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Politics / Re: 80 Kidnapped Girls Escape From Boko Haram In Borno State by ledafaze(m): 2:22pm
Thank God.
Foreign Affairs / Re: U.S. Navy Turns Seawater Into Fuel by ledafaze(m): 1:49pm
Really, I saw this news yesterday on my mobile and was like... What! This is a good invention and what we are expecting now is airplanes that will run on air.
Politics / Re: The New Nigerian System Of Government - My Own Opinion by ledafaze(m): 1:41pm
The Seven-Headed President: Switzerland Celebrates Europe's Strangest System of Government



...

Representing Everybody

Switzerland is a country whose constitution is designed to prevent concentrations of power. There are many rules when choosing new members in the Federal Council. All of the country's regions must be represented, the sexes need to be in the right proportion and, if possible, there should be members from all the country's three main linguistic communities (German, French and Italian). There also has to be proportional representation of all parties because, in a consensus democracy, all leading political powers govern together. There have been differences of opinion, however, among Swiss parties concerning the correct proportion ever since the right-wing populist Christoph Blocher of the Swiss People's Party (SVP) was elected to the Federal Council in 2003 and not re-elected four years later....

...

Finding Solutions Together

Whenever anyone expresses doubts that it's possible to have continuity of government under the Swiss system of direct democracy, Leuenberger likes to point out that the new rail link through the Swiss Alps will soon be finished, unlike similar projects in other countries, such as the Brenner Base Tunnel between Austria and Italy which according to Leuenberger is a "long way" from completion.

"When it comes to transportation policy, for example, we see that voters have made decisions for decades on highly detailed issues and have always remained true to a sustainable policy of moving traffic from the highways to the rails," says Leuenberger. He adds that, in contrast to other countries, referendums in Switzerland don't serve as a means for people to protest and let off steam. Granted, the citizens voted a year ago to ban the construction of minarets, but this is "the only known example," he says.

Leuenberger is a staunch advocate of the Swiss system in which all parties work together to find solutions. He says that it is no coincidence that he, as a Social Democrat, has been able to liberalize former state-owned companies in the postal, telecommunications and railway sectors. As a center-left politician, he is able to persuade the trade unions not to call for a referendum.

No Need for Radical Change

Nevertheless, it wasn't easy for Leuenberger to be stuck with his greatest political rival, Christoph Blocher, in the government for four years. It was also difficult for him to publicly defend banking secrecy as a member of the government, even though he had personally always opposed protecting foreign tax evaders. "Governing places great demands on the individual, including mentally," says Leuenberger. He doesn't think much of across-the-board criticism of the system. An organization that is poorly managed doesn't need new statutes, he says, but rather someone new at the helm.

Today there are people who are pushing for five or nine federal councilors instead of the current seven. There is also a proposal to extend the term of office of the powerless federal president from one to two years. Leuenberger doesn't think this is a good idea. "If we're going to make a change," he says, "why not have a federal president for four or five years who doesn't have to head his own department and is perhaps even elected by the people? He would of course have to be trilingual, a symbol of integration for the entire country." He couldn't imagine, however, that a majority would support such an idea.

After all, Switzerland is simply not designed for revolutions.

SOURCE: http://www.spiegel.de/international/europe/the-seven-headed-president-switzerland-celebrates-europe-s-strangest-system-of-government-a-718573.html
Politics / Re: The New Nigerian System Of Government - My Own Opinion by ledafaze(m): 1:37pm
I believe that explains why this is what we need in this country. One man power is enough.... Enough is Enough!
Politics / Re: The New Nigerian System Of Government - My Own Opinion by ledafaze(m): 1:37pm
Switzerland has 7 Presidents as Head of State.


Yes. Switzerland doesn’t have a President or Prime Minister acting as a Head of State nor a Head of Government like in USA, UK, Nigeria, or Zimbabwe.

The country is managed by a seven-members Council which is considered as a collective Head of State.

One member of the council is considered the President of the Confederation (whom you can figuratively call President of Switzerland) but he is just a «primus inter pares», which means “first among equals” 7 members of the Federal Council.

He acts in that role for 1 year, and the duty of presidency rotates among the members in order of seniority, then the previous year’s Vice President becomes President.

The President of the Confederation is not considered the head of State, rather the entire Federal Council is considered a collective Head of State. The President main role is to assume special representational duties. He has no powers above the other Councillors and continues to head his or her department.

“Because the Swiss have no single Head of State, the country also carries out no state visits. When traveling abroad, the President does so only as an ordinary Minister of a government Department.

