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What Is The African Contribution To Civilisation? Are We Truly Inferior? - Culture - Nairaland

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Corporal Punishment: A Significant Part Of The African Tradition? / The African Phenotype Diversity Thread / Yorubas Contribution To Civilization (2) (3) (4)

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What Is The African Contribution To Civilisation? Are We Truly Inferior? by EbuksAllison7: 11:44am On Jul 08, 2012
What is The African contribution to civilisation? Are we truly inferior?
Re: What Is The African Contribution To Civilisation? Are We Truly Inferior? by ezeagu(m): 5:56pm On Jul 08, 2012
[img]http://hitchcock.itc.virginia.edu/SlaveTrade/collection/large/064.JPG[/img]

Body Guard of the Sheikh of Bornou, Nigeria, 1820s

[img]http://hitchcock.itc.virginia.edu/SlaveTrade/collection/large/forbesamazon.JPG[/img]

Female Soldier (Amazon), Dahomey, 1849-50

[img]http://hitchcock.itc.virginia.edu/SlaveTrade/collection/large/Hutton02.JPG[/img]

Ashanti Nobleman, Gold Coast, 1820

[img]http://hitchcock.itc.virginia.edu/SlaveTrade/collection/large/LCP-50.JPG[/img]

Court of King of Sestro, 1681

[img]http://hitchcock.itc.virginia.edu/SlaveTrade/collection/large/Boilat15.JPG[/img]

Clothing Style, Bambara Woman, Senegal, 1850s

[img]http://hitchcock.itc.virginia.edu/SlaveTrade/collection/large/Boilat12.JPG[/img]

Clothing Style, Sarakole Man, Senegal, 1850s
Re: What Is The African Contribution To Civilisation? Are We Truly Inferior? by ezeagu(m): 6:03pm On Jul 08, 2012
[img]http://hitchcock.itc.virginia.edu/SlaveTrade/collection/large/bow-yam.JPG[/img]

Yam Ceremonial, Ashanti, Gold Coast, early 19th cent.

[img]http://hitchcock.itc.virginia.edu/SlaveTrade/collection/large/B023.JPG[/img]

Ceremony of Swearing Loyalty to British Government, Ashanti, 1824

[img]http://hitchcock.itc.virginia.edu/SlaveTrade/collection/large/3-041.JPG[/img]

Coronation, King of Whydah (Ouidah), Dahomey, April 1725

[img]http://hitchcock.itc.virginia.edu/SlaveTrade/collection/large/Raffenel5.JPG[/img]

Soldiers on the March, Senegal, 1850s
Re: What Is The African Contribution To Civilisation? Are We Truly Inferior? by ezeagu(m): 6:06pm On Jul 08, 2012
[img]http://hitchcock.itc.virginia.edu/SlaveTrade/collection/large/Pommegorge1.JPG[/img]

Royal Ceremony, Dahomey, late 18th cent.

[img]http://hitchcock.itc.virginia.edu/SlaveTrade/collection/large/VILE-188.JPG[/img]

People Crossing a Bridge, Senegal, 1780s
Re: What Is The African Contribution To Civilisation? Are We Truly Inferior? by EbuksAllison7: 7:01pm On Jul 08, 2012
White supremacy sites are hellish. Good thing even their own people look on them as insane. Check amren.com you'll feel ilke crying.
Re: What Is The African Contribution To Civilisation? Are We Truly Inferior? by ezeagu(m): 7:02pm On Jul 08, 2012
[img]http://hitchcock.itc.virginia.edu/SlaveTrade/collection/large/wag-1.JPG[/img]

Foot Soldiers and Cavalry, Bornu, Northeastern Nigeria, 1860

[img]http://hitchcock.itc.virginia.edu/SlaveTrade/collection/large/VILE-60.JPG[/img]

Canoes, Senegal, 1780s

[img]http://hitchcock.itc.virginia.edu/SlaveTrade/collection/large/UVA03.JPG[/img]

Village Scene and Dance, Corisco Island, Equatorial Guinea, mid-19th cent.
Re: What Is The African Contribution To Civilisation? Are We Truly Inferior? by ezeagu(m): 7:04pm On Jul 08, 2012
[img]http://hitchcock.itc.virginia.edu/SlaveTrade/collection/large/B016.JPG[/img]

King of Benin with Soldiers, late 17th cent.

[img]http://hitchcock.itc.virginia.edu/SlaveTrade/collection/large/B017.JPG[/img]

King of Benin (Oba) in Procession, late 17th cent.

[img]http://hitchcock.itc.virginia.edu/SlaveTrade/collection/large/3-215.JPG[/img]

City of Loango, late 17th cent.
Re: What Is The African Contribution To Civilisation? Are We Truly Inferior? by ezeagu(m): 7:15pm On Jul 08, 2012
[size=18pt]7 requirements to become a civilization[/size]

http://www.westmifflinmoritz.com/Greece_Folder/Requirements_of_civilization.htm

[size=18pt]Cities[/size]

[img]http://hitchcock.itc.virginia.edu/SlaveTrade/collection/large/B017.JPG[/img]

[size=18pt]Written language[/size]



[size=18pt]Religious Structure[/size]



[size=18pt]Political Structure[/size]

[img]http://hitchcock.itc.virginia.edu/SlaveTrade/collection/large/LCP-50.JPG[/img]

