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Important Things To Know About Tuberculosis - Health - Nairaland

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Facts About Tuberculosis You Need To Know / Monkey Pox Outbreak: Important Things You Should Know About Monkeypox / Important Things To Know About Tuberculosis (tb)--kangpe (2) (3) (4)

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Important Things To Know About Tuberculosis by sayyid(m): 8:58pm On Jan 16, 2017
WHAT IS TUBERCULOSIS

TB is a communicable disease caused by a type of bacterium known as MYCOBACTERIUM TUBERCULOSIS(commonly referred to as TB bacilli). it mainly attacks the lungs, causing pulmonary TB (PTB). the bacteria can also attack other parts of the body such as the spine, lymph nodes, brain,kidneys e.t.c. this is known as extra-pulmonary TB (EPTB).


TRANSMISSION OF TUBERCULOSIS

TB is an airborne disease I. e it is transmitted through the inhalation of air contaminated with TB bacilli into air, therefore transmission is more intense in crowded area , poorly ventilated space with little ambient of sunlight. it can also be transmitted through unprotected cough, sneeze e. t. c from an infected person to and uninfected person.

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF TUBERCULOSIS

1. persistent cough for 2weeks or more(it might be less).
2. shortness of breath.
3. loss of appetite.
4. fever
5. weight loss.
6. night sweat.
7. tiredness.
8. chest pain.
9. coughing up blood (haemoptysis).
while signs and symptoms of EPTB depends on the site involved

HOW TO DIAGNOSE TUBERCULOSIS

TB can be diagnosed in the laboratory and this rest mainly on the identification of the tubercle bacilli by any of the following Laboratory methods available.
1. AFB microscopy
2. Genexpert MTB/RIF
3. Culture
this is carried out by collection of a quality clinical specimen which is majorly sputum specimen.


DIAGNOSIS CENTERS.

Each of the 774 local government of Nigeria has at least three diagnosis center with double treatment centers to make accesment easy.

TREATMENT and DIAGNOSIS IS FREE.
INFORMATION IS POWER, CONTACT THE NEAREST HEALTH CENTER IF YOU HAVE OR NOTICE ANY ONE WITH ANY OF THE SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS AS MENTIONED ABOVE.

www.nationaltbcenter.ucsf.edu

9 Likes 2 Shares

Re: Important Things To Know About Tuberculosis by Nobody: 6:16am On Jan 17, 2017
It's a silent killer.

1 Like

Re: Important Things To Know About Tuberculosis by Lagusta(m): 7:07pm On Jan 17, 2017
These are some of the topics that should hit the home page.... Not all these whizkid and mercy aigbe topics everywhere......

5 Likes

Re: Important Things To Know About Tuberculosis by nony43(m): 7:21am On Jan 18, 2017
Tu
Re: Important Things To Know About Tuberculosis by ConcNiggress56(f): 7:22am On Jan 18, 2017
Thanks OP. Great job at keeping us informed

2 Likes

Re: Important Things To Know About Tuberculosis by mrtegation99(m): 7:23am On Jan 18, 2017
sayyid:
WHAT IS TUBERCULOSIS

TB is a communicable disease caused by a type of bacterium known as MYCOBACTERIUM TUBERCULOSIS(commonly referred to as TB bacilli). it mainly attacks the lungs, causing pulmonary TB (PTB). the bacteria can also attack other parts of the body such as the spine, lymph nodes, brain,kidneys e.t.c. this is known as extra-pulmonary TB (EPTB).


TRANSMISSION OF TUBERCULOSIS

TB is an airborne disease I. e it is transmitted through the inhalation of air contaminated with TB bacilli into air, therefore transmission is more intense in crowded area , poorly ventilated space with little ambient of sunlight. it can also be transmitted through unprotected cough, sneeze e. t. c from an infected person to and uninfected person.

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF TUBERCULOSIS

1. persistent cough for 2weeks or more(it might be less).
2. shortness of breath.
3. loss of appetite.
4. fever
5. weight loss.
6. night sweat.
7. tiredness.
8. chest pain.
9. coughing up blood (haemoptysis).
while signs and symptoms of EPTB depends on the site involved

HOW TO DIAGNOSE TUBERCULOSIS

TB can be diagnosed in the laboratory and this rest mainly on the identification of the tubercle bacilli by any of the following Laboratory methods available.
1. AFB microscopy
2. Genexpert MTB/RIF
3. Culture
this is carried out by collection of a quality clinical specimen which is majorly sputum specimen.


DIAGNOSIS CENTERS.

Each of the 774 local government of Nigeria has at least three diagnosis center with double treatment centers to make accesment easy.

