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Health / How To Cure Shoe Odor And Smelling Foot Very Fast by eplanetnews1: 5:12am On Aug 14, 2018
how to cure shoe odor and smelling foot very fast, Synopsis : Handy tips and tricks to help eliminate shoe odor and smelling foot from smelly shoes and boots quickly.
8 Ways to Keep Your Shoes from shoe odor and smelling foot
sneakers-grass-odor

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With sneakers trending and temperatures rising, we’re ditching our boots for shoes that let us go sockless. But with this switch comes a problem we all dread: the smell. The offending odor is from bacteria that grow on your foot and live (and keep growing!) in your kicks—until you do something about it. So whether you’re rocking boat shoes, flats, or sneakers without socks, here are some clever, inexpensive tips to keep your shoes smelling fresh all season long.

Wash your feet thoroughly
The bacteria on your feet just keep multiplying, so you need to be washing your feet in the shower to help combat the embarrassing odor. When you’re in the shower, lather up with soap on your soles, and don’t forget in between your toes. Rinse, and when you get out of the shower be sure to completely dry your feet (don’t forget the toes again!) before slipping on shoes. You can give them a blast with the hairdryer, too, for extra dryness.
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Don’t wear the same shoes two days in a row
We all have a favorite pair of perfectly broken-in flats that we want to rock every day, but wearing the same pair of shoes two days in a row is a recipe for stink. Why? Back-to-back days does not give your shoes enough time to completely dry out from the previous day’s wear. So be sure to rotate your collection so as not to repeat day after day.

Apply a foot powder
If your feet tend to get sweaty no matter what the weather’s doing outside, then prevention is key. Your best bet is apply a foot powder like Squeaky Cheeks ($12; amazon.com) before you put on your shoes so your feet (and shoes) stay dry throughout the day.

Baking soda + coffee filter
Baking soda is a powerhouse at home and can be used to deodorize your shoes. All you need to do is a fill an unused coffee filter with baking soda and secure at the end with tape, staples, or a rubber band. Place the package in each shoe at the end of the day and the baking soda will go to work overnight.
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Resealable bag + freezer
Place your shoes into a large resealable bag and place it in the freezer overnight. The arctic temperatures zap bacteria and leave you with a scent-free pair in the AM.

Kitty litter + panty hose
Cat litter absorbs moisture and odors to prevent your home from smelling like…you know. The same can be applied to your shoes. Take worn-out stockings or mismatched socks and fill them with kitty litter. Secure with a rubber band and place in shoes at night to soak up offending smells and lingering moisture.

Rubbing alcohol + spray bottle
Fill a spray bottle with rubbing alcohol and spritz your shoes. The alcohol will kill any bacteria in sight. Just be sure not to overly saturate your shoes—a light mist will do.

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Health / How To Know You Have Prostate Cancer And Cure by eplanetnews1: 11:56am On Aug 05, 2018
How to know you have Prostate cancer and cure: read these article to best treat yourself from any future prostate cancer, signs, prevention and best food to eat to avoid it.
Prostate cancer is the development of cancer in the prostate, a gland in the male reproductive system. Most prostate cancers are slow growing; however, some grow relatively quickly, The cancer cells may spread from the prostate to other area of the body, particularly the bones and lymph nodes. It may initially cause no symptoms, In later stages, it can lead to difficulty urinating, blood in the urine or pain in the pelvis, back, or when urinating. A disease known as benign prostatic hyperplasia may produce similar symptoms. Other late symptoms may include feeling tired due to low levels of red blood cells.

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ANOTHER EXPLANATION


Prostate cancer is cancer that occurs in the prostate — a small walnut-shaped gland in men that produces the seminal fluid that nourishes and transports sperm. OR Prostate cancer affects the prostate gland, the gland that produces some of the fluid in semen and plays a role in urine control in men.

Prostate cancer is one of the most common types of cancer in men. Usually prostate cancer grows slowly and is initially confined to the prostate gland, where it may not cause serious harm. However, while some types of prostate cancer grow slowly and may need minimal or even no treatment, other types are aggressive and can spread quickly.

Prostate cancer that’s detected early — when it’s still confined to the prostate gland— has a better chance of successful treatment.

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The prostate gland is located below the bladder and in front of the rectum.

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Fast facts on prostate cancer:
Here are some key points about the prostate cancer. More detail is in the main article.

The prostate gland is part of the male reproductive system.
Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men.
It is treatable if diagnosed early, before it spreads.
If symptoms appear, they include problems with urination.
Regular screening Is the best way to detect it in good time.

read the complete article here;
http://eplanetnews.com/how-to-know-you-have-prostate-cancer-and-cure/

How Prostate Cancer Grows
The prostate (not prostrate) uses male hormones called androgens, such as testosterone and dihydrotestosterone (DHT), to trigger and maintain male sex characteristics and reproduction. Normally, the process of producing male hormones and using them to guide and maintain male gender characteristics and sexual function happens smoothly.

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How Prostate Cancer Develops
However, sometimes something goes wrong within prostate cells, and cancer develops.

In general, cancer is a condition in which a normal cell becomes abnormal and starts to grow and/or reproduce uncontrollably without having the signals or “brakes” that stop typical cell growth. Prostate cancer occurs when a normal prostate cell begins to grow out of control. In many cases, prostate cancer is a slow-growing cancer that does not spread beyond the prostate gland before the time of diagnosis.

Once prostate cancer forms, it feeds on androgens and uses them as fuel for growth. This is why one of the backbones of treatment for men, especially with advanced prostate cancer, is to lower a man’s androgen levels with drugs collectively termed “hormone therapy.”

Not all prostate cancer cells are alike. Prostate cancers that are composed of very abnormal cells are much more likely to both divide quickly and spread, or metastasize, from the prostate to other regions of the body. Often, prostate cancer spreads first to tissues that are near the prostate, including the seminal vesicles and nearby lymph nodes.

Researchers have identified various biological and genetic subtypes of prostate cancer. Although these subtypes are typically not yet used to guide treatment recommendations, they are the subject of active research funded by the Prostate Cancer Foundation.

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In many cases, prostate cancer is relatively slow-growing, which means that it can take years to become large enough to be detectable, and even longer to metastasize outside the prostate. However, some cases are more aggressive and need more urgent treatment.

When a man is diagnosed with prostate cancer, his treatment team will evaluate his cancer and his overall health to custom-design a treatment path that will give him the greatest chance of beating the cancer. Treatment can range from a wait-and-watch approach to a very aggressive medical and surgical plan.


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Prostate cancer
Early prostate cancer usually has no clear symptoms. Sometimes prostate cancer does cause symptoms, often similar to those of diseases such as benign prostatic hyperplasia. These include frequent urination, nocturia (increased urination at night), difficulty starting and maintaining a steady stream of urine, hematuria (blood in the urine), and dysuria (painful urination). A study based on the 1998 Patient Care Evaluation in the US found that about a third of patients diagnosed with prostate cancer had one or more such symptoms, while two-thirds had no symptoms.

Prostate cancer is associated with urinary dysfunction as the prostate gland surrounds the prostatic urethra. Changes within the gland, therefore, directly affect urinary function. Because the vas deferens deposits seminal fluid into the prostatic urethra, and secretions from the prostate gland itself are included in semen content, prostate cancer may also cause problems with sexual function and performance, such as difficulty achieving erection or painful ejaculation.

Metastatic prostate cancer that has spread to other parts of the body can cause additional symptoms. The most common symptom is bone pain, often in the vertebrae (bones of the spine), pelvis, or ribs. Spread of cancer into other bones such as the femur is usually to the proximal or nearby part of the bone. Prostate cancer in the spine can also compress the spinal cord, causing tingling, leg weakness and urinary and fecal incontinence.



Prostate Cancer Symptoms and Signs
If you’ve recently been diagnosed with prostate cancer, you may be asking yourself if there were warning signs or symptoms you should have noticed earlier.

So what are the warning signs of prostate cancer?
Unfortunately, there usually aren’t any early warning signs for prostate cancer. The growing tumor does not push against anything to cause pain, so for many years the disease may be silent. That’s why screening for prostate cancer is such an important topic for all men and their families.

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Health / HOW To Reduce The Risk Factors Of Contacting Breast Cancer Prevention by eplanetnews1: 2:53am On Jul 21, 2018
HOW to reduce the risk factors of contacting breast cancer prevention: Breast cancer prevention starts with healthy habits — such as limiting alcohol and staying physically active. Understand what you can do to reduce your breast cancer risk.

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how to prevent breast cancer
GETTY IMAGES
BREAST CANCER PREVENTION: The first time you purchased a bra, you likely had one of two thoughts about your breasts: you loved them, or you hated them. Your entire teenage life, your breasts constantly reminded you that you were a woman in training. You wanted them to grow bigger—and probably wished they’d stop growing at some point. Insecurities no doubt got to your head: Why is the left one bigger than the right one? Why aren’t they round like hers? Why are they getting so droopy?

The truth is, no matter how conflicted you are about your breasts, they are part of your identity—which may be why, in part, having breast cancer is one of them most terrifying things to think about. Your breasts can say a lot about your health: they can signal weight gain, fluctuating hormones, and pregnancy.

As for lumps and bumps? You already know that can be a sign of something more sinister: breast cancer. Other than skin cancer, breast cancer is the most common cancer in U.S. women, with 1 in 8 women being affected by the disease, according to the American Cancer Society (ACS).

One bit of good news: fewer women are getting and dying from breast cancer than ever before. “Cancer is not an inevitability. Women have more control over the disease than they think,” says Margaret I. Cuomo, MD, author of A World Without Cancer. “Everything we do from the moment we wake—from what we eat and drink to whether or not we exercise and avoid BPA, parabens, and other carcinogenic chemicals—is a factor that can turn on or off the genetic switches in our bodies, including ones that could lead to cancer. The risk of many cancers, including breast cancer, can be significantly reduced by living a healthy lifestyle.”

Unfortunately, the biggest risk for breast cancer is simply being a woman—but taking certain measures can reduce your chances of developing the disease. Here’s where to start.

1: Find out how dense your breasts are
dense breasts cancer risk


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Why it’s important: Learning whether you have dense breasts is one of the newest ways to protect yourself. When you have more tissue than fat in your breasts—which is common in younger women—it makes cancer harder to detect on a mammogram: Both tumors and breast tissue show up white, while fat looks dark.

Even more important, having dense breasts makes you six times more likely to develop cancer. Experts aren’t sure why that is, but one possibility is the fact that there is no standardization for measurement of breast density, so doctors’ scores are subjective.

A majority of states have enacted bills that require your health care provider to provider information about your breast density on your mammogram report. Several other states are woking on or have at least introduced similar bills. (Find out where your state stands here.)

