Welcome, Guest: Register On Nairaland / LOGIN! / Trending / Recent / New
Stats: 2,966,982 members, 7,200,710 topics. Date: Monday, 05 December 2022 at 02:45 AM

Backward Integration In Sugar, Cement And Petroleum: Who Are The Beneficiaries? - Politics - Nairaland

Nairaland Forum / Nairaland / General / Politics / Backward Integration In Sugar, Cement And Petroleum: Who Are The Beneficiaries? (16442 Views)

Pictures Of Some Of The Beneficiaries Of The Bee Attack At Kogi APC Rally / Buhari Breaks Down The $4B Plus Loan, The Beneficiaries, Projects / Nigeria: Country Of Backward North, Developing South – El-rufai (2) (3) (4)

(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (Reply) (Go Down)

Backward Integration In Sugar, Cement And Petroleum: Who Are The Beneficiaries? by kirajustice: 10:06pm On Feb 28, 2021
TAYO IRANTIOLA, Lagos

First came Sugar... then Cement… now, petroleum refining. The cycle of seeking protectionist Backward Integration Policies to protect a few players in limited industries keeps repeating itself. Only in this case, what should strengthen our collective economy is protecting a few big businesses and shutting out others, therefore holding Nigerians to ransom.

Let us say it as it is: We have seen this before, with all sorts of ventures in various sectors. One of Nigeria’s biggest businessmen sets out to enter a new industry in a big way. Government pulls out all the stops to support the actualization of that dream with several incentives because presumably, “it will support the economy and make the products/commodity more accessible and affordable.”

What has always happened next is that the government-backed backward integration plan is championed by this same player who is almost always a first mover in the private sector. What follows is a systemic closure of the operating space to others starts to occur, amid as well as a gradual increase in price. This is despite local production of said commodity going up. Why then does Nigeria keep granting such policies to favor a few despite the benefits not trickling down as promised? Have these so-called backward integration programmes ever helped or done so sustainably?

Let us take a look at the Nigerian Sugar Industry – a glaring example of the success and failures of a protectionist Backward Integration Policy (BIP). Twenty years ago, during the then President Olusegun Obasanjo-led administration, the Backward Integration Policy of the Nigerian Sugar Industry was championed to ensure that the “big three” Sugar refineries – Dangote, BUA and Flour Mills developed sugar plantations and were able to use homegrown sugar to substitute imported raw sugar. This was intended to bring down the price of locally available sugar as well as deepen the Nigerian sugar industry. Has it worked so far? Is sugar cheaper? Is the market more accessible for smaller players?

Twenty years ago, Dangote Group took over Savannah Sugar after acquiring it in the privatization process. How have they fared? Many suggest Savannah Sugar may be poorer for it. Asides marginal investments in new sugar fields, nothing else appears to have been done. Till date, the plantation has received no major upgrade and still cannot produce white sugar because it has no sugar refinery on site. About five years later, Flour mills of Nigeria, producers of the Golden Sugar brand, took over their own Sunti BIP site.

Despite receiving over 40billion Naira in FG intervention funds, their Sunti backward integration site still cannot produce edible sugar and only has a sugar mill similar to the one at the Dangote’s Savannah Plantation. The third producer, BUA is hardly any different. BUA took over its own Lafiagi site 10 years ago and didn’t start on time in developing the site. They claimed it was due to the government not handing over the land and associated infrastructure till 2014. Till date, work on their Sugar refinery and ethanol plant on site in addition to its plantation is still some way behind – just like the Dangote and Flour Mills, on delivering on their agreed BIP deliverables. Which serious companies take one to two decades to put the right things in place?

What has this led to? Prices of sugar have grown astronomically since the BIP programme started, even hitting NGN25,000 per bag during the COVID pandemic. It took a public outcry and the intervention of the government for prices to be reduced. Word on the street is that there may be another price increase towards the Muslim fasting period. Why is it that sugar is always expensive at this time of the year? Who shall successfully regulate these all-powerful oligarchs? New players are finding it difficult to break into the industry and those who try to are summarily pushed out.

