Pataki: Referrals to any academic journal that has this man's research work will suffice.
Both exhibits come from a my old NL posts
Exhibit #1 (Note: Some of these papers were published long after Uncle Jon made it to Bayelsa state's seat of government?)
Jonathan, G. E., Powell, C. B., & Hart, A. I. (1985). Identification of West African estuarine shrimp and crab larvae. Retrieved from http://aquaticcommons.org/3411/
King, R. P., & Jonathan, G. E. (2003). Aquatic environmental perturbations and monitoring. African experience, USA, 166.
Lebo, P. E., King, R. P., Etim, L., Akpan, B. E., & Jonathan, G. E. (2010). Breeding seasonality and population dynamics of the catfish Schilbe mystus (Schilbeidae) in the Cross River, Nigeria. Zoologist (The), 7(1). doi:10.4314/tzool.v7i1.52080
Akpan, B. E., King, R. P., Jonathan, G. E., & others. (2006). Diet of African killifish Aphyosemion gardneri (Aplocheilidae) in a Nigerian rainforest pond. Dong wu xue bao.[Acta zoologica Sinica], 52(4), 669.
Footnote: Publication lead time for articles < than 4 months, according to the excerpt provided below
Founded in 1935, Acta Zoologica Sinica is a bimonthly, peer-reviewed international journal of zoology. It publishes primary research papers in all fields of zoological sciences. Once accepted, the manuscripts will be published in less than four months. The journal has been an important medium for zoologists from China and other countries to communicate research results and discuss challenging scientific questions. It has a large readership, including the more than 12 thousand members of the China Zoological Society. Although it publishes papers in either Chinese or English languages, the journal particularly welcomes contributions in English to promote more effective scientific communication and the internationalization process of this journal.
GenBuhari: I never ever said not to take your usual protection against contagious diseases. All I said is not to panic, Ebola is a hoax and I have listed countless reasons why I believe it is a hoax and nobody has been able to give any rebuttal to any of my points.
Yes most Nigerians are suffering from sheep mentality because they seem to be incapable of independent thought.
Ebola will not kill you but sheep mentality may kill you.
Sheep mentality may panic you into taking dangerous experimental vaccines US is planning to sell to our clueless African leaders.
Sheep mentality has already claimed 20 lives by panicking people into drinking salt water.
Ebola is a hoax. Nigeria better wake up.
You are an irredeemable liar and an unconscionable one too
What facts have you presented beyond elementary conjectures that even a 10 year old is likely to dismiss?
If you had a single iota of remorse you would have quarantined your moniker in shame, for peddling misinformation, a long time ago. Then again, on Nairaland where there is some much dishonour, I suppose you are in pretty good company.
Soon? Methinks you are way behind the information-curve @OP
Helicopters drop arms for insurgents —Borno, Yobe elders
Political and opinion elders in Borno and Yobe states have alleged that helicopters drop arms and ammunition, food and medicine to areas known to be strongholds of the members of the violent Islamic sect, Boko Haram, in the North-East.
They said the authorities in the states could not claim ignorance of the development and that it was a bad omen if a convoy of about 20 to 30 Toyota Hilux vehicles could move freely without being detected despite the curfew in place.
The elders, who spoke at a press conference in Abuja on Monday, also asked the government to provide answer to the attack on the Maiduguri Air Force Base by insurgents, who reportedly de-mobilised and set ablaze aircrafts and other military facilities even with the existing state of emergency and curfew in the town.
Speaking under the aegis of Borno, Yobe People’s Forum, the elders also asked those in authorities to tell Nigerians those that authorised the withdrawal of security personnel from the Federal Government College, Buni Yadi, few hours before the recent attack that claimed the lives of 59 innocent children.
A former Chief of Air Staff, Air Vice Marshall Al-amin Dagash (retd.), spoke on behalf of the forum at the press conference.
Dagash was flanked at the press conference by a former Minister of Finance, Mallam Adamu Ciroma; a former Secretary to Government of the Federation, Ambassador Babagana Kingibe; an elder statesman, Shetima Mustapha and other political leaders from the two states.
He said, “Are the authorities unaware of helicopters dropping arms and ammunition, food and medical supplies to areas well known to be strong holds of the insurgents?
“How were the insurgents able to attack the Maiduguri Air-Force Base and demobilise as well as burn planes and other military installations despite existing state of emergency and curfew in the town? How could 20 to 30 Toyota Hilux vehicles move in a convoy freely with subsisting curfew and still go undetected?
“How did a little band of rag-tag misguided youths metamorphose into a well-kitted, well-armed killing machine moving freely in convoy of vehicles and supported by helicopters.
“How did the Shilka Tank, a multipurpose self propelled anti-aircraft artillery weapon, positioned to secure Giwa Barracks, fail to function resulting in heavy loss of lives of both civilian and military as widely reported in the media? Are we dealing with fifth columnists in this crisis?”
He wondered how the insurgents were able to kill Gen. Mohammed Shuwa, whom he described as a civil war hero, despite the presence of a military detachment in front of his home.
The retired Air Force chief asked the Federal Government to unmask those behind the “online media campaigns of calumny stirring ethno-religious intolerance in the country.”
He also asked the Federal Government not to extend the state of emergency declared in the three North-East states, saying that the action had failed to achieve its purpose.
