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Nairaland Forum / Nairaland / General / Health / Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) In Children: Causes, Symptoms, Risk Factors, Diagn (596 Views)
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|Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) In Children: Causes, Symptoms, Risk Factors, Diagn by ukemeumoh: 4:02pm On Oct 18, 2017|
A urinary tract infection (UTI) in children is a common condition in our society. When bacteria are not expelled out of the urethra, they may grow within the urinary tract. This causes an infection.
The urinary tract infection can also grow to involve the bladder that stores your urine, the two kidneys that filter your blood and extra water to produce urine, two ureters, or tubes, that connect urine bladder to your kidneys and the urethra, or tube that empties urine from your bladder to outside your body
Children develop UTI when bacteria enter the urinary tract and travel up the urethra and then into the body. The two types of UTIs most likely to affect children are bladder and kidney infections. When a UTI affects the bladder, it is called cystitis. When the infection travels from the bladder to the kidneys, it is called pyelonephritis. Both can be successfully treated with antibiotics, but a delay in treating any of these infections can lead to more serious health complications
Causes of UTI in Children
UTIs are commonly caused by bacteria, which may enter the urinary tract from the skin around the anus or the vagina. Most UTIs are caused by Escherichia coli (E. coli), which originates in the intestines and this happens when these bacteria or other bacteria spread from the anus to the urethra.
Risk Factors for UTI in Children
Girls are more susceptible UTIs because their urethra is shorter and closer to the anus. This makes it easier for the bacteria to enter the urethra. Uncircumcised baby boys under 1 year also have a slightly higher risk of UTI.
The following factors can put your child at a higher risk for a UTI:
poor toilet and hygiene habits
abnormal function of the urinary tract
vesicoureteral reflux: a birth defect that always results in the abnormal backward flow of urine
infrequent urination or delaying urination for long periods of time
the use of bubbles in baths (for girls)
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