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Health / Re: World AIDS Day 2022 by FreeSTDSelfTest(m): 8:03am On May 12, 2023
Testing of new partner firstly is key to prevent Syphilis, Herpes, Chlamydia, HIV, etc


boodcheck:
WHAT IS HIV AIDS

HIV which stands for "Human Immunodeficiency Virus" is a Virus  which targets the immune system and weakens people's defense against many infections and some types of cancer that people with healthy immune systems can more easily fight off. As the virus destroys and impairs the function of immune cells, infected individuals gradually become immunodeficient and the Immune function of the body is measured by CD4 cell count.

The most advanced stage of HIV infection is acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), which can take many years to develop if not treated, depending on the individual. AIDS is defined by the development of certain cancers, infections or other severe long-term clinical manifestations.

WORLD AIDS DAY 2022

Today being 1st December 2022, is World Aids day & its a day set aside remember all HIV Aids Patients and efforts that are ongoing to curtail the spread of AIDS in the world.

Estimated population worldwide as at 2020 for different continents are as follows; Asia 4,641,054,775, Africa 1,340,598,147, Europe 747,636,026, North America 592,072,212, South America 430,759,766, Australia/Oceania 43,111,704. HIV has continued to be a major global public health issue in the world as it has claimed over 40.1 million lives according to WHO.

From records presented by WHO, in 2021, about 650, 000 people died from HIV related causes and 1.5 million people acquired HIV.

CURE FOR HIV

There is no known cure for HIV infection. However, with increasing access to effective HIV prevention, diagnosis, treatment and care, including for opportunistic infections, HIV infection has become a manageable chronic health condition, enabling people living with HIV to live long and healthy lives.
There were an estimated 1,618,38.4 million [33.9–43.8 million] people living with HIV at the end of 2021, two thirds of whom (25.6 million) are in the WHO African Region. Just in Nigeria an estimated 1,618,133 Nigerians are living with HIV.

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS

The symptoms of HIV vary depending on the stage of infection. Though people living with HIV tend to be most infectious in the first few months after being infected, many are unaware of their status until the later stages. In the first few weeks after initial infection people may experience no symptoms or an influenza-like illness including fever, headache, rash or sore throat.

As the infection progressively weakens the immune system, they can develop other signs and symptoms, such as swollen lymph nodes, weight loss, fever, diarrhea and cough. Without treatment, they could also develop severe illnesses such as tuberculosis (TB), cryptococcal meningitis, severe bacterial infections, and cancers such as lymphomas and Kaposi's sarcoma.

TRANSMISSION

HIV can be transmitted via the exchange of a variety of body fluids from infected people, such as blood, breast milk, semen and vaginal secretions. HIV can also be transmitted from a mother to her child during pregnancy and delivery. Individuals cannot become infected through ordinary day-to-day contact such as kissing, hugging, shaking hands, or sharing personal objects, food or water.

It is important to note that people with HIV who are taking ART and are virally suppressed do not transmit HIV to their sexual partners. Early access to ART and support to remain on treatment is therefore critical not only to improve the health of people with HIV but also to prevent HIV transmission.

RISK FACTOR
Behaviours and conditions that put individuals at greater risk of contracting HIV include:

- Having condomless anal or vaginal sex;
- Having another sexually transmitted infection (STI) such as syphilis, herpes, chlamydia, gonorrhea and bacterial vaginosis;
- Engaging in harmful use of alcohol and drugs in the context of sexual behavior;
- sharing contaminated needles, syringes and other injecting equipment and drug solutions when injecting drugs;
- Receiving unsafe injections, blood transfusions and tissue transplantation, and medical procedures that involve unsterile cutting or piercing; and
- Experiencing accidental needle stick injuries, including among health workers.

DIAGNOSIS
HIV can be diagnosed through rapid diagnostic tests that provide same-day results. This greatly facilitates early diagnosis and linkage with treatment and care. People can also use HIV self-tests to test themselves. However, no single test can provide a full HIV positive diagnosis; confirmatory testing is required, conducted by a qualified and trained health or community worker at a community centre or clinic. HIV infection can be detected with great accuracy using WHO prequalified tests within a nationally approved testing strategy and algorithm.

