Welcome, Guest: Register On Nairaland / LOGIN! / Trending / Recent / New
Stats: 3,167,066 members, 7,867,019 topics. Date: Friday, 21 June 2024 at 09:46 AM

Oba Esigie Of Benin, Lagos (Eko) By Leo Oronsaye - Culture - Nairaland

Nairaland Forum / Nairaland / General / Culture / Oba Esigie Of Benin, Lagos (Eko) By Leo Oronsaye (307 Views)

Lagos - Eko Roundabout Xmas Lightening Are Just Amazing - Aerial Night Footage. / ...Lagos (eko) As A Tributary To The Benin Empire. / Oba Of Benin, Ewuare, His Wives And Children In Cute Family Photo (2) (3) (4)

(1) (Reply)

Oba Esigie Of Benin, Lagos (Eko) By Leo Oronsaye by samuk: 9:44pm On Mar 15, 2023
There's no records, Portuguese or Benin that says Oba Esigie was educated in the format of western education, it was rather his son crowned Orhogbua after him, that was a beneficiary of the Portuguese education! Though Oba Esigie could speak some smattering Portuguese because of his close friendship with the Portuguese Captain, Alfonso D'Aveiro and as a matter of fact, he wasn't educated in the western sense of it! The issue of western education's incursion into the ancient kingdom as at that period,was necessitated by Oba Esigie, been impressed by the awesome power of the Arquebus as the early guns were called, especially at the pivotal role they played in the destruction of the sneak Idah Army at the famous battle of Ok'Edo in 1515, asked D'Aveiro to furnish him with this noveau weapons, to enable him equip a regiment of Benin warriors! A request that D'Aveiro declined, citing the half century old Pope Nicholas's Papal Bull, that forbade the sale of to weapons and other strategic materials to non Christian States! And Oba Esigie desirous to have his hands on the never before seen wonder weapon in his realm, eagerly expressed his intention to christianize himself and even his entire kingdom, if this was what it would take to acquire the Arquebus! And to prove his commitment to christianization, Oba Esigie had himself and his entire household baptized into the Catholic faith, including his teenage Heir apparent Orhogbua, who he put forward to receive the priesthood in the faith! Thus the young prince left the shores of his native kingdom of Benin, in the company of D'Aveiro, in his return journey to his country Portugal, where he passed through the Portuguese rudimentary education and later was enrolled in a Seminary in Lisbon, to train as a Catholic priest and after many years of stringent training in Spiritual formation and personal discipline, he eventually got ordained and practised as a priest in Portugal and after which he returned to his native home country, Benin where he also practised for many years until his father Oba Esigie joined his ancestors! And at his own coronation as an Oba, he was compelled by the exigencies of his kingly duties to relinquish his priestly obligations! From then on, priestly duties were now handled or administered by the 'Ohen'Osas', that's a crop of native Benin ordained Catholic priests! Orhogbua's western or Portuguese education was of immense advantage especially in his bilateral relations with the Portuguese as he was able to secure their assistance in the procurement of firearms which enabled him to successfully conclude the complete subjugation of the entire coastline of the Mahin/Badagry axis, an imperialist design initiated by his fathers before him, that had degenerated into protracted conflict because the indigenous inhabitants of the area were prone to insurrections! And this prompted the maintenance of a permanent garrison of troops in a camp, 'Eko' in Benin language to act as a deterrence to further insurrections!
Oba Orhogbua in appreciation of the Portuguese role in his successful military campaign, granted them unrestricted monopoly of trade to the area which they named Lagos, because of its topographical similarities with their home country's main port of Lagos in Portugal!

By Leo Oronsaye.
Re: Oba Esigie Of Benin, Lagos (Eko) By Leo Oronsaye by RedboneSmith(m): 11:06pm On Mar 15, 2023
The time is long overdue for Benin people to begin to reconsider the dates for events in Benin history which they inherited from Egharevba's chronology.

From the Portuguese records of the early 16th century, we know that the Ọba of Benin was waging war to the north of Benin in 1515/1516. Egharevba tells us that this war was the Idah War of the time of Oba Esigie. What Egharevba did not know was that according to a letter written by a Portuguese captain who was stationed on the Island of Prinicpe and trading with Benin, the Ọba of Benin who was involved in the war of 1515/1516 died in late 1516 or early 1517. This could not have been Ọba Esigie. And if the Ọba who died in late 1516/early 1517 was not Esigie, then it certainly means that the war that was waged in 1515/1516 could not have been the Idah War and had nothing to do with Esigie.

As a matter of fact, it now looks very likely that the war that was fought in 1515/1516 was the Uromi War which involved Ozolua rather than the Idah War of Esigie. We know from tradition that Ozolua died towards the end of that war, which corresponds perfectly with the mention in the Portuguese letter of an Ọba who died in late 1516/early 1517.

The Idah War must then have happened later, in 1517 at the earliest, but more likely sometime in the 1520s.

Again, according to Portuguese accounts, the Ọba who was reigning in 1515 (who we can now firmly say was Ozolua) had his son and successor baptised and studying with the Portuguese. This son has to have been Esigie. The implication was that Esigie was baptised and received some Portuguese education as a youth, before his ascension to the throne. So on the account of Esigie's education and christianisation, Mr Leo Oronsaye is wrong, according to Portuguese accounts.

It was Ozolua, not Esigie, who badly needed Portuguese weaponry for the prosecution of his wars. It was he who sent his sons, including his heir-apparent the future Esigie, to the missionaries for instruction and baptism.

Orhogbua may have eventually gone to Portugal, but he wasn't the first in the royal family to be exposed to baptism and some Western education. Esigie was.

Interestingly, Esigie's later rule showed that he had repudiated his 'conversion' and was even quite hostile to missionaries.

To get a better knowledge of contemporary Portuguese (and other early European) writings about Benin, read "Benin Missions" and "Benin and the Europeans, 1485 to 1897“. Both were written by AFC Ryder who studied in detail the documents left by Europeans who visited Benin and the coast.

1 Like

(1) (Reply)

National Holidays: None Celebrates Our Culture / Top 10 Richest African County In 2023 By Gdp / History And Clan Names

(Go Up)

Sections: politics (1) business autos (1) jobs (1) career education (1) romance computers phones travel sports fashion health
religion celebs tv-movies music-radio literature webmasters programming techmarket

Links: (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10)

Nairaland - Copyright © 2005 - 2024 Oluwaseun Osewa. All rights reserved. See How To Advertise. 18
Disclaimer: Every Nairaland member is solely responsible for anything that he/she posts or uploads on Nairaland.