The state of emergency, originally declared in May last year and renewed for another six months in November, expire on April 19, 2014.
Dagash said that about 18 communities had been attacked by insurgents in the last one month with heavy civilian casualties, adding that rather than abate, the insurgency had continued to escalate and daring.
He said, “The continuous bloodletting has led to the loss of over 17,000 lives. Official statistics released by the National Emergency Management Agency revealed that over three million people have been displaced by the insurgency and terrorist attacks in the affected states of Borno, Yobe and Adamawa in the first three months of 2014 alone.
“Most of the victims are women, children and the elderly. These developments underscore the urgent need for the government, the international community, as well as all Nigerians to arrest the brewing humanitarian crises in the area.”
OrlandoOwoh: While I won't completely deny that Ebola exists, I sense some things that are fishy is the action of the United States. How come the only case of Ebola in the United States - that of a doctors - was treated and is doing fine? But everybody that has it in Nigeria dies? How come no cure has been found for this disease since 1976? Is that efforts were made and are still being made to find a cure for, and Nigerians are to be used as experiments? GenBuhari, God bless you.
Intelligent questions @OrlandoOwoh
Stop Worrying About Ebola (And Start Worrying About What it Means)
Once again, Africa is in the international spotlight. As usual, the news isn't good.
The media seems to alternate between long stretches of ignoring Africa entirely, punctuated by short bursts of completely freaking out about the continent, usually due to a new outbreak of disease or terrorism that we fear may spread to our own shores. The recent Ebola outbreak in West Africa, which has infected almost 2,000 people over the past six months, is no exception.
Of course, we should care a great deal about the Ebola outbreak, but not for the reasons propagated by cable news and bloggers alike. We should care about Ebola not because of the threat it poses to us as Americans, but for what it says about the current state of the health care system in much of Africa and many other resource-limited settings around the globe.
Sadly, the media has instead coalesced around the following five myths, while ignoring the larger public health context and incredible health disparities present in our world.
Myth #1: Ebola is a universally fatal disease.
Ebola can certainly be fatal, but not universally so. In fact, the case fatality ratio for Ebola and its close cousin, Marburg virus, varies greatly depending on the setting. The first recorded outbreak of these diseases, which occurred in Germany and Yugoslavia in 1967, had a mortality rate of 23 percent - high by any standard, but far lower than the 53-88 percent mortality seen in subsequent outbreaks in sub-Saharan Africa over the next 40 years(1). (This first outbreak also occurred before anything was known about the disease and before the widespread availability of modern emergency departments and intensive care units in Europe.)
The risk of death for individuals infected with Ebola or Marburg in the United States or Europe today would almost certainly be far lower than that seen in any of the previous outbreaks. The two Americans recently infected in Liberia, for instance, are by all accounts improving, not because of any magic serum they received, but because of the close monitoring and care provided by their aid worker colleagues and their rapid evacuation to a modern hospital with intensive care facilities.
I have cared for patients and trained physicians in dozens of urban and rural hospitals across sub-Saharan Africa over the last decade. The mortality rate for nearly every disease I have ever managed, from pneumonia to heart attacks to cancer to motor vehicle accidents, is at least an order of magnitude higher in sub-Saharan Africa than for the exact same disease managed in an American hospital.
When it comes to your likelihood of dying from any disease in this world, Ebola included, geography matters.
Myth #2: There is no treatment for Ebola.
There are actually several effective treatments for Ebola that can help support individuals through the worst phases of the disease and increase their chance of survival. These treatments include early and careful resuscitation with intravenous fluids; blood products such as packed red blood cells, platelets, and concentrations of clotting factors to prevent bleeding; antibiotics to treat common bacterial co-infections; respiratory support with oxygen, or in severe cases, via a ventilator; and powerful vasoactive medications to counter the effects of shock. In addition, modern diagnostic equipment can help doctors and nurses continuously track vital signs in order to rapidly detect and manage new complications of the disease and stay one step ahead of the virus.
The incredible thing about these already proven treatments (as opposed to the experimental ones being discussed at length in the media) is that they can be used to fight not just Ebola but a myriad of other diseases across Africa. During the past six months that the Ebola outbreak has claimed the lives of nearly 1000 children and adults, approximately 298,000 children have died of severe pneumonia, 193,000 children have died of severe diarrhea, 288,000 children and adults have died of severe malaria, and 428,000 children and adults have died from injuries like car accidents, all in sub-Saharan Africa alone.
Better access to emergency and critical care services could help save patients with Ebola as well as those affected by these and many other far more common killers.
Myth #3: Ebola is the most contagious disease known and will spread rapidly across America if it is allowed to enter the country.
Ebola is not the most contagious disease known. It's not airborne and it's not even spread by aerosols (small droplets of spit that float through the air). This makes it less contagious than a host of other diseases, such as measles, chicken pox, tuberculosis, or even the seasonal flu. To the best of our knowledge, Ebola is spread only by close physical contact, especially with bodily fluids. So unless someone on the subway vomits, defecates, or bleeds on you (or rubs up against you very closely for a long period of time), they aren't going to be passing Ebola onto you.
In a medical setting, all that is required to prevent the spread of Ebola from patient to health care worker to patient is the use of "contact precautions," which include gowns, gloves and regular hand-washing after every patient contact -- precautions that are standard in the intensive care units of all U.S. hospitals where patients with Ebola would be treated.