Most widely-used HIV diagnostic tests detect antibodies produced by the person as part of their immune response to fight HIV. In most cases, people develop antibodies to HIV within 28 days of infection. During this time, people experience the so-called window period – when HIV antibodies haven’t been produced in high enough levels to be detected by standard tests and when they may have had no signs of HIV infection, but also when they may transmit HIV to others. After infection without treatment and viral suppression, an individual may transmit HIV transmission to a sexual or drug-sharing partner or for pregnant women to their infant during pregnancy or the breastfeeding period.

Following a positive diagnosis, people should be retested before they are enrolled in treatment and care to rule out any potential testing or reporting error prior to starting life-long treatment. It is important to support people with HIV to stay on treatment and provide counselling messages and services when there are concerns about the accuracy of their diagnosis or if they stop treatment and care and need to be re-engaged.

While testing for adolescents and adults has been made simple and efficient, this is not the case for babies born to HIV-positive mothers. For children less than 18 months of age, rapid antibody testing is not sufficient to identify HIV infection – virological testing must be provided as early as birth or at 6 weeks of age. New technologies are now available to perform this test at the point of care and enable same-day results, which will accelerate appropriate linkage with treatment and care.

HIV TESTING IN BOODCHECK INTERNATIONAL LABORATORY

Based on the need to have qualitative and quantitative test results, at Boodcheck we used advanced WHO certified Laboratory testing equipment to ensure accuracy and timely result collection. Our blood sample collection is one of the painless process in Kano Nigeria and Africa as it is being performed by our well trained local and Foreign Laboratory Scientist using vacutainer. We can be located at No. 10 Asada Plaza, Off Maiduguri Road, Behind A.Y Mai Kifi Filling Station, Tarauni, Kano state, Nigeria. For FREE sample collections for different tests, kindly reach us on  07062017447.

Click HERE to view our Test Packages

PREVENTION

Individuals can reduce the risk of HIV infection by limiting exposure to risk factors. Key approaches for HIV prevention, which are often used in combination, include:

- Male and female condom use;
- Prevention, testing and counselling for HIV and STIs;
- Voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC);
- Use of antiretroviral drugs (ARVs) for prevention (oral PrEP and long acting products), the dapivirine
Vaginal ring and injectable long-acting cabotegravir;
- Harm reduction for people who inject and use drugs; and
- Elimination of mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of HIV.

HIV is not transmitted if a person’s sexual partner is virally suppressed on ART, so increasing access to testing and supporting linkage to ART is an important component of HIV prevention.

- TREATMENT

HIV disease can be managed by treatment regimens composed of a combination of antiretroviral (ARV) drugs. Current antiretroviral therapy (ART) does not cure HIV infection but suppresses viral replication and allows an individual's immune system recovery to strengthen and regain the capacity to fight off opportunistic infections and some cancers.

Since 2016, WHO has recommended Treat All: that all people living with HIV be provided with lifelong ART, including children, adolescents, adults and pregnant and breastfeeding women, regardless of clinical status or CD4 cell count.

By June 2022, 189 countries had already adopted this recommendation, covering 99% of all people living with HIV globally. In addition to the Treat All strategy, WHO recommends a rapid ART initiation to all people living with HIV, including offering ART on the same day as diagnosis among those who are ready to start treatment. By June 2022, 97 countries reported that they have adopted this policy, and almost two-thirds of them reported country-wide implementation.

Click HERE to view our Cataloguehttps://boodcheck.com/catalogue/

WHO RESPONSE (WAYS FORWARD)
Global health sector strategies on, respectively, HIV, viral hepatitis, and sexually transmitted infections for the period 2022–2030 (GHSSs) guide the health sector in implementing strategically focused responses to achieve the goals of ending AIDS, viral hepatitis B and C and sexually transmitted infections by 2030.