To make matters worse, it seems there is also oppression among our oppressors. Any of the players who tries to break ranks is ganged up against by the others, as possibly demonstrated by with the recent debacle on BUA’s new export focused sugar refinery in the Bundu Free Zone in Port Harcourt. A recent leaked memo written by the two other players to the Minister of Trade urged the Minister to shut down BUA’s operations in Port Harcourt, despite the fact that increased operations would potentially solve supply side issues and by extension bring down the price of the finished commodity - issues – even when necessary duties are paid to bring the sugar into mainland Nigeria. To put it in simpler terms – imagine a sugar company unable to meet its target fighting for the shutdown of another, even when revenue is being expended to import sugar into mainland Nigeria. What hope then exists for the smaller producer or the consumers, who bear the brunt of these machinations?

It doesn’t end with sugar; Nigerians have witnessed the same thing with the Cement Industry, with the same cast of characters. Despite a series of waivers, pioneer status incentives and a backward integration policy championed initially by Dangote Cement and later enjoyed by Lafarge and BUA – the two other players in the Nigerian Cement Industry, retail prices of cement have grown astronomically in a way that makes everyday Nigerians question the benefits of Backward Integration in the Cement Industry. In a recent interview, BUA Chairman Abdul Samad Rabiu who is a part and beneficiary of this system, ironically admitted that Nigerians are paying the highest for cement in most of Africa. His peers have not considered Nigerians worthy of hearing such truth, preferring to keep mum.

I must say, a Backwards Integration Policy should not create more unwieldy, extremely profitable monopolistic enterprises that somehow end up holding Nigerians by the pocket and therefore by the jugular. Rather, such policies should engender a more open, competitive industry, giving opportunities to all comers without the fear of the system and a few players frustrating them.

At a briefing over the weekend, Nigerians were shocked to learn again that one of these same players who is building a 600,000barrels per day petroleum refinery, is actively pushing for purchases of Crude in Naira as well as a new backward integration policy for refineries. This was more or less confirmed by the recent visit of the Senate Committee visit to the Dangote Refinery last week.

Here’s the clincher – the same company which has benefited immensely in other sectors to the detriment of Nigerian consumers are now requesting that this policy should only be extended to those who have ACTIVE refining licenses. What this means – just like in Sugar and cement, is that only these companies with active licenses will be able to import these products into Nigeria. This will effectively narrow the market for Dangote’s 600,00barrels per day refinery. In view of their current plans, the Dangote Group will be the only ones to enjoy the benefits of this policy and possibly, BUA, when its own 200,000 barrels per day refinery comes up in 2024.
What is baffling however, is that this policy if instituted, will ensure that only the usual elite group will be able to import petroleum products, just like we have seen in Sugar and Cement. It will also ensure that even our dear own NNPC will be forced to buy its refined petroleum products from these companies, ensuring unsustainable profits and arbitrary price fixing which is detrimental to Nigerians. Crude oil across the world is sold in dollars. Why will they pay for our crude in Naira and then sell back to Nigeria in dollars? The same thing will likely apply to BUA and these two companies may as well be controlling over one-third of our GDP.

Here’s the clincher – the same company which has benefited immensely in other sectors to the detriment of Nigerian consumers are now requesting that this policy should only be extended to those who have ACTIVE refining licenses. What this means – just like in Sugar and cement, is that only these companies with active licenses will be able to import these products into Nigeria.

This will effectively narrow the market for Dangote’s 600,00barrels per day refinery. In view of their current plans, the Dangote Group will be the only ones to enjoy the benefits of this policy and possibly, BUA, when its own 200,000 barrels per day refinery comes up in 2024.

What is baffling however, is that this policy if instituted, will ensure that only the usual elite group will be able to import petroleum products, just like we have seen in Sugar and Cement. It will also ensure that even the NNPC will be forced to buy its refined petroleum products from the companies, ensuring unsustainable profits and arbitrary price fixing which is detrimental to Nigerians. Crude oil across the world is sold in dollars. Why will they pay four our crude in Naira and then sell back to Nigeria in dollars? The same thing will likely apply to BUA and these two companies may as well be controlling over one-third of our GDP.

