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5 Silent Killer Diseases You Must Know - Health - Nairaland

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5 Silent Killer Diseases You Must Know by Samylekey(m): 5:02pm On May 24, 2019
Many diseases fall under the category of “silent killers”. These diseases disguise their warning signs.
They are characterized by subtle symptoms that often go undetected or unnoticed. If too much time passes without treating the disease, it may cause serious complications or sometimes death.

1. High Blood Pressure
A person suffers from high blood pressure, also called hypertension, when their blood pressure reading is 140/90 mm Hg or higher.
High blood pressure is usually associated with stress, smoking, high salt intake, anxiety, excessive drinking, and leading a sedentary lifestyle.
Other contributing factors include obesity, genetic factors, use of birth control pills or pain relievers, kidney disease and adrenal disease.
Usually, high blood pressure does not present noticeable symptoms. In some cases, it may cause headaches, shortness of breath or nosebleeds, but these symptoms occur when the blood pressure reading is extremely high.
If ignored, high blood pressure may lead to heart disease or even strokes. The only way to identify it is to regularly measure your blood pressure, either on your own at home or by a doctor. If you find the numbers are too high, start taking steps to control it.
Blood pressure can be measured by a blood pressure monitor, also called a sphygmomanometer. If it reads 140/90 mmHg or more, consult your doctor and be sure to take any prescribed medicine as directed to control it.


2. Diabetes
Diabetes is a condition that requires constant monitoring. There are two types of diabetes.
In Type 1 diabetes, the body does not produce any insulin.
Type 2 diabetes is a metabolic disorder in which your body is unable to make enough insulin, or cannot use it properly.
According to the International Diabetes Federation, an estimated 387 million people worldwide have diabetes and 1 in 2 people do not even know that they have it.
This is why diabetes is considered a silent killer. Some common symptoms include excessive thirst, hunger, sudden weight loss, frequent urination, tiredness, slow-healing sores or cuts, and blurry vision.
The exact cause of diabetes is not known. However, genetics, obesity, a poor diet and lack of exercise appear to play important roles in developing this disease.
Uncontrolled diabetes can lead to a variety of serious complications . These include heart disease, kidney disease, limb amputation, strokes, and vision loss.
If you have a high risk of developing diabetes and notice any of the common symptoms, get your blood glucose levels checked. When diagnosed with diabetes, treatment may include taking insulin or other medications.


3. Hepatitis
Hepatitis refers to an inflammatory condition of the liver and is a viral infection that affects thousands of people globally. Different hepatotropic viruses cause different types of this disease, including hepatitis A, B, C, D and E.
Hepatitis A and E are caused by eating contaminated food or drinking contaminated water. Hepatitis B, C and D are contracted through transfusions of contaminated blood, sexual contact and during childbirth.
Hepatitis can also be caused by excessive alcohol consumption and autoimmune diseases.
The virus may be present in the body for several years without causing any symptoms. However, it may cause symptoms like fatigue, muscle aches, jaundice, pale stools, low-grade fever, vomiting and diarrhea. If you have any of these symptoms, consult your doctor for a simple blood test or liver biopsy to check for hepatitis.
If you are at a high risk of hepatitis, ask your doctor about getting a hepatitis vaccination.


4. Cervical Cancer
According to the World Health Organization, cervical cancer is the fourth most common cancer and cause of cancer mortality in women, especially in developing countries.
This cancer occurs in the cells of the cervix, and usually causes no symptoms during its early stages. If not diagnosed on time, the cancer soon spreads to the bladder, liver, intestines or lungs. At later stages, one may experience pelvic pain or vaginal bleeding.
Cervical cancer is caused by human papillomavirus (HPV), which spreads through sexual contact. In most cases, a women’s natural immune system is able to fight this infection. But certain types of HPV may lead to cervical cancer.
Women who smoke, have multiple sex partners, have many children, are overweight, use birth control pills for a long period or are infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are at higher risk of developing cervical cancer .
Usually normal cells in the cervix take several years to turn into cancer cells. So, if you experience even mild symptoms, consult your doctor about getting a Pap smear test. It is very effective in screening for cervical cancer.


5. Coronary Artery Disease (CAD)
Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a common heart disease caused by plaque buildup in the walls of your arteries. Too much plaque buildup narrows the arteries over time, which could partially or totally block the blood flow throughout your body. Over a period of time, CAD can also weaken your heart muscle, leading to heart failure.
Major risk factors for CAD include obesity or being overweight, a family history of heart disease, a poor diet, smoking and lack of physical activity.
As CAD does not cause any immediate signs and symptoms, it can go unnoticed until you have a heart attack. Opt for regular health checkups for timely diagnosis.
Eat a diet low in sodium and fat, avoid smoking, exercise regularly and take medications after consulting your doctor to reduce your risk of CAD or other heart conditions.

Read more- https://www.top10homeremedies.com/news-facts/10-silent-killer-diseases-you-must-know.html

Re: 5 Silent Killer Diseases You Must Know by NAJALYN: 9:05am On May 25, 2019
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Re: 5 Silent Killer Diseases You Must Know by Samylekey(m): 5:19pm On Jul 29, 2019
Wow
288 views
way higher than WhatsApp views
Happy to share this info with close to 300 people
Re: 5 Silent Killer Diseases You Must Know by Samylekey(m): 2:07pm On Aug 03, 2019
smiley

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