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How Carnival, Efik Calabar Culture Was Transported To Caribbean - Culture - Nairaland

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How Carnival, Efik Calabar Culture Was Transported To Caribbean by jjhnja44es(m): 4:59am On Jan 08
The Utomo Obong is an annual parade and ceremony in honor of the Obong of CALABAR.
Carnival is only an English term for the parade which was transported by slave descendant to Brazil ,Cuba,Trinidad and Barbados .
The parade was later modified with elements of modernity and flamboyancy.

Sadly many Nigerians and Africans do not appreciate their own and even see carnival as imported from Brazil when in fact carnival is actually African culture adapted by slave descendants to keep to celebrate their African roots.
The carnival is not just any African culture but precisely Efik Calabar culture . Calabar was one of the major West African slave ports.

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Re: How Carnival, Efik Calabar Culture Was Transported To Caribbean by jjhnja44es(m): 5:05am On Jan 08
Efik Cubans and Brazilians

The Abakua mutual-aid society of Cuba, re-created in the 1830S from several local variants of the Ekpe leopard society of West Africa’s Cross River basin,is a richly detailed example of African cultural transmission to the Americas.

https://efiks.org/efik-of-the-new-world/efik-cubans/

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Re: How Carnival, Efik Calabar Culture Was Transported To Caribbean by chuka5000(m): 5:26am On Jan 08
maybe na efik people Dem carry go caribbean as slaves far back I no talk o

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Re: How Carnival, Efik Calabar Culture Was Transported To Caribbean by jjhnja44es(m): 5:32am On Jan 08
chuka5000:
maybe na efik people Dem carry go caribbean as slaves far back
I no talk o
Efiks enslaved and sold mostly Ibibios ,some present day Central Cross river, and Igbos from the hinterland who were captured by Arochukwu and sold to Efiks to be sold to the European Merchants. Some Efiks at the bottom of society were also sold by elite Efiks .
Efik culture was dominant and more influential. whether most of the slaves were Efiks or not, Efik culture and methods survived in the Americas.

I think a good example would be the fact that the English culture survived and thrived in North America even though the English were fewer in number. For example,you would be hard pressed to find a pure English descendant American founder . Most white Americans today are actually German,Dutch ,Irish,Scottish,Italian descendants who adopted English names to fit in , as oppose to the original English whose culture was Dominant though had smaller population. Donald Trump , George Bush, John Kennedy,Hulk Hogan are not English blood like George Washington , Bill Clinton,Abraham Lincoln, or Andrew Jackson.
And in the Akwacross area today you can see the same pattern played out as Ibibio and annang adopted original Efik names and methods .names such as Bassey , Essien, Ekanem,Edet, Inyang, Etim, Edem,Ansa,Ekeng,, etc. They were not allowed to adopt some elite Anglo Efik names such as Ironbar, Duke,Henshaw, Hogan,Yellow-duke,Archibong, Effiom, etc. Those names were maintained in small circles and traced to lineage.

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Re: How Carnival, Efik Calabar Culture Was Transported To Caribbean by ChoCho54(f): 6:13am On Jan 08
jjhnja44es:
Efiks enslaved and sold mostly Ibibios ,some present day Central Cross river, and Igbos from the hinterland who were captured by Arochukwu and sold to Efiks to be sold to the European Merchants. Some Efiks at the bottom of society were also sold by elite Efiks .
Efik culture was dominant and more influential. whether most of the slaves were Efiks or not, Efik culture and methods survived in the Americas.

I think a good example would be the fact that the English culture survived and thrived in North America even though the English were fewer in number. For example,you would be hard pressed to find a pure English descendant American founder . Most white Americans today are actually German,Dutch ,Irish,Scottish,Italian descendants who adopted English names to fit in , as oppose to the original English whose culture was Dominant though had smaller population. Donald Trump , George Bush, John Kennedy,Hulk Hogan are not English blood like George Washington , Bill Clinton,Abraham Lincoln, or Andrew Jackson.
And in the Akwacross area today you can see the same pattern played out as Ibibio and annang adopted original Efik names and methods .names such as Bassey , Essien, Ekanem,Edet, Inyang, Etim, Edem,Ansa,Ekeng,, etc. They were not allowed to adopt some elite Anglo Efik names such as Ironbar, Duke,Henshaw, Hogan,Yellow-duke,Archibong, Effiom, etc. Those names were maintained in small circles and traced to lineage.
What fvckery!

So Duke and Wellington and henshaw that oyibo people named the slaves in their house for easy communication is now an elite name and aristocratic?

55 Likes 3 Shares

Re: How Carnival, Efik Calabar Culture Was Transported To Caribbean by GayPontiff: 6:16am On Jan 08
Oya na make we dey go brazil to warn them say na we get the culture. Lai Mohammed will help and sanction them.