Visiting heads of state are received by the seven members of the Federal Council together, rather than by the President of the Confederation. Treaties are signed on behalf of the full Council, with all Federal Council members signing letters of credence and other documents of the kind.” –Wikipedia

Why is this a good model of governance for Africa?

Switzerland is a multicultural country with 4 different ethnics groups: Germanic, French, Italian, and Rhaeto-Romansh (65% of the population is German; 18% French; 10% Italian; 1% was Romansh; and 6% comprises of various other groups).

Tough Germans made 2/3 of the population, and that ethnic group could easily win all democratic elections based on the rule of the majority, the country adopted a federal model that in fact gives enough power to each ethnic group to manage their local affairs, speak and administrate in their language, and at the top executive level the collective nature of the federal council works well to reinforce the sense of community of destiny.

Here are the main advantages of the Swiss model:

1. It’s integrative and minimize ethnic conflicts in the context a multi-ethnic country
2. Seven heads of state, all equal in opinion and power, make it difficult to take impulsive decision, and minimize the risk of dictatorship
3. It also minimizes corruption of leadership in the sense that any top level decision could not be taken without sound review by the Seven members of the council
4. Additionally, as all seven members have to sign top level decisions to be valid, foreign pressure on one or two members of the council will not be enough to move a decision ahead.
5. Finally, leadership based on showmanship and cult of personality is severely limited, and the leaders are more focused on delivering results in their department.


In The Prince, Machiavelli said, the weakest form of government for any nation is dictatorship or one-powerful-man at top, because it’s easy to conquer such nations. Once you succeed to cut the head, the whole falls into panic and concedes defeat. In the other hand, the most resilient nations are those with multiple, strong, and independence local princes. Even after the central government of such nations would fall, any conqueror would have to battle all individual princes to win over the country.

In 1976, in China, after Mao died, the Chinese Communist Party vowed never to let a single person, whatever his position or charisma, to have so much power to lead to the horrific deeds of the Chinese cultural revolution.

Deng Xiaoping, Mao’s successor, stripped himself of all the powers he has got as president, and transferred them to what was called the Eight Elders, which ultimately would accomplish the most transformational endeavor in human history which lifted more than 800 millions people out of poverty in China, and reached a level of development Europe succeeded to accomplish only over 400 years.

For Chinese, from then state’s affairs should not be a matter of opinion, intuition, impulse, emotion, religion, personal preferences or lineage, but based on the scientific approach of ”seek truth from facts” in political and economic affairs.

Source: http://harowo.com/switzerland-has-7-presidents-as-head-of-state/
Politics / The New Nigerian System Of Government - My Own Opinion by ledafaze(m): 1:36pm
Dear CONFAB Delegates and my other Nigerians,

While reading the newspapers (The Guardian) yesterday, I saw a column where someone advised NIgeria to adopt a 6-Man presidential team. I laughed over it and also reasoned over it thinking it has not been done elsewhere but thanks to Nairaland, I got to know that it is the proud system that is currently in use in Switzerland. That is a peaceful nation everyone would love to live.

As I can recall, the guy said that every political party should provide a 6-Man Presidential candidate from every geo-political zone representing each segment of the nation for a general election. If they win, they get the chance to rule for 6 years. While in power, they all have the same amount of power in that they all make the decision at the same time, which means that at this time, every member would want to make sure that it is a fair deal. Every year, the main figurehead will be replaced by another member of the 6-man team which will make them all rule for a 6-year term. Giving every man a chance to be the figurehead for a full year.

Religion is just a way of life and even though it defines us, it does not really define the way we should cohabitate as we should all be able to live for one another. The killings and kidnapping don do abeg.

If you are in support of this, kindly help in making sure that this gets to the CONFAB and I am sure they will accept it.

If we do not do it, no one will do it for us. United States has been in Afganistan, Iraq, Iran and other nations but the fight will continue to go on. We need to make strategic changes.

The time is now. Lets raise our voices... This is getting too much!
Business / Re: FAAC Okays Removal Of Fuel Subsidy, Shares N641.38bn by ledafaze(m): 1:16pm
jobsat34: I knew it.. this prompted my topic of last week... lets see whether nigerians can look away again.. BTW, i enjoyed 6hrs of uninterrupted power last night, i hope this has nothing to do with the missing 20billion dollars.. i refuse to be bought ooooooo

http://www.nairaland.com/1688506/petroleum-sell-per-litre-nigeria


So ure not the only one. Same in my area ---Oworonsoki
Business / Re: FAAC Okays Removal Of Fuel Subsidy, Shares N641.38bn by ledafaze(m): 1:15pm
Okuda:

In switzerland, the country is governed by 7 presidents. Yes!7. One figure head. Trust me whem i say hes just a figure head. And that country more peaceful than the most peaceful countries in africa combined together 7 times. People who know wat they are doing, know wat they are doing

Switzerland has 7 Presidents as Head of State.


