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Biafra: Nigeria Is Coming Apart At The Seams - Foreign Policy - Politics - Nairaland

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Biafra: Nigeria Is Coming Apart At The Seams - Foreign Policy by Nobody: 9:41pm On Feb 09, 2016
At best, a revitalized Biafran secessionist movement will lead to mass bloodshed. At worst, it will trigger the country's unraveling.


Crowds of Igbo-speaking people barricade streets across southeastern Nigeria, bringing traffic to a standstill.

They wave black, green, and red secessionist flags; distribute their own currency and passports; and demand the creation of a new independent country called Biafra. It could be 1967 — or 2016.Nearly 50 years after the same region of Nigeria seceded, sparking a devastating civil war, separatists are once again threatening the fragile national unity of Africa’s most populous country.

Back in 1967, the federal government deployed a quarter million troops to quash the secessionist movement, while also imposing a land and sea blockade. Over a million civilians died in the nearly three years of fighting that followed, mostly from starvation.

Why is the southeast once again considering secession when the region’s last attempt resulted in such horrendous suffering? Part of the answer is that many Igbos, who form the majority in Nigeria’s southeast but a minority in the country as a whole, view the failure of their previous attempt at secession as the great missed opportunity of their time.

For three decades after the war, military dictatorships suppressed all secessionist talk, leaving Igbos to wonder silently about what might have been. But after the country transitioned to democracy in 1999, latent separatist inclinations began to resurface once again.

The resurgence of the Biafran secessionist movement is symptomatic of a much deeper problem with the Nigerian state. The federal government’s chokehold on states and ethnic groups is fueling multiple demands for autonomy and the right to manage resources at a local level — demands that could ultimately lead to a fracturing of the country.
The latent insurgency in the oil-producing Niger Delta is one example of this trend, as is the emergence of the Oodua Peoples Congress (OPC), which has acted both as a violent vigilante group and as an advocate for the autonomy of the Yoruba people of southwestern Nigeria.
A deep disillusionment with the Nigerian government also lies at the heart of the Biafran dream of independence. Igbos have long felt marginalized and excluded from economic and political power by the Hausa-Fulani and Yoruba ethnic groups, which have dominated national politics and the bureaucracy since 1970.
Many Igbos believe that the federal government (and their fellow Nigerians) have never forgiven them for seceding in 1967, and have discriminated against them ever since.
They believe that in Biafra they will find all the things that Nigeria has failed to provide: good leadership, jobs, infrastructure, regular electricity, economic and physical security.“Nigeria is a mess…with bad and corrupt leaders,” a Biafra supporter in her mid-20s told me recently. “We want freedom.”
Yet not everyone is willing to risk a war for independence. Younger Igbos born after the civil war tend to be more militant about Biafra in 2016 than their parents and grandparents, whose memories bear scars from the previous attempt at secession.
One 72-year-old Igbo man, who was wounded during the 1967-1970 civil war and left bleeding and without food or drink for days, told me, “No one who experienced what happened last time will ever advocate Biafra again.”But roughly two-thirds of Nigeria’s population is under 30 years old, making them too young to remember the suffering that accompanied the last civil war.

These youngsters have plenty of reasons to resent the central government: Nigeria’s youth unemployment rate stands at approximately 50 percent. In the southeast, the feeling of marginalization only deepened after last year’s presidential election.
Igbos voted heavily for the former president, the southerner Goodluck Jonathan, who lost to Muhammadu Buhari, a Muslim from the north.

As an army officer, Buhari had fought to crush the first Biafran independence movement; the most powerful jobs in his new government went to the Yoruba and to northern ethnic groups.

Now Nigeria’s new president may once again be on a collision course with separatists in the southeast. Like all previous Nigerian heads of state, Buhari regards the country’s unity as non-negotiable. He will not allow the region to secede without a fight — not least because it contains oil fields that supply three-quarters of the government’s revenue.
Oil is thus an incentive for unity as well as disintegration: It gives Igbos confidence in the economic viability of an independent Biafran state, but also gives the government a powerful reason to prevent such a state from ever coming into being. If Igbos continue to agitate for independence, mass bloodshed seems inevitable.Secession would lead to confrontation on two levels — between Igbos and the federal government, and between Igbos and other minority ethnic groups in the southeast. The latter — such as the Efik, Ibibio, Ijaw, Esan, and Urhobo ethnic groups — do not want to exchange minority status in Nigeria for minority status in a new country dominated by Igbos.
To succeed in winning their own state, therefore, Biafran separatists would need to fight both a war of independence.