Contrast that to West Africa, where Ebola has been spreading rapidly due to a lack of basic public health measures in poorly equipped government hospitals and clinics. Many health centers and hospitals lack adequate supplies as basic as gloves and gowns, and many also lack the running water or alcohol-based solutions required for health care professionals to cleanse their hands in between patients. Unlike the United States, hospitals in Africa tend to have open wards with dozens of beds crowded into a single room and, in many cases I've seen, multiple patients sharing a single bed. It's not hard to see how Ebola can spread quickly in these types of crowded situations.
The best way to help Africa stem the tide of the current Ebola epidemic is by rapidly investing in and deploying basic infectious control measures like gowns, gloves, water, and sterilization tools, coupled with health worker and community health trainings in how to properly use them.
Myth #4: We need to start giving experimental Ebola drugs right away to as many Africans as possible to help stem the outbreak.
Any human being given an experimental treatment that has not yet been proven safe and effective in humans is, by definition, being experimented upon. Now, experimenting on humans, even those in poor countries, is not necessarily a bad thing. In fact, conducting research in resource-limited settings is a big part of my own job. However, every person enrolled in a medical research study, whether they are American or African, is entitled to the same basic international ethical protections, and people in poor countries actually deserve special protections.
For instance, while studies in the United States require approval from just one ethical review board, most studies in low-income countries require approval from two separate ethical review boards -- one international and one local. In addition, consent forms, which spell out the risks and benefits for patients of a particular study, must be translated into all local dialects, and special provisions must be made for patients who cannot read the forms or sign their name. Finally, every patient enrolled in a study, whether they be in a treatment group or comparison group, must also receive the very best available proven treatments for the disease, which in the case of Ebola would include all of those outlined above. This would ensure that all patients in the study receive some benefit from the research, even if the experimental drugs turn out to be ineffective (or harmful).
Sadly, we have known about Marburg and Ebola viruses for almost 50 years now, and similar to so many other neglected tropical diseases, we have so far conducted pitifully little research into effective treatments or vaccines. This is not due to a lack of interest on the part of doctors and scientists, but rather a lack of money. Drug companies are generally not willing to invest in research to prevent or treat diseases that only affect poor people, since they are unlikely to ever turn a profit.
Americans could rectify this problem by pushing President Obama and Congress to reinstate the funds cut from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) as part of the sequester and urge the NIH to dedicate a larger portion of its funding towards research into diseases affecting the world's poorest citizens.
Myth #5: Nothing can be done to help Africa -- it's just too poor.
The true tragedy of the Ebola outbreak is that most Africans lack access to the very same medications, equipment, and skilled physicians and nurses that have been available in the United States and Europe for several decades, and that could have prevented the current epidemic from raging out of control. Moreover, these very same measures could also be used to reduce mortality from the variety of other diseases currently killing thousands of times as many Africans each day as Ebola. These lifesaving treatments are not out of reach for the continent. At this very moment, through a partnership between USAID, the Global Fund, the Rwanda Ministry of Health, and a consortium of American universities, we are currently training a cadre of emergency medicine and critical care physicians and nurses in Rwanda, one of the poorest countries in Africa. At the same time, we are also rapidly scaling up the health care infrastructure and drug and equipment supply chains in Rwanda, so that these new African specialists have the tools they need to care for the continent's sickest patients. Even before the recent outbreak of Ebola there, a similar effort has been under consideration for Liberia, though it is still awaiting U.S. government approval.
Our experience in Rwanda is proving that with enough political will and outside financial and technical support, African countries can achieve large scale improvements in their capacity to both prevent disease and manage even the most critical and emergent conditions -- not overnight perhaps, but in time to prevent the next big epidemic before it even begins.
(1) Beer B, Kurth R, Bukreyev A. "Characteristics of Filoviridae: Marburg and Ebola Viruses." Naturwissenschaften 1999; 86, 8-17.
Adam Levine is an Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine and Director of the Global Emergency Medicine Fellowship at Brown University. He currently serves as the Clinical Advisor for Emergency and Trauma Care for Partners In Health/Inshuti Mu Buzima and as a member of the Emergency Response Team for International Medical Corps. His research focuses on improving the delivery of acute care in low-income countries and during humanitarian emergencies. The views expressed in this blog are his alone and do not necessarily represent the views of any of the organizations mentioned above.
Patrick Sawyers wife and kids have avoided infection from Ebola, yet it seems every Nigerian Doctor or Nurse that came within 10 metres of him are dropping dead!!
Something does not add up!!!
Make we shine our eyes well well!!
Ebola epidemic is a hoax to panic us into being America's research guinea pig for their experimental vaccine.
Do not allow any experimental vaccines into Nigeria - they will kill a lot of people
I and a number of others decided to step back from NL because Seun's disrespect was carried too far. But since you have decided to run amok on a National Health Crisis, in that inimitable style of a truth-denier, I am going to indulge you a bit
Don't expect to be treated graciously if you respond to my posts with bile. If you do; I will either ignore your tomfoolery, or take it to "the streets" (the gutter) I am done trying to reason with the type of folks whose minds are easily given to a state of "unreason". I am only here to help elevate the debate, because I know a lot of commentators do not have the same level of access that I have to certain information, nothing more. So be forewarned comrade!
