designer of this tray .Eshu, the god who mediates between the world of the spirit and the human world symbolizes a healthy long life and is carved at the top of this tray. At the bottom, a kneeling woman with a child on her back, presenting offerings in a calabash represents children and fertility. In the left, a soldier stands in guard with a crossbow, he is a symbol of security or victory over the enemies. In the right, a priest of Osanyin, a god of healing and wisdom is depicted. He represents the health, and wisdom . At the lower left, love is represented by a couple making love, and at the lower right, a seated figure, probably a second representation of Eshu closes this circle of life . Representing wealth, a band of cowry shells, formerly used as money in West Africa, runs around the central part of the tray.The diviner sits with the tray in front of him, placed so that Eshu is opposite, facing him.

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Re: The Art And Architecture Of Yorubaland! by aljharem3: 9:43pm On Oct 01, 2011
PhysicsQED:

@ alj harem,

You posted some interesting pictures, but some of the stuff you posted is not Yoruba art though.

The Ododowa mask you posted is from Benin. The messenger with the cross is also a Benin artwork.

The warrior figure with the shield and the bell around his neck with the leopard teeth collar is from the Lower Niger Bronze group (http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/works-of-art/1977.173), which is not necessarily Yoruba. The outfit he's wearing with the leopard teeth suggest that he's from a group more directly related to Edo. Also the two marks above his nose (the so-called "can of eye" marks) that indicate seriousness or determination, indicate that the caster was familiar with the aesthetic worldview of the Edo artists or had a similar artistic perception. The eyes on the figure are in a Yoruba style however, so given the combination of Edo and Yoruba aspects to the figure, maybe it's an Itsekiri warrior by an Itsekiri artist.

The bell with the horse face design is also from that lower Niger bronze industry, which is more likely to be Itsekiri, Isoko, etc. than Yoruba.




Yes might be so but your link stated that The term

"Lower Niger Bronze Industry" has been used by art historians to classify ancient copper-alloy sculpture discovered in the area of the Niger Valley that could not be traced directly to the famous metalworking centers of Benin and Ife. Since this label actually refers to a multitude of provincial casting sites, each with varying styles and techniques, one scholar has suggested that "Lower Niger Bronze Industries" would be a more apt description. Less is known of Lower Niger Bronze Industry works than those of Benin and Ife, but their existence suggests that copper-alloy casting was once widespread in what is now southern Nigeria."

I do not think it is itsekiri, because ife and benin culture and heritage were interwoven back then and might be form either one of the two groups.

Some say it was benin others say it was yoruba

but itsekiri, no because itsekiri did not deal with iron or bronze but with woods. undecided

anyway; one of the two
Re: The Art And Architecture Of Yorubaland! by aljharem3: 9:44pm On Oct 01, 2011


This is a Haitian style veve of Ogun. In Haitian Vodun and Yoruba mythology, Ogun presides over fire, iron, hunting, politics and war. Perhaps linked to this theme is the new face he has taken on in Haiti which is not quite related to his African roots: that of a powerful political leader. He gives strength through prophecy and magick. It is Ogun who is said to have planted the idea for the Haitian Revolution of 1804 in the minds of the slaves whom he then led and empowered. He is called on now to help the people obtain a government more responsive to their needs.

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Re: The Art And Architecture Of Yorubaland! by aljharem3: 9:45pm On Oct 01, 2011


Yemaya (Africa: Yemoja, Brazil: Yemanjá, Cuba: Yemaya, Haiti: La Sirène) is an orisha, originally of the Yoruba religion, who has become prominent in many Afro-American religions. Africans from what is now called Yorubaland brought Yemaya and a host of other deities/energy forces in nature with them when they were brought to the shores of the Americas as captives. She is the ocean, the essence of motherhood, and a protector of children.
Re: The Art And Architecture Of Yorubaland! by aljharem3: 9:46pm On Oct 01, 2011


Shango (Xango, Shango), or Changó in Latin America, is perhaps the most popular orisha; he is a sky father and god of thunder and lightning. He is a royal ancestor of the Yoruba as he was the fourth king of the Oyo Kingdom. In the Lukumí religion of the Caribbean, Shango is considered the center point of the religion as he represents the Oyo people of West Africa. The Oyo Kingdom was sacked and pillaged and its residents brought in chains as slaves to the Caribbean and Brazil. All the major initiation ceremonies (as performed in Cuba, Puerto Rico and Venezuela for the last few hundred years) are based on the traditional Shango ceremony of Ancient Oyo. This ceremony survived the Middle Passage and is considered to be the most complete to have arrived on Western shores. This variation of the Yoruba initiation ceremony became the basis of all orisha initiations in the West.