The Nigerian government has made clear that it views the Biafra issue as a danger to national unity, and Buhari has said he regards the movement as “treasonable.”
Last October, security forces arrested Nnamdi Kanu, the leader of the secessionist Indigenous People of Biafra (IPOB) movement, on charges of sedition and treason, and ignored a subsequent court order to release him.
The symbol of the Biafran independence movement, Kanu is regarded as a dangerous man by authorities.
He is alleged to have tried to procure weapons in the United States, and once told a public gathering, “[I]f we don’t get Biafra everybody will have to die, as simple as that.” But by arresting and detaining him, the government only added fuel to the Biafra fire, causing the protests to intensify and spread across cities in the southeast over the past three months..

Even if the government calms the Biafra storm, its standard refusal to consider demands for regional autonomy all but guarantees that another insurrection will emerge somewhere else in the country.
Making matters worse is the demographic time bomb that ticks faster each day in Nigeria. A dramatic “youth bulge” has turned grievances of the type felt by young Igbos into a national security risk in marginalized communities across the country.
Every few years, young people from one of these communities rise up and shake the country’s unity. Ethno-regional separatist groups such as the OPC in the southwest, Boko Haram in the north, and the Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta in the oil-rich deep south are notable examples.
Yet the government has no viable plan for dealing with uprisings like these beyond sending in the army. Two years ago, the former national security adviser, Sambo Dasuki, revealed that Nigeria’s military was deployed in 28 out of the country’s 36 states — a fact that suggests it has become more of an internal occupation force than a defender against external aggression.

Nigerian governments have a long history of treating serious problems as molehills until they become volcanic-mountain-range problems. In 1995, the government executed Ken Saro-Wiwa and eight other activists who had dared to call attention to economic exploitation and marginalization in the Niger Delta.

The core complaints raised by the activists were never addressed, however, and soon they had given rise to an armed insurgency that reduced Nigeria’s oil output by 50 percent and cost it billions of dollars in lost revenue. In the early 2000s, the government also ignored a small religious sect in the northeast — only to watch it morph into Boko Haram.

As resentment mounts among Igbos in the southeast, the Nigerian government cannot afford to allow yet another molehill to grow into a mountain.

http://foreignpolicy.com/2016/02/08/nigeria-is-coming-apart-at-the-seamsbiafra/

2 Likes

Re: Biafra: Nigeria Is Coming Apart At The Seams - Foreign Policy by Nobody: 9:51pm On Feb 09, 2016
Lalasticlala, this is a good read.
Says everything about Nigeria.

Re: Biafra: Nigeria Is Coming Apart At The Seams - Foreign Policy by months: 9:55pm On Feb 09, 2016
We are at the end of Obama months now.


Americans have started voting for a new President.


That means new Foreign policy and new national interest.


Obama borrowed time is over, CIA hands are coming loose.


We cannot wait.

2 Likes

Re: Biafra: Nigeria Is Coming Apart At The Seams - Foreign Policy by IdisuleOurOwn(m): 10:01pm On Feb 09, 2016
Normality:
Lalasticlala, this is a good read.
Says everything about Nigeria.

Macurley, you are just making noise.

Thought you guys says you will leave Nairaland? Nairaland says NO to bia***. Why disturbing us?

What happen to your bia*** republic? Go there and spread your gospel.

6 Likes 1 Share

Re: Biafra: Nigeria Is Coming Apart At The Seams - Foreign Policy by IdisuleOurOwn(m): 10:04pm On Feb 09, 2016
months:
We are at the end of Obama months now.


Americans have started voting for a new President.


That means new Foreign policy and new national interest.


Obama borrowed time is over, CIA hands are coming loose.


We cannot wait.

It is Obama now that is holding you from getting your country?

7 Likes

Re: Biafra: Nigeria Is Coming Apart At The Seams - Foreign Policy by xtrorry: 10:05pm On Feb 09, 2016
IdisuleOurOwn:


Macurley, you are just making noise.

Thought you guys says you will leave Nairaland? Nairaland says NO to bia***. Why disturbing us?

What happen to your bia*** republic? Go there and spread your gospel.

Yet no minute passes by in a day without you lots creating useless threads and ranting carelessly and senselessly on Biaf...as if you whole essence in life is being taken away from you.