To rescue our country, the Government must do away with the truly backwardness of these Backward Integration Policies, except it guarantees truly free markets. It has never worked for Nigerians. Rather, it has only worked to help a few people boost their already fat pockets. At this rate and if left to subsist, Nigerians could likely end up paying triple for petrol as has happened in Sugar and Cement.

The Policy of backward integration as implemented thus far has only enabled a monopoly that strangles the country’s chances at sustainably developing her commodities market and we must not mortgage our oil in this manner. The government must force these oligarchs to sit down and renegotiate all terms in these core industries as is being done in other countries like Senegal, for example.

Bottomline is, Nigerians and their stake in the oil industry appears to be heading towards a precarious end. So I ask again: BACKWARD INTEGRATION IN SUGAR, CEMENT AND NOW, PETROLEUM: WHO ARE THE REAL BENEFICIARIES? Certainly not Nigerians.
https://politicsnigeria.com/backward-integration-in-sugar-cement-and-now-petroleum-who-are-the-real-beneficiaries/

Tayo Irantiola writes from Lagos Nigeria...

57 Likes 8 Shares

Re: Backward Integration In Sugar, Cement And Petroleum: Who Are The Beneficiaries? by MansoryMX(m): 10:12pm On Feb 28, 2021
Only a matured mind will take his/her time to read up this beautiful article and see the danger that lies ahead for Nigerians. I drove down to a nearby refilling station to buy petrol this evening and i was shocked it’s now sold for 175-190/liter (excluding the already tampered fuel pump). It shall never be well with Buhari, his thieves and all those who voted this evil government in power. As for those of you still supporting this government because of stipends y’all benefits from them, Doomsday will visit you all!

116 Likes 8 Shares

Re: Backward Integration In Sugar, Cement And Petroleum: Who Are The Beneficiaries? by CodeTemplar: 10:12pm On Feb 28, 2021
Privatization is a tinted with corruption just as much as localization is.

17 Likes 2 Shares

Re: Backward Integration In Sugar, Cement And Petroleum: Who Are The Beneficiaries? by jekky10(m): 10:13pm On Feb 28, 2021
Alh Dangote

2 Likes 1 Share

Re: Backward Integration In Sugar, Cement And Petroleum: Who Are The Beneficiaries? by Y90m: 10:14pm On Feb 28, 2021
Buhari is a COW
Like if you agree

80 Likes 1 Share

Re: Backward Integration In Sugar, Cement And Petroleum: Who Are The Beneficiaries? by AlphaSentinel: 10:14pm On Feb 28, 2021
Dangocriminal will finish this country...very stingy and mean

18 Likes 1 Share

Re: Backward Integration In Sugar, Cement And Petroleum: Who Are The Beneficiaries? by festacman(m): 10:16pm On Feb 28, 2021
Every government policy like Backward Intergration Programme (BIP) is supposed to have a document stating its SMART objectives, implementation guidelines, periodic review of journey so far, etc. If the government agency or NASS committee that is supposed to oversee and regulate BIP implementation decides to be inactive, beneficiary firms won't meet with their commitments as expected. Here the executive and parliament are both to be blamed for their failings.

22 Likes 4 Shares

Re: Backward Integration In Sugar, Cement And Petroleum: Who Are The Beneficiaries? by tutudesz: 10:17pm On Feb 28, 2021
All thanks to OBJ

7 Likes 1 Share

Re: Backward Integration In Sugar, Cement And Petroleum: Who Are The Beneficiaries? by tempest01(m): 10:17pm On Feb 28, 2021
It is so absurd that a local refining company that will not incur much transportation and landing costs and also utilize the low cost of labour and production in Nigeria , which ideally should lead to low operating expenses and cheaper end product is more concerned about having the licence to import to himself.

This shows that the long term strategic plan does not involve any patriotism and giving back to the country that had given you everything but a scheme at profiteering as done with other products.