TREATMENT and DIAGNOSIS IS FREE.
INFORMATION IS POWER, CONTACT THE NEAREST HEALTH CENTER IF YOU HAVE OR NOTICE ANY ONE WITH ANY OF THE SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS AS MENTIONED ABOVE.

www.nationaltbcenter.ucsf.edu

Baba Ijebu is on Nairaland forming doctor
Abeg shift jooh
Nigerian Info take over

Re: Important Things To Know About Tuberculosis by orobs93(m): 7:23am On Jan 18, 2017
Thank God
Re: Important Things To Know About Tuberculosis by NinaArsenal: 7:23am On Jan 18, 2017
Thanks for the information.
Re: Important Things To Know About Tuberculosis by Pavore9: 7:25am On Jan 18, 2017
Informative.
Re: Important Things To Know About Tuberculosis by crazyABO(m): 7:25am On Jan 18, 2017
I prefer this to any instagram news
Re: Important Things To Know About Tuberculosis by Divinerace(m): 7:26am On Jan 18, 2017
"Jesus is KING"
Re: Important Things To Know About Tuberculosis by winetapper: 7:27am On Jan 18, 2017
Nice
Re: Important Things To Know About Tuberculosis by Folksyharry(m): 7:29am On Jan 18, 2017
sayyid:
WHAT IS TUBERCULOSIS


DIAGNOSIS CENTERS.

Each of the 774 local government of Nigeria has at least three diagnosis center with double treatment centers to make accesment easy.

TREATMENT and DIAGNOSIS IS FREE.
INFORMATION IS POWER, CONTACT THE NEAREST HEALTH CENTER IF YOU HAVE OR NOTICE ANY ONE WITH ANY OF THE SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS AS MENTIONED ABOVE.

www.nationaltbcenter.ucsf.edu

Is the information above true?
Re: Important Things To Know About Tuberculosis by destino24(m): 7:32am On Jan 18, 2017
I recently made a full recovery from EPTB (tuberculous spondyliodiskitis) that left me with 15 months of crushing back pain and about 12 months of complete paralysis at T7 down.

All caused by late diagnosis. Medical practitioners should also be trained at spotting EPTB

4 Likes

Re: Important Things To Know About Tuberculosis by crownedprinz(m): 7:33am On Jan 18, 2017
It is sha better than HIV that got no cure
Re: Important Things To Know About Tuberculosis by madridguy(m): 7:36am On Jan 18, 2017
YES.

Folksyharry:


Is the information above true?
Re: Important Things To Know About Tuberculosis by tuoyoojo(m): 7:40am On Jan 18, 2017
early diagnosis and prompt treatment is the key


I pray everyone who needs this info would get to see it


kudos to d mods for bringing it here to d "headquarters"
Re: Important Things To Know About Tuberculosis by ikorodureporta: 7:40am On Jan 18, 2017
Folksyharry:

Is the information above true?

very true!
Re: Important Things To Know About Tuberculosis by ikorodureporta: 7:42am On Jan 18, 2017
sayyid:
WHAT IS TUBERCULOSIS

TB is a communicable disease caused by a type of bacterium known as MYCOBACTERIUM TUBERCULOSIS(commonly referred to as TB bacilli). it mainly attacks the lungs, causing pulmonary TB (PTB). the bacteria can also attack other parts of the body such as the spine, lymph nodes, brain,kidneys e.t.c. this is known as extra-pulmonary TB (EPTB).


TRANSMISSION OF TUBERCULOSIS

TB is an airborne disease I. e it is transmitted through the inhalation of air contaminated with TB bacilli into air, therefore transmission is more intense in crowded area , poorly ventilated space with little ambient of sunlight. it can also be transmitted through unprotected cough, sneeze e. t. c from an infected person to and uninfected person.

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF TUBERCULOSIS

1. persistent cough for 2weeks or more(it might be less).
2. shortness of breath.
3. loss of appetite.
4. fever
5. weight loss.
6. night sweat.
7. tiredness.
8. chest pain.
9. coughing up blood (haemoptysis).
while signs and symptoms of EPTB depends on the site involved

HOW TO DIAGNOSE TUBERCULOSIS

TB can be diagnosed in the laboratory and this rest mainly on the identification of the tubercle bacilli by any of the following Laboratory methods available.
1. AFB microscopy
2. Genexpert MTB/RIF
3. Culture
this is carried out by collection of a quality clinical specimen which is majorly sputum specimen.


DIAGNOSIS CENTERS.

Each of the 774 local government of Nigeria has at least three diagnosis center with double treatment centers to make accesment easy.

