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How To Install Solar Panels & Inverter For Home-step By Step Guide - Science/Technology - Nairaland

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How To Install Solar Panels & Inverter For Home-step By Step Guide by SolnergyPower: 12:35am On Apr 09, 2016
Question:

I suffer more than 12 hours power cut per day, Normal inverters could not get full charge with this severe power cuts,

I want to go for Solar inverter,

My load preference is 1 Fan, 3 CFL’s (compact fluorescent light, energy-saving light) and 1 LCD Tv.

Could you guide me on installing a Solar inverter set up at affordable cost?

Answer:

I Appreciate your interest on solar green energy. Hopefully it will be the future of power back up industry.

For a Limited budget, I could suggest you best possible and cost effective configuration.

I am 100% sure that SOLAR inverter is the only solution for growing power cut problems.

So sit back while I walk you through how to set up a small solar power for your home

Here are the materials we will need to do this set up.

a. Inverter (850VA-1KVA), 12V.......40-45k
b. One 200-250w Solar Panel.....40-60k
c. One 12V 100AH Deep Cycle Battery....30-40k (You may use two car batteries here but must be connected in parallel)
d. 12V,20A Solar Charge Controller....10-15k
e. Battery Stand, you may improvise this.

Total: Between 120k and 160k

Course Outline:
a. Mount your solar panel
b. Connect your charge controller
c. Connect Battery to Inverter
d. Connect Battery to Charge Controller
e. Load your house.

I will provide details shortly about this course.

Credit: SolnergyPower.com

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Re: How To Install Solar Panels & Inverter For Home-step By Step Guide by pat077: 9:14am On Apr 09, 2016
Following......
Re: How To Install Solar Panels & Inverter For Home-step By Step Guide by vanndubi: 6:01pm On Apr 09, 2016
Following...
Re: How To Install Solar Panels & Inverter For Home-step By Step Guide by ekpeye(m): 6:11pm On Apr 09, 2016
Ok...
Re: How To Install Solar Panels & Inverter For Home-step By Step Guide by General2COAS(m): 6:49pm On Apr 09, 2016
following
Re: How To Install Solar Panels & Inverter For Home-step By Step Guide by sheguy(m): 12:19pm On Apr 10, 2016
Follow follow

1 Like

Re: How To Install Solar Panels & Inverter For Home-step By Step Guide by KEVEX: 9:25pm On Apr 10, 2016
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Re: How To Install Solar Panels & Inverter For Home-step By Step Guide by SolnergyPower: 12:48pm On Apr 11, 2016
a. Mount your solar panel

Here you may require some level of help from those guys who "roof" houses to enable the solar panel firmly nailed or screwed to your roof "before breeze go carry am go...lol".

To have maximum harvest of sun rays by the solar, please place it where you can have direct sunlight especially when sunlight is the most during the day.

When the solar panel is exposed to a direct sunlight, it should give you at least 26v if you use your multimeter or voltmeter to measure its voltage.

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Re: How To Install Solar Panels & Inverter For Home-step By Step Guide by SolnergyPower: 12:49pm On Apr 11, 2016
b. Connect your charge controller

The current we get from solar panels will not remain constant throughout the day, so many ups and downs will be there, so that we can not connect solar photo voltaic modules directly to charge our battery, it will spoil our battery over time.

So, we need a device called solar charge controller to control the current we receive from solar panels, the charge controller has inbuilt PWM (pulse width modulation) charger to charge the lead acid battery in three stages, which ensures long life for battery.

The charge controller has three connecting points for Solar Panel(s), Battery and Direct Current(DC). In this tutorial, we will use only the first two.

If you look at the back of the solar panel in the first step (a. Mount your solar panel) diagram above, you will see two wires, they are positive (+) and negative (-) respectively. Connect them to where solar panel is indicated on the charge controller, connect positive to positive, negative to negative.

Re: How To Install Solar Panels & Inverter For Home-step By Step Guide by SolnergyPower: 12:50pm On Apr 11, 2016
c. Connect Battery to Inverter

We all know that a battery has two terminals, positive (+) and negative (-), at the back of your inverter, you will see where 12V DC input is indicated.

Connect positive (+) of the battery to the positive of the inverter and negative (-) of the battery to the negative of the inverter.

Please the inverter should remain OFF at the point.

Re: How To Install Solar Panels & Inverter For Home-step By Step Guide by SolnergyPower: 12:50pm On Apr 11, 2016
d. Connect Battery to Charge Controller

As stated above, the Charge Controller has positive (+) and negative (-) terminals for the battery, connect positive (+) from the charge controller to the positive for the battery and negative (-) from the charge controller to the negative of the battery.

Ensure that all connections are firm.

Re: How To Install Solar Panels & Inverter For Home-step By Step Guide by SolnergyPower: 12:51pm On Apr 11, 2016
e. Load your house.

CAUTION:
Please get an electrician to separate the load intended for the inverter, so that the inverter will not be strained or damaged when the house is powered.

i. Power the inverter, use your voltmeter to check the voltage from the inverter outlet, that should be 230V.

ii. Turn the inverter OFF.

iii. Turn off all your appliances

iv. Connect the inverter outlet to your house power mains.

V. Turn ON your inverter.

vi. Power your appliances, starting with least voltage consuming appliance.
Re: How To Install Solar Panels & Inverter For Home-step By Step Guide by SolnergyPower: 1:44pm On Apr 11, 2016
SolnergyPower:
c. Connect Battery to Inverter

We all know that a battery has two terminals, positive (+) and negative (-), at the back of your inverter, you will see where 12V DC input is indicated.