Do you recall seeing Asian people wringing their hands, while pointing fingers of blame at foreign agents, during the SARs outbreak? Were people across the Northern hemisphere dancing "Azonto" while conjecturing up unproven conspiracy theories - as is the case here - when Swine Flu broke out?
Instead of directing your ire at the useless leaders who engineered needless wars in places like Liberia, Sierra Leone and Guinea - thereby rendering their respective Health Care Systems comatose - here you are allowing your mind to take flights of fancy. What single proof do you have that the US govt invented Ebola? How many people have actually died from Ebola over the past 40 years? Now please tell me the number who died from Swine Flu.
Look What The Ghanians Are Accusing Bishop Margaret Wanjiru of
This is probably the most misleading story you’ve ever seen.
During the launch of CORD manifesto, a young high school boy was reciting a poem, when Bishop Margaret Wanjiru stretched her hand to extend him a tip. However, this camera angle brought out the picture quite differently.
Now, this website in Ghana, ReportGhanaNews.com, has made up an entirely false story, which is actually not uncommon in the gossip industry. However, it is the nature of the story that is in fact shocking. Here’s what they wrote.
Yoruba History Lesson For Yoruba Leaders - Diran Apata's Sunday Message
27 July 2014
SINCE about the 10th century AD, we Yoruba have been enjoying a high level of civilization in our towns, cities and kingdoms. By 1750, one of our kingdoms, the Oyo-Ile kingdom, had conquered a large empire comprising most of western Yorubaland and many non-Yoruba neighbours – the largest empire ever in West Africa’s forestlands. In eastern and southern Yorubaland, our other kingdoms were, in the same era, also thriving gorgeously.
But, about 1750, according to available records, we began to have a recurrence of self-serving (and therefore disruptive) leaders in our political history. It started in our great city of Oyo-Ile, specifically with a high chief named Gaha. As soon as Gaha was sworn in as Basorun in 1754, he started a headstrong war against the established order. He seized powers that did not belong to his position, and forced Alafin after Alafin to bow to his will or to commit suicide – until, at last, one intelligent Alafin managed to stop him.
Gaha was probably insane. Nevertheless, he started a plague that we have never managed to remove from our land – a tradition whereby some leaders emerge now and again who are dedicated only to their own purposes and interests. Soon after Gaha came one Alafin named Awole, a man clearly unfit for the Alafin’s throne. Awole’s self-centred crookedness produced an era of instability.
Soon after him came Afonja, the Are Ona Kakanfo of the empire. Afonja had some blood relationship with the Oyo-Ile royal family and wanted the Alafin’s throne. But since the Oyo-Ile Council of Kingmakers did not select him, he embarked on a wholesale rebellion against his kingdom, and ended up turning the town of Ilorin into a center of rebellion. Afonja perished in his rebellion, but his Ilorin continued to be a potent center of rebellion. Attempts by the Alafins to destroy this danger steadily sapped the energies of the kingdom and ultimately ended in one of the worst disasters in Yoruba history – the decision of the citizens of the proud city of Oyo-Ile to abandon their city in 1835. Yoruba people often say today that Fulani jihadists destroyed Oyo-Ile, but that is not true. Ilorin and its powerful leaders after Afonja were over 95% Yoruba.
The disintegration of the Oyo Empire spilled wars into the rest of Yorubaland, wars that continued until the Europeans seized control of Yorubaland in the 1890s. Throughout the century, leading Yoruba men tried for peace again and again. At every crucial juncture, some leaders just would not give up their personal ambitions and interests for the national good.
When Europeans came conquering Africa in the1890s, the Yoruba, if united, could have easily preserved the independence of the Yoruba nation – in a way similar to Ethiopia in northeastern Africa, or Japan in Asia. The most important European attack on Yorubaland was the British invasion of Ijebu in 1892. As at that date, because we Yoruba had been fighting wars for nearly a century, Ibadan had well trained, well-armed, and seasoned forces numbering over 80,000 at Ikirun, about 25,000 at Oru in Remo, and about 30,000 near Abeokuta; the Ekitiparapo had more than 60, 000 at Imesi-Ile, and about 20,000 near Ile-Ife; Ilorin probably 40,000; Abeokuta probably 50,000. Each of the powerful kingdoms of Owo, Ondo and Ketu had armies that numbered 30,000 or more. Small Ife armies of probably 20,000 each camped near Ile-Ife, and at Ifetedo and Okeigbo. An Ijebu army of about 20,000 camped near Ife; another of about 30,000 camped at Oru; and the main Ijebu army itself numbered about 50,000 and was armed with sophisticated breech-loading rifles. In short, if all these forces had been re-orientated to defend their Yoruba homeland, there would have been over 500,000 troops poised to defend Yorubaland – a magnitude of forces never encountered by European invaders anywhere in Africa, and that would have discouraged any European attack on any part of Yorubaland.
Moreover, the large class of Yoruba merchants based in Lagos, consisting of some of the most informed and richest merchants in tropical Africa, easily commanded the expertise and commercial connections to keep Yoruba forces well supplied with latest weapons. And the already strong Lagos literate elite of lawyers, doctors, engineers, pastors, accountants, journalists – and newspapers – could have whipped up propaganda campaigns in support of their nation’s military men, thereby discouraging European invasions of Yorubaland.