Yes. Switzerland doesn’t have a President or Prime Minister acting as a Head of State nor a Head of Government like in USA, UK, Nigeria, or Zimbabwe.

The country is managed by a seven-members Council which is considered as a collective Head of State.

One member of the council is considered the President of the Confederation (whom you can figuratively call President of Switzerland) but he is just a «primus inter pares», which means “first among equals” 7 members of the Federal Council.

He acts in that role for 1 year, and the duty of presidency rotates among the members in order of seniority, then the previous year’s Vice President becomes President.

The President of the Confederation is not considered the head of State, rather the entire Federal Council is considered a collective Head of State. The President main role is to assume special representational duties. He has no powers above the other Councillors and continues to head his or her department.

“Because the Swiss have no single Head of State, the country also carries out no state visits. When traveling abroad, the President does so only as an ordinary Minister of a government Department.

Visiting heads of state are received by the seven members of the Federal Council together, rather than by the President of the Confederation. Treaties are signed on behalf of the full Council, with all Federal Council members signing letters of credence and other documents of the kind.” –Wikipedia

Why is this a good model of governance for Africa?

Switzerland is a multicultural country with 4 different ethnics groups: Germanic, French, Italian, and Rhaeto-Romansh (65% of the population is German; 18% French; 10% Italian; 1% was Romansh; and 6% comprises of various other groups).

Tough Germans made 2/3 of the population, and that ethnic group could easily win all democratic elections based on the rule of the majority, the country adopted a federal model that in fact gives enough power to each ethnic group to manage their local affairs, speak and administrate in their language, and at the top executive level the collective nature of the federal council works well to reinforce the sense of community of destiny.

Here are the main advantages of the Swiss model:

1. It’s integrative and minimize ethnic conflicts in the context a multi-ethnic country
2. Seven heads of state, all equal in opinion and power, make it difficult to take impulsive decision, and minimize the risk of dictatorship
3. It also minimizes corruption of leadership in the sense that any top level decision could not be taken without sound review by the Seven members of the council
4. Additionally, as all seven members have to sign top level decisions to be valid, foreign pressure on one or two members of the council will not be enough to move a decision ahead.
5. Finally, leadership based on showmanship and cult of personality is severely limited, and the leaders are more focused on delivering results in their department.


In The Prince, Machiavelli said, the weakest form of government for any nation is dictatorship or one-powerful-man at top, because it’s easy to conquer such nations. Once you succeed to cut the head, the whole falls into panic and concedes defeat. In the other hand, the most resilient nations are those with multiple, strong, and independence local princes. Even after the central government of such nations would fall, any conqueror would have to battle all individual princes to win over the country.

In 1976, in China, after Mao died, the Chinese Communist Party vowed never to let a single person, whatever his position or charisma, to have so much power to lead to the horrific deeds of the Chinese cultural revolution.

Deng Xiaoping, Mao’s successor, stripped himself of all the powers he has got as president, and transferred them to what was called the Eight Elders, which ultimately would accomplish the most transformational endeavor in human history which lifted more than 800 millions people out of poverty in China, and reached a level of development Europe succeeded to accomplish only over 400 years.

For Chinese, from then state’s affairs should not be a matter of opinion, intuition, impulse, emotion, religion, personal preferences or lineage, but based on the scientific approach of ”seek truth from facts” in political and economic affairs.

Source: http://harowo.com/switzerland-has-7-presidents-as-head-of-state/

2 Likes

 
Business / Re: FAAC Okays Removal Of Fuel Subsidy, Shares N641.38bn by ledafaze(m): 9:05am
EngrH: I love it when nigeria(sw & north) is in crisis. I know the parasitic north and lazy, tiger scratched face from the sw will soon take to the streets. I hope the security agencies will not disappoint. They should shoot at everything that moves

Really, I have been thinking about the status of this Nation... Not only myself but I believe many of us have. This is nothing to tell our kids about If no revolution takes place now, the upcoming will look at us to scorn. All the killings and kidnappings and all... Now they believe there are no virgins in heaven and they want to have their stake here on earth.