Take action: Even if your breast density is low, you still need regular checkups. If it’s high, there’s nothing you can do to lower it (though breast density does tend to decrease with age), but you can protect yourself by asking your doctor about adding an MRI or ultrasound to your screening regimen. You can also switch from traditional mammography to digital. Since it’s higher in contrast, it’s easier for doctors to see abnormalities in dense breast tissue.

2: Get moving
exercise breast cancer
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Why it’s important: Exercise seems to protect against breast cancer in several ways. First, it helps control weight. An ACS study found that women who’d gained 21 to 30 pounds since age 18 were 40 percent more likely to develop breast cancer than those who hadn’t gained more than 5 pounds.

Blame it on estrogen, which can stimulate cell overgrowth, and thus, breast cancer. Before menopause, most of your estrogen is produced by your ovaries. But after menopause, your ovaries stop pumping out the hormone and most of it becomes fat tissue. The more fat in a woman’s body, the more estrogen.

Second, exercise alters estrogen metabolism, according to a study published in the journal Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention. Translation: for women who exercised regularly, the ratio of ‘good’ estrogens to ‘bad’ DNA-damaging estrogens improved by roughly 25 percent. “Past research has shown that the greater this ratio, the lower a woman’s breast cancer risk. Among women who don’t exercise, the ratio didn’t budge,” says study coauthor Mindy Kurzer, PhD, a professor of medicine at the University of Minnesota.

Take action: That doesn’t mean you have to start training for an Ironman. In fact, the Women’s Health Initiative found that women who walked briskly for 1 hour and 25 minutes to 2.5 hours had an 18 percent less risk of breast cancer than women who were inactive. To protect yourself from breast cancer—and all cancers—the ACS recommends aiming for 150 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise weekly, which breaks down to 30 minutes 5 days a week.

3: Know your family cancer history—even your dad’s
family history breast cancer BRCA gene
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Why it’s important: About 5 to 10 percent of all cancers, including breast cancer, are hereditary, passed from one generation to the next via a variety of mutated genes. Your father’s family counts as much as your mother’s.

Look at your family’s history of other kinds of cancer, too. Men can carry some of the same abnormal genes, such as BRCA1 and 2, that up the risk of not only breast cancer, but also ovarian cancer in women, pancreatic cancer in men and women, and early prostate and testicular cancers in men. Research shows that roughly 72 percent of women who inherit a BRCA1 mutation and 69 percent who get a BRCA 2 mutation will develop breast cancer by the time they hit 80, the National Cancer Institute says.

Multiple diagnoses on either side of your family can be a clue to a hereditary link, so be sure to take a look at second- and third-degree relatives, too (aka, your aunts, uncles, cousins, and more).

Take action: If your family history worries you, enlist the help of a genetics expert. After dance instructor Suzanne Citere, of Lighthouse Point, FL, examined her family history (her mother died young from breast cancer, while her maternal grandfather and grandmother, along with two of her mother’s siblings all died from different cancers), she called a genetic counselor, who recommended testing. Citere found out that she did indeed carry a BRCA2 mutation and made the tough decision to have a prophylactic double mastectomy.

“Genetics is a very complicated topic, and genetic counselors can not only provide you with the most accurate, up-to-date information regarding your risk, but also help you decide whether or not genetic testing is right for you,” says Sue Friedman, founder and director of FORCE, a national support network for people at high risk of breast and ovarian cancers. “Then, if it is, they can also help you really understand your test results and your options based on them.” (Contact the National Society of Genetic Counselors to find an expert in your area.)

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Foreign Affairs / SOUTH KOREA: Ex-president Park Geun Hye Gets Another 8 Years In Prison by eplanetnews1: 1:48pm On Jul 20, 2018
SOUTH KOREA: Ex-President Park Geun Hye gets another 8 years in prison: A South Korean court on Friday sentenced impeached former President Park Geun Hye to a total of eight years in prison on top of the 24 years she already faces, in a verdict that found her guilty of accepting slush funds from the nation’s intelligence agency and interfering in an election.

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South Korea’s ex-President Park Geun Hye gets another 8 years in prison
SOUTH KOREA: Ex-President Park Geun Hye gets another 8 years in prison
SOUTH KOREA: Ex-President Park Geun Hye gets another 8 years in prison
Separately, prosecutors sought 30 years in prison and a fine of 118.5 billion won ($104.3 million) for the former president as proceedings in an appeals trial for her graft case concluded the same day.

Friday’s Seoul Central District Court ruling consists of six-year imprisonment and 3.3 billion won in penalties over the slush funds from the National Intelligence Service, and two years in prison over election interference.

Prosecutors had sought 12 years in prison for taking slush funds from the intelligence agency.

In April, the Seoul court sentenced Park to 24 years in prison and slapped her with a fine of 18 billion won for bribery and other crimes she was convicted of committing while in office.

Prosecutors, who sought the longer 30-year prison term and larger fine, appealed the ruling to a higher court, while Park, who denied all charges while boycotting her trial since the fall of 2017, did not.

The Seoul High Court will deliver a ruling on the appeals case on Aug. 24.

SOUTH KOREA: Ex-President Park Geun Hye gets another 8 years in prison
SOUTH KOREA: Ex-President Park Geun Hye gets another 8 years in prison
(Park’s supporters rally outside the court in April)

In April, Park was convicted of conspiring with her longtime confidante Choi Soon Sil to take 7 billion won in bribes from Lotte Group by making the retail giant financially support a foundation effectively controlled by Choi.


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Health / How To Get A Six-pack With Facts by eplanetnews1: 12:15am On Jul 16, 2018
It’s not just impressive on the beach (although it’s certainly that) but a sign of a strong, functional body. Follow this guide for eight weeks to earn yours. In this definitive guide to getting a six-pack, we’ll share the five commandments to follow if you want a solid six-pack, a training plan that replaces sit-ups with spine-healthy core builders, a seven-day meal plan to help fuel your efforts, and tips to help keep your metabolism firing on all cylinders, all day
http://eplanetnews.com/how-to-get-a-six-pack-with-facts
http://eplanetnews.com/how-to-get-a-six-pack-with-facts


How To Get A Six-Pack
1. Train with “anti” movements
Your core does its best work when resisting movement, preventing you falling over when the train brakes. Modern core training focuses on such “anti” movements.

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2. Work the whole unit
Your abs aren’t everything. Working your obliques, transverse abdominis and lower back will prevent imbalances and, as a side bonus, will let you lift bigger.

3. Use standing up exercises to hit your core from all angles
Real-life exertion rarely happens when you’re lying down, so the majority of moves in this plan don’t either. You’ll get used to using your core from all angles.

4. Eat better, not less
When it comes to food, calories are less important than quality. In this guide, we’ll show you how to eat for abs without starving yourself.

5. Reduce stress
The stress hormone cortisol causes you to store belly fat, so too much means you’ll never see your abs however hard you train. Eliminate it and see results faster.

Videos from around the web
Joe Wicks Heart Rate Challenge HIIT Workout | Coach

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Six-Pack Exercises
Windmill

Stand with your feet slightly apart, holding a kettlebell or heavy dumbbell overhead. Bend sideways at the hips, bringing one arm down your shin to keep your balance, keeping the dumbbell directly overhead with your arm locked. Stand up straight to finish the move. For more of a challenge, perform your windmills with an unloaded barbell.

Leg-elevated side plank

Get into a side plank with your weight supported on one hand or forearm and your feet stacked on top of each other (or both on the floor if that’s too difficult). Lift your top foot, keeping your body in a straight line, then lower to return to the start.

Three-point row

The one-arm row works your obliques well, but taking away the bench is an abs-torcher. Start in the top press-up position with your feet wide and holding a dumbbell in each hand. Row one dumbbell up to your armpit, pause, then lower. Try to complete all the reps without the dumbbell touching the ground, then repeat on the other side.

One-arm rack press-up

The Rocky-style one-arm press-up will work your obliques if you’ve got the strength to do it: if not, do this version. Start with your feet apart and one hand on a bench, table or barbell. Lower until you touch the surface with your chest, then press back up. Do all your reps on one side, then switch.

TRX Tuck Split

Get into a plank with your feet in the TRX loops and your hands on the floor. Bring your knees towards your chest, pause for a second, then lower and bring your feet out to the sides.

TRX Pike

With your feet in the TRX loops and your hands (still) on the floor, bend at the hips to bring your feet towards your head until you’re in an inverted V-shape. Pause for a second at the top, then lower.

Bent-arm leg raise

Hang from a bar with your arms bent at 90°. Raise your legs – knees bent if necessary, but preferably straight – pause at the top, then lower.

Plank walk-up

Start in the top press-up position in front of a box, bench or sofa, then “walk” one hand at a time up on to it, bracing your core. Walk back down, then start the next rep with the other hand. Want some
extra chest work? Add a press-up between each rep.

Six-Pack Training Plan
How should you train your abs? Simple: tackle one plane of motion a day. Add these mini-workouts to your existing routine, or do them separately.

Exercises designated 1A and 1B should be done as supersets. Complete all reps of 1A, then move straight on to 1B with minimal rest. Rest as indicated after completing all the reps of 1B, then start again.

Day 1: Anti-Extension
With these moves, you resist extension at your lumbar spine and build strength in your lower back.

1A Miyagi

Sets 3 Reps 10 Rest 0sec

Get into a press-up position holding the handles of the suspension trainer. Think “wax on, wax off” and circle each hand outwards one at a time, keeping your abs tight. If you don’t have access to a suspension trainer, use a pair of small towels on a smooth floor.

1B Fall-out

Sets 3 Reps 10 Rest 60sec

Get into a press-up position holding the handles of the suspension trainer, let your hands slide away from you above your head, keeping your core and glutes braced so you don’t fall too quickly. Pause at the top of the move, then reverse. Increase the challenge by moving your feet under the TRX anchor point.

Day 2: Anti-Rotation
The trick here is to resist torque on your torso, spurring your obliques into action.

1A Kneeling Pallof press

Sets 3 Reps 10 Rest 0sec

Kneel on the floor holding a cable machine handle or one end of a resistance band in both hands close to your chest. Push out – you should feel resistance trying to tug you to the side. Pause for one second, then pull your hands back in. You can also do this move standing, or hold at full extension for extra isometric strength.

1B One-arm chest press

Sets 3 Reps 10 Rest 60sec

Lie on a bench holding a dumbbell in one hand, angling it in slightly to protect your shoulders. Keeping your feet on the floor and your shoulder blades together and tight, press the dumbbell overhead. No bench? Do this move on the floor – but don’t support yourself with your free arm.

Day 3: Hip Flexion
This has gained a bad reputation in abs work, but done right – with a neutral spine – it will make you more efficient in any other movement. Here’s how to do it properly.