Unhappily, such Yoruba unity did not happen. The leaders of each Yoruba group, while expressing great sentiments about their Yoruba ancestry, were too focused on their own goals. The main Ijebu army single-handedly fought a gallant battle against the British invaders, but lost. Ultimately, most of Yorubaland became British possession. France and Germany seized the rest.
However, in 1952, most of the Yoruba again had some control over their own affairs – in the Western Region of Nigeria. Demonstrating great unity and ability, Yoruba leaders immediately gave their people the most progressive and most productive government in Africa. But then, the old disease showed up again in 1962, allowing a hostile Federal Government of Nigeria to launch a war of destruction against the Western Region. The Yoruba people have not come out of that cloud till now.
Today, Nigeria is manifestly spluttering towards a final collapse. Confusion, corruption, poverty, hopelessness, conflicts, and terrorism are wrecking Nigeria. Every Nigerian people fears imminent danger. Admittedly, in socio-economic development, the governments of the Yoruba states still manage to perform above the Nigerian average. But that is not sufficient at all today. We Yoruba nation need to be prepared for the huge danger that is coming. And to prepare, we desperately need a major surge of unity among the Yoruba elite, among leading Yoruba of all professions and political persuasions – resulting in a leadership structure able to speak confidently for the Yoruba nation in the increasingly perilous Nigerian situation. We should not be deceived: the way Nigeria is moving now, only the nations that are strong will be able to avoid horribly painful devastations. A strongly united and well-led Yoruba nation would be a significant power that would easily earn respect, and that respect by itself could prevent a lot of dangers from coming our way.
Today’s inability of the Yoruba elite to unite for their nation’s well-being is horribly dangerous. There is really no conflict between participating in Nigerian politics and taking care of one’s own nation. Many leaders of other Nigerian nations combine the two, but most Yoruba leaders refuse to do so. Even though Nigeria appears to be dying, most significant Yoruba leaders still prefer to cling solely to their Nigerian partisan politics and ignore the obviously pressing needs of their own nation – and, by so doing, they jeopardize their possible access to leadership opportunities in their Yoruba nation’s near future. That is, they are betraying our nation and, unfortunately, committing political suicide thereby. It is today’s version of the old family disease – the disease of traitorous self-serving that has shown up from time to time since the era of Gaha, Awole and Afonja.
Happily, however, there is hope. Dedicated patriots, at home and abroad, responding to the growing danger in Nigeria, have already started the war for Yoruba national unity and strength – and they cannot possibly lose.Good Yoruba men, women and children will stand up and be counted.
He said, "Consequent upon the faithful implementation of the transformation agenda, by the end of 2013, Nigeria's non-oil exports had increased tenfold over two years, reaching almost $3bn from $276m in 2011
Lies, lies, and more lies. Tenfold in 2 years? Pull the next one, Liar Okupe.
‘Nigeria earned N428bn from non-oil exports last year’ .... Nigeria made N428bn from non-oil exports in the last one year, the Minister of Trade and Investment, Mr. Olusegun Aganga, said on Thursday.
Aganga said, “In 2011, Nigeria exported non-oil products to 103 countries and territories out of 220. This shows significant improvement over the previous years. There has been an increase in non-oil exports to $2.765bn (N428bn), representing an increase of 19 per cent.
Nigeria earned about N305.1billion within the first three months of 2013, figures obtained from the National Bureau of Statistics indicate.
A breakdown of the figures highlighted under “2013 Export First Quarter” in the NBS’ report on ‘Merchandise Trade’, showed that export from natural rubber was N158.38 billion; raw cocoa beans attracted N62.198 billion; Sesame seeds, N20,76 billion; cotton yarn, N16.44 billion; and Leather products, N8.56 billion.
Similarly, within the period under review, the export value of flowers and buds stood at N8.19 billion; footwear, N7.07 billion; tanned or crust hides, N5.41 billion; frozen shrimps and prawns, N4.96 billion; ginger, N4.09 billion; sacks and bags, N3.84 billion; cigarettes, N2.75 billion; and aluminum alloys, N2.54 billion.
52.9% Decline In Non-oil Export Weighs On Balance Of Trade
Nigeria’s dream of diversifying its revenue base to by increasing non-oil exports has suffered a major setback as value of non-oil exports declined sharply by 52.9 per cent in the third quarter of 2013, weighing down on the balance of trade during the period.
Data released by the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) yesterday indicated that balance of trade declined by 30.6 per cent to N1.48 trillion compared to N2.14 trillion in the second quarter of 2013 or N4.63 trillion in the corresponding quarter of 2012.
According to the NBS, total external merchandise trade amounted to N5.65 trillion during the third quarter of 2013. This represents an increase of 5.9 per cent from N5.34 trillion recorded in the second quarter of 2013. The increase was driven by a 30.4 per cent rise in the value of imports from N1.59 trillion in the second quarter of 2013, to N2.08 trillion in the third quarter of 2013. Rising imports coupled with a 4.5 per cent decline in exports from N3.74 trillion in the second quarter 2013, to N3.57 trillion in the third quarter.