Really, I think and I believe we all know there we have no leaders but jokers. School children were kidnapped and he was pictured somewhere partying with polical rally guys (As uploaded by Ruben Abati on Twitter). Good patriotic citizens, we are in this mess because Nigeria did not fight for independence and no lesson was learnt from the covil war that happened... Maybe because it was not everywhere then but only in some parts of the nation because if it were to be everywhere, the leaders of today will not be there doing nothing to the situation of this nation. They have no human feelings at all... Thank God I did not vote for him.

On Subsidy, I can tell you that is the way forward to remove the scam at first and then bring it back with proper planning and documentation. It needs to be removed so that air can come into the system and a new pathway be found for it.

I read on Guardian yesterday about a guy proposing a 6-man presidential team from every political party for every six years... the six man will be from every geo-political zone and will rule for 6 years. Out of the six years, one man will rule as president for every year while the remaining five will act as the vice presidents... To me, it sounds so good and no one should say it has not been done elsewhere or it is not in the constitution, we have to put it there and start it if that is what will work on tribal-ridden nation of ours.

Subsidy removal, I welcome thee. It is better they remove the subsidy, (if this is their plan) Give us free healthcare, free education, electricity and very good transportation system; best railway, better roads and good water transportation system.

7 Likes

Business / FAAC Okays Removal Of Fuel Subsidy, Shares N641.38bn by ledafaze(m): 8:25am
FAAC Okays Removal Of Fuel Subsidy, Shares N641.38bn


Federation Accounts Allocation Committee (FAAC) has ratified its committee’s decision to remove the petroleum subsidy.

This as the three tiers of government shared the sum of N641.380 billion as allocation for the month of March, despite a shortfall in the revenue for the month.

FAAC last month set up a committee to look into the possible removal of fuel subsidy. The committee comprised a member from the commissioners’ forum, the customs, state accountants general and the minister of state for finance etc.

On the submission of the report yesterday, FAAC simply approved the removal.

According to the chairman of Commissioners forum, Mr Timothy Odaah, the approval would be sent to the President for ratification.

He said that the fuel subsidy has not solved the problem for which it was introduced, adding that only a few privileged individuals are benefiting from it to the detriment of the majority Nigerians.

But the removal is subject to the ratification of President Goodluck Jonathan.

Meanwhile, the revenue in March dipped by N52.387 billion as the gross revenue for the month is N614, 368 billion against N666,745 billion.

This according to the Accountant General of the Federaltion was due to the vandalisation of the oil pipelines and oil theft.

In a comunique, N614.368 billion was collected as gross revenue for the period as against N666.745 billion collected in February.

The decline in the gross revenue collected for the month under review was attributed to decline in mineral revenue which resulted from the shut-in at Qua Iboenterminal and shut down of Fracados.

The statement signed by the Accountant General of theFederation, Mr Jonah Ogunniyi Otunla also attributed the decline to oil theft and some repair works on pipeline leaks at Bonny and Brass.

However, the three tiers of government shared N641.380 billion as the shortfall was augumented with the N7.617 billion refunded by the NNPC and the N36.549 billion from the Subsidy Reinvestment Programme (Sure-P)

Out of the N530.095billion statutory allocation for March, the Federal Government recieved N249.084 billion (52.68mper cent), the state governments got N126.339billion , amounting to 26.72 per cent while the 774 local governments shared N97.402 billion (20.60 per cent ) among themselves.

The oil producing states also shared N57.270billion 13 per cent derivation fund among themselves.

Similarly, out of the N80.775billion availble as Value Added Tax (VAT), the federal government received 15 percentbamounting to N9.116billion, states got 50 percent valued at mN30.388bilion while the localmgovernment counciks recieved the remaining balance of N21.271billion.

Source: http://leadership.ng/news/366410/faac-okays-removal-fuel-subsidy-shares-n641-38bn
Family / Re: Ten (10) Ways To Improve Your Marriage by ledafaze(m): 4:51pm On Apr 14
Thank you... Very well said and anything else na repitition.

You have said it all.
Health / Re: Ebola: A Swift, Effective And Bloody Killer by ledafaze(m): 4:46pm On Apr 14
What is Ebola and why does it kill?


By CNN.com staff
(CNN) -- An outbreak of Ebola virus has killed at least 86 people in Guinea since its symptoms were first observed last month.

In a statement Saturday, the World Health Organization (WHO) said the total number of suspected cases -- including the fatalities -- was 143.

It said Liberia had reported 18 suspected and two confirmed cases of Ebola, including two deaths. In Mali, meanwhile, the health ministry had notified the WHO of four patients with suspected symptoms.

Why does Ebola generate such fear?

Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF) describes Ebola as "one of the world's most deadly diseases."

"It is a highly infectious virus that can kill up to 90% of the people who catch it, causing terror among infected communities," it says.

There is also no vaccination against it.

Of Ebola's five sub-types, the Zaire strain -- the first to be identified -- is considered the most deadly.

The WHO says preliminary tests on the Ebola virus in Guinea suggest that the outbreak there is this strain, although that has not been confirmed.

What is Ebola?

The Ebola virus causes viral hemorrhagic fever (VHF), which according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), refers to a group of viruses that affect multiple organ systems in the body and are often accompanied by bleeding.

The virus is named after the Ebola River in the Democratic Republic of Congo (formerly Zaire), where one of the first outbreaks occurred in 1976. The same year there was another outbreak in Sudan.

The WHO says there are five different strains of the virus -- named after the areas they originated in. Three of these have been associated with large outbreaks of hemorrhagic fever in Africa.

These are the Bundibugyo -- an area of Uganda where the virus was discovered in 2007 -- Sudan and Zaire sub-types.

There has been a solitary case of Ivory Coast Ebola. This subtype was discovered when a researcher studying wild chimpanzees became ill in 1994 after an autopsy on one of the animals. The researcher recovered.

Finally, Reston Ebola is named after Reston in the U.S. state of Virginia, where this fifth strain of the Ebola virus was identified in monkeys imported from the Philippines.

The CDC says while humans have been infected with Ebola Reston, there have been no cases of human illness or death from this sub-type.

What are Ebola's symptoms?

Early symptoms of the Ebola virus include sudden onset of fever, weakness, muscle pain, headaches and a sore throat. These symptoms can appear two to 21 days after infection.

The WHO says these non-specific early symptoms can be mistaken for signs of diseases such as malaria, typhoid fever, meningitis or even the plague.

MSF says some patients may also develop a rash, red eyes, hiccups, chest pains and difficulty breathing and swallowing.

The early symptoms progress to vomiting, diarrhea, impaired kidney and liver function and sometimes internal and external bleeding.

Ebola can only be definitively confirmed by five different laboratory tests.

How is it treated?

There are no specific treatments for Ebola. MSF says patients are isolated and then supported by health care workers.

"This consists of hydrating the patient, maintaining their oxygen status and blood pressure and treating them for any complicating infections," it says.

There have been cases of healthcare workers contracting the virus from patients and the World Health Organization has issued guidance for dealing with confirmed or suspected cases of the virus.

Carers are advised to wear impermeable gowns and gloves and to wear facial protection such as goggles or a medical mask to prevent splashes to the nose, mouth and eyes.

MSF says it contained a 2012 outbreak in Uganda by placing a control area around its treatment center. An outbreak is considered over once 42 days -- double the incubation period of the disease -- have passed without any new cases.

How does it spread?

The WHO says it is believed that fruit bats may be the natural host of the Ebola virus in Africa, passing on the virus to other animals.

Humans contract Ebola through contact with the bodily fluids of infected animals.

The WHO says in Africa there have been documented cases of humans falling ill after contact with dead or ill chimpanzees, gorillas, fruit bats, monkeys, forest antelope and porcupines.

It says Ebola later spreads from human-to-human via contact with bodily fluids containing the virus. The virus can be spread through contact with an object contaminated with infected secretions.

Direct contact with the corpses of Ebola victims can also result in infection and the virus can be transmitted via infected Fluid up to seven weeks after clinical recovery.

MSF says while the virus is believed to be able to survive for some days in liquid outside an infected organism, it is fragile and chlorine disinfection, heat, direct sunlight, soaps and detergents can kill it.

MSF epidemiologist Kamiliny Kalahne says outbreaks usually spread in areas where hospitals have poor infection control and limited access to resources such as running water.

"People who become sick with it almost always know how they got sick: because they looked after someone in their family who was very sick -- who had diarrhea, vomiting and bleeding -- or because they were health staff who had a lot of contact with a sick patient," she says.

How many cases have there been?

The CDC estimates there have been more than 1,800 cases of Ebola and more than 1,300 deaths.

The last recorded outbreaks before the current one in Guinea were in 2012 -- in Uganda and Democratic Republic of Congo.

The Uganda outbreak involved a total of 24 probable and confirmed cases, and 17 deaths, according to the WHO, which declared it had ended in October 2012.

MSF said the Uganda outbreak had been the Sudan strain, while the virus found in DRC was the Bundibugyo sub-type.