Rubbish and buhari

3 Likes 2 Shares

Re: How Carnival, Efik Calabar Culture Was Transported To Caribbean by mayklef(m): 6:23am On Jan 08
truth be told, the only reason y this cultural act is loved n practiced in the Caribbean is because its a show of nudity...

18 Likes 1 Share

Re: How Carnival, Efik Calabar Culture Was Transported To Caribbean by jjhnja44es(m): 6:24am On Jan 08
ChoCho54:
What fvckery!

So Duke and Wellington and henshaw that oyibo people named the slaves in their house for easy communication is now an elite name and aristocratic?
Names like Ironbar,Duke,Henshaw,Hogan,Cobham, etc where adopted by Efik elite families to feel educated or higher in status than the commoners back then. today those names have become part of Efik culture and even pronounced with Efik intonation. But even before the arrival of the Europeans some elite Efik names were :Eyamba , Archibong, Eyo etc. (Eyamba, name of the ruling Efik House of Atakpa(Duke Town)

28 Likes 1 Share

Re: How Carnival, Efik Calabar Culture Was Transported To Caribbean by etrouble: 6:25am On Jan 08
jjhnja44es:
The Utomo Obong is an annual parade and ceremony in honor of the Obong of CALABAR.
Carnival is only an English term for the parade which was transported by slave descendant to Brazil ,Cuba,Trinidad and Barbados .
The parade was later modified with elements of modernity and flamboyancy.

Sadly many Nigerians and Africans do not appreciate their own and even see carnival as imported from Brazil when in fact carnival is actually African culture adapted by slave descendants to keep to celebrate their African roots.
The carnival is not just any African culture but precisely Efik Calabar culture . Calabar was one of the major West African slave ports .



Lalasticlala mynd44 frontpage

Na everybody dey praise himself? What about the Jesus of Calabar that you transported to Jerusalem and now renamed Jesus Christ of Nazareth. Nonsense without ingredients.

4 Likes

Re: How Carnival, Efik Calabar Culture Was Transported To Caribbean by Asura: 6:26am On Jan 08
We have rich cultural heritage in nigeria.
Re: How Carnival, Efik Calabar Culture Was Transported To Caribbean by Twelfthman: 6:38am On Jan 08
Beautiful people.

3 Likes

Re: How Carnival, Efik Calabar Culture Was Transported To Caribbean by Exmilitant(m): 6:39am On Jan 08
jjhnja44es:
Names like Ironbar,Duke,Henshaw,Hogan,Cobham, etc where adopted by Efik elite families to feel educated or higher in status than the commoners back then. today those names have become part of Efik culture and even pronounced with Efik intonation. But even before the arrival of the Europeans some elite Efik names were :Eyamba , Archibong, Eyo etc. (Eyamba, name of the ruling Efik House of Atakpa(Duke Town)
The Efiks has a rich history. But why are they called owners of Calabar, when the Quas have a king in Calabar and the Efuts also have their king in Calabar?

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Re: How Carnival, Efik Calabar Culture Was Transported To Caribbean by jjhnja44es(m): 6:43am On Jan 08
Exmilitant:
Efik language and culture is what is spoken and practiced in Calabar?Calabar is Efik land. Obong of Calabar is first class King . Efik Efut and Qua are one . The name of the Muri of efut is Effiong Okon Mbukpa which is Efik name, there's no such language . Go to Calabar and ask who is Efut or Efik or this and that and you would get a stare because such a thing does not exist .
Only jealous ,envious and evil people bring division and mostly blacks like doing that ,that's why Africa is at the bottom today.

12 Likes 1 Share

Re: How Carnival, Efik Calabar Culture Was Transported To Caribbean by mansakhalifa(m): 7:55am On Jan 08
jjhnja44es:
The Utomo Obong is an annual parade and ceremony in honor of the Obong of CALABAR.
Carnival is only an English term for the parade which was transported by slave descendant to Brazil ,Cuba,Trinidad and Barbados .
The parade was later modified with elements of modernity and flamboyancy.

Sadly many Nigerians and Africans do not appreciate their own and even see carnival as imported from Brazil when in fact carnival is actually African culture adapted by slave descendants to keep to celebrate their African roots.
The carnival is not just any African culture but precisely Efik Calabar culture . Calabar was one of the major West African slave ports .



Lalasticlala mynd44 frontpage

My father used to have a miniature replica of that masquerade(the one in the first picture) in his office.

I can't remember what he called it but he said it was presented to him when he was at the Eastern Command(Calabar to be precise) for some duty.

It used to be at our house but he realised I was scared of it and then he took it away.

