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NASA Announces It Has Found Water On The Moon For The First Time (Photos) - Science/Technology - Nairaland

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NASA Announces It Has Found Water On The Moon For The First Time (Photos) by Macsjebs(m): 2:13am On Oct 27, 2020


NASA reveals tiny pockets of ice on the lunar surface could provide enough oxygen, hydration and rocket fuel to support a human colony. Study estimates up to 40,000 square km of water hidden in cold traps in craters

NASA has confirmed, for the first time, that there is water on the sunlit surface of the moon.

The revelation means it is possible water is easily accessible and not just in the deep, permanently shadowed craters of the south pole, as was previously thought.

A separate piece of research found these so-called 'cold traps', which are always in shadow, may contain up to 15,000 square miles (40,000 square km) of water.

The discovery means future missions to the moon could be prolonged by making use of these water molecules which are scattered across the moon.

Astronauts could use the natural resource, which may have arrived via comets or solar winds, and turn it into oxygen or drinking water to sustain a future colony.

Scientists also say the water could be used to make rocket fuel, lightening missions and slashing mission costs to make interplanetary space travel easier and cheaper.

Previously, researchers speculated water was only present in cold traps and were unable to prove it was water and not a similar molecule called hydroxyl, which is found in drain cleaner.

The NASA research used a converted Boeing 747 that cruises around Earth above the clouds at an altitude of more than 41,000ft called Sofia.

It was tasked with clarifying findings published in 2009 which discovered molecular hydrogen and oxygen on the surface of the moon.

However, due to the nature of the decade-old analysis, astronomers were unable to say whether or not it was water (H20) or hydroxyl (OH) compounds, the chemical found in drain cleaner, due to the similarity in their chemical signature.

Dr Nick Tothill, a physicist at Western Sydney University, who was not involved in the research, said: 'The problem was that the water ice signature that was found before was really just telling us that there were oxygen and hydrogen atoms bound together.

'On the Earth, this is mainly water, but on the Moon, you can't be so sure.'

The issue was a limitation of the equipment that used a wavelength of three micrometres, which is unable to tell apart hydroxyl minerals from water.

Sofia, short for Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy, is equipped with a unique six micrometre sensor that detects 'a fundamental vibration of molecular water' that is completely unique to water.

The Sofia study found the water molecules in Clavius Crater, one of the largest craters visible from Earth, located in the Moon's southern hemisphere.

By detecting this, it is conclusive and indubitable proof of water on the sunlit surface of the moon, NASA says.

'We had indications that H2O – the familiar water we know – might be present on the sunlit side of the Moon,' said Paul Hertz, director of the Astrophysics Division in the Science Mission Directorate at NASA Headquarters in Washington.

'Now we know it is there. This discovery challenges our understanding of the lunar surface and raises intriguing questions about resources relevant for deep space exploration.'

Dr Themiya Nanayakkara, an astronomer at Swinburne University of Technology, comments on the research.

'Honniball and collaborators have now targeted a much higher wavelength feature at 6µm using data from the SOFIA observatory,' he says.

He goes on to explain that Sofia is a modified Boeing 747 with a massive hole that fits in a 2.5-meter mirror.

'They find spectral signatures that can only be explained by molecular water on the Moon,' he says.

In the paper, published in the journal Nature Astronomy, the researchers say that water around the south pole of the moon is relatively abundant, at around 100 to 400 parts per million, equivalent to a 12-ounce (360ml) bottle of water – trapped in a cubic meter of soil.

This is about 100 times drier than the Sahara desert, NASA says.

'We haven't found a fountain or lake on the moon, the water density is very low, it is confined to the poles, and is likely trapped in glasses or rocks on the surface,' warns Dr Ben Montet from the University of New South Wales.

The second scientific paper released today looks at where water is most likely to be found on the moon's surface.

It adds to previous research which found that cold traps are well suited for preserving water ice.

Also known as topographic depressions, they benefit from a quirk of the moon's physics, which is also a feature of Mercury and the asteroid Ceres.

All three are tilted on their axis and as a result the shadow created from their craters leaves some areas permanently in the shade.

In these areas, temperatures can plummet as low as -163.15°C/-261.67°F due to the lack of sunlight, hence the frigid moniker assigned by astronomers.

Dr Paul Hayne from the University of Colorado, Boulder led a project that tried to determine just how many of these there are and how much water they may contain.

His team used theoretical modelling and data from the Lunar Renaissance Orbiter (LRO) to piece this puzzle together.

They vary enormously in size, the researchers say, with some as large as one kilometre in diameter and some just one centimetre in width.

Up to a fifth of all water ice believed to be trapped in these spots is thought to be in the tiniest of the craters, the researchers say.

More than half (60 per cent) of the cold traps are in the south and the majority are at latitudes in excess of 80 degrees because 'permanent shadows equatorward of 80° are typically too warm to support ice accumulation', the researchers write.

In total, they speculate up to 40,000 square kilometres of water ice exists in the cold traps, the same as twice the contents of Lake Ontario.