In contrast, the non-crude oil component of exports exhibited a sharp decline of 52.9 per cent, from N1.03 trillion recorded in the second quarter to N486.4 billion in the third quarter. Year-on-year, crude oil and non-crude oil exports were down by 25.9 per cent and 72.1 per cent respectively
The crude oil component of exports in the third quarter of 2013 stood at N3.08 trillion, an increase of N377.5 billion, or 13.9 per cent when compared to the second quarter of 2013.
In comparison to the corresponding quarter of 2012, total merchandise trade in the third quarter of 2013 declined by 21.2 per cent from N7.17 trillion recorded in the previous year. This is largely attributable to a 39.5 per cent lower value of exports year-on-year. Imports on the other hand, were 64.0 per cent higher compared to the corresponding period.
People like you tempt us to call you dummies, empty heads, or Igbos, but I will respectfully decline the temptation. I'd simply state that you and many others on this thread are products of a failed educational system which did not adequately expose you to your history.
I don't have time to educate you people but ponder the following:
(1)It is in the record that, it was the farmers in the North that produced the groundnuts and resources that supplemented the various budgets of the West and East up till 1970.
(2)Groundnuts, cotton, cocoa, hides and skins, were the principal export crops in the 1960s and early 1970s.
(3)Nigeria was the world's largest exporter of groundnuts in the early 1970s
Though I understand that research could not possibly be your forté , I'd recommend that you use google for preliminary research and educate yourself before coming here to embarass yourself.
You make sense a lot of the time but on the odd occasion you peddle vaunting assertions which have no basis in reality. If you want to taken seriously on this issue, please provide something more substantive than a U.S. Library of Congress article - which gives no figures to back up your claims here...
9jacrip: Fact: heads of Benin Kings have been buried in Ile-Ife since Eweka till the colonialist took a strong hold and it was stopped - the last 2 Benin Kings were buried in Benin with their complete parts.
Fact: Yoruba was the palace language in Benin until recently, I believe it was stopped by the present Oba because during the predecessor's time, Yoruba was still the palace language.
Benin Monarchy is different from Benin people who had been long in existence before Oranmiyan and Eweka. The Oranmiya/Eweka phenomenal effect was making Benin throne an offshoot and a 'junior' to Ife throne like other Yoruba thrones where Ife gives blessings and confirmation of every ascending king - in the case of Benin, it was furthered by making Yoruba the palace language and burial of Benin king parts in Ife.
The confusion we have today is as a result of egotistic kings who seek to slash history into bits just to be highly placed - above or equal to Ooni. Same is Ijebu with Sudan story. The effect of this egotistic agendas is why we are here arguing place of Oba Ado's death - in a few more decades starting from now, we will begin to argue Yoruba language was never Benin Palace language.
Soon, successful Benin kings will stop going to Ife for blessings and confirmation of kingship and we will start debating if previous Benin kings ever did.
David Mark Moves To Save His Job, Disowns Ita Enang Over Threat Against Defecting Senators
January 10, 2014
Less than 24 hours after Chairman of the Senate Committee on Rules and Business, Senator Ita Enang threatened that the leadership of the red chamber will declare the seats of defecting Senators vacant, the hallowed chamber today disowned the claim, tagging it as the personal view of the legislator. The threat by Enang which has begun to generate tension that may eventually sweep away the David Mark headed leadership of the senate.
The Senate position was made known in a statement by its Spokesman Enyinnaya Abaribe who also debunked insinuations linking the Senate President David Mark to the statement credited to Enang.
According to the statement disowning Enang who is of PDP from Akwa Ibom state, the senate said ”in the first place, there is no acrimony in the Senate irrespective of political party affiliation. The Senate is still on vacation. to resume on the 14th of January and only after its deliberations would any statement on urgent matters of state be issued.
“It is, therefore, preposterous to attribute the personal opinion of a Senator to represent the resolution of the Senate and its highly respected leadership as exemplified by Senate President David Mark. Senate position, as statutory, is always relayed by its spokesman in which case it becomes safe to say that the Senate has spoken.
“The Senate is at peace and no sign that Senators are working at cross-purposes with each other. It is one whole family of patriotic Nigerians who first and foremost defers to issues that are of national interest.
“The Senate, as presently constituted, is peopled by very distinguished Nigerians who see the institution for what it is; a hallowed chamber whose decisions and resolutions are shaped by honour and love for country”.
Before the effort by the senate leadership to douse the tension, the Vice chairman of the Committee on Education, Senator Olusola Adeyeye had reacted to Enang’s claim saying that no amount of threats, intimidation or blackmail can stop the gale of defections of members from the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) to the All Progressives Congress (APC). Chairman of the Drugs, Narcotics and Financial Crimes Committee, Senator Victor Lar also spoke in the same vein warning that no Senator should arrogate powers that he does not have to himself by issuing threats against defecting lawmakers.
Adeyeye who is of the APC from Osun state said in a statement today that: “We have watched and read with keen interest, some pronouncements on the proposed defection of some members from the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) to the All Progressives Congress (APC) emanating from the Chairman of the Senate Committee on Rules and Business, Senator Ita Enang. Senator Ita Enang would do well not to arrogate powers, which he does not have, to himself.
“On this matter, Senator Ita Enang is speaking for himself. He does not even have the mandate to speak for the entire Senate on defection of members. We want to make it clear that Senators would make their opinions known when they resume from the Yuletide break next week.