According to the CDC, the most deadly outbreak was the 1976 outbreak in then Zaire, when 280 of 318 infected people died. In 2000, there were 425 cases of Ebola Sudan in Uganda, which resulted in 224 fatalities.

If Ebola is so infectious, why hasn't it spread further?

MSF epidemiologist Kamiliny Kalahne says there have not yet been any cases of Ebola being spread to a developed country.

"This is because people generally transmit the infection when they are very sick, have a high fever and a lot of symptoms -- and in these situations, they don't travel.

"And even if they do get sick once they travel to a developed country, they will be in a good hospital with good infection control, so they are very unlikely to infect others," she says.

SOURCE: http://edition.cnn.com/2014/03/27/world/ebola-virus-explainer/index.html
Health / Ebola: A Swift, Effective And Bloody Killer by ledafaze(m): 4:43pm On Apr 14
Ebola: A swift, effective and bloody killer


By Dr. Sanjay Gupta, CNN Chief Medical Correspondent
Conakry, Guinea (CNN) -- It took only moments to feel the impact of what was happening here.

We had just landed in Conakry, the capital of Guinea. In the fields right outside the airport, a young woman was in tears. She started to wail and shout in Susu, one of the 40 languages spoken in this tiny country of 12 million people. The gathered crowd became silent and listened intently.

The young man sitting next to me quietly translated, although I already had my suspicions. He told me the woman's husband had died of Ebola, and then quickly ushered us away.

It is probably not surprising the airplane bringing us into Conakry was nearly empty, as are all the hotels here. Not many people in the United States have ever visited Guinea, or could even identify where it sits in West Africa. It is already one of the world's poorest countries, and the panic around Ebola is only making that worse.

Some of it is justified. That's because this time, the outbreak is different. In the past, Ebola rarely made it out of the remote forested areas of Africa.

Key to that is a grim version of good news/bad news: because Ebola tends to incapacitate its victims and kill them quickly, they rarely have a chance to travel and spread the disease beyond their small villages. Now, however, Ebola is in Conakry, the capital city, with two million residents. Equally concerning: it's just a short distance from where we touched down, at an international airport.

It has gone "viral," and now the hope is that it doesn't go global.

Ebola: What you need to know

When I asked doctors on the ground about that scenario, they had split opinions. Several told me the concern is real but unlikely. Most patients with Ebola come from small villages in the forest and are unlikely to be flying on international trips, they told me. Furthermore, they don't think Ebola would spread widely in a western country; our medical expertise and our culture -- not touching the dead -- would prevent it.

Others aren't so sure.

No one wants to test that theory.

With Ebola, there is an incubation period of two to 21 days. Remember these numbers. This is the range of time it takes to develop symptoms after someone has been exposed.

With an international airport close by, that means you could be on the other side of the world before you develop the headache, fever, fatigue and joint pain which make up the early symptoms of an Ebola infection. The diarrhea, rash and bleeding come later. Hiccups is a particularly grave sign with Ebola. It means your diaphragm, which allows you to breathe, is starting to get irritated.

There is a lot we know about Ebola, and it scares us almost as much as what we don't know.

We do know Ebola, a simple virus with a small genome, is a swift, effective and bloody killer. The mortality rate is higher than 50% and in some outbreaks reaches 90%.

Ebola appears to kill in a clever way. Early on, it strategically disarms your immune system, allowing the virus to replicate unchecked until it invades organs all over your body. It convinces your blood to clot in overdrive, but only inside your blood vessels. While those blood vessels choke up, the rest of your body starts to ooze because the clotting mechanisms are all busy.

You start to hemorrhage on the outside of your body. Nose bleeds, bruising, even a simple needle stick will refuse to clot. But, it is the bleeding you don't see -- the bleeding on the inside -- that causes even more catastrophic problems.

Many patients die of shock, within an average of 10 days.

What is Ebola?

It sounds like the stuff of horror movies. But despite the real danger, Ebola is not at all easy to "catch." If it were, my wife would have refused to let me come in the midst of an outbreak.

To become infected, you generally need to spend extended time with someone who is gravely ill, and come into contact with his or her infected body fluids. That's why family members and health care workers are the most likely to get sick.

Over the last three weeks, at least 104 people have died, including 14 health care workers.

With some infections, you can shed and spread the virus long before you get ill. That's not the case with Ebola. It's only after you are sick and feverish do you become contagious. However, it only takes a miniscule amount to infect and kill. A microscopic droplet of blood or saliva on your bare hand could enter through a break in your skin. And, whether you realize it or not, we all have breaks in our skin.