1A Gym ball roll-out

Sets 3 Reps 10 Rest 0sec

Start in a tuck position with your shins on a gym ball. Push backwards until your legs are straight and your hands are in front of your shoulders, then brace your core to return to the start.

1B Stir-the-pot

Sets 3 Reps 10 Rest 60sec

With your forearms resting on a gym ball, move them slowly in a circle as if stirring a pot. Complete all the reps in one direction before reversing.

Day 4: Anti-Lateral Flexion
These moves resist sideways motion with your lower back – useful whether you’re carrying a suitcase or hoisting it into an overhead locker.

1 Landmine press

Sets 3 Reps 10 each side Rest 30sec

Wedge one end of a barbell into a corner or weight plate, then grip the other end in both hands. Press it overhead and turn slightly to one side, then the other.

2 Suitcase deadlift

Sets 3 Reps 5 each side Rest 45sec

Stand next to a heavy dumbbell, kettlebell or – if you’re feeling confident – barbell. Squat and grip it in one hand, then lift it as if you’re doing a deadlift, driving your hips forwards to stand up straight. To increase the challenge, switch to a suitcase carry. Walk 20m with the dumbbell, then switch hands.
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Nail your diet: Nail your six-pack
Use Learney’s 10 simple nutritional tenets to supercharge your core musculature. “Employ these dietary changes and you’ll spark up your metabolic rate and get your mid-section functioning correctly,” he says.

http://eplanetnews.com/how-to-get-a-six-pack-with-facts

1. Avoid refined and processed foods wherever possible.

2. Try to eat six times a day – around every three hours.

3. With every meal, use a portion of protein as your base. Think eggs, fish, chicken, and other lean meats.

4. Between meals snack on nuts, seeds, avocado, olives, or small bags of snap peas.

5. For breakfast and your second meal, make sure you get some starchy carbs – oatmeal, rye, or sprouted bread – and a piece of fruit.

6. For lunch, sweet or regular potato, brown rice and quinoa are all excellent options.

7. For your evening meal, try to get some veg – but avoid root veg and any starchy carbs.

8. Drink lots of water.

9. Every 10 days give yourself one cheat meal. It can be anything you want. This might seem strict, but if you’re trying to reveal your abs in just four weeks such gastronomic sacrifices are necessary.

10. Consume one of these post-workout shakes as soon as possible after your workout. Aim for around 40-50g carbs and 20-30g protein. “This stabilises your hormonal system to enable tissue regeneration and keeps blood sugar stable,” explains Learney.

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Health / MENSTRUAL PAIN: Period Pain (dysmenorrhoea) by eplanetnews1: 10:59pm On Jul 13, 2018
MENSTRUAL PAIN: Period Pain (Dysmenorrhoea): Period Pain (Dysmenorrhoea): Dysmenorrhoea is the medical term for painful periods. It is common for periods to be painful for teenagers and young adults. Periods tend to become less painful as you get older. An anti-inflammatory painkiller often eases the pain. In most cases, the cause of the pain during periods is not clear. Sometimes, usually in women in their 30s or 40s, a problem in the pelvis causes the pain.

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Dysmenorrhea, also known as painful periods, or menstrual cramps, is pain during menstruation.[1][2] Its usual onset occurs around the time that menstruation begins.[1] Symptoms typically last less than three days.[1] The pain is usually in the pelvis or lower abdomen.[1] Other symptoms may include back pain, diarrhea, or nausea.[1]

In young women painful periods often occur without an underlying problem.[3] In older women it is more often due to an underlying issues such as uterine fibroids, adenomyosis, or endometriosis.[3] It is more common among those with heavy periods, irregular periods, whose periods started before twelve years of age, or who have a low body weight.[1] A pelvic exam in those who are sexually active and ultrasound may be useful to help in diagnosis.[1] Conditions that should be ruled out include ectopic pregnancy, pelvic inflammatory disease, interstitial cystitis, and chronic pelvic pain.[1]

Dysmenorrhea occurs less often in those who exercise regularly and those who have children early in life.[1] Treatment may include the use of a heating pad.[3] Medications that may help include NSAIDs such as ibuprofen, hormonal birth control, and the IUD with progestogen.[1][3] Taking vitamin B or magnesium may help.[2] Evidence for yoga, acupuncture, and massage is insufficient.[1] Surgery may be useful if certain underlying problems are present.[2]

Estimates of the percentage of women of reproductive age affected varying from 20 to 90%.[1] It is the most common menstrual disorder.[2] Typically it starts within a year of the first menstrual period.[1] When there is no underlying cause often the pain improves with age or following having a child.[2]

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Who has painful periods?
Most women have some pain during periods. The pain is often mild but, in about 1 in 10 women, the pain is severe enough to affect day-to-day activities. The pain can be so severe that they are unable to go to school or work. Doctors may call period pain ‘dysmenorrhoea’. Period pain is one type of pelvic pain.

Primary dysmenorrhoea is the most common type of painful periods. This occurs where there is no underlying problem of the womb (uterus) or pelvis. It often occurs in teenagers and in women in their 20s.

Secondary dysmenorrhoea is pain caused by a problem of the womb or pelvis. This is less common and is more likely to occur in women in their 30s and 40s.

Period Pain Q&A
What’s the best way to get rid of period pain? What causes period pain? How much period pain is too much? All your questions answered.

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What are the causes of painful periods?
The cause is often not clear (this is called primary dysmenorrhoea). The womb (uterus) is normal. It is thought that normal body chemicals (called prostaglandins) build up in the lining of the womb. Prostaglandins help the womb to contract and remove the lining of the womb during a period. In women with period pain there seems to be a build-up of too much prostaglandin, or the womb may be extra sensitive to the prostaglandins. This may cause the womb to contract too hard. This reduces the blood supply to the womb and leads to pain.

Secondary dysmenorrhoea
A problem of the womb or pelvis sometimes causes painful periods. For example:

Endometriosis.
Fibroids.
Infection of the womb and Fallopian tubes (pelvic inflammatory disease).

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What are the symptoms of period pain?
The main symptom is crampy pain in your lower tummy (abdomen). Often, the first few periods that you have are painless. Period pains may only begin 6-12 months after you have started your periods. The pain:

May spread to your lower back, or to the top of your legs.
Usually starts as the bleeding starts, but it may start up to a day before.
Usually lasts 12-24 hours but lasts 2-3 days in some cases.
Can vary with each period. Some periods are worse than others.
Tends to become less severe as you get older, or after having a baby.
In some women, other symptoms occur as well as pain – for example:

Headaches.
Tiredness.
Faintness.
Breast tenderness.
Feeling sick (nausea).
Bloating.
Diarrhoea.
Feeling emotional or tearful.
Note: the following are not symptoms of primary dysmenorrhoea:

High temperature (fever).
Vaginal discharge.
Sudden severe abdominal pain.
Pain when you have sex.
Vaginal bleeding between periods.
Vaginal bleeding after having sex.
You should see your doctor if any of these symptoms develop.

Secondary dysmenorrhoea
Again, the main symptom is crampy lower tummy pain during your periods. With secondary dysmenorrhoea, your periods tend to become more painful after several years of ‘normal’ periods (that is, periods with normal, mild, period pains).

The following may indicate secondary dysmenorrhoea:

If you have a change in your usual pattern of pain. For example, if your periods become more painful than they used to be, or the pain lasts longer than it used to. In some women with secondary dysmenorrhoea the pain starts several days before the period begins, and lasts all the way through the period. (This is uncommon with primary dysmenorrhoea.)
If you have other symptoms – for example:
Irregular periods.
Bleeding between periods.
Pains between periods.
The bleeding becomes heavier than previously.
Vaginal discharge.
Pain during sex.
Pain in your back passage (rectum).
You should see your doctor if you develop any of these problems.

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Signs and symptoms[edit]
The main symptom of dysmenorrhea is pain concentrated in the lower abdomen or pelvis.[1] It is also commonly felt in the right or left side of the abdomen. It may radiate to the thighs and lower back.[1]

Symptoms often co-occurring with menstrual pain include nausea and vomiting, diarrhea or constipation, headache, dizziness, disorientation, hypersensitivity to sound, light, smell and touch, fainting, and fatigue. Symptoms of dysmenorrhea often begin immediately after ovulation and can last until the end of menstruation. This is because dysmenorrhea is often associated with changes in hormonal levels in the body that occur with ovulation. The use of certain types of birth control pills can prevent the symptoms of dysmenorrhea because they stop ovulation from occurring.

Causes[edit]
Dysmenorrhea can be classified as either primary or secondary based on the absence or presence of an underlying cause. Secondary dysmenorrhea is dysmenorrhea which is associated with an existing condition.

The most common cause of secondary dysmenorrhea is endometriosis, which can be visually confirmed by laparoscopy in approximately 70% of adolescents with dysmenorrhea.[4]

Other causes of secondary dysmenorrhea include leiomyoma,[5] adenomyosis,[6] ovarian cysts, and pelvic congestion.[7]

Unequal leg length might hypothetically be one of the contributors, as it may contribute to a tilted pelvis, which may cause lower back pain,[8] which in turn may be mistaken for menstrual pain, as women with lower back pain experience increased pain during their periods.

Other skeletal abnormalities, such as scoliosis (sometimes caused by spina bifida) might be possible contributors as well.

Mechanism[edit]
During a woman’s menstrual cycle, the endometrium thickens in preparation for potential pregnancy. After ovulation, if the ovum is not fertilized and there is no pregnancy, the built-up uterine tissue is not needed and thus shed.

Molecular compounds called prostaglandins are released during menstruation, due to the destruction of the endometrial cells, and the resultant release of their contents.[9] Release of prostaglandins and other inflammatory mediators in the uterus cause the uterus to contract. These substances are thought to be a major factor in primary dysmenorrhea.[10] When the uterine muscles contract, they constrict the blood supply to the tissue of the endometrium, which, in turn, breaks down and dies. These uterine contractions continue as they squeeze the old, dead endometrial tissue through the cervix and out of the body through the vagina. These contractions, and the resulting temporary oxygen deprivation to nearby tissues, are responsible for the pain or “cramps” experienced during menstruation.

Compared

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Health / Puberty Stage For Females And Males by eplanetnews1: 7:16pm On Jul 13, 2018
teen magazine.

Don’t go on a diet to try to lose this weight. “It’s not bad fat,” says Melisa Holmes, MD, who co-wrote the Girlology book series. “Women just have to have a certain amount of body fat for reproduction and the health of our menstrual cycles.”