Connect positive (+) of the battery to the positive of the inverter and negative (-) of the battery to the negative of the inverter.

Please do not power the inverter at this point.
Re: How To Install Solar Panels & Inverter For Home-step By Step Guide by SolnergyPower: 1:44pm On Apr 11, 2016
Questions are allowed...

1 Like

Re: How To Install Solar Panels & Inverter For Home-step By Step Guide by ZinoFego: 2:34pm On Apr 11, 2016
Quite informative.
Re: How To Install Solar Panels & Inverter For Home-step By Step Guide by engrsoma(m): 11:12pm On Apr 11, 2016
Thanks
Re: How To Install Solar Panels & Inverter For Home-step By Step Guide by pat077: 11:02am On Apr 12, 2016
SolnergyPower:
Questions are allowed...
must one connect the battery to the inverter first before connecting the battery to the chager controller?
Re: How To Install Solar Panels & Inverter For Home-step By Step Guide by SolnergyPower: 12:52pm On Apr 12, 2016
Not really.

pat077:
must one connect the battery to the inverter first before connecting the battery to the chager controller?
Re: How To Install Solar Panels & Inverter For Home-step By Step Guide by Nobody: 5:55pm On Apr 12, 2016
Am really learning this. whats the minimum cost to get all these materials? I need such in my home
thank you
Re: How To Install Solar Panels & Inverter For Home-step By Step Guide by SolnergyPower: 6:14pm On Apr 12, 2016
a. Inverter (850VA-1KVA).......40-45k
b. One 200-250w Solar Panel.....40-60k
c. One 12V 100AH Deep Cycle Battery....30-40k
d. 12V Charge Controller....10-15k
e. Battery Stand, you may improvise this.

Total: Between 120k and 160k

samuelzion:
Am really learning this. whats the minimum cost to get all these materials?
I need such in my home

thank you

1 Like

Re: How To Install Solar Panels & Inverter For Home-step By Step Guide by Harkindeylee(m): 10:57pm On Apr 13, 2016
Thanks for this wonderful writeup

SolnergyPower:
Questions are allowed...
My question is that, is it possible to charge the inverter with both solar and electricity source?
Thanks

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Re: How To Install Solar Panels & Inverter For Home-step By Step Guide by SolnergyPower: 11:01pm On Apr 13, 2016
Yes sir.

Harkindeylee:
Thanks for this wonderful writeup


My question is that, is it possible to charge the inverter with both solar and electricity source?
Thanks
Re: How To Install Solar Panels & Inverter For Home-step By Step Guide by Harkindeylee(m): 2:14am On Apr 14, 2016
SolnergyPower:
Yes sir.
. getting more than 1 solar panel is it advisable?
Re: How To Install Solar Panels & Inverter For Home-step By Step Guide by SolnergyPower: 10:00am On Apr 14, 2016
Yes. But in this configuration, they should 80w to 100w

Harkindeylee:
. getting more than 1 solar panel is it advisable?
Re: How To Install Solar Panels & Inverter For Home-step By Step Guide by Harkindeylee(m): 10:30am On Apr 14, 2016
SolnergyPower:
Yes. But in this configuration, they should 80w to 100w

. so getting two. 250 - 300W solar panel is not advisable?
Re: How To Install Solar Panels & Inverter For Home-step By Step Guide by SolnergyPower: 10:33am On Apr 14, 2016
Yes.

Harkindeylee:
. so getting two. 250 - 300W solar panel is not advisable?
Re: How To Install Solar Panels & Inverter For Home-step By Step Guide by Yemmyteespeed007(m): 7:59am On Apr 15, 2016
nice one go on

1 Like

Re: How To Install Solar Panels & Inverter For Home-step By Step Guide by jude33084(m): 11:56am On Apr 17, 2016
God bless the Op wink

2 Likes

Re: How To Install Solar Panels & Inverter For Home-step By Step Guide by KEVEX: 9:26am On Apr 23, 2016
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1 Like

Re: How To Install Solar Panels & Inverter For Home-step By Step Guide by igbsam(m): 12:50pm On Apr 23, 2016
Interesting and Informative. Glad i could learn one or two things here.

1 Like

Re: How To Install Solar Panels & Inverter For Home-step By Step Guide by emytech: 2:42am On Apr 24, 2016
Thanks bro for this educative piece, i think i share the same fate like the person that asked the first question.
I currently have a 1500VA Inverter, running on 2pcs 200AH batteries in series {24v}, with less grid power i have to still run my generator to charge my batteries which i no longer find funny...........
Please, whats the required Solar panel (Wattage) and Charge Controller rating do i need to effectivly charge my batteries.

Thanx

2 Likes 2 Shares

Re: How To Install Solar Panels & Inverter For Home-step By Step Guide by SolnergyPower: 12:21pm On Apr 24, 2016
Here is what you need.

1. PWM Solar charge controller (24v, 30 amp)

2. 2 x 250 watts Poly-crystalline solar panels. Mono-crystalline solar panels would have been better though more expensive.

emytech:
Thanks bro for this educative piece, i think i share the same fate like the person that asked the first question.
I currently have a 1500VA Inverter, running on 2pcs 200AH batteries in series {24v}, with less grid power i have to still run my generator to charge my batteries which i no longer find funny...........
Please, whats the required Solar panel (Wattage) and Charge Controller rating do i need to effectivly charge my batteries.

Thanx

1 Like 2 Shares

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