TREATMENT and DIAGNOSIS IS FREE.
INFORMATION IS POWER, CONTACT THE NEAREST HEALTH CENTER IF YOU HAVE OR NOTICE ANY ONE WITH ANY OF THE SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS AS MENTIONED ABOVE.

www.nationaltbcenter.ucsf.edu


*..dnt allow any private hospital to unduely expose you to x-ray radiation during investigation.


*Go to the state teaching hospitals for treatment, from where you may be sent to the closest centre to yr house...


**For more info, call: 08033086660, 08023213333
Re: Important Things To Know About Tuberculosis by Folksyharry(m): 7:44am On Jan 18, 2017
madridguy:
YES.


Wow. I really need to be more observant then.
Re: Important Things To Know About Tuberculosis by frankeinstein(m): 7:45am On Jan 18, 2017
sayyid:
WHAT IS TUBERCULOSIS

TB is a communicable disease caused by a type of bacterium known as MYCOBACTERIUM TUBERCULOSIS(commonly referred to as TB bacilli). it mainly attacks the lungs, causing pulmonary TB (PTB). the bacteria can also attack other parts of the body such as the spine, lymph nodes, brain,kidneys e.t.c. this is known as extra-pulmonary TB (EPTB).


TRANSMISSION OF TUBERCULOSIS

TB is an airborne disease I. e it is transmitted through the inhalation of air contaminated with TB bacilli into air, therefore transmission is more intense in crowded area , poorly ventilated space with little ambient of sunlight. it can also be transmitted through unprotected cough, sneeze e. t. c from an infected person to and uninfected person.

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF TUBERCULOSIS

1. persistent cough for 2weeks or more(it might be less).
2. shortness of breath.
3. loss of appetite.
4. fever
5. weight loss.
6. night sweat.
7. tiredness.
8. chest pain.
9. coughing up blood (haemoptysis).
while signs and symptoms of EPTB depends on the site involved

HOW TO DIAGNOSE TUBERCULOSIS

TB can be diagnosed in the laboratory and this rest mainly on the identification of the tubercle bacilli by any of the following Laboratory methods available.
1. AFB microscopy
2. Genexpert MTB/RIF
3. Culture
this is carried out by collection of a quality clinical specimen which is majorly sputum specimen.


DIAGNOSIS CENTERS.

Each of the 774 local government of Nigeria has at least three diagnosis center with double treatment centers to make accesment easy.

TREATMENT and DIAGNOSIS IS FREE.
INFORMATION IS POWER, CONTACT THE NEAREST HEALTH CENTER IF YOU HAVE OR NOTICE ANY ONE WITH ANY OF THE SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS AS MENTIONED ABOVE.

www.nationaltbcenter.ucsf.edu
EPIDEMIOLOGY: TB is now largely a disease of the developing world, being predominant in areas where there is overcrowding and poor hygiene. As at 2014, Nigeria was 3rd among the ten predominant TB Areas in the world. It is said that about 600000 people are being infected daily, with 1/6th of that number dying every day.

RISK FACTORS:
Old age- Chances are we all have a latent TB infection being effectively contained by our immune system, with increasing age, these foci could be re-activated, to a secondary infection

Immunosuppression-HIV/AIDS, Poor nutrition, Diabetes Mellitus and othwr conditions that suppress the immune system makes one vulnerable to TB

Contact with someone who has had chronic cough of over two weeks duration

PREVENTION
First thing is the BCG Vaccine
Eatnwell, sleep well, avoid anything that would suppress the immune system

AVOID CONTACT WITH ANYONE WHO HAS CHRONIC COUGH

Also, if you suspect you have TB(Based on the symptoms Op just described), go and do the mantoux test. That is the first step
Re: Important Things To Know About Tuberculosis by Amplitron: 7:48am On Jan 18, 2017
NotOfThis:
It's a silent killer.
Silent for where? The word tuberculosis and silence cannot be together. Constant loud cough which produce sputum and come more at night. So, no good sleep at night. Also, serious weight loss.
The good news is that the treatment is free in government hospitals and they have a good program to monitor your progress. Treatment can take several months.
Don't wish this on your worst enemy.
Re: Important Things To Know About Tuberculosis by sayyid(m): 7:51am On Jan 18, 2017
Folksyharry:


Is the information above true?
yes sir. Tuberculosis centres are present in all the 36 states of Nigeria plus F. C. T
Re: Important Things To Know About Tuberculosis by drdanny(m): 7:54am On Jan 18, 2017
Very Apt write up!
In addition, the country now has over 300 GeneXpert machines for prompt diagnosis across the country. The diagnosis of PTB is free and takes just 2hrs using a sputum sample. Efforts are on gear to ensure EPTB also can use the machine. Its non invasive and safe.