“We also want to make it abundantly clear that nobody can detract or subtract from the constitutional rights of Nigerians to freedom of association and the National Assembly is the institution designed by the Constitution, not only to encourage but also to enforce the rights of Nigerians.
“The National Assembly should be the foundation of freedom in this country. It is supposed to guarantee the freedom of Nigerians…subject, of course, to the rights of the constituents of lawmaker if he’s not following the dictates of his people.
“We warn those attempting to blackmail lawmakers that that tactic will backfire. Legislators should be free to stand by their conscience without any threat of blackmail. The laws of the land are clear on movement from one party to another and nobody should assume a position of authority he does not hold.
“Senator Ita Enang has been in the National Assembly since 1999 and he didn’t voice any opinion then when members defected from other parties the PDP; isn’t it curious that he has now found his voice when the reverse is the case?
“At a time like this when Nigeria needs statesmen, Senator Ita Enang should know by now that blackmail and threats of declaring seats vacant will not work in an atmosphere where members want to assert their rights by moving from the PDP to another party.
In his own reaction, Senator Victor Lar of the PDP, representing Plateau South senatorial district also said: “Less than a few days to the resumption of Senate, there have been reports credited to the Chairman of the Committee on Rules and Business that any Senator who defects from the political party on which he was elected to the Senate to another party would automatically lose his seat. Reports also quoted him as saying that any such move would mean that the seat is vacant.
“I want to state categorically that the issue of declaring any senators’ seat vacant should be left to the courts and not a matter that should be at the discretion of any Senator. This is a time when caution and healing of those aggrieved within the PDP is required.”
On Thursday, Senate President David Mark had given assurances that he is prepared to “do the needful,” to stem the crisis in the party, adding that PDP leaders will unite to save the party from its current crisis.
“We will arrest the current situation and save our party from further disintegration. some Nigerians are talking about Tsunami in the PDP because of the defection by some members of our party, holding elective and non-elective positions.
“But as leaders, we will not sit by and continue to allow this drift. We shall do the needful and ensure that we save our great party. Admitting that the development is a challenge, Senator Mark said “genuine efforts would be made to reconcile our party men and women and bring peace and unity in the party”, he had promised.
I'd say there is no love lost between @OP and Governor Amosun
Politics / Ogun Governor, Amosun In Certificates Forgery, Age Falsification. (1) (2) (3) Politics / Hoodlums On The Rampage In Ogun, Attack Residents, Journalists Politics / How Governor Amosun Forged Signature To Amend Ogun Pension Bill Politics / Ogun State: Abysmal Failure In The Health Sector Politics / Former Ogun Deputy Governor Dumps APC For PDP Politics / Ogun APC: It’s Fight To Finish Politics / Olorunnimbe Mamora For Governor Ogun State. Politics / Daniel Can't Weaken Ogun PDP Through LP - Kashamu Politics / Criticism Trails Ogun Employment Policy Health / Cholera Outbreak Kills 5 In Ogun (1) *
Indeed comrade. It makes you wonder why the trail went cold in the first place. Evidently, the clowns involved appear to have been running with a prosecutorial agenda not grounded in facts.
For for its worth, I hope the wider NL commentariat recognise that SaharaReporters and 234next (recent additions to the so-called "Lagos-Ibadan Press" ) gave adequate coverage to the original allegations, without prejudice.
There isn't a great of information on this story online, but copied in below is a rejoinder I found. Pretty much water tight as far as any defence goes.
Were incorrect answers given in the FOI report after all?
REJOINDER TO PERJURY ACCUSATION ON OGUN STATE GOVERNOR SENATOR IBIKUNLE AMOSUN
Our attention has been drawn to a news report on 234NEXT, 234next.com and Saharareporters.com about Senator Ibikunle Amosun, the governor-elect of Ogun State and his academic credentials.
We are not surprised that such hatchet job is coming from an unknown group at this critical period that the mission to re-build Ogun State from the unfortunate misrule of last eight years is about to start.
The amorphous group in the name of Center for Justice and Democracy (CEJUDE) was definitely an overnight formation without any credible existence, which points to a pattern usually employed by those infected by the "PULL HIM DOWN" syndrome. While we do not wish to confer credibility on this hatchet group, I am constrained to set the record straight for the sake of the unwary who may out of lack of better knowledge of the facts assume there is any substance to this fairy-tale.
We will rebut the main tissues in their lies below:
ON SIX MONTHS INTERNSHIP DURING OND/HND
In the course of perusing the news item on 234NEXT.COM, an independent commentator actually shed light on this blatant lie. His explanation presented below throws light on Senator Amosun’s internship at Ogun-Osun River Basin Authority in 1982 and at Nigerian Television Authority-NTA in 1981.
"In 1979, the initial admission was for NND (a four year programme leading to the award of Nigerian National Diploma) and internship of six months each embedded into year 2 and 3 respectively. But after much advocacy due to the fear that the certificate may just be acceptable here in Nigeria only - a change or reverse of this policy was effected by the Shehu Shagari administration with a proviso that those who were admitted in 1979 should be allowed to pursue HND direct while others should have theirs spread as the case is now. This was done to avoid legal tussle by the beneficiaries of the 1979 admission against the government. I think that should be the fate of Senator Ibikunle Amosun" I don't think I have to add anything to this.