The energy given from this deity of thunder is also a major symbol of African resistance against an enslaving European culture. He rules the color red and white; his sacred number is 6; his symbol is the oshe (double-headed axe), which represents swift and balanced justice. He is owner of the Bata (3 double-headed drums) and of music in general, as well as the art of dance and entertainment.
Re: The Art And Architecture Of Yorubaland! by PhysicsQED(m): 9:50pm On Oct 01, 2011
alj_harem:

Yes might be so but your link stated that The term

"Lower Niger Bronze Industry" has been used by art historians to classify ancient copper-alloy sculpture discovered in the area of the Niger Valley that could not be traced directly to the famous metalworking centers of Benin and Ife. Since this label actually refers to a multitude of provincial casting sites, each with varying styles and techniques, one scholar has suggested that "Lower Niger Bronze Industries" would be a more apt description. Less is known of Lower Niger Bronze Industry works than those of Benin and Ife, but their existence suggests that copper-alloy casting was once widespread in what is now southern Nigeria."

I do not think it is itsekiri, because ife and benin culture and heritage were interwoven back then and might be form either one of the two groups.

Some say it was benin others say it was yoruba

but itsekiri, no because itsekiri did not deal with iron or bronze but with woods. undecided

anyway; one of the two


No, the link was just saying that less is known about the lower Niger Bronze industry than is known about art from Benin or Ife. It wasn't saying that warrior figure or the art was necessarily of Benin or Ife origin.

And the two slits above his eye clearly indicate an Edo association on the part of the artist making the sculpture, as does the leopard teeth necklace, but the eyes are like those in several Yoruba sculptures.
Re: The Art And Architecture Of Yorubaland! by aljharem3: 9:51pm On Oct 01, 2011
.
Re: The Art And Architecture Of Yorubaland! by aljharem3: 9:51pm On Oct 01, 2011
PhysicsQED:


No, the link was just saying that less is known about the lower Niger Bronze industry than is known about art from Benin or Ife. It wasn't saying that warrior figure or the art was necessarily of Benin or Ife origin.

And the two slits above his eye clearly indicate an Edo association on the part of the artist making the sculpture, as does the leopard teeth necklace, but the eyes are like those in several Yoruba sculptures.

Ok smiley
Re: The Art And Architecture Of Yorubaland! by PhysicsQED(m): 9:56pm On Oct 01, 2011
alj_harem:



Subjects prostate themselves before an African oba as the Portuguese make their first contact – Late fifteenth century (Ketu present day benin)

That isn't a drawing of Ketu's ruler. I'm pretty sure that's something that attempts to depict a ruler of the Kongo.

Are you deliberately posting unrelated images and relabeling them as Yoruba? grin grin
Re: The Art And Architecture Of Yorubaland! by aljharem3: 9:58pm On Oct 01, 2011


A SUPERB YORUBA HORSE AND RIDER
Re: The Art And Architecture Of Yorubaland! by aljharem3: 9:59pm On Oct 01, 2011
PhysicsQED:

That isn't a drawing of Ketu's ruler. I'm pretty sure that's something that attempts to depict a ruler of the Kongo.

Are you deliberately posting unrelated images and relabeling them as Yoruba? grin grin

what ruler is he then grin
Re: The Art And Architecture Of Yorubaland! by lakal(m): 10:00pm On Oct 01, 2011
Alj_Harem, I'm warning you o: sho ara e jare.  Don't disrupt this thread with inaccurate pictures.

Anyhow, twins were important to Yoruba cosmogony -- both the living:
[img]http://2.bp./_zPRPilcOBxY/SwEeL7j3kPI/AAAAAAAAUIQ/xmnrDQEw9fo/s1600/0+Yoruba+mother+holding+her+twins.+Town+of+Share,+North+Oyo.+Deborah+Stokes+1980.jpg
[/img]


and the dead twins, memorialized here with carved "Ibeji" scupltures.
[img]http://1.bp./_zPRPilcOBxY/SwEeLn4jkOI/AAAAAAAAUII/-16kc3M3Xmk/s1600/0a+Yoruba+mother+with+memorial+figures+of+her+deceased+twins+Selia+Alaka,+town+of+Ikoyi,+Ogbomoso.++1980+Deborah+Stokes.jpg[/img]
Re: The Art And Architecture Of Yorubaland! by aljharem3: 10:00pm On Oct 01, 2011
PhysicsQED:

That isn't a drawing of Ketu's ruler. I'm pretty sure that's something that attempts to depict a ruler of the Kongo.