Treatment centres are over 5000 in Nigeria. Treatment is also free but adherence is required.

Best wishes

2 Likes

Re: Important Things To Know About Tuberculosis by sayyid(m): 7:56am On Jan 18, 2017
frankeinstein:
EPIDEMIOLOGY: TB is now largely a disease of the developing world, being predominant in areas where there is overcrowding and poor hygiene. As at 2014, Nigeria was 3rd among the ten predominant TB Areas in the world. It is said that about 600000 people are being infected daily, with 1/6th of that number dying every day.

RISK FACTORS:
Old age- Chances are we all have a latent TB infection being effectively contained by our immune system, with increasing age, these foci could be re-activated, to a secondary infection

Immunosuppression-HIV/AIDS, Poor nutrition, Diabetes Mellitus and othwr conditions that suppress the immune system makes one vulnerable to TB

Contact with someone who has had chronic cough of over two weeks duration

PREVENTION
First thing is the BCG Vaccine
Eatnwell, sleep well, avoid anything that would suppress the immune system

AVOID CONTACT WITH ANYONE WHO HAS CHRONIC COUGH

Also, if you suspect you have TB(Based on the symptoms Op just described), go and do the mantoux test. That is the first step
to the best of my knowledge sir, Mantoux test is not the appropriate test for Tuberculosis so far you've taken BCG it will always test positive.
The best test for Tuberculosis are
1. AFB test.
2. GeneXpert test
3. Culture

4 Likes

Re: Important Things To Know About Tuberculosis by ItzHoludex(m): 8:06am On Jan 18, 2017
gud stuff
Re: Important Things To Know About Tuberculosis by ItzHoludex(m): 8:08am On Jan 18, 2017
Lagusta:
These are some of the topics that should hit the home page.... Not all these whizkid and mercy aigbe topics everywhere......

and nt mmm topics too grin

1 Like

Re: Important Things To Know About Tuberculosis by ikorodureporta: 8:15am On Jan 18, 2017
ikorodureporta:



*..dnt allow any private hospital to unduely expose you to x-ray radiation during investigation.


*Go to the state teaching hospitals for treatment, from where you may be sent to the closest centre to yr house...


**For more info, call: 08033086660, 08023213333


lemme just add to this: Talking about wrong treatment methodology, a close associate told me how his sibling was treated @ St.Raphael Divine Mercy Specialist Hospital in Ikorodu. They were just sending him for xray & the end of it all after six months, the treatment failed.....he had to restart d treatment elsewhere. We discovered that they are not 'licensed' to treat tb. & thus they dnt have those advance methods that doesnt need x-ray. They'r just doing it to make money....

Pls, AVOID X-RAYS! There are better methods of diagnosis!
Re: Important Things To Know About Tuberculosis by Seenyo: 8:20am On Jan 18, 2017
Highly informative! Keep it up @ op!
Re: Important Things To Know About Tuberculosis by Seenyo: 8:24am On Jan 18, 2017
I never knew TB is this DEADLY!
I've got to be extra cautious.
Re: Important Things To Know About Tuberculosis by frankeinstein(m): 8:30am On Jan 18, 2017
sayyid:

to the best of my knowledge sir, Mantoux test is not the appropriate test for Tuberculosis so far you've taken BCG it will always test positive.
The best test for Tuberculosis are
1. AFB test.
2. GeneXpert test
3. Culture
You're right chief. Mantoux test is not the most definitive test. That is why I said it is only a first step. Also, the mantoux test is NOT said to be positive just because it produces an area of induration(Hard, fibrous area). It will always produce an in duration as long as one has had the BCG Vaccine, as you rightly pointed out. Positivity is to be determined by the clinician, based on the scenario and history

5-9mm in duration is positive test in an immunosupressed patient. Or a patient who has recently been treated for TB. If a patient has for example HIV/AIDS, productive cough and hemoptysis of 3 weeks duration and the mantoux test produces an in duration of the aforementioned diameter, there is no need wasting the patients money doing sputum AFB or GeneXpert.

10-14mm induration is positive in people who have been exposed to TB patients for example

15mm and above could be said to be positive in people with no known risk of TB.

in the latter two groups, the test is only a pointer for further definitive tests.

Also, the sputum AFB is not the most definitive test for the tuberculin bacili too. Because the bacteria is not always present in the sputum and sometimes, it is not present in sufficient amounts into be detected by the test.
The mist definitive test is the GeneXpert.

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