[size=18pt]Materialistic Value[/size]



[size=18pt]Art and Intellect[/size]



[size=18pt]Economic Structure[/size]

Re: What Is The African Contribution To Civilisation? Are We Truly Inferior? by ezeagu(m): 7:26pm On Jul 08, 2012
[size=18pt]7 requirements to become a civilization[/size]

http://www.westmifflinmoritz.com/Greece_Folder/Requirements_of_civilization.htm

[size=18pt]Cities[/size]

[img]http://hitchcock.itc.virginia.edu/SlaveTrade/collection/large/3-215.JPG[/img]

[size=18pt]Written language[/size]



[size=18pt]Religious Structure[/size]



[size=18pt]Political Structure[/size]

[img]http://hitchcock.itc.virginia.edu/SlaveTrade/collection/large/3-041.JPG[/img]

[size=18pt]Materialistic Value[/size]

[img]http://hitchcock.itc.virginia.edu/SlaveTrade/collection/large/forbesamazon.JPG[/img]

[size=18pt]Art and Intellect[/size]



[size=18pt]Economic Structure[/size]

Re: What Is The African Contribution To Civilisation? Are We Truly Inferior? by odumchi: 7:36pm On Jul 08, 2012
Obasi di na elu gozie gi, Ezeagu.
Re: What Is The African Contribution To Civilisation? Are We Truly Inferior? by ezeagu(m): 7:49pm On Jul 08, 2012
odumchi: Obasi di na elu gozie gi, Ezeagu.

Ise. Thanks odumchi.





Re: What Is The African Contribution To Civilisation? Are We Truly Inferior? by nilequeen(f): 3:05pm On Jul 12, 2012
WASHINGTON – Africans have more genetic variation
than anyone else on Earth, according to a new study that helps narrow
the location where humans first evolved, probably near the South
Africa-Namibia border.
The
largest study of African genetics ever undertaken also found that
nearly three-fourths of African-Americans can trace their ancestry to West Africa. The new analysis published Thursday in the online edition of the journal Science.
"Given
the fact that modern humans arose in Africa, they have had time to
accumulate dramatic changes" in their genes, explained lead researcher
Sarah Tishkoff, a geneticist at the University of Pennsylvania.
People have been adapting to very diverse environmental niches in Africa, she explained in a briefing.
Over
10 years, Tishkoff and an international team of researchers trekked
across Africa collecting samples to compare the genes of various
peoples. Often working in primitive conditions, the researchers
sometimes had to resort to using a car battery to power their
equipment, Tishkoff explained.
The
reason for their work? Very little was known about the genetic
variation in Africans, knowledge that is vital to understanding why
diseases have a greater impact in some groups than others and in
designing ways to counter those illnesses.
Scott M. Williams of Vanderbilt University
noted that constructing patterns of disease variations can help
determine which genes predispose a group to a particular illness.
This
study "provides a critical piece in the puzzle," he said. For example,
there are clear differences in prevalence of diseases such as hypertension and prostate cancer across populations, Williams said.
"The human genome describes the complexity of our species," added Muntaser Ibrahim of the department of molecular biology at the University of Khartoum, Sudan. "Now we have spectacular insight into the history of the African population ... the oldest history of mankind.
"Everybody's history is part of African history because everybody came out of Africa," Ibrahim said.
Christopher Ehret of the department of history at the University of California, Los Angeles, compared genetic variation among people to variations in language.
There
are an estimated 2,000 distinct language groups in Africa broken into a
few broad categories, often but not always following gene flow.
Movement
of a language usually involves arrival of new people, Ehret noted,
bringing along their genes. But sometimes language is brought by a
small "but advantaged" group which can impose their language without
significant gene flow.
Overall,
the researchers were able to study and compare the genetics of 121
African groups, 60 non-African populations and four African-American
groups.
The
so-called "Cape-colored" population of South Africa has highest levels
of mixed ancestry on the globe, a blend of African, European, East
Asian and South Indian, Tishkoff said.
"This will be a great population for study of diseases" that are more common in one group than another, she said.
The
study also found that about 71 percent of African-Americans can trace
their ancestry to western African origins. They also have between 13
percent and 15 percent European ancestry and a smaller amount of other
African origins. There was "very little" evidence for American Indian genes among African-Americans, Tishkoff said.
Ehret added that only about 20 percent of the Africans brought to North America made the trip directly, while most of the rest went first to the West Indies.
And, he added, some local African-American populations, such as the residents of the sea islands off Georgia and South Carolina, can trace their origins to specific regions such as Sierra Leone and Guinea.
The study was funded by the National Cancer Institute, the National Institutes of Health, the Advanced Computing Center for Research and Education at Vanderbilt University, the L.S.B. Leakey and Wenner Gren Foundation, the National Science Foundation, the David and Lucile Packard and Burroughs Wellcome foundations.
___
On the Net:
Science:

[b]HOLD YOUR HEAD HIGH. WE ARE THE SUPERIOR RACE. DO NOT ALLOW THE PRESENT SITUATION OF EVENTS TO BRING YOU DOWN.
Re: What Is The African Contribution To Civilisation? Are We Truly Inferior? by TerryCarr(m): 11:48pm On Aug 01, 2012
nice where did you get the pics from

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