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When does puberty occur?
The onset of puberty varies among individuals. Puberty usually occurs in girls between the ages of 10 and 14, while in boys it generally occurs later, between the ages of 12 and 16. In some African-American girls, puberty begins earlier, at about age 9, meaning that puberty occurs from ages 9 to 14.

Adolescent girls reach puberty today at earlier ages than were ever recorded previously. Nutritional and other environmental influences may be responsible for this change. For example, the average age of the onset of menstrual periods in girls was 15 in 1900. By the 1990s, this average had dropped to 12 and a half years of age.


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Timing of Puberty
Puberty starts at different times and lasts for different periods of time for everyone. It can start as early as 8 years of age to as late as 13 years of age. The sequence of puberty – from breast development to complete physical maturation – may take a year and a half or last as long as 6 years.

This is sometimes very difficult for girls as some of their peers may have entered and completed puberty before they have even started. However, there is no way to slow or speed up the process, but puberty happens to everyone, so never fear, it will happen to you!

You may have heard that girls mature more quickly than guys, and that is somewhat true, since girls usually enter puberty about 2 years earlier than boys.

Below is a general time line for physical changes that occur during puberty (for girls):

Puberty Event Age at which it happens
Growth of breasts 8-13
Growth of pubic hair 8-14
Body Growth 9 1/2-14 1/2
First Period 10-16 1/2
Underarm Hair 2 years after pubic hair shows up
Acne Around the same time as underarm hair
Remember, puberty is not the same for everyone, so some girls will grow pubic hair before they develop breasts, and that is absolutely normal.

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What determines when puberty begins?
The timing of the onset of puberty is not completely understood and is likely determined by a number of factors. One theory proposes that reaching a critical weight or body composition may play a role in the onset of puberty. It has been proposed that the increase in childhood obesity may be related to the overall earlier onset of puberty in the general population in recent years.

Leptin, a hormone produced by fat cells (adipocytes) in the body, has been suggested as one possible mediator of the timing of puberty. In research studies, animals deficient in leptin did not undergo puberty, but puberty began when leptin was administered to the animals. Further, girls with higher concentrations of the hormone leptin are known to have an increased percentage of body fat and an earlier onset of puberty than girls with lower levels of leptin. The concentration of leptin in the blood is known to increase just before puberty in both boys and girls.

Leptin, however, is likely only one of multiple influences on the hypothalamus, an area of the brain that releases a hormone known as gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH), which in turn signals the pituitary gland to release luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH). LH and FSH secretion by the pituitary is responsible for sexual development.

Genetic factors are likely involved in the timing of puberty, and the timing of puberty has often been described to “run in families.” Additionally, a gene has been identified that appears to be critical for the normal development of puberty. The gene, known as GPR54, encodes a protein that appears to have an effect on the secretion of GnRH by the hypothalamus. Individuals who do not have a functioning copy of this gene are not able to enter puberty normally.





What are the physical stages of puberty in girls and boys?
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The changes that happen during the process of puberty have a typical pattern in both boys and girls, with a generally predictable sequence of events. In most girls, the first sign of puberty is the beginning of breast development (breast buds), which occurs at an average age of approximately 11 years. In girls, the growth of pubic hair typically begins next, followed by the growth of hair in the armpits. A minority of girls, however, begin to develop pubic hair prior to breast development. The onset of menstruation (having periods) usually happens later than the other physical changes and usually occurs around two and a half years after the onset of puberty.

A regular pattern of ovulation, corresponding to achievement of fertility, usually develops rapidly once a girl begins having menstrual periods. However, girls who have a later onset of menstruation (after age 13) tend to have lower rates of regular ovulation in the years following the onset of menstruation. Studies have shown that one-half of adolescent girls who first begin to menstruate after age 13 will not ovulate regularly over the next four and a half years.

In boys, an increase in the size of the testicles is the first change observed at the onset of puberty. Enlargement of the testicles begins at an approximate average age of 11 and a half years in boys and lasts for about six months. After enlargement of the testicles, the penis also increases in size. Enlargement of the testicles and penis almost always occurs before the development of pubic hair. The next stage is the growth of pubic hair and hair in the armpits. Next, the voice becomes deeper and muscles increase in size. The last step is usually the development of facial hair.

Fertility is achieved in males near the onset of puberty, when a surge in testosterone triggers the production of sperm.

The sequence of changes in puberty has been characterized by physicians and is referred to as sexual maturity rating (SMR) or Tanner stages, named after a physician who published a description of the sequence of physical changes in puberty in 1969. Tanner stages are determined by the development of the secondary sex characteristics and encompass changes in the size and appearance of the external Instruments, the development of pubic hair, and breast development in girls. Tanner stages allow doctors to classify the extent of development of sex characteristics into five distinct steps ranging from stage 1 (prepubertal) to stage 5 (mature adult type).





What other changes in the body occur during puberty in boys and girls?
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The “growth spurt”
A rapid increase in height, referred to as a growth spurt, usually accompanies puberty. This rapid increase in height typically lasts for two to three years. About 17%-18% of adult height is attained during puberty. Although the increase in height affects both the trunk and the limbs, growth in the limbs usually happens first. The growth spurt characteristically occurs earlier in girls than in boys, with girls having the growth spurt approximately two years prior to boys, on average. In girls, the growth spurt typically precedes the onset of menstruation by about six months.

Bone growth and mineralization
Puberty is accompanied by growth of bones and increases in bone density in both boys and girls. In girls, bone mineralization peaks around the time of the onset of menstrual periods, after the time of peak height velocity (growth spurt). Studies have shown that bone width increases first, followed by bone mineral content, and lastly by bone density. Because of the lag between bone growth and achievement of full bone density, adolescents may be at increased risk for fractures during this time.

Weight changes
Changes in weight and body composition occur in both boys and girls. Adolescent girls develop a greater proportion of body fat than boys, with redistribution of the fat toward the upper and lower portions of the body, leading to a curvier appearance. While boys also have an increase in the growth of body fat, their muscle growth is faster. By the end of puberty, boys have a muscle mass about one and a half times greater than that of comparably sized girls.

Other changes
Maturation of the cardiovascular systems and lungs results in an increased working capacity of these organs, associated with an overall increase in endurance and strength. These changes are more pronounced in boys than in girls.

What emotional changes occur in puberty in boys and girls?
Both boys and girls can experience emotional changes that accompany the myriad physical changes of puberty. These changes are not the same for all adolescents. Changes can occur in the way a teen responds to family or friends and views him- or herself. Many adolescents experience mood swings, anxiety, confusion, and sensitivity. On the other hand, not all emotional changes of puberty are related to negative thoughts or feeling upset. Puberty is also a time in which the young person learns about his or her own interests and goals and learns to relate to others in a more mature way. While some emotional changes are a normal part of puberty, it is important to seek medical help if these emotional changes are unusually severe, affect day-to-day functioning, or result in thoughts of harming oneself or others.





Stages of puberty for females
1. Breast development (Thelarche)

This is the first noticeable sign of puberty in females. The internal structures of the breast begin to develop under the influence of hormones including oestrogen and progesterone. Growth hormone and glucocorticoids then complete the development of the network of ducts within the breast, while fatty and fibrous tissue enlarge the breast. Breast development is generally completed at around the age of 20. However, minor changes occur with each menstrual cycle and the breasts change dramatically during pregnancy.

2. Growth of pubic and underarm hair (Pubarche)

Hair begins to grow and proliferate around the pubic

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Romance / BREAST GROWTH: Everyday Foods That Boost Breast Growth by eplanetnews1: 7:54pm On Jul 11, 2018
What Foods Make Your Breasts Bigger?
We already know that some foods can increase breast size, so the next question is inevitably:

What foods make your breasts bigger?

A whole variety of foods! The best part of the natural breast enhancement experience is that most everything you do for breast growth also benefits your overall body in some way. And eating your way to bigger boobs is no exception.

Go ahead. Scan the list of booby-friendly foods below and see how many of them are doctor-recommended to be in your diet anyway.

The following list of foods are both good for you and easy to find in any grocery store. Simply add them in your diet to boost your natural breast enhancement regimen.




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When it comes to the size of your breasts, there are several forces at work. Genetics, mass, age and hormones all factor in — and your diet may play a bigger role than you think. If you’d like to try increasing your breast size naturally, stock some of these foods in your refrigerator and pantry.

Why people believe these foods work

Many of these ingredients have been used for centuries around the world to enhance breast size. However, it’s important to note that there’s no direct scientific studies to support foods that increase breast tissue, just anecdotal evidence.

Still, here’s why supporters say a diet change can work: breast size is partially determined by the amount of estrogen your body is producing. The foods on this list are rich in estrogen, phytoestrogen (plant estrogen) and other compounds that mimic hormones, which stimulate breast growth.

Keep in mind that increased estrogen levels have been linked to higher incidences of breast cancer. So, if you’re planning to alter your diet, make sure to complete routine breast exams in the shower and keep an eye on your changing bust. Watch the video on the last slide to learn how to give yourself a breast exam.





Monosaturated fats
Think about it this way: your breasts are comprised of epithelial and fat tissue. So, if we want to stimulate more fat cell production, we need to make sure we’re eating healthy fats, right? In theory, monounsaturated fats may keep your metabolism burning on high while promoting breast tissue growth, at least that’s what many believe. To see if this works for you, try incorporating more olive oil, coconut oil, avocado, eggs and coldwater fish in your diet.

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Many seed varieties contain lignan, a type of phytoestrogen that mimics estrogen in the body. Try incorporating fennel seeds, flaxseeds, sesame seeds and sunflower seeds into your daily routine — these have some of the highest lignan counts in the seed family. Beyond breast size, there are other reasons to eat lignans too. One study showed a promising link between lignans and reduced risk of cardiovascular disease.

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Nuts

Nuts, as well as foods such as avocado and olive oil, are high in monosaturated fats, which are an essential building and bulking block for breast growth. They’re also incredibly easy to add into your daily diet – just grab a handful and munch away!

Nuts may help your breasts grow.Many types of nuts contain healthy fats, proteins, and isoflavones, which are similar to estrogen. Some of the best nut sources of this estrogen-like compound are almonds, chestnuts, peanuts, and pistachios.


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Vegetables
Yet another reason why you should eat your greens. Sprouts, such as alfalfa, are especially good for breast growth. Also, green leafy vegetables like spinach and the brassicas are rich in natural antioxidants.

They are also good sources of iron and calcium. Most vegetables do not contain enough phytoestrogens to increase breast tissue growth, but they are generally good for your body and will help the overall look and tone of developed breasts. Vegetables also slow the rate of the male testoterone production in women and help balance the hormones in the body, thus allowing your natural estrogen levels to take over.


