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Diabetes Mellitus (high Blood Sugar) - Culture - Nairaland

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Diabetes Mellitus (high Blood Sugar) by Hadjibola05(m): 1:35pm On Mar 19, 2023
What is Diabetis mellitus?

Diabetes mellitus refers to a group of diseases that affect how the body uses blood sugar (glucose). Glucose is an important source of energy for the cells that make up the muscles and tissues. It's also the brain's main source of fuel.

There are four main types of diabetes: type 1, type 2, gestational, and prediabetes. Around 90% to 95% of people diagnosed with diabetes have type 2. Around 5% to 10% of people diagnosed with diabetes have type 1.

Diabetes mellitus is the scientific name for diabetes, but it is more commonly known simply as diabetes. It's when your body can't produce enough of a hormone called insulin, or the insulin it produces isn't effective. There are two main types of diabetes mellitus: type 1 and type 2.

What is the main cause of diabetes?

What causes type 1 diabetes? Type 1 diabetes occurs when your immune system, the body's system for fighting infection, attacks and destroys the insulin-producing beta cells of the pancreas. Scientists think type 1 diabetes is caused by genes and environmental factors, such as viruses, that might trigger the disease.

Here are 10 early symptoms that can help you recognize the onset of diabetes and aid you in getting your blood sugar under control before it’s too late.

1) . You Pee a Lot

When the glucose level in your blood is high, your body tries to compensate by having your kidneys filter the excess sugar from your blood. The kidneys then flush the glucose from your body through your urine, increasing the frequency with which you must pee. You may also have an increase in urinary tract infections (UTIs) and notice that you get up more frequently at night to urinate.

2)You’re Always Thirsty

Because your kidneys are causing more frequent urination, it makes sense that your body is low on fluids, causing you to become dehydrated. And because you’re dehydrated, you can feel thirsty all the time. You may also experience an extremely dry mouth.

3)You’re Hungry All the Time

When you have diabetes, your body doesn’t properly use the energy in the foods you eat. Although glucose is present in the blood, your cells can’t absorb it and begin to starve for energy. As a response, the cells communicate with the pancreas, saying they need more energy. The pancreas then increases the amount of insulin in the body, which tells the brain that you’re hungry.

4)You Unexpectedly Lose Weight

If you suddenly lose weight, it could result from diabetes. Between losing fluids due to excess urination and the lack of cellular energy, the pounds can drop off. This is more common among those whose diabetes is uncontrolled.

5)Your Skin Becomes Very Dry

Another diabetes warning sign is dry, itchy skin. Caused by a combination of increased blood sugar levels and poor circulation, your skin may feel flaky and have an increased risk of infection.

6)You Form Dark Patches

In addition to dry skin, you may also form dark patches on your skin, particularly where the skin folds on itself. Called acanthosis nigricans, these discolorations are most commonly found in the neck, armpits, and groin areas. The skin may feel velvety or become thick.

7)You Heal Slowly

Because of depleted cellular energy and impaired circulation, when you have diabetes, you heal slowly. With even small nicks and cuts taking weeks to months to heal, the slow healing results in an increased risk of skin infection.

coolYour Vision Blurs

When blood sugar levels are high, it can damage the small blood vessels in your eyes, resulting in blurry vision. In many cases, an improvement in diabetes control can restore your vision, but when the disease is left untreated, permanent blindness can occur.

9) Your Hands and Feet Get Tingly or Hurt

Diabetes impacts your circulation and creates permanent damage to the body’s nerves. Known as neuropathy, this damage often occurs in the hands and feet and results in numbness or tingling in the appendages. It may cause pain or feel like pins and needles.

10)You Get Yeast Infections

Yeast naturally resides in small amounts on the body, but when you have diabetes, the excess sugar provides an ample amount of food for yeast and often results in yeast infections. These infections form in the genital area, as well as the armpits and mouth, which is sometimes referred to as thrush.

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Re: Diabetes Mellitus (high Blood Sugar) by HappyMangle: 9:12pm On Mar 22, 2023
Just diagnosed with the type two and i am devastated

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