Since I was a kid, I have been fascinated with outbreaks. I learned in medical school that new pathogens generally make a jump from animals to humans, a process called zoonosis.

This is happening in areas where human and animals come into continuous contact. David Quammen refers to it as "Spillover," in his book of the same name. A stew of ducks, geese, chickens, pigs and humans in southeast Asia led to the spillover of avian flu, H5N1. Contact between pigs and humans in Mexico led to swine flu, H1N1; pigs and fruit bats were the recipe for Nipah fever in Malaysia.

The best guess is that fruit bats may be a natural reservoir for the Ebola virus too, but this has not been confirmed. Quammen makes the point: Ebola didn't enter our world -- we entered its world.

Pathogens can be predators, like lions, tigers and bears. A virus may not plan the way a big cat does, but in a sense it stalks its prey -- waiting for the moment of opportunity, then attacking with fury. Because it can lie silent for years, it's also easy to see Ebola as a killing ghost, like Jack the Ripper.

Presumably outbreaks begin through some human-animal contact, but since that contact is ongoing we don't know what it is that leads Ebola to rear its ugly head. We don't know how to treat the illness or vaccinate against it. We certainly don't know how to cure it.

I thought about all of this as I left that woman in the airport, and I have thought about her a great deal since then. Her grief made an impression on all of us.

It also made this mysterious, exotic virus the world knows, but doesn't fully understand, so much more real and frightening. For the next 21 days (the outer range of the incubation period) the woman we saw will be monitored for a fever or any early signs she may have contracted Ebola from her husband. If she exhibits symptoms, she will be isolated and treated with fluids, oxygen and nutrition.

That is all that can really be offered. Again, there is no cure for Ebola.

For her neighbors, in Guinea and across its border, another critical number is 42 -- as in 42 days, or two incubation periods. If the health care teams here don't see any new cases during that time then they officially say the outbreak is over. We are not there yet, not even close.

The clock is ticking.

Source: http://edition.cnn.com/2014/04/14/health/gupta-ebola-guinea/index.html?hpt=hp_c2
European Soccer / Re: UEFA Champions League Semi-final Draw On 11th April 2014 by ledafaze(m): 11:37am On Apr 11
Fvck

Politics / Despite Unresolved Missing $20 Billion Reps Approve A New $1.56bn Loan For NNPC by ledafaze(m): 6:45am On Apr 11
Despite Unresolved Missing $20 billion Reps Approve A New $1.56bn Loan for NNPC

A proposed forward “sale agreement” loan of $1.56bn by the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation split members of the House of Representatives on Tuesday.

Some members had kicked against the loan and protested loudly in the chambers, urging the House not to approve it.

But, a majority decision supported the loan bid.

The report on the loan was presented to the House by the Joint Committees on Petroleum Resources (Upstream)/Petroleum Resources (Downstream)/Loans and Debts/Justice.

The lead Chairman, Mr. Ajibola Muraina, urged the House to approve the proposal.

However, the committee asked the NNPC to “develop a roadmap for offsetting its huge indebtedness.”

But, some members said it did not make sense for the House to approve another loan for the NNPC, which is battling to explain many allegations bearing on corruption and non-remittance of oil revenues to the public purse.

For example, the House Minority Leader, Mr. Femi Gbajabiamila, noted that the NNPC had been unable to account for “missing funds” running into billions of dollars.

He argued that he expected the House to first direct the corporation to clear itself of all the allegations before approving a fresh loan proposal.

The Chairman, House Committee on Diaspora Affairs, Mrs. Abike Dabiri-Erewa, also opposed the loan.

She noted that the committee, in its report, admitted that the NNPC was already heavily indebted.

Dabiri-Erewa said, “The whole thing is a sham; this is a sham. We should not be talking about loans. We don’t even know how much the NNPC owes; the corporation is heavily indebted.

“The chairman of the committee admitted that much in his presentation. This is a sham, we should not accept this.”

Several other members expressed reservations over the proposed loan.

In its first recommendation, the committee stated, “That the House do approve the proposed $1.56bn forward sale agreement.”

The recommendation was approved.

In recommendations three, four and five, the committee acknowledged NNPC’s huge indebtedness.

Recommendation four stated, “That there is a need to streamline operations within the NNPC to eliminate waste, increase operational efficiencies and offer more degree of transparency.”

Members had last Thursday declined to consider the report on the excuse that they were not given copies.

In his comments, the presiding Deputy Speaker, Mr. Emeka Ihedioha, ruled that he should not be held accountable for the members’ disposition as he expected them to have read and “digested” the report before coming to the chambers on Tuesday.