Kale, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage and cauliflower all contain lignans, the same type of chemical compound found in seeds discussed earlier. While leafy green vegetables may not contain enough estrogen to make a substantial difference to breast size, they are known to inhibit testosterone production, one of the culprits behind smaller breasts. Plus, the high antioxidant and vitamin content helps promote radiant skin by building healthy tissue and protecting against free radical damage. That’s a great way to keep your breasts looking supple!

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Religion / Islam Complete History (part-2) by eplanetnews1: 7:47pm On Jul 11, 2018
This article is about the history of Islam as a culture and polity. For a history of the Islamic faith, see Islamic schools and branches.
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The history of Islam concerns the political, social,economic and cultural developments of the Islamic civilization. Despite concerns about the reliability of early sources, most historians[1] believe that Islam originated in Mecca and Medina at the start of the 7th century. Muslims however believe that it did not start with Muhammad, but that it was the original faith of others whom they regard as Prophets, such as Jesus, David, Moses, Abraham, Noah and Adam.[2][3][4]

In 610 CE, Muhammad began receiving what Muslims consider to be divine revelations.[5] Muhammad’s message won over a handful of followers and was met with increasing opposition from notables of Mecca.[6] In 618, after he lost protection with the death of his influential uncle Abu Talib, Muhammad migrated to the city of Yathrib (now known as Medina). With Muhammad’s death in 632, disagreement broke out over who would succeed him as leader of the Muslim community which was eventually resurrected leading to the First Fitna. The dispute would intensify greatly after the Battle of Karbala, in which Muhammad’s grandson Hussein ibn Ali was killed by the ruling Umayyad Caliph Yazid I, and the outcry for revenge divided the early Islamic community.

By the 8th century, the Islamic empire extended from Iberia in the west to the Indus river in the east. Polities such as those ruled by the Umayyads (in the Middle East and later in Iberia), Abbasids, Fatimids, and Mamluks were among the most influential powers in the world. The Islamic civilization gave rise to many centers of culture and science and produced notable astronomers, mathematicians, doctors and philosophers during the Golden Age of Islam.

In the early 13th century, the Delhi Sultanate took over northern parts of Indian subcontinent. In the 13th and 14th centuries, destructive Mongol invasions from the East, along with the loss of population in the Black Death, greatly weakened the traditional centers of the Islamic world, stretching from Persia to Egypt, but in the Early Modern period, the Ottomans, the Safavids, and the Mughals were able to create new world powers again. During the 19th and early 20th centuries, most parts of the Muslim world fell under the influence or direct control of European “Great Powers.” Their efforts to win independence and build modern nation states over the course of the last two centuries continue to reverberate to the present day.



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ISLAM UNTOLD STORY AND HISTORY http://eplanetnews.com/islam-complete-history-part-2

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The following timeline can serve as a rough visual guide to the most important polities in the Islamic world prior to the First World War. It covers major historical centers of power and culture, including Arabia, Mesopotamia (modern Iraq), Persia (modern Iran), Levant (modern Syria, Lebanon, Jordan and Israel/Palestine), Egypt, Maghreb (north-west Africa), al-Andalus (Iberia), Transoxania (Central Asia), Hindustan (including modern Pakistan), and Anatolia (modern Turkey). It is necessarily an approximation, since rule over some regions was sometimes divided among different centers of power, and authority in larger polities was often distributed among several dynasties. For example, during the later stages of the Abbasid Caliphate, even the capital city of Baghdad was effectively ruled by other dynasties such as the Buyyids and the Seljuks, while the Ottomans commonly delegated executive authority over outlying provinces to local potentates, such as the Deys of Algiers, the Beys of Tunis, and the Mamluks of Iraq.



Dates are approximate, consult particular articles for details.
Early sources[edit]
Main article: Historiography of early Islam
The study of the earliest periods in Islamic history is made difficult by a lack of sources.[7] For example, the most important historiographical source for the origins of Islam is the work of al-Tabari.[8] While al-Tabari was an excellent historian by the standards of his time and place, use of his work as a source is problematic for two reasons. For one, his style of historical writing permitted liberal use of mythical, legendary, stereotyped, distorted, and polemical presentations of its subject matter. Second, al-Tabari’s descriptions of the beginning of Islam post-date the events by a large amount of time, al-Tabari having died in 923 CE.[9][10]

Differing views about how to deal with the available sources has led to the development of four different approaches to the history of early Islam. All four methods have some level of support today.[11][12] The descriptive method uses the outlines of Islamic traditions, while being adjusted for the stories of miracles and faith-centred claims within those sources.[13]Edward Gibbon and Gustav Weil represent some of the first historians following the descriptive method. On the source critical method, a comparison of all the sources is sought in order to identify which informants to the sources are weak and thereby distinguish spurious material.[14] The work of William Montgomery Watt and that of Wilferd Madelung are two source critical examples. On the tradition critical method, the sources are believed to be based on oral traditions with unclear origins and transmission history, and so are treated very cautiously.[15] Ignaz Goldziher was the pioneer of the tradition critical method, and Uri Rubin gives a contemporary example. The skeptical method doubts nearly all of the material in the traditional sources, regarding any possible historical core as too difficult to decipher from distorted and fabricated material.[16] An early example of the skeptical method was the work of John Wansbrough.

Nowadays, the popularity of the different methods employed varies on the scope of the works under consideration. For overview treatments of the history of early Islam, the descriptive approach is more popular. For scholars who look at the beginnings of Islam in depth, the source critical and tradition critical methods are more often followed.[11]



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After the 8th century CE, the quality of sources improves.[17] Those sources which treated earlier times with a large temporal and cultural gap now begin to give accounts which are more contemporaneous, the quality of genre of available historical accounts improves, and new documentary sources—such as official documents, correspondence and poetry—appear.[17] For the time prior to the beginning of Islam—in the 6th century CE—sources are superior as well, if still of mixed quality. In particular, the sources covering the Sasanianrealm of influence in the 6th century CE are poor, while the sources for Byzantine areas at the time are of a respectable quality, and complemented by Syriac Christian sources for Syria and Iraq.[18]

Islamic origins[edit]
Main articles: Pre-Islamic Arabia, Religion in pre-Islamic Arabia, Muhammad, and Quran
See also: Early social changes under Islam

Arabia united under Muhammad

Islam arose within the context of Late Antiquity.[17] The second half of the sixth century CE saw political disorder in Arabia, and communication routes were no longer secure.[19] Religious divisions played an important role in the crisis.[20] Judaism became the dominant religion of the Himyarite Kingdom in Yemen after about 380 CE, while Christianity took root in the Persian Gulf.[20] While much of Arabia remained polytheistic, in line with broader trends of the age there was yearning for a more spiritual form of religion.[20] Many were reluctant to convert to a foreign faith, but those faiths provided intellectual and spiritual reference points, and Jewish and Christian loanwords from Aramaic began to replace the old pagan vocabulary of Arabic throughout the peninsula.[20] On the eve of the Islamic era, the Quraysh was the chief tribe of Mecca and a dominant force in western Arabia.[21] To counter the effects of anarchy, they upheld the institution of “sacred months” when all violence was forbidden and travel was safe.[22] The polytheistic Kaaba shrine in Mecca and the surrounding area was a popular pilgrimage destination, which had significant economic consequences for the city.[22][23]

According to tradition, the Islamic prophet Muhammad was born in Mecca around the year 570.[24] His family belonged to the Quraysh. When he was about forty years old he began receiving what Muslims regard as divine revelations delivered through the angel Gabriel, which would later form the Quran. These inspirations enjoined him to proclaim a strict monotheistic faith, to warn his compatriots of the impending Judgement Day, and to castigate social injustices of his city.[5] Muhammad’s message won over a handful of followers and was met with increasing opposition from notables of Mecca.[6] In 618, after he lost protection with the death of his influential uncle Abu Talib, Muhammad took flight to the city of Yathrib (subsequently called Medina) where he was joined by his followers.[25] Later generations would count this event, known as the hijra, as the start of the Islamic era.[26]

In Yathrib, where he was accepted as an arbitrator among the different communities of the city under the terms of the Constitution of Medina, Muhammad began to lay the foundations of the new Islamic society, with the help of new Quranic verses which provided guidance on matters of law and religious observance.[26] The surahs of this period emphasized his place among the long line of Biblical prophets, but also differentiated the message of the Quran from Christianity and Judaism.[26] Armed conflict with Meccans and Jewish tribes of the Yathrib area soon broke out.[27] After a series of military confrontations and political maneuvers, Muhammad was able to secure control of Mecca and allegiance of the Quraysh in 629.[26] In the time remaining until his death in 632, tribal chiefs across the peninsula entered into various agreements with him, some under terms of alliance, others acknowledging his prophethood and agreeing to follow Islamic practices, including paying the alms levy to his government, which consisted of a number of deputies, an army of believers, and a public treasury.[26] A few months before his death, Muhammad delivered a sermon regarding his succession. The final verse of the Qur’an (Chapter 5, Verse 3) was revealed after Muhammad finished his sermon. After the sermon, Muhammad ordered the Muslims to pledge allegiance to Ali; Abu Bakr, Umar, and Uthman were among those pledged allegiance to Ali at this event.[28][29][30][31][32]



MUST READ THIS
Islam: Prophet Muhammad and islam origin









Rashidun Caliphate[edit]
Main article: Rashidun Caliphate

The Rashidun caliphate

After Muhammad died, a series of four Caliphs governed the Islamic state: Abu Bakr (632–634), Umar ibn al-Khattab (Umar І, 634–644), Uthman ibn Affan, (644–656), and Ali ibn Abi Talib (656–661). These leaders are known as the “Rashidun” or “rightly guided” Caliphs in Sunni Islam. They oversaw the initial phase of the Muslim conquests, advancing through Persia, Levant, Egypt, and North Africa.



After Muhammad’s death, Abu Bakr, one of his closest associates, was chosen as the first caliph (Arabic: خَليفة‎ khalīfah, lit. successor). Although the office of caliph retained an aura of religious authority, it laid no claim to prophecy.[33] A number of tribal leaders refused to extend agreements made with Muhammad to Abu Bakr, ceasing payments of the alms levy and in some cases claiming to be prophets in their own right.[33] Abu Bakr asserted his authority in a successful military campaign known as the Ridda wars, whose momentum was carried into the lands of the Byzantine and Sasanian empires.[34] By the end of the reign of the second caliph, Umar I, Arab armies, whose battle-hardened ranks were now swelled by the defeated rebels[35] and former imperial auxiliary troops,[36] conquered the Byzantine provinces of Syria and Egypt, while the Sassanids lost their western territories, with the rest to follow soon afterwards.[33]

Umar improved administration of the fledgling empire, ordering improvement of irrigation networks and playing a role in foundation of cities like Basra. To be close to the poor, he lived in a simple mud hut without doors and walked the streets every evening. After consulting with the poor, Umar established the Bayt al-mal,[37][38][39] a welfare institution for the Muslim and non-Muslim poor, needy, elderly, orphans, widows, and the disabled. The Bayt al-mal ran for hundreds of years under the Rashidun Caliphate in the 7th century and continued through the Umayyad period and well into the Abbasid era. Umar also introduced child benefit for the children and pensions for the elderly.[40][41][42][43] When he felt that a governor or a commander was becoming attracted to wealth or did not meet the required administrative standards, he had him removed from his position.[44] The expansion was partially halted between 638–639 during the years of great famine and plague in Arabia and Levant, respectively, but by the end of Umar’s reign, Syria, Egypt, Mesopotamia, and much of Persia were incorporated into the Islamic State.