Shouldn't you be utterly ashamed of such demeaning act?

5 Likes 1 Share

Re: Biafra: Nigeria Is Coming Apart At The Seams - Foreign Policy by months: 10:06pm On Feb 09, 2016
IdisuleOurOwn:

Macurley, you are just making noise.
Thought you guys says you will leave Nairaland? Nairaland says NO to bia***. Why disturbing us?
What happen to your bia*** republic? Go there and spread your gospel.

Just shut up and press the ban button, u good for nothing slowpoke.


Kenneth Roth is clearly in ur face recognising Biafra, u want to nagg and behave like a bit.ch to people u dont even know.


It is better for Buhari to pass his social media bill than for Nairaland to die silently.

4 Likes

Re: Biafra: Nigeria Is Coming Apart At The Seams - Foreign Policy by months: 10:11pm On Feb 09, 2016
Before the next slowpoke quote me, kindly ban Kenneth Roth for promoting Biafra.


Is it me or did he delibrately set Nigeria and Biafra apart as two different entity?

3 Likes

Re: Biafra: Nigeria Is Coming Apart At The Seams - Foreign Policy by IdisuleOurOwn(m): 10:14pm On Feb 09, 2016
xtrorry:


Yet no minute passes by in a day without you lots creating useless threads and ranting carelessly and senselessly on Biaf...as if you whole essence in life is being taken away from you.

You should be utterly ashamed?

You promise to quit /boycott Nairaland. Why are you still here xtrophy, xtrorry, xtrorry?

You keep on opening different handles to paste same stale, assinine and hackneyed lines on all threads.

You have no life out side Nairaland, if you do you won't disturb us with those hackneyed lines of us.

6 Likes 1 Share

Re: Biafra: Nigeria Is Coming Apart At The Seams - Foreign Policy by IdisuleOurOwn(m): 10:15pm On Feb 09, 2016
xtrorry:


Yet no minute passes by in a day without you lots creating useless threads and ranting carelessly and senselessly on Biaf...as if you whole essence in life is being taken away from you.

You should be utterly ashamed?

You promise to quit /boycott Nairaland. Why are you still here xtrophy, xtrorry, xtrorry?

You keep on opening different handles to paste same stale, assinine and hackneyed lines on all threads.

You have no life out side Nairaland, if you do you won't disturb us with those hackneyed lines of yours.

5 Likes 1 Share

Re: Biafra: Nigeria Is Coming Apart At The Seams - Foreign Policy by months: 10:19pm On Feb 09, 2016
xtrorry:


Yet no minute passes by in a day without you lots creating useless threads and ranting carelessly and senselessly on Biaf...as if you whole essence in life is being taken away from you.

Shouldn't you be utterly ashamed of such demeaning act?


Here is another information being circulated in western media. These people keep to contract. Obama their Saviour is leaving, time is running out. The borrowed time don dey finish.



Kanu and other pro-Biafrans call for the independence of the Biafran territories forcibly annexed to Nigeria during the British colonisation, which ended in 1960. The declaration of the independent Republic of Biafra in 1967 sparked a civil war that resulted in the death of millions and the reannexation of the republic to Nigeria in 1970.

5 Likes

Re: Biafra: Nigeria Is Coming Apart At The Seams - Foreign Policy by medpren: 10:20pm On Feb 09, 2016
Those who wish kanu dead do not mean well for Buhari. The Igbo i know will not take that embarrasing slap from a fulani muslim lying low. The country might go up in flames.

3 Likes

Re: Biafra: Nigeria Is Coming Apart At The Seams - Foreign Policy by cheruv: 10:20pm On Feb 09, 2016
O di mma
Re: Biafra: Nigeria Is Coming Apart At The Seams - Foreign Policy by Nobody: 10:21pm On Feb 09, 2016
IdisuleOurOwn:


Macurley, you are just making noise.

Thought you guys says you will leave Nairaland? Nairaland says NO to bia***. Why disturbing us?

What happen to your bia*** republic? Go there and spread your gospel.

Oga, what's ur problem, at least the article didn't side with anyone.
I have passed skirmishes and online fighting. No vex abeg.

2 Likes

Re: Biafra: Nigeria Is Coming Apart At The Seams - Foreign Policy by xtrorry: 10:23pm On Feb 09, 2016
IdisuleOurOwn:


You promise to quit /boycott Nairaland. Why are you still here xtrophy, xtrorry, xtrorry?