Are you deliberately posting unrelated images and relabeling them as Yoruba? grin grin

http://www.eamb.org/tag/historical-figures/
Re: The Art And Architecture Of Yorubaland! by PhysicsQED(m): 10:06pm On Oct 01, 2011
alj_harem:

http://www.eamb.org/tag/historical-figures/

Oh, I see. So it was the website that you got the pictures from that was wrong.

That's definitely a depiction of a Kongo monarch: http://old.antislavery.org/breakingthesilence/slave_routes/slave_routes_portugal.shtml



Anyway, do continue posting more interesting pictures. Many of these are completely new to me.

1 Like

Re: The Art And Architecture Of Yorubaland! by aljharem3: 10:08pm On Oct 01, 2011
PhysicsQED:

Oh, I see. So it was the website that you got the pictures from that was wrong.

That's definitely a depiction of a Kongo monarch: http://old.antislavery.org/breakingthesilence/slave_routes/slave_routes_portugal.shtml



Anyway, do carry on posting more interesting pictures. Many of these are completely new to me.

oh thanks i would delete now
Re: The Art And Architecture Of Yorubaland! by lakal(m): 10:13pm On Oct 01, 2011
Thatch was a much more exciting roofing material than corrugated iron, in my opinion. But I guess that iron probably had several advantages in terms of weatherproofing.

Here is another view of a royal Yoruba palace -- at Abeokuta, 1946. This is the Olowu of Owu's palace, I believe. Notice how this royal style involved ridging thatch patterns, but differed from the Oyo imperial style on the first page.

1 Like

Re: The Art And Architecture Of Yorubaland! by lakal(m): 10:15pm On Oct 01, 2011
In comparison, normal houses (and a kitchen?) from that time period in Abeokuta. Olumo Rock is in the background.

[img]http://csweb.bournemouth.ac.uk/africanlegacy/images/olomu_rock.jpg
[/img]
Re: The Art And Architecture Of Yorubaland! by tpia5: 3:37am On Oct 02, 2011
posts # 50, 55 and 58 are benin, not yoruba.
Re: The Art And Architecture Of Yorubaland! by tpia5: 3:44am On Oct 02, 2011
this was dated 12th century

Re: The Art And Architecture Of Yorubaland! by Rgp92: 9:42am On Oct 02, 2011



Yoruba wooden polychrome Egungun Headress mask
Re: The Art And Architecture Of Yorubaland! by Rgp92: 9:49am On Oct 02, 2011


Nigeria - Yoruba Gelede Mask
Re: The Art And Architecture Of Yorubaland! by PhysicsQED(m): 10:08am On Oct 02, 2011
tpia@:

this was dated 12th century



Only some of the art of Ife has actually been dated. The same applies for Benin. Instead dates for the other undated pieces are assigned based on traditional history, and the dates for some of the pieces (like terracotta, for example) that have been dated. I'll have to look around a bit on this, but I do not think that this was one of the pieces that was dated. I think it was assigned a date based on the date of the kingdom's most prominent period.
Re: The Art And Architecture Of Yorubaland! by amor4ce(m): 1:12pm On Oct 02, 2011
PhysicsQED:

That isn't a drawing of Ketu's ruler. I'm pretty sure that's something that attempts to depict a ruler of the Kongo.

Are you deliberately posting unrelated images and relabeling them as Yoruba? grin grin

But the subjects are doing the dobale, aren't they?
Re: The Art And Architecture Of Yorubaland! by tpia5: 1:28pm On Oct 02, 2011
Physics qed

the thread is about ife, not benin.

Yes, the sculpture was dated 12th century. If you dont like that because it precedes benin then you're free to question carbon dating maybe on another thread?

Plz stop attacking yoruba simply because you feel disturbed at the thought of benin not taking precedence in everything.
Re: The Art And Architecture Of Yorubaland! by PAGAN9JA(m): 1:32pm On Oct 02, 2011
what talented peoplec the Yoruba were in the past. sad

are there still any Yoruba sculpters left, i.e. carvers of idols, doors, staffs, masks, etc.

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