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Religion / Islam Complete History (part-1) by eplanetnews1: 6:58pm On Jul 11, 2018
ISLAM: The Islamic World is no longer somewhere else… instead, Chicago, with its 50 mosques and nearly half a million Muslims, is part of the Islamic world.
Mohammed, on a blue donkey, with the Archangel Gabriel; 'Siyer-i Nebi,' 1595; Topkapi Palace Museum, Istanbul, Turkey
The Harvard Pluralism Project

http://eplanetnews.com/islam-complete-history-part-1
http://eplanetnews.com/islam-complete-history-part-1


An April 2001 survey by CAIR found 69 percent of Muslims in America saying it is “absolutely fundamental” or “very important” to have Salafi (similar to radical Wahhabi Islamic ideology) teachings at their mosques (67 percent of respondents also expressed agreement with the statement “America is an immoral, corrupt society”).

Dr. Moorthy Muthuswamy

ISLAM: The Qur’an tells us: “not to make friendship with Jews and Christians” (5:51), “kill the disbelievers wherever we find them” (2:191), “murder them and treat them harshly” (9:123), “fight and slay the Pagans, seize them, beleaguer them, and lie in wait for them in every stratagem” (9:5). The Qur’an demands that we fight the unbelievers, and promises “If there are twenty amongst you, you will vanquish two hundred: if a hundred, you will vanquish a thousand of them” (8:65).

Institute for the Secularisation of Islamic Society http://eplanetnews.com/islam-complete-history-part-1

ISLAM is one of the world’s fastest growing religions, through conversion but mostly through reproduction, there is a tremendous need to address this subject, which, because of crazed Islamic fanatics, strikes fear in the hearts of many non-Muslims. Competing with Christianity, with some 270 million people dead in its name Islam represents one of the bloodiest and most repressive ideologies that humankind has yet come up with.

This subject is highly important not only because of Islam’s expansion and the coming together of its leaders from around the world, Shia Muslims in India celebrating the annual holiday of Ashura by mutilating themselves and their children in an act called but also because certain Muslim leaders, anxious to rectify Islam’s bad rep, are making statements such as, “There are 1.8 billion Muslims in the world, and 99.9% are peace-loving” (Haitham Bundakji). Were this statement true, it would be both frightening in its enormity and reassuring in its docility. However, Islamic doctrine is anything but “peace-loving,” as it constantly calls for the slaying of “idolaters” and “infidels” (e.g.,Q 2:191, 9:5, 9:73), among other harsh commentary in the Koran as well as other texts such as the hadiths.

While this 1.8 billion figure seems to be high for the present, according to various predictions and stated Islamist goals Islam will sweep the world, but, contrary to the best wishes of some of its adherents, this invasion will not be peaceful. It would be safe to say that few non-Muslims would like to see this world taken over by Islam, which, along with Christianity, represents the worst of Oriental despotism. Many futurists and visionaries would like to see this planet pry itself free of religions, especially those stuck in the Dark Ages. Indeed, to those who enjoy the ultimate freedom of expression, these predictions and predations are chilling, because Islam is a fervid theocracy with little room for individuality, not to mention that it utterly denigrates the female aspect of creation.

MUST READ http://eplanetnews.com/islam-complete-history-part-1


Women Oppression and Cultural Bigotry
This repression of the female is sadly ironic when one considers the roots of Islam, but it is not unexpected in a world that, for the past severalFour Muslim women in Kuwait City waiting for their (shared) husband. 'Kuwait law allows each Muslim husband up to four wives, who must be covered from head toe while in public and walk behind the man.' (Photo: SSgt. Derrick C. Goode, USAF)thousand years, has done everything within its power to subjugate women simply because of physical differences, a male-domination need shared with the apes and other “lesser beasts.” While some may claim that this subjugation and enslavement of women is a cultural tradition, rather than a religious one, it matters not, for it comes hand-in-hand with religions which teach that there is some separate outerspace god who is exclusively male. In Islam, this god is interpreted through the minds of Muslims as being an Arab or Persian man, as opposed to the Jewish man of the Judeo-Christian ideology. This racist, ethnocentric, culturally bigoted and sexist interpretation of any “infinite” god would appear to be absolute nonsense. Yet, in what seems to be supreme arrogance and megalomania, many individuals would like the entire world to believe it is true.

What are the origins of Islam? Well, the Muslim religion is obviously built upon the Judeo-Christian tradition, but it is also a reaction to said tradition, which excluded and vilified the various Arab cultures. Like their Jewish brothers and sisters, the Semitic Arabs trace their lineage to the biblical patriarch Abraham, who is depicted in the Bible as having mated with Hagar the Egyptian, producing the progenitor of the Arab race, Ishmael. While the Jewish contingent interprets this tale to justify its own ethnocentric ideology, Muslims interpret it to fit theirs, claiming that “God” would make of Ishmael’s people a “great nation” (Gen 21:18). Typically, instead of searching for the truth about this tale, its proponents have turned it into a political competition for global domination.

MUST READ http://eplanetnews.com/islam-complete-history-part-1


The Fictional Patriarch
Like numerous biblical characters, Abraham is evidently a mythological construct, not a “real person.” As superb independent scholar Barbara G. Walker states in The Woman’s Encyclopedia of Myths and Secrets (5-6) concerning Abraham:

“This name meaning ‘Father Brahm’ seems to have been a Semitic version of India’s patriarchal god Brahma; he was also the Islamic Abrama, founder of Mecca. But Islamic legends say Abraham was a late intruder into the shrine of the Kaaba. He bought it from priestesses of its original Goddess. Sarah, ‘the Queen’ was one of the Goddess’s titles, which became a name of Abraham’s biblical ‘wife.’ Old Testament writers pretended Sarah’s alliances with Egyptian princes were only love-affairs arranged by Abraham for his own profit—which unfortunately presented him as a love-vendor (Genesis 12:16) as well as a would-be murderer of his son (Genesis 22:10).

Abraham sacrificing Isaac; Rembrandt, 1635“In the tale of Isaac’s near-killing, Abraham assumed the role of sacrificial priest in the druidic style, to wash Jehovah’s sacred trees with the Blood of the Son: an ancient custom, of which the sacrifice of Jesus was only a late variant. Jehovah first appeared to Abraham at the sacred oak of Shechem, where Abraham built his altar. Later Abraham build an altar to the oak god of Mamre at Hebron. Even in the 4th century A.D., Constantine said Abraham’s home at the Oak of Mamre was still a shrine: ‘It is reported that most damnable idols are set up beside it, and that an altar stands hard by, and that unclean sacrifices are constantly offered.'”

http://eplanetnews.com/islam-complete-history-part-1

read complete story above

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Jobs/Vacancies / Nigeria Customs Service Recruitment Form 2018 by eplanetnews1: 6:36pm On Jul 11, 2018
There’s a whole lot of news about NIGERIA CUSTOMS SERVICE RECRUITMENT 2018. The major news/talk is when NCSR 2018 will commence.

The service Public Relations Officer, Mr Joseph Attah told the News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) that there has been no date for the proposed NCSR 2018 which went further to stress that the propaganda has been caused by internet fraudsters , cashing in on the desperation of job seekers to extort money from them.
http://eplanetnews.com/nigeria-customs-service-recruitment-form-2018
http://eplanetnews.com/nigeria-customs-service-recruitment-form-2018

Before you go on to read note that Nigeria customs service recruitment form is not out, you will be informed in due time about its progress.

“I want Nigerians to know that Customs is not recruiting currently and we don’t know how many times we have to say this.

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Romance / Relationship Tips:”is It Acceptable To Have Sex On Your First Date?” by eplanetnews1: 1:41am On Jul 10, 2018
Even in 2018, some women still believe that if they have sex on a first date, they’ll automatically be labeled “not marriage material.” (You know the old saying: “Why buy the com http://eplanetnews.com/relationship-tipsis-it-acceptable-to-have-sex-on-your-first-date

w when you can get the milk for free?” Yeah, that’s a dumb saying.) http://eplanetnews.com/relationship-tipsis-it-acceptable-to-have-sex-on-your-first-date

“There is still some holding onto what people might call outdated dating values,” says Lawrence Siegel, a clinical sexologist and sex educator. “Either there is still a stigma, or there is a fear that there is a stigma.” http://eplanetnews.com/relationship-tipsis-it-acceptable-to-have-sex-on-your-first-date

But while we typically think of the “is it acceptable to have sex on the first date? ” question as exclusive to women, men struggle with this question, too -although in a different way. If a guy has sex on the first date, it’s essentially a signal to the other person that all they care about is sex, even if that’s not necessarily the case. And if it is the case, having sex on the first date can send mixed messages to the other person.

“I’ve been on dates before where I turned down sex on the first date, despite being attracted to the other person, because of the potential repercussions,” “I could tell she was feeling a more emotional connection than I was.” http://eplanetnews.com/relationship-tipsis-it-acceptable-to-have-sex-on-your-first-date

Luckily, the infamy surrounding sex on the first date is rapidly changing – for both genders. According to a survey conducted by OkCupid, 46 percent of users would consider having sex on the first date. “Today I think we are having much more sex on the first date because of technology, as well as more relaxed attitudes about sex, especially for women,” says sex therapist Dr. Debra Laino.

There are a few reasons why sex on the first date isn’t just not a bad idea, but a really great one.