Dr Tothill says: 'Taken together, these papers tell us that there really is water ice on the moon, and it's probably widespread over both polar regions - with a bit more in the south.

'This in turn tells us how and where to look for water on the moon, with either robot or human explorers.'

While this research confirms long-held theories, astronomers have been acting on these suspicions for a long time.

NASA, for example, banked on finding water and plans to build a base camp at the moon's south pole. Israel's failed Beresheet mission also had a similar thought process.

Before a crash landing, it had intended to touch down in the lowland area of Mare Serenitatis. This area gave off a distinct signal indicating water is present there.

Thousands of dried tardigrades were secretly sent on this mission and these creatures are known as being the hardiest creatures in the world.

They can be revived by water, survive UV rays and Israel hoped to see if they would survive on the moon.

'But we don't have to worry that tardigrades are now running around the Moon,' says Alice Gorman of Flinders University, a leading space archaeologist.

'They're encased in resin, and the water is most likely trapped inside glasses formed by micrometeorite impacts.'

The discovery, which was tantalisingly teased by NASA last week, has significant implications for future space missions to our natural satellite.

Dr Jonti Horner from the University of Southern Queensland calls the research 'definitely exciting'.

He says future missions to the south pole of the moon could be refuelled at a base camp, as proposed by the NASA Artemis mission, using the moonwater.

But the implications are far more significant than that, experts say.

Instead of simply refuelling and returning to Earth, the presence of moonwater , and therefore lower costs for return trips, also open the door for interplanetary missions.

'To launch a litre bottle of water from Earth to the Moon costs $35,000 – almost the same cost as if we just made that bottle solid gold, says Professor Alan Duffy, lead scientist of The Royal Institution of Australia.

'But by accessing it directly from the Moon itself we turn our celestial neighbour into a resupply as well as a refuelling station.

'Water can directly support astronauts on a planned Moon-base, used to grow food on long-duration missions to Mars, and even split into literal rocket fuel for powering our satellites and rockets across the Solar System. '
https://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-8880285/NASA-announces-water-moon.html

10 Likes 2 Shares

Re: NASA Announces It Has Found Water On The Moon For The First Time (Photos) by youngest85(m): 2:16am On Oct 27, 2020
Bad omen

1 Like 1 Share

Re: NASA Announces It Has Found Water On The Moon For The First Time (Photos) by incogni2o: 2:38am On Oct 27, 2020
youngest85:
Bad omen

That doesn't make it habitable.

Be Fruitful and multiply and replenish the EARTH and SUBDUE it

CamusMidas:

Lol, I would to see what religion nutjob would say after the moon is replenish and subdued.


I know you said this out of Faith, not Facts

Mark my words.

At least not in your Lifetime.

At most it'll never Happen(To subdue another Planet)

Even notable Scientists know this.

We can explore Space, But to subdue it? Hold my tea cup.

I read science & scifi books(HG Wells), watch Scifi and Futurism channels(like Issac Authur and Curious Droid) possibly far more than you and I am still sure of what I said.

A lot of variables, Water is just a tiny part of the puzzle.

108 Likes 4 Shares

Re: NASA Announces It Has Found Water On The Moon For The First Time (Photos) by Demurkelly: 3:44am On Oct 27, 2020
Wonderful......I'll be going over to live their and leave the Nigeria for our useless leaders to eat.....nonsense angry

114 Likes 10 Shares

Re: NASA Announces It Has Found Water On The Moon For The First Time (Photos) by DenreleDave(m): 3:59am On Oct 27, 2020
For those scientists lying to us... This is for them and even the Op

9 Likes

Re: NASA Announces It Has Found Water On The Moon For The First Time (Photos) by marshalcarter: 4:21am On Oct 27, 2020
Please how much for 5plots of land there and i hope there are no"STRANGE HIDDEN CAMERAS" there grin

141 Likes 12 Shares

Re: NASA Announces It Has Found Water On The Moon For The First Time (Photos) by AFULA(m): 4:58am On Oct 27, 2020
Okay
Re: NASA Announces It Has Found Water On The Moon For The First Time (Photos) by ATEAMS: 4:58am On Oct 27, 2020
The difference between school and life? In school, you’re taught a lesson and then given a test. In life, you’re given a test that teaches you a lesson.

203 Likes 24 Shares

Re: NASA Announces It Has Found Water On The Moon For The First Time (Photos) by dadebayo1(m): 4:58am On Oct 27, 2020
Great discovery. Looking forward to when excursion will start grin

13 Likes 2 Shares

Re: NASA Announces It Has Found Water On The Moon For The First Time (Photos) by smile11s(m): 4:58am On Oct 27, 2020
Time to relocate o. Wait o. People are already buying land on moon. Some guy bought land on moon as a gift to his wife.