59 Likes 5 Shares

Re: Backward Integration In Sugar, Cement And Petroleum: Who Are The Beneficiaries? by Nettybrown(m): 10:20pm On Feb 28, 2021
Is Nigeria now running an Oligarchy form of government now?

9 Likes 1 Share

Re: Backward Integration In Sugar, Cement And Petroleum: Who Are The Beneficiaries? by Kubernetes: 10:20pm On Feb 28, 2021
Its take courage and determination to risk your funds in business
Re: Backward Integration In Sugar, Cement And Petroleum: Who Are The Beneficiaries? by olajizz01(m): 10:20pm On Feb 28, 2021
Dangote is a confirmed criminal milking Nigerians with the help of criminals in government

44 Likes 4 Shares

Re: Backward Integration In Sugar, Cement And Petroleum: Who Are The Beneficiaries? by tobechi74: 10:21pm On Feb 28, 2021
You cannot improve the quality of lives of poor by killing the rich

You do not promote local content by banning foreign content

You do not encourage export by banning import

8 Likes

Re: Backward Integration In Sugar, Cement And Petroleum: Who Are The Beneficiaries? by SyrusdeHansome(m): 10:22pm On Feb 28, 2021
All I know is that no matter how he tries to defraud Nigerians he can never be ranked among 70 richest men in de world. Money that won't follow him to the grave.

1 Like 1 Share

Re: Backward Integration In Sugar, Cement And Petroleum: Who Are The Beneficiaries? by Draslo(m): 10:25pm On Feb 28, 2021
Na their way. Billionaire business men. Worldwide na so them be. Dem sabi hold their respective governments for blokos.


They want to paint an innocent picture but we can see through it. We can see the truth.

8 Likes 3 Shares

Re: Backward Integration In Sugar, Cement And Petroleum: Who Are The Beneficiaries? by Irloran: 10:26pm On Feb 28, 2021
MansoryMX:
Only a matured mind will take his/her time to read up this beautiful article and see the danger that lies ahead for Nigerians. I drove down to a nearby refilling station to buy petrol this evening and i was shocked it’s now sold for 175-190/liter (excluding the already tampered fuel pump). It shall never be well with Buhari, his thieves and all those who voted this evil government in power. As for those of you still supporting this government because of stipends y’all benefits from them, Doomsday will visit you all!



Amen to this beautiful prayer . Those of them still supporting Buhari God will rule their life like the way Buhari is ruling Nigeria in Jesus name .amen

12 Likes 2 Shares

Re: Backward Integration In Sugar, Cement And Petroleum: Who Are The Beneficiaries? by Moneyboyz: 10:28pm On Feb 28, 2021
You'all shouldn't be surprised when the zombie in ask rock grants Dangote monopolistic request, after all they are kinsmen. E go soon clear for our eyes.

6 Likes 2 Shares

Re: Backward Integration In Sugar, Cement And Petroleum: Who Are The Beneficiaries? by Rockyheight: 10:29pm On Feb 28, 2021
And to think Dangote is already calling on the Governnent to restrict importation of fuel to only people with refining licence.The sad reality is that he will get it . And am so sure that he will buy crude in Naira and sell to Nigerians in dollars. He is very unscrupulous. I have always thought that Dangote has nothing to teach the youth when it comes to business. Any fool will succeed when they get the kind of waivers privileges, and patronage he gets from government.

39 Likes 6 Shares

Re: Backward Integration In Sugar, Cement And Petroleum: Who Are The Beneficiaries? by Briells: 10:30pm On Feb 28, 2021
Save your strength... They don't care. They pay themselves billions of naira in salary with task payers money, so theycontinue giving Dangote monopoly cos they can afford his goods.

9 Likes 2 Shares

Re: Backward Integration In Sugar, Cement And Petroleum: Who Are The Beneficiaries? by Nobody: 10:30pm On Feb 28, 2021
This post reminds me of the great once upon a time Sugar Industry in Kwara State angry. I learnt that the industry began to experience setback (till it became extinct) when a Nigerian was made the GM.

Corruption is deeply rooted in Naija


Draslo:
They want to paint an innocent picture but we can see through it. We can see the truth.