1) It helps establish whether you have feelings for each other. http://eplanetnews.com/relationship-tipsis-it-acceptable-to-have-sex-on-your-first-date

More often than not, it takes time to figure out if another person is the right one for you. But every once in a while, you meet someone and

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Romance / How To Make Your Man Miss You Badly In Your Relationship by eplanetnews1: 1:33am On Jul 10, 2018
How to make him miss you is essential in creating that internal desire or relationship glue that keeps couples together. It’s all about creating those memories that stand the test of time and create that internal never-ending “want.”
Whether you are targeting a guy that you know likes you, you’re in a loving relationship, or you’re trying to get a guy back because he dumped you, making him miss you is your way in. http://eplanetnews.com/how-to-make-your-man-miss-you-badly-in-your-relationship

It’s nice to be wanted and even better to be desired. Understanding how you can create that “miss you” factor means you are heading down the right path of building your union strong. Add to that, knowing how to make him love you more and you are in great shape! http://eplanetnews.com/how-to-make-your-man-miss-you-badly-in-your-relationship

Life is what you make it. Love is what you make it.
Use these practical and clever tips and tricks to make your man miss you and love you more, and you’re going to be a very happy and cherished woman. Exactly what you deserve.

IT’S TIME TO UNCOVER THE TOP SECRET STRATEGIES ON HOW TO MAKE HIM MISS YOU MORE
http://eplanetnews.com/how-to-make-your-man-miss-you-badly-in-your-relationship
http://eplanetnews.com/how-to-make-your-man-miss-you-badly-in-your-relationship


Make Him Miss You by Being a Social Butterfly
make him miss you by being a social butterfly
Mix and mingle at a party to show him your independent side.
Let’s look at two scenarios:

Lydia and Jon go to a party. She doesn’t really know anyone, so she clings to him shyly all night. He’d like to break free and catch up with his buddies in the corner, but he feels like leaving her will be a bad idea.

Sasha and Brett go to the same party. She doesn’t know anyone either, but immediately lets go of his hand, grabs a drink, and ends up talking to a group of people for an hour. When Brett looks over, she seems to be having a blast.

Do you think Jon or Brett will be more excited about asking his lady out again?

It may be early days in this might-be-a-relationship, but practicing independence early on sets a good precedence. Dr. John Gottman, relationship expert and author of The Seven Principles for Making Marriage Work, stresses the importance of autonomy in a relationship. Having different interests, friends, and activities make for a more balanced couple.

And 39% of couples have a healthier relationship because they have independence from one another when they need it.

Now, you may be nowhere near needing to make a marriage work, but the same principles apply. Attend a social function together — but apart, at least some of the time — and I guarantee he will be attracted by your independence.

Okay, Adam, you say, how does that actually work?

At the next party or event you attend together, leave his side and start talking to other people. Maybe you see a friend of your cousin’s. Go say hi, and introduce yourself to her friends. If the music is irresistible, get out there and cut a rug.

Now, this is not to make your date jealous. I don’t want you to start chatting up another guy and then keep looking over to see if he’s paying attention to you talking to some dude.

No, I want you to actually work the room. Be incredibly social and talk to a lot of different people. Some women and some men. Make new friends. Compliment someone on her dress. Forget he’s even in the same room for a while. Have fun.

But know this: he’s going to notice that you’re talking to a lot of people, and that you’re not necessarily engaging with him. He’ll squirrel away this information, and that’s a good thing. Throughout the night, catch his eye across the room (how poetic!) and give him a smile.

And then as the night goes on, let him come to you. You’ll have lots of things to discuss, as you share the conversations and experiences you had that evening. But don’t reattach to him just yet…

TELL HIM ALL ABOUT YOUR AWESOME DAY
The truth is, your guy wants to be the only thing that makes you smile, according to relationship experts at YouQueen. If you let him know you’re having fun without him, a night with the girls or maybe a hike with friends, then he’s really going to want to be a part of it all.

Guys are genetically programmed to want to be the sole factor in making you smile. However, if you’re smiling when he’s not beside you then you’re going to trigger him to pay attention and increase that internal need to be the one putting a smile on your face.

Super easy when you think about it.







Make Him Miss You with the Touch and Flake Technique
make him miss you with the touch and flake
A subtle touch will get his attention.
This tactic works following the first one, while you’re still at that party.

I call this highly effective strategy for getting him to miss you the Touch and Flake.

Never underestimate the power of touch. And yet…men are the ones who somehow miss the value. In a recent study, 33% of men said they have never tried touching a woman they like as a way to escalate intimacy.

Wow.

I’m sure those women they didn’t touch were pretty disappointed.

But that just proves my point. A well-planned press of
http://eplanetnews.com/how-to-make-your-man-miss-you-badly-in-your-relationship

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Jobs/Vacancies / How To Apply For FRSC Recruitment 2018/2019 by eplanetnews1: 1:25am On Jul 10, 2018
Application Requirements:
A:
http://eplanetnews.com/how-to-apply-for-frsc-recruitment-2018-2019
West African School Certificate (WASC) or Senior Secondary School Certificate (SSSC) with Credits in not less than three (3) subjects including English and at least passes in two (2) other subjects; or
National Examination Council (NECO)/General Certificate of Education (GCE) Ordinary Level with passes in four (4) subjects obtained at one sitting or five (5) subjects obtained at two sittings including English Language.)
B:
http://eplanetnews.com/how-to-apply-for-frsc-recruitment-2018-2019
National Diploma (ND) obtained from a recognized institution.
National Certificate of Education (NCE) from a recognized institution; or
General Certificate of Education (Advance Level) in two (2) subjects obtained at one sitting or three (3) subjects obtained at two sittings.)
How to Apply for FRSC 2018/2019
http://eplanetnews.com/how-to-apply-for-frsc-recruitment-2018-2019
is as follows true eplanetnews.com

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Romance / Re: Things You Didnt Know About Swallowing Your Partner’s Ejaculate by eplanetnews1: 1:20am On Jul 10, 2018
that is what you think
Colourich:
Thats very disgusting.
Romance / Here’s How To Make ANY Woman Squirt by eplanetnews1: 4:18pm On Jul 04, 2018
Splash zone!
http://eplanetnews.com/heres-how-to-make-any-woman-squirt
Why is female squirting so hot anyway? Most guys wouldn’t want a woman peeing on them. (Eh,actually, never mind that thought.)
http://eplanetnews.com/heres-how-to-make-any-woman-squirt
Nevertheless, female squirting is hot because it’s not really pee, it’s a special ejaculate that comes from a woman’s genitals when she is extremely aroused. While she may feel embarrassed that she’s this excited, a major ego boost for you!
http://eplanetnews.com/heres-how-to-make-any-woman-squirt
She often screams like a banshee, which is like music to a guy’s ears. That’s why we’ve put together a beginners guide on how to make a woman squirt.
http://eplanetnews.com/heres-how-to-make-any-woman-squirt
A Medical Controversy

Now before we move on, we should admit that not everyone is convinced that female ejaculation can happen or agrees on where the fluid actually comes from inside the body.

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Romance / Things You Didnt Know About Swallowing Your Partner’s Ejaculate by eplanetnews1: 4:05pm On Jul 04, 2018
Things you didnt know about Swallowing Your Partner’s Ejaculate: Swallowing a partner’s ejaculate may be an erotic activity to some; however, others may find this activity unappealing. Choosing to swallow, spit out, or refrain from touching semen are all personal preferences that should be respected. It is important to learn about the biology behind semen, safe sex practices, communication with your partner, and experimentation so that you may discover your own preferences about swallowing ejaculate.
http://eplanetnews.com/things-you-didnt-know-about-swallowing-your-partners-ejaculate


What’s in It?
Semen is made up of a few different components. Approximately 80 percent of semen is made up of water.1 Semen also contains amino acids and protein, sugars such as fructose and glucose, minerals such as zinc and calcium, vitamin C, and a few other nutrients. Sperm cells themselves make up less than one percent of semen.1
http://eplanetnews.com/things-you-didnt-know-about-swallowing-your-partners-ejaculate


Is It Safe to Ingest?
As shown, the components of semen are edible. If swallowed, ejaculate will travel down the esophagus and into the stomach, where it will be digested in the same way that food is.
http://eplanetnews.com/things-you-didnt-know-about-swallowing-your-partners-ejaculate
In rare cases, a person may discover that they have an allergy to the proteins found in semen: a condition known as seminal plasma hypersensitivity.2 Though this is very uncommon, it is wise to be aware of this allergy.

http://eplanetnews.com/things-you-didnt-know-about-swallowing-your-partners-ejaculate
It is important to note that semen can carry sexually transmitted infections (STIs), so we recommend that you and your partner both get tested for STIs before engaging in MouthAction. If you or your partner have not been tested, we recommend using a barrier method of birth control for MouthAction and abstaining from making contact with ejaculate.


http://eplanetnews.com/things-you-didnt-know-about-swallowing-your-partners-ejaculate
What Does It Taste Like?
The taste of semen may vary widely. Semen’s alkaline quality may give it a bitter taste. It contains sugars such as fructose, so it may also sometimes have a sweet taste.3 A high sugar content is also common to ejaculate produced by men with diabetes.3

Based on anecdotal evidence, one may expect to find the taste of semen anywhere from enjoyable to tasteless to disgusting.2 Each person’s body may produce a unique taste that can change depending on hydration and dietary choices.

Some evidence suggest that it is possible to alter or improve the taste of semen through specific diet practices. The primary way of controlling the taste of semen is through diet. In a small experiment done by BBC, a researcher asked three different couples to participate in a semen taste test. Each of the three males ate distinct meals that were different from their regular daily food intake for two days. On the third day, their partners were asked to sample the semen. Two out of three of the partners were able to detect a difference in taste.4

read the complete articles and then get educated

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Romance / How To Help Men Last Longer During Sex (for Women) After Reading This Article by eplanetnews1: 3:57pm On Jul 04, 2018
How To Help Men Last Longer During Sex (For Women)
http://eplanetnews.com/how-to-help-men-last-longer-during-sex-for-women
I was surprised to learn recently that 30% of my readers and 20% of those who purchase my Ejaculation Freedom program are women. This shows that there are a lot of men out there who are failing to address this issue themselves, and leaving it up to you, their partners to take action.
But don’t blame him for it just yet.
http://eplanetnews.com/how-to-help-men-last-longer-during-sex-for-women
It’s really tough for a guy to experience premature ejaculation. I used to experience it myself so I know first hand how confronting it can be for a guy. We are supposed to be masculine and in control, and to be able to satisfy our partner sexually.