45 Likes 3 Shares

Re: NASA Announces It Has Found Water On The Moon For The First Time (Photos) by Nobody: 4:58am On Oct 27, 2020
Science is Discovering indeed

3 Likes

Re: NASA Announces It Has Found Water On The Moon For The First Time (Photos) by Nobody: 5:00am On Oct 27, 2020
Science is great to be honest grin grin
But wait forget this moon something, are there really aliens in other planets?
Can't help but think there are still millions of mysteries yet to be known and we probably won't know.
Lol there are thousands of mysteries we know but remains unsolved and there are the ones we have solved but we are probably wrong with us thinking we are right.

Anyways a trip to space and outer space will not be bad sha grin
Make I go see alien and drink moon water

43 Likes 4 Shares

Re: NASA Announces It Has Found Water On The Moon For The First Time (Photos) by TreasureTayo(m): 5:01am On Oct 27, 2020
Lovely
Re: NASA Announces It Has Found Water On The Moon For The First Time (Photos) by thesilentman(m): 5:01am On Oct 27, 2020
See as i dey read textbook early morning.Oyinbo like wahala sha...

36 Likes 1 Share

Re: NASA Announces It Has Found Water On The Moon For The First Time (Photos) by BOOZELEE: 5:02am On Oct 27, 2020
Humans have serious problem angry

We haven't finish exploiting the world we are living in we are going to space to exploit.
After polluting and destroying this planet we want to take the destruction to the moon.

I hope all those rocket and space shuttle they fly to space does not release any fume that can destroy things there like it destroyed things on earth in the name of climate change.

14 Likes

Re: NASA Announces It Has Found Water On The Moon For The First Time (Photos) by howfarseun(m): 5:04am On Oct 27, 2020
Ok
Re: NASA Announces It Has Found Water On The Moon For The First Time (Photos) by Yenefer(f): 5:07am On Oct 27, 2020
Propagandas just like in the cool war era. The are just trying to trigger Russians and Chinese

3 Likes

Re: NASA Announces It Has Found Water On The Moon For The First Time (Photos) by Tboysalau(m): 5:07am On Oct 27, 2020
who dey give visa

8 Likes 1 Share

Re: NASA Announces It Has Found Water On The Moon For The First Time (Photos) by ecclize: 5:08am On Oct 27, 2020
does it mean plant can grow on the moon?

3 Likes

Re: NASA Announces It Has Found Water On The Moon For The First Time (Photos) by NaijaOlosho(f): 5:10am On Oct 27, 2020
grin
Re: NASA Announces It Has Found Water On The Moon For The First Time (Photos) by bioemmy: 5:12am On Oct 27, 2020
Abeg, they should do fast and look for plants and animals there. Or see if we can rare animals and plant crops there.

This Nigeria's case is getting out of hand, just maybe the Moon can be our new haven.

But cost of transportation or space travel nko?

Make I go double my hustle, then talk with Elon Musk.

8 Likes

Re: NASA Announces It Has Found Water On The Moon For The First Time (Photos) by Lagoon0: 5:14am On Oct 27, 2020
grin astrophysics was my dream but my country gave me physics embarassed

14 Likes

Re: NASA Announces It Has Found Water On The Moon For The First Time (Photos) by personal59: 5:16am On Oct 27, 2020
Thank God

please when are we moving there?

at least I won't be bothered about buhari or any other frustrated loothers I mean leaders

4 Likes

Re: NASA Announces It Has Found Water On The Moon For The First Time (Photos) by articlewriter: 5:16am On Oct 27, 2020
Are you sure it's not your oily perfume they dropped on the moon lol

4 Likes

Re: NASA Announces It Has Found Water On The Moon For The First Time (Photos) by Ihatemumu: 5:17am On Oct 27, 2020
Will Africa ever get to these scientific heights when its giant is yet to fix electricity even after 60, years??

20 Likes 1 Share

Re: NASA Announces It Has Found Water On The Moon For The First Time (Photos) by TheGreatFinesse: 5:19am On Oct 27, 2020
embarassed
Re: NASA Announces It Has Found Water On The Moon For The First Time (Photos) by philipstanley(m): 5:19am On Oct 27, 2020
This guy should relocate Jalingo to the moon

15 Likes

Re: NASA Announces It Has Found Water On The Moon For The First Time (Photos) by richesbhc(m): 5:20am On Oct 27, 2020
Time to relocate to the moon

2 Likes

Re: NASA Announces It Has Found Water On The Moon For The First Time (Photos) by 2cribz: 5:20am On Oct 27, 2020
Who is marvellous. It's Jesus,
Who is wonderful, it's Jesus.

11 Likes

Re: NASA Announces It Has Found Water On The Moon For The First Time (Photos) by xilixr: 5:23am On Oct 27, 2020
Liars! No one has ever been to the moon. The moon is not even a solid. It's see through. Fool the world u can't fool me. "Flat earth"
Macsjebs:
https://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-8880285/NASA-announces-water-moon.html

1 Like

Re: NASA Announces It Has Found Water On The Moon For The First Time (Photos) by Chijeep(m): 5:23am On Oct 27, 2020
it's like NASA are trying to tell looters that water dispensers can be looted in the moon also
grin
looters will be like...

12 Likes 1 Share

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