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|Testicular Cancer by NairalandDoctor(m): 11:13pm On Aug 16|
TESTICULAR CANCER is cancer that develops in the testicles, a part of the male reproductive system. Symptoms may include a lump in the testicle, or swelling or pain in the scrotum. Treatment may result in infertility.
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS
One of the first signs of testicular cancer is often a lump or swelling in the testes. It is recommends against routine screening for testicular cancer in asymptomatic adolescent and adults including routine testicular self-exams. However, the American Cancer Society suggests that some men should examine their testicles monthly, especially if they have a family history of cancer, and the American Urological Association recommends monthly testicular self-examinations for all young men.
Symptoms may also include one or more of the following:
a lump in one testis which may or may not be painful
sharp pain or a dull ache in the lower abdomen or scrotum
a feeling often described as "heaviness" in the scrotum
firmness of the testicle
breast enlargement (gynecomastia) from hormonal effects of β-hCG
low back pain (lumbago) due to the cancer spreading to the lymph nodes along the back
It is not very common for testicular cancer to spread to other organs, apart from the lungs. If it has, however, the following symptoms may be present:
shortness of breath (dyspnea), cough or coughing up blood (hemoptysis) from metastatic spread to the lungs
a lump in the neck due to metastases to the lymph nodes
Testicular cancer, cryptorchidism, hypospadias, and poor semen quality make up the syndrome known as testicular dysgenesis syndrome.
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