But when premature ejaculation occurs, all control is lost and there is absolutely nothingguys can do about it. At least that what it feels like when it first happens. At that stage most guys are unaware that there are systematic training methods and techniques that can help build control.
http://eplanetnews.com/how-to-help-men-last-longer-during-sex-for-women
Here’s some things you can do to help your partner

Ways To Help Your Man Last Longer In bed
Be conscious of his arousal levels during sex by being aware of his bodily movements and facial expressions
touch and focus on non-sexual areas during sex. This can help draw his attention away from just focusing on his genitals
Never compare him to a previous partner as this can cause havoc mentally.
Understand how positions effect his control. All men are different but generally side positions or you on top are easier for most men (this is due to the decrees in muscular tension required).
http://eplanetnews.com/how-to-help-men-last-longer-during-sex-for-women
Talk about it with him: Though make sure to bring it up the right way (see below)
Don’t laugh at him (unless he is laughing with you). I always encourage the guys I coach to lighten the mood and not take themselves to seriously. The best way to do this is to may a joke about about their poor lasting time. it’s best to let him lead in this area.
Make him aware that there are effective training methods that he can use and that you will help him.
How To Talk To Your Man About His Premature Ejaculation

http://eplanetnews.com/how-to-help-men-last-longer-during-sex-for-women
Bringing up the topic to your man can be hard. I’m sure you know him best but here’s a few general rules to follow

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Jobs/Vacancies / Mondelēz Int. Tax Manager, West Africa Job Vacancy by eplanetnews1: 4:24am On Jul 03, 2018
Mondelēz Int. Tax Manager Job description
Description:
Do you go big or small…..? Yes!
We Mondelēz Int. believe in both. That’s why we’re a $30 billion company with the mindset of a start-up. So big idea, small idea, or somewhere in between, here’s your chance to share it with us.

Industry:
Food Production Food & Beverages Consumer Goods

Job Functions:
Finance Accounting/Auditing

Seniority Level:
Mid-Senior level

Your Challenges as the Job Occupant:
Mondelēz Int. Tax Manager reports globally and is responsible for direct tax matters in Nigeria, Ghana & Kenya.

Responsibilities:
The Responsibilities of the Mondelēz Int. Tax Manager include managing all direct tax compliance requirements, supporting tax audits and advising on complex business and tax technical matters.
Issues involve tax, legal, financial, organizational and other areas requiring extensive knowledge of the relevant countries, teamwork and the ability to undertake prompt tax research and comprehensive analysis.
Read also: ERICSSON: Integration Engineer job vacancy

Read also: Job Vacancy: Business Development Manager (Heath Systems)

Further challenges:

read full details of this job here http://eplanetnews.com/mondelez-int

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Sports / Transfer Updates: Valencia Want To Take Andre Gomes Back On Loan From Barca by eplanetnews1: 11:37pm On Jun 26, 2018
Valencia and Barcelona have had preliminary conversations about the future or Portugal midfielder Andre Gomes.
Both the player and Barça are in agreement that the best solution this summer is for him to leave Camp Nou to re-find the form he’s lost.

No on doubts Gomes’ ability but his creative block when he comes on to the pitch in a Barça shirt has seen him fail to live up ti the expectations which surrounded his arrival in 2016.

Pending better offers, Valencia are currently the club leading the way in the bid to sign him, although they’re a long way from satisfying the demands of Barça, who want to sell for more than 30 million euros.

Valencia, who sold Gomes to Barça two years ago, want to bring him back to the Mestalla, but only on loan, which doesn’t interest those in charge in the offices on Arístides Maillol.

It’s even less tempting for Barça due to the fact that Los Che aren’t even offering to cover his full salary during the loan.

If Barça finally decide to let him leave on loan, it would only be if his wages are completely covered for the duration of his stay at Valenia.

read more details here http://eplanetnews.com/transfer-updates-valencia-want-to-take-andre-gomes-back-on-loan-from-barca
Sports / Mikel Obi Finally Reveals What REALLY Happened When He Rejected Man United For C by eplanetnews1: 11:24pm On Jun 26, 2018
John Obi Mikel has lifted the lid on why he chose Chelsea over Manchester United 12 years ago.

Sir Alex Ferguson thought he had won the race for the talented Nigerian’s signature in 2006, and he was even pictured in a United shirt, only for him to join Jose Mourinho at Stamford Bridge instead.

And the 31-year-old has revealed that he made the move to the Blues in order to help some of his countrymen find a club.



Speaking to the Players’ Tribune, he wrote: ‘I know what you’re thinking.

‘So before I tell you my story, let’s just get that bit out of the way first. It’s been more than a decade and I still get asked this one thing about my time in England.

‘”Hey, what happened to you signing for Manchester United? How come you swapped for Chelsea at the last minute?” Every time.

‘I’ll tell you what happened. I had all these people on both sides fighting over me. Agents, managers, strangers, guys handing me papers. I had Sir Alex Ferguson calling me on the phone on one side.

‘And I had Roman Abramovich on the other side, putting me up in London, hiding me somewhere where only a few people knew where I was. It was really confusing, and I was a kid, you know?





‘After a while, someone from FIFA gave me a phone call. They said, “Listen, we know you’re young and you have these two clubs fighting over you. We can’t decide for you. You can only go where you want. You have to tell us.

‘I thought about it for a long time. It was the biggest decision of my life.

read complete information about this here http://eplanetnews.com/mikel-obi-finally-reveals-what-really-happened-when-he-rejected-man-united-for-chelsea

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Sports / Russia 2018 World Cup – Nigeria Vs Argentina: The Voice Of A Nigerian Youth by eplanetnews1: 10:31pm On Jun 26, 2018
SUPER EAGLES IN A MAKE OR MAR CLASH WITH ARGENTINA
By 7pm Nigerian time this evening, soccer crazy Nigerians will stayed glue to their television sets watching and at the same time praying for their darling team, as they file out in a titanic battle against mercurial Lionel Messi and his gang in the final group stage of the 2018 world cup in Russia.

Both sides really know what is at stake at this stage of the competition as they all need outright victory against each other to still remain in contention, The Argentines are going to be under serious pressure to turn the tables against the youngsters from Nigeria in order not to exit early against the prediction of bookmakers.

This epic clash promises to be thrilling , entertaining, dicey, tension soaked with a lot of drama and fireworks since the largely inexperienced Gernot Rohr’s tutored side can’t afford to be complacent at this crucial stage and the Argentines too know that a draw will definitely see them taking the next available flight to Buenos Aries.

Nigerians will indeed be banking on the superlative performance of their on song talisman, Ahmed Musa who is an old warhorse in this battle to re-enact his previous world cup form of 2014 to take the Eagles of Argentina to the cleaners when he replied Messi too with a brace

The setting is now entirely different especially with the former world best player not really living up to expectations and the shocked ice rubbed on their bodies by debutant Iceland in the opening game yet to melt completely. The dazzling wonder whiz kids from Nigerians must put all spanners in the works to nick this one in a grand style and upset and tear the form books into smithereens now that the ovation is very louder. It is now or never.

What may be the Achilles heels and cause the Super Eagles the much needed victory will be momentarily loss of concentration since a side that has given away two avoidable penalties in two subsequent matches can not be adjudged to be a world class team by all standards. This is indeed a clear manifestation of the undisputed fact that they may easily crumble and cave in under much and constant pressure when it matters most.

Ekong , Ebuehi and Balogun should avoid being complacent in the heart of the defence or they will surely be get punished by slippery ball jugglers in the mould of Messi, Aguero et all.Kenneth Omeruo should be able to bring in his world cup experience and be a stabilising factor here too.It is really a pity that match rusty Ogenyi Onazi is yet to be fielded owing to his poor and deteriorating form or his experience too would have come very handy too


read complete details here http://eplanetnews.com/russia-2018-world-cup-nigeria-vs-argentina-the-voice-of-a-nigerian-youth
Sports / Worldcup Updates: Spain 2-2 Morocco: La Roja Finish First In Group B Setting Up by eplanetnews1: 10:21pm On Jun 26, 2018
Game is over and the final score is Spain 2–2 Morocco. La Roja finish first in Group B with dramatic Portugal draw, setting up meeting with Russia in knockout stages.
2018 World Cup
2–2
Isco (19′)
K. Boutaïb (14′)
Youssef En-Nesyri (81′)
Match Events
14′ GOAL! Spain 0-1 Morocco (K. Boutaib)







Worldcup updates: Spain 2-2 Morocco: La Roja finish first in Group B setting up meeting with Russia
Goal! Spain 0, Morocco 1. Khalid Boutaïb (Morocco) left footed shot from the centre of the box to the centre of the goal.

19′ GOAL! Spain 1-1 Morocco (Isco)




Goal! Spain 1, Morocco 1. Isco (Spain) right footed shot from the centre of the box to the top left corner. Assisted by Andrés Iniesta.

23′ CHANCE! Pique’s header saved


24′ De Gea makes his first save of this World Cup




45′ Diego Costa misses a golden chance



54′ CLOSE! Amrabat’s shot off the bar



61′ What a clearance from Morocco defender



64′ CLOSE! Pique’s header wide out


watch and view a complete highlights of the match here
http://eplanetnews.com/worldcup-updates-spain-2-2-morocco-la-roja-finish-first-in-group-b-setting-up-meeting-with-russia
Sports / Worldcup Updates: Iran 1-1 Portugal: Ronaldo Misses Penalty To Cost Portugal Top by eplanetnews1: 10:14pm On Jun 26, 2018
Iran 1-1 Portugal: Ronaldo misses penalty to cost Portugal top spot with Spain draw
2018 World Cup
1–1
Ansarifard (92′)
Ricardo Quaresma (45′)
Match Events


2′ CHANCE! Ronaldo’s shot saved



Ronaldo! The Real Madrid star has the first chance of the game as he cuts in off the left wing and weaves his way between three Iranian defenders before putting the ball straight to Beiranvand in goal at the near-left post.

8′ CHANCE! Mario’s shot over the bar



Joao Mario! What a chance for Portugal. Ronaldo floats a lovely cross in from the left that is cleared to the feet of his teammate after a mix-up between Iranian keeper Beiranvand and Ezatolahi, only for the midfielder to blast it well over the crossbar.


The two Iran players have a little scrap themselves after that breakdown in communication.

33′ CHANCE! Ezatolahi’s header saved by Patricio

go true the complete highlights and details of the match here

http://eplanetnews.com/worldcup-updates-iran-1-1-portugal-ronaldo-misses-penalty-to-cost-portugal-top-spot-with-spain-draw
Phones / Apple To Patch Holes On FBI by eplanetnews1: 4:49pm On Jun 16, 2018
Apple's effort to protect its devices is about to tick off the FBI again. The company is closing off an unintended security hole in iOS that law enforcement has been using to hack into iPhones.

The security hole has to do with the Lightning port, which can offer USB access to an Apple product. That same access can be exploited by special police-purchased tools to break into fully-locked iPhones.

On Wednesday, Apple said it was aware of the vulnerability and decided to patch it. An upcoming iOS update will disable electronic access to the Lightning port an hour after the iPhone has been locked. (When the one hour is up, only battery charging through the port will be allowed.)
Click here for more :http://eplanetnews.com/apple-to-patch-holes-on-fbi
Sports / World Cup Classic Pics by eplanetnews1: 2:47pm On Jun 16, 2018
For the love of soccer.

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