ON GCE CERTIFICATE FORGERY I personally was a living witness to how a lot of people were expelled from the then Ogun State Polytechnic, including those I know their whereabout presently for certificate forgery, but will avoid mentioning names so as not to embarass anybody. We thank God Senator Amosun’s certificate was not found wanting throughout his stay at the Ogun State Polytechnic. In any case, the West African Examination Council (WAEC) is available to answer any inquiry on his certificate.
ON Master of Arts (MA) UNIVERSITY OF WESTMINSTER. We will rather prefer to meet the real masquerades behind these detractors and jobless hatchet group whenever they have the guts and gumption to attach their names to this obnoxious propaganda.
We have done the needful, and will be ready to re-submit the same certificates belonging to Senator Ibikunle Amosun to INEC over and over again. The Onus is on the detractors to prove the authenticity or otherwise. At least, it is trite law that he who alleges must prove. The University of Westminster gave students the options to offer either MSc or MA, and Senator Ibikunle Amosun opted to bag a Master’s in the "ARTS" of International Finance being a chartered accountant.
Again common sense should tell anyone that the MA in international finance was obtained after Senator Ibikunle Amosun was already a chartered accountant, and the advanced degree does not offer him any financial gains beyond his current professional status. Also, he could not have gone ahead to jeopardise his status as a Fellow of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of Nigeria (FCA) with a forged degree.
However, apart from posting copies of Senator Ibikunle Amosun's MA certificate from Westminster University with this rejoinder, we will also like to point out the references below.
As quoted below, some commentators on the 234next.com have been calling the Registrar of Westminster University, and have confirmed Senator Ibikunle Amosun's attendance at the University.
"Authoritatively from the Registrar at the University of Westminster, she confirmed to me that Amosun was an ex student and that they used to offer Masters of Art (MA) International Finance before and that the said Amosun was awarded a degree in Masters of Art (MA) International Finance. I am not sure why people would think that UK institutions are like Nigeria where you can not get information. Should anybody wants (sic) to verify this, please call this number 02079115000 and ask to speak to the Registrar, she is more than happy to tell you"
It may be of interest that University of Westminster offers MSc in International Finance as shown on their website at the moment, but used to offer MA as well in the past and at the same time as claimed by some of the present and former students, as indicated in the profile of a graduate of University of Westminster in Linkedn.com highlighted below: http://www.linkedin.com/pub/carina-mount-charles/3/671/258.
I guess the person of interest in the Linkedn is not Senator Ibikunle Amosun, but someone else.
PURPORTED LETTER FROM MINISTRY OF EDUCATION: A letter apparently written on a forged letterhead of Federal Ministry of Education is the major plank on which these political adversaries try to hang their baseless allegation. To start with, the letterhead has no address or telephone/email-address of the ministry. Neither is there a stamp to authenticate the so-called correspondence. It is also ridiculous that a whole Federal Ministry of Education would investigate the certificate of a former Senator of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, and a governor-elect without requesting requisite information from him. It is curious that the Federal Ministry of Education will be asking a third-party to make available the student transcripts, entry-point and hard copy of admission papers of Senator Amosun from CEJUDE! These are forgers accusing an innocent man of forgery.
FORGED BIRTH CERTIFICATE The forged birth certificate on Saharareporters.com actually speaks volume of these perpetrators. The admission form was supposedly prepared in 1980 by the then Ibikunle Oyelaja Amosun, and he was 22 year old as shown in form . Definitely, the posted birth certificate is fake. Can any sane mind count the number of years from 1960 to 1980. It happens to be 20 years. For clarity, a 22 year old in 1980 will definitely have a year of birth of 1958. The birth certificate can definitely tell a discerning mind who actually forged documents. The purported fake birth certificate is attached as well.
In conclusion, the general public is advised to disregard this falsehood being peddled by these charlatans.
Attached below are scanned copies of Senator Ibikunle Amosun's credentials.
Do you have some screws loose in your head? Read eGuerrilla's last post and attachment. I've been vindicated.
I can also cite the University with the biggest campus in the UK and one of the tougher universities to get into, in the UK, Keele University. University rankings haven't been fair to Keele, probably because it's not as old as most red brick unis, but it's definitely one of the best Universities in the UK, with a lot of American students.
As far as I know, Keele never used to have a faculty for science and computing, until recently. And most of the science and computing courses were under the Faculty of Engineering. So anyone who graduated from Keele doing sciences or anything relating to computing, before the faculty for their courses was created, would have graduated with a B.Eng.
At the moment, my findings do not augur well for the governor.
While the claim made in @OP's post in relation to what Westminster offered is factually wrong (see excerpt below), this also appears to be the case for the governor if we accept that he graduated in the year 2000.
Also, an enquiry at the Evaluation and Accreditation Department of the Federal Ministry of Education, Abuja through a letter on May 3, 2011, informing the Ministry of suspicion on the authenticity of the certificate presented to INEC by Senator Amosun on his M.A. in International Finance from the University of Westminster in 2000 revealed that the University of Westminster does not offer Masters of Art in International Finance.
For the record, this program might have aimed solely at the international community - as the recipients I have located thus far are all based outside the UK.
me_for_you: what nonsense is this? Sending us university policy. Is that what we are interested in? Is Mr Amosun not alive? Let him publish his MA naa. And tinubu should publish his Chicago certificate too