@Topic we cannot wish it away, the longterm effects of the trans-Atlantic slave trade will always mean that the Caribbeans are largely a cultural extension of the African continent.

14 Likes

Re: How Carnival, Efik Calabar Culture Was Transported To Caribbean by jjhnja44es(m): 8:12am On Jan 08
mansakhalifa:


My father used to have a miniature replica of that masquerade(the one in the first picture) in his office.

I can't remember what he called it but he said it was presented to him when he was at the Eastern Command(Calabar to be precise) for some duty.

It used to be at our house but he realised I was scared of it and then he took it away.

@Topic we cannot wish it away, the longterm effects of the trans-Atlantic slave trade will always mean that the Caribbeans are largely a cultural extension of the African continent.


True ,that's why I think Calabar which was one of the major ports in Africa and one of the ancient cities in west Africa with organized system even before colonization deserves so much more than it is today if Nigeria wasn't such a failed state ,it should be like a tourist mecca with millions of visitors each year . AFRICA WONT GROW AND THE BLACK WILL ALWAYS BE AT THE BOTTOM BECAUSE THE BLACK MAN HAS A MAJOR ISSUE RANGING FROM ENVY ,JEALOUS AND SABOTAGE. I KNOW THE NIGERIAN GOVERNMENT WON'T LET IT BE .
I think the Carnival and the Marina resort which includes the slave museum is a good start and there's more to come to make Calabar the entertainment capital. Also the modern international conference center and Tinapa resort was a great idea. The Cross River park and all that Hills and mountains at Akamkpa . Calabar needs good mega city planning , more international and local events to draw visitors, and housing which can accommodate many who wish to relocate permanently .

13 Likes

Re: How Carnival, Efik Calabar Culture Was Transported To Caribbean by BastardWike: 8:42am On Jan 08
ChoCho54:
What fvckery!

So Duke and Wellington and henshaw that oyibo people named the slaves in their house for easy communication is now an elite name and aristocratic?

grin grin grin grin

2 Likes

Re: How Carnival, Efik Calabar Culture Was Transported To Caribbean by retake89(m): 9:41am On Jan 08
jjhnja44es:
Names like Ironbar,Duke,Henshaw,Hogan,Cobham, etc where adopted by Efik elite families to feel educated or higher in status than the commoners back then. today those names have become part of Efik culture and even pronounced with Efik intonation. But even before the arrival of the Europeans some elite Efik names were :Eyamba , Archibong, Eyo etc. (Eyamba, name of the ruling Efik House of Atakpa(Duke Town)


You're correct. My name is Eyo though.

3 Likes

Re: How Carnival, Efik Calabar Culture Was Transported To Caribbean by thundafire: 10:04am On Jan 08
Proudly Efik, Proudly Calabar. But that short root of a governor messing up the state

5 Likes

Re: How Carnival, Efik Calabar Culture Was Transported To Caribbean by KnowledgeVault: 10:15am On Jan 08
The Abakua mutual-aid society of Cuba is a notable one.

1 Share

Re: How Carnival, Efik Calabar Culture Was Transported To Caribbean by jjhnja44es(m): 4:29pm On Jan 08
Cuban Participation in the Nyóró ídèm Ékpè (Ékpè body) dance competition

Lalasticlala mynd44 move this to front page. I know you only move ' how to migrate to norway,germany,sweden, japan " to front page . love and appreciate your own


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X64UDUVXnD8&feature=share&fbclid=IwAR1UN3CsCXpZmGc7OyrK0cg7sjOfWbC3ghY7r32n5rWJfUQU8lQ3yIt7cl4

5 Likes

Re: How Carnival, Efik Calabar Culture Was Transported To Caribbean by Denzil2020: 7:54pm On Jan 08
cool
Re: How Carnival, Efik Calabar Culture Was Transported To Caribbean by 4tomandchi: 7:56pm On Jan 08
grin
Re: How Carnival, Efik Calabar Culture Was Transported To Caribbean by thebosstrevor1: 7:57pm On Jan 08
Carnival is not an African or efik culture

No culture has the monopoly of parade or carnival

5 Likes

Re: How Carnival, Efik Calabar Culture Was Transported To Caribbean by ATEAMS: 7:57pm On Jan 08
Colourful
Re: How Carnival, Efik Calabar Culture Was Transported To Caribbean by FalseProphet1(m): 7:57pm On Jan 08
Africa is blessed just that we have bad leaders

2 Likes

Re: How Carnival, Efik Calabar Culture Was Transported To Caribbean by bigdammyj: 7:58pm On Jan 08
Noted
Re: How Carnival, Efik Calabar Culture Was Transported To Caribbean by Pro348: 7:58pm On Jan 08
Alright

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