The 2022–2030 strategies recommend shared and disease-specific country actions supported by actions by WHO and partners. They consider the epidemiological, technological, and contextual shifts of previous years, foster learnings across the disease areas, and create opportunities to leverage innovations and new knowledge for effective responses to HIV, viral hepatitis, and sexually transmitted infections.

The strategies call for a precise focus to reach the people most affected and at risk for each disease that addresses inequities. They promote synergies under a universal health coverage and primary health care framework and contribute to achieving the goals of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.

The Seventy-fifth World Health Assembly requested progress reports on the implementation of the strategies in 2024, 2026, 2028 and 2031, noting that the 2026 report will provide a mid-term review based on the progress made in meeting the strategies’ 2025 targets.

The strategic directions of the GHSSs 2022–2030 are to:

- Deliver people-centered evidence-based services
- Optimize systems, sectors and partnerships for impact
- Generate and use data to drive decisions for action
- Engage empowered communities and civil society
- Foster innovation for accelerated action.

This post has been brought to you by Boodcheck Turkish International Company

Health / Re: How You Can Prevent Transmitting HIV Through Sex by FreeSTDSelfTest(m): 8:02am On May 12, 2023
Testing of new partner firstly is key to prevent Syphilis, Herpes, Chlamydia, HIV, etc


Daxclusivecom:
How Can You Prevent Transmitting HIV through Sex?

There are several ways to prevent transmitting HIV through anal or vaginal sex.

If you are HIV-negative, you can use HIV prevention medicine known as Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) or Post-Exposure Prophylaxis (PEP) to protect yourself. You can also use other HIV prevention methods, below.

If you have HIV, the most important thing you can do to prevent transmission and stay healthy is to take HIV medicine (known as antiretroviral therapy or ART) exactly as prescribed.

If you are HIV-negative, you have several options for protecting yourself from getting HIV through vaginal or anal sex. The more of these actions you take, the safer you can be.

To prevent getting HIV through sex, you can:

1. Choose Less Risky Sexual Behaviors.
HIV is mainly spread by having anal or vaginal sex without a condom or without taking medicines to prevent or treat HIV.

Here is some information about the HIV risk associated with specific sexual behaviors

i. Receptive Anal Sex
Receptive Anal Sex is the riskiest type of sex for getting or transmitting HIV. It’s possible for either partner—the partner inserting the penis in the anus (the top) or the partner receiving the penis (the bottom)—to get HIV, but it is much riskier for an HIV-negative partner to be the receptive partner. That’s because the lining of the rectum is thin and may allow HIV to enter the body during anal sex.

ii. Vagina Sex
Vaginal sex also carries a risk of getting HIV, though it is less risky than receptive anal sex. Most women who get HIV get it from vaginal sex, but men can also get HIV from vaginal sex.

iii. MouthAction
MouthAction carries little to no risk of getting or transmitting HIV. Theoretically, the transmission of HIV is possible if an HIV-positive man ejaculates in his partner’s mouth during MouthAction. However, the risk is still very low, and much lower than with anal or vaginal sex.

Factors that may increase the risk of transmitting HIV through MouthAction are oral ulcers, bleeding gums, genital sores, and the presence of other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), which may or may not be visible.

Sexual activities that don’t involve contact with body fluids (semen, vaginal fluid, or blood) carry no risk of HIV transmission but may pose a risk for other STDs.

It’s advisable you use condoms. Condoms are highly effective at preventing HIV and other STDs like gonorrhea and chlamydia. Prevent Transmitting HIV Through Sex

Talk to your doctor about taking PrEP.

Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) is HIV medicine people at risk for HIV take to prevent getting HIV. If taken as prescribed, PrEP is highly effective for preventing HIV from sex. PrEP is much less effective when it is not taken as prescribed. Currently, there are two FDA-approved daily oral medications for PrEP.

A long-acting injectable form of PrEP has also been approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). PrEP may be right for you if you do not have HIV, you have had anal or vaginal sex in the past 6 months, and you have a sexual partner with HIV (especially if the partner has an unknown or detectable viral load); or Have not consistently used a condom, or Have been diagnosed with an STD in the past 6 months.