You keep on opening different handles to paste same stale, assinine and hackneyed lines on all threads.

You have no life out side Nairaland, if you do you won't disturb us with those hackneyed lines of yours.

See 'yeye' beings who shamelessly earn a living, on pay-per-post basis, out of another people's quest for nationhood.

Even without raising a finger the mere thought of NK is making you and your ilks go insane. You whine, weep and wail with thick mucous dripping down your smelly noses.

You're obviously ranting out of juvenile delinquency.
I can volunteer to feed your generation.

3 Likes

Re: Biafra: Nigeria Is Coming Apart At The Seams - Foreign Policy by IdisuleOurOwn(m): 10:24pm On Feb 09, 2016
months:


Just shut up and press the ban button, u good for nothing slowpoke.


Kenneth Roth is clearly in ur face recognising Biafra, u want to nagg and behave like a bit.ch to people u dont even know.


It is better for Buhari to pass his social media bill than for Nairaland to die silently.

Little man, do I look like a mod to you?

Why not leave Nairaland? Why going back to your vomit?
You just open this handle some days ago (2 days). Obviously, you are one of those who were beating their empty chest saying that without them there will be no Nairaland.

Shame una no get.

2 Likes

Re: Biafra: Nigeria Is Coming Apart At The Seams - Foreign Policy by months: 10:25pm On Feb 09, 2016
Kanu and other pro-Biafrans call for the independence of the Biafran territories forcibly annexed to Nigeria during the British colonisation, which ended in 1960. The declaration of the independent Republic of Biafra in 1967 sparked a civil war that resulted in the death of millions and the reannexation of the republic to Nigeria in 1970.

This right here being circulated in western media is a smoking gun. If u like prosecute Nnamdi Kanu from here to Cairo, it does not damage this evidence which is wat both the British and Americans are basing the disintegration of Nigeria.

The contract called Nigeria have expired and any right thinking person knows wat Buhari is doing with Nnamdi is witch hunting caused by illiteracy.

Biafra calls is beyond Nnamdi Kanu, beyond Ojukwu, beyond the slained victims of the Nigerian Army in the East.


Biafra is destiny.

7 Likes

Re: Biafra: Nigeria Is Coming Apart At The Seams - Foreign Policy by biafranbaby(m): 10:28pm On Feb 09, 2016
IdisuleOurOwn:


Macurley, you are just making noise.

Thought you guys says you will leave Nairaland? Nairaland says NO to bia***. Why disturbing us?

What happen to your bia*** republic? Go there and spread your gospel.

See as the name dey fear you to type.

4 Likes

Re: Biafra: Nigeria Is Coming Apart At The Seams - Foreign Policy by Uchexxy(m): 10:31pm On Feb 09, 2016
whoever is advising Mr president isn't doing a good job really, because he has been making d wrong choices on biafra but only time will reveal d consequences

4 Likes

Re: Biafra: Nigeria Is Coming Apart At The Seams - Foreign Policy by IdisuleOurOwn(m): 10:34pm On Feb 09, 2016
xtrorry:


See 'yeye' beings who shamelessly earn a living, on pay-per-post basis, out of another people's quest for nationhood.

Even without raising a finger the mere thought of NK is making you and your ilks go insane. You whine, weep and wail with thick mucous dripping down your smelly noses.

You're obviously ranting out of juvenile delinquency.
I can volunteer to feed your generation.

Me, being paid per post? Do I look like a sycophant to you?

Last I post here was on 2nd of feb. But you, you are obsequious, reason why you keep opening different handles to spew hackneyed lines.
Re: Biafra: Nigeria Is Coming Apart At The Seams - Foreign Policy by warripekin(m): 10:39pm On Feb 09, 2016
The problem I have with Nigeria, is that some people are hell bent on keeping it one because it favours them as it were . it angers me when I see their minions rant here on nairaland but the truth is that Nigeria is not one and has never been. The wise thing to do, is to call for a sovereign national conference and let each entity that constitute Nigeria determine their fate . You can only build a viable nation on equity and fairness. If Nigeria must survive as a nation, we must work to carry everyone along not by will of force but by mutual agreement amongst the different entity that constitute Nigeria.

4 Likes

Re: Biafra: Nigeria Is Coming Apart At The Seams - Foreign Policy by xtrorry: 10:42pm On Feb 09, 2016
IdisuleOurOwn:

Me, being paid per post? Do I look like a sycophant to you?