@picture,,,, the truth is glaring grin grin

Draslo:
Upon all their sugar St. Louis that is imported still full market yafun yafun

This is not about the bolded. It's about unemployment

6 Likes 1 Share

Re: Backward Integration In Sugar, Cement And Petroleum: Who Are The Beneficiaries? by Briells: 10:31pm On Feb 28, 2021
Save your strength... They don't care. They pay themselves billions of naira in salary with task payers money, so they continue giving him monopoly cos they can afford his goods.

1 Like

Re: Backward Integration In Sugar, Cement And Petroleum: Who Are The Beneficiaries? by Brunosamel(m): 10:32pm On Feb 28, 2021
May God punish anyone who endorsed one Nigeria, as far as am concerned Nigeria is a dead country...the rich will get richer and the poor will struggle but let them not forget one day the poor will rise and eat the rich .... Useless policy, it shall never be well for the cabal and the group of people who put Nigeria in this condition...

12 Likes 2 Shares

Re: Backward Integration In Sugar, Cement And Petroleum: Who Are The Beneficiaries? by dahmie2013: 10:33pm On Feb 28, 2021
The challenge is government has not been good at doing business. So we have no choice than to be at the mercy of these entrepreneurs.

3 Likes 2 Shares

Re: Backward Integration In Sugar, Cement And Petroleum: Who Are The Beneficiaries? by festacman(m): 10:33pm On Feb 28, 2021
God bless Nigeria.
Re: Backward Integration In Sugar, Cement And Petroleum: Who Are The Beneficiaries? by StepTwo: 10:35pm On Feb 28, 2021
AlphaSentinel:
Dangocriminal will finish this country...very stingy and mean

Don’t blame Dangote, he’s just a business man. Blame the Government that comes up with those backward policies

3 Likes

Re: Backward Integration In Sugar, Cement And Petroleum: Who Are The Beneficiaries? by NudeProducer: 10:36pm On Feb 28, 2021
things are happening


omo

I made a movie guys, and it's so interesting



https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vVAOjRDpZho

What do you think?

2 Likes

Re: Backward Integration In Sugar, Cement And Petroleum: Who Are The Beneficiaries? by winterfell007(m): 10:37pm On Feb 28, 2021
MansoryMX:
Only a matured mind will take his/her time to read up this beautiful article and see the danger that lies ahead for Nigerians. I drove down to a nearby refilling station to buy petrol this evening and i was shocked it’s now sold for 175-190/liter (excluding the already tampered fuel pump). It shall never be well with Buhari, his thieves and all those who voted this evil government in power. As for those of you still supporting this government because of stipends y’all benefits from them, Doomsday will visit you all!

We discernible minded people see the evil this crony capitalist truly are. Nigeria feel they're helping the economy, they've always been after their own interest.
Funny enough, these same set of capitalist won't dare try this abroad, they know it's a business malpractice which is criminal and highly punishable. They can only get away with this nonsense here in Nigeria

18 Likes 3 Shares

Re: Backward Integration In Sugar, Cement And Petroleum: Who Are The Beneficiaries? by CheedyJ(m): 10:38pm On Feb 28, 2021
Y90m:
Buhari is a COW
Like if you agree
Wetin you wan gain from nl likes , will you get paid for amassing plenty likes cos I’m not understanding oo

7 Likes 1 Share

(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (Reply)

Christians Won’t Vote Muslim-Muslim Presidential Candidates - PFN / 7 Feared Dead As Aguleri, Kogi Communities Fight Over Oil Well / Buhari And APC Three And Half Year Score Card Part 1: Let's Discuss

(Go Up)

Sections: politics (1) business autos (1) jobs (1) career education (1) romance computers phones travel sports fashion health
religion celebs tv-movies music-radio literature webmasters programming techmarket

Links: (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10)

Nairaland - Copyright © 2005 - 2022 Oluwaseun Osewa. All rights reserved. See How To Advertise. 234
Disclaimer: Every Nairaland member is solely responsible for anything that he/she posts or uploads on Nairaland.