PrEP is also recommended for people who inject drugs and have an injection partner with HIV or have shared needles, syringes, or other injection equipment.

Take PEP within 72 hours after a possible HIV exposure.

Post-Exposure Prophylaxis (PEP) means taking medicine to prevent HIV after a possible exposure. If you’re HIV-negative or don’t know your HIV status and think you have recently been exposed to HIV during sex (for example, if you had a condom break or you were sexually assaulted), talk to your health care provider or an emergency room doctor about PEP right away (within 72 hours). The sooner you start PEP, the better; every hour counts. If you’re prescribed PEP, you’ll need to take it daily for 28 days. Keep in mind that you will not get HIV if your HIV-positive partner is taking HIV medicine as prescribed and their viral load is undetectable.

Encourage your HIV-positive partner to get and stay on HIV treatment. This is the most important thing your partner can do to stay healthy. If taken as prescribed, HIV medicine reduces the amount of HIV in the blood (the viral load) to a very low level. This is called viral suppression. HIV medicine can also make the viral load so low that a standard lab test can’t detect it.

This is called having an undetectable viral load. As noted above, people with HIV who take HIV medicine as prescribed and get and keep an undetectable viral load can live long and healthy lives and will not transmit HIV to their HIV-negative partners through sex.

Get tested and treated for other STDs and encourage your partners to do the same. If you are sexually active, get tested at regular intervals. Having other STDs increases your risk of getting HIV. STDs can also have long-term health consequences.

Reduce your number of sexual partners. This can lower your chances of having a partner who could transmit HIV to you. The more partners you have, the more likely you are to have a partner with HIV whose viral load is not suppressed or to have a sex partner with an STD. Both these factors can increase the risk of HIV transmission.

Decide not to have sex. Not having sex (also known as abstinence) is a 100% effective way to prevent HIV, other STDs, and pregnancy. You can be abstinent at different times in your life for different reasons that may change over time.

Know your HIV status. The only way to know your HIV status is to get tested. Knowing your status can give you important information and help you make good decisions to prevent getting or transmitting HIV.

HIV Medications

Many Antiretroviral Therapy Medications are approved to treat HIV. They work to prevent HIV from reproducing and destroying CD4 cells, which help the immune system generate a response to infection.

This helps reduce the risk of developing complications related to HIV, as well as transmitting the virus to others.

These antiretroviral medications are grouped into seven classes:

1. Nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs)
2. Non-Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors (NNRTIs)
3. Protease inhibitors
4. Fusion inhibitors
5. CCR5 antagonists, also known as entry inhibitors
6. Integrase Strand Transfer Inhibitors
7. Attachment Inhibitors

Prevent Transmitting HIV Through Sex

POST LINK: https://daxclusive.com/prevent-transmitting-hiv-through-sex

WEBSITE LINK: https://daxclusive.com

THANK YOU

Health / Re: A Female Friend Is Suffering From Pelvic Inflammatory Diseases. by FreeSTDSelfTest(m): 8:01am On May 12, 2023
Testing of new partner firstly is key to prevent Syphilis, Herpes, Chlamydia, HIV, etc


ejimatic:
Urinalysi analysis shiukd show it . If urinal test is negative there is no infection but if infection is present it will appear in the analysis. Does it have some discharge in her body.A syringe can be used to take sample of the discharge and culture it. Chamldia has a cure now with strong antibiotics

1 Like 1 Share

Politics / Re: One Year On, Weekly Sit-At-Home Brings South-East Economy To Its Knees by FreeSTDSelfTest(m): 8:00am On May 12, 2023
Testing of new partner firstly is key to prevent Syphilis, Herpes, Chlamydia, HIV, etc


lezz:
your mama is a walking encyclopedia of STDs grin

She easily qualifies as the biggest private supplier of vagina wat and Chlamydia.