Last I post here was on 2nd of feb. But you, you are obsequious, reason why you keep opening different handles to spew hackneyed lines.

I do understand your type of hypocrisy in being out of sync with the reality in the polity.

It would be honourable for you to quit displaying sycophancy in a public forum to avoid bringing more miseries and disreputation to your people!

This is no advice but a statement.

3 Likes

Re: Biafra: Nigeria Is Coming Apart At The Seams - Foreign Policy by BiafranPrince: 10:44pm On Feb 09, 2016
warripekin:
The problem I have with Nigeria, is that some people are hell bent on keeping it one because it favours them as it were . it angers me when I see their minions rant here on nairaland but the truth is that Nigeria is not one and has never been. The wise thing to do, is to call for a sovereign national conference and let each entity that constitute Nigeria determine their fate . You can only build a viable nation on equity and fairness. If Nigeria must survive as a nation, we must work to carry everyone along not by will of force but by mutual agreement amongst the different entity that constitute Nigeria.

Exactly!

5 Likes

Re: Biafra: Nigeria Is Coming Apart At The Seams - Foreign Policy by EteEdoho: 11:10pm On Feb 09, 2016
[s]
IdisuleOurOwn:


Macurley, you are just making noise.

Thought you guys says you will leave Nairaland? Nairaland says NO to bia***. Why disturbing us?

What happen to your bia*** republic? Go there and spread your gospel.
[/s]sharap

3 Likes

Re: Biafra: Nigeria Is Coming Apart At The Seams - Foreign Policy by EteEdoho: 11:15pm On Feb 09, 2016
warripekin:
The problem I have with Nigeria, is that some people are hell bent on keeping it one because it favours them as it were . it angers me when I see their minions rant here on nairaland but the truth is that Nigeria is not one and has never been. The wise thing to do, is to call for a sovereign national conference and let each entity that constitute Nigeria determine their fate . You can only build a viable nation on equity and fairness. If Nigeria must survive as a nation, we must work to carry everyone along not by will of force but by mutual agreement amongst the different entity that constitute Nigeria.
God bless u

4 Likes

Re: Biafra: Nigeria Is Coming Apart At The Seams - Foreign Policy by babyfaceafrica: 11:36pm On Feb 09, 2016
If you must leave,it won't be by force,no sane president will allow that....go to the UN and stop making noise!!!!
Re: Biafra: Nigeria Is Coming Apart At The Seams - Foreign Policy by Masterclass32: 11:43pm On Feb 09, 2016
IdisuleOurOwn:


Macurley, you are just making noise.

Thought you guys says you will leave Nairaland? Nairaland says NO to bia***. Why disturbing us?

What happen to your bia*** republic? Go there and spread your gospel.

Nairaland says NO to Biafra yet Nairaland posts Biafra topics to the frontpage back to back.

Aren't we missing something here?

5 Likes

Re: Biafra: Nigeria Is Coming Apart At The Seams - Foreign Policy by Tkester: 11:51pm On Feb 09, 2016
months:


This right here being circulated in western media is a smoking gun. If u like prosecute Nnamdi Kanu from here to Cairo, it does not damage this evidence which is wat both the British and Americans are basing the disintegration of Nigeria.

The contract called Nigeria have expired and any right thinking person knows wat Buhari is doing with Nnamdi is witch hunting caused by illiteracy.

Biafra calls is beyond Nnamdi Kanu, beyond Ojukwu, beyond the slained victims of the Nigerian Army in the East.


Biafra is destiny.

Honestly, that's what many people seem not to understand.

2 Likes

Re: Biafra: Nigeria Is Coming Apart At The Seams - Foreign Policy by PenSniper: 1:41am On Feb 10, 2016
medpren:
Those who wish kanu dead do not mean well for Buhari. The Igbo i know will not take that embarrasing slap from a fulani muslim lying low. The country might go up in flames.


The usual empty chest-beating.
Re: Biafra: Nigeria Is Coming Apart At The Seams - Foreign Policy by IdisuleOurOwn(m): 11:47pm On Feb 11, 2016
EteEdoho:
[s][/s]sharap

Ndpvf cheesy
The joke is on you Little man. cheesy
Re: Biafra: Nigeria Is Coming Apart At The Seams - Foreign Policy by EteEdoho: 12:19am On Feb 12, 2016
IdisuleOurOwn:

Ndpvf cheesy The joke is on you Little man. cheesy
please what are you saying?

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