If she were on Nairaland she would spread gonorrhoea by quote. grin

Health / Re: Man Diagnosed With HIV, Covid-19, And Monkeypox All At Once – Report by FreeSTDSelfTest(m): 8:00am On May 12, 2023
Testing of new partner firstly is key to prevent Syphilis, Herpes, Chlamydia, HIV, etc


LOVEGINO:
i wish to see d movie

Health / Re: Infection Wants To Kill Me Help! by FreeSTDSelfTest(m): 7:59am On May 12, 2023
Testing of new partner firstly is key to prevent Syphilis, Herpes, Chlamydia, HIV, etc



benjsniper33:
I suggest you go for a urine or blood test immediately...

Its either Neisseria Gonorrhea or Chlamydia Trachomatis..

Cure
Branded Azithromycin one per day for 3 -6 days (Depending on the severity)
Ceftriaxone injection one per day for 3-5 days (Depending on the severity)

A lot of nigerian girls, most of them with beautiful faces and banging bodies (with lots of followers on Instagram, some of who drool and masturbate to their pics and videos), are carriers of the most virulent strain of Chlamydia... they carry hell between their legs and you must at least use condom when engaging them..

Health / Re: Doctor In The House:Obstetrics And Gynecology by FreeSTDSelfTest(m): 7:58am On May 12, 2023
Testing of new partner firstly is key to prevent Syphilis, Herpes, Chlamydia, HIV, etc


2Ballz:


Common causes of oligozoospermia and azoospermia are:

METABOLIC CHALLENGES:
- diabetes mellitus
- thyroid abnormalities
- chronic alcohol use
- illicit drug use
- adrenal problems

INFECTIOUS DISEASES:
- mumps virus
- Chlamydia trachomatis infection of the sperm duct
- tuberculosis
- polymicrobial infection with Klebsiella spp, E coli, Pseudomonas, Staphylococcus aureus, Ng, etc.

OTHERS:
- previous scrotal/testicular/sperm duct operation
- varicocele
- trauma to the testis
- autoimmunity from exposure of the semen to blood
- severe stress
- malnutrition
- acquired abdominal testis

These are a few notable risk factors for oligozoospermia and azoospermia common with secondary types. If the report moved from oligozoospermia to azoospermia, it is simply from bad to worse. Maybe, the treatment wasn't effective, or the right treatment wasn't applied depending on the diagnosis reached.

I can't conclude about your testosterone result because I have to analyze the report with respect to the laboratory laid-out reference range which was not provided. For a case of azoospermia, it would be rather beneficial to have a full androgen hormone profile done than just the testosterone and a follow-up testicular ultrasound for structural abnormality.

There are other things to do but it depends on the doctor's diagnosis (seeing one is very necessary). Else, go to my signature, and book privacy( Whatsapp).

Family / Re: Dog: I Have The Most Unlikely Rival In My Boyfriends House by FreeSTDSelfTest(m): 7:51am On May 12, 2023
Testing of new partner firstly is key to prevent Syphilis, Herpes, Chlamydia, HIV, etc

Teymanhenry:
Tbh dogs have a high sense to dictate danger or sickness. It is possible that the dogs is just doing her protection work or have sensed something wrong with you. Try feeding the dog nice treats like chicken. If he rejects it, aunty go for test kawai... My GSD once warned me of a lady with chlamydia but I didn't understand, until I contracted it got started and treated the girl before he becomes receptive towards her. Dogs are just amazing

Health / Re: Pregnancy Are You Pregnant Or Going Through A High Risk Pregnancy,,lets Talk by FreeSTDSelfTest(m): 7:17am On May 12, 2023
There are early PPROM self tests from Abbott, Parsagen Diagnostics and Qiagen. The test can tell you PPROM is happening at very early stage. I think everyone high risk mom should have the test.

Dating And Meet-up Zone / Re: Nairaland Virgins' Lounge by FreeSTDSelfTest(m): 4:07pm On May 06, 2023
Make sure you do a test before everything

Dating And Meet-up Zone / Re: Singles Hookup Forum by FreeSTDSelfTest(m): 3:57pm On May 06, 2023
Make sure you do a test before everything.

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