Source: http://www.punchng.com/business/business-economy/protests-as-reps-approve-1-56bn-loan-for-nnpc/
Family / Pakistani Family: 9-month-old Booked On Attempted Murder Charge by ledafaze(m): 8:44am On Apr 08
CNN:
Pakistani family: 9-month-old booked on attempted murder charge




http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jbJ-QV3wEx8

Islamabad, Pakistan (CNN) -- A 9-month-old Pakistani boy bawled as he was fingerprinted and booked in Lahore on an attempted murder charge after his family members allegedly threw bricks at police trying to collect an unpaid bill.

The ordeal started February 1 when several police officers and a bailiff went to a home hoping to get payment for a gas bill, said Atif Zulfikar Butt, a senior police official in Lahore.

A scuffle ensued, during which the infant's father, one of his teenage sons and others in the residence severely injured some of the officials by tossing bricks their way, according to Butt.

That led authorities to seek out those in the house. An official document aired by CNN affiliate GEO News shows charges of stoning and attempted murder.

How and why the baby was implicated was unclear, though the Lahore police official acknowledged that the child appeared in court Wednesday and was booked as his grandfather held him.

"The police filed a wrong, false arrest charge sheet and brought this innocent 9-month-old into this court room for an appearance," the family's lawyer, Irfan Tarar, said.

Following media coverage of the incident, Punjab Chief Minister Shahbaz Sharif directed police to immediately suspend a Pakistani official for registering the case against the baby boy, according to police.

CNN's attempts to contact the family members were not successful.

Source: http://www.cnn.com/2014/04/05/world/asia/pakistani-baby-charged?sr=fb040714babycharged1130aVODtop
Foreign Affairs / Re: 9-month-old Booked On Attempted Murder Charge by ledafaze(m): 8:40am On Apr 08
Really, I cant think of a comment to give to this kind of act. JustSenseless.
Foreign Affairs / 9-month-old Booked On Attempted Murder Charge by ledafaze(m): 8:37am On Apr 08
CNN:
Pakistani family: 9-month-old booked on attempted murder charge




http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jbJ-QV3wEx8

Islamabad, Pakistan (CNN) -- A 9-month-old Pakistani boy bawled as he was fingerprinted and booked in Lahore on an attempted murder charge after his family members allegedly threw bricks at police trying to collect an unpaid bill.

The ordeal started February 1 when several police officers and a bailiff went to a home hoping to get payment for a gas bill, said Atif Zulfikar Butt, a senior police official in Lahore.

A scuffle ensued, during which the infant's father, one of his teenage sons and others in the residence severely injured some of the officials by tossing bricks their way, according to Butt.

That led authorities to seek out those in the house. An official document aired by CNN affiliate GEO News shows charges of stoning and attempted murder.

How and why the baby was implicated was unclear, though the Lahore police official acknowledged that the child appeared in court Wednesday and was booked as his grandfather held him.

"The police filed a wrong, false arrest charge sheet and brought this innocent 9-month-old into this court room for an appearance," the family's lawyer, Irfan Tarar, said.

Following media coverage of the incident, Punjab Chief Minister Shahbaz Sharif directed police to immediately suspend a Pakistani official for registering the case against the baby boy, according to police.

CNN's attempts to contact the family members were not successful.

Source: http://www.cnn.com/2014/04/05/world/asia/pakistani-baby-charged?sr=fb040714babycharged1130aVODtop
Family / Re: Would You Allow Your Son To Marry A Prostitute? by ledafaze(m): 8:32am On Apr 07
In as much as we (myself and the intending wife) have not met in the field, then there is nothing in bad in him marrying a prostitute. That shows that lady is a real lady to confess what she does and will/should be a truthful woman.

So you want a lady that will keep telling you lies just to enter your life and then turn something else?

You people needs to understand that this life is a journey, anything past is past and there is always a future ahead that can be determined by what will do with today. Your denial can destroy her love life, go back into prostitution, give birth to prostitutes and a generation gone.

Save a life, save a future, it starts with me, it starts with you, it starts with making the right decisions.

A friend of mine will say, provided she has known her past to be bad and has fully and truly agreed to leave it to the past... all join
Family / Re: Why Do Some Mothers Dress Better Than Their Kids? by ledafaze(m): 9:49am On Apr 01
It is a psychology issue. They feel they are not meant to be in such situation and as such hate the kids for locking them down. So they tend to dress for others to see them as well as they can be but for the kid, only God knows.

If they see the kid as the source of Joy, it wont be such.

1 Like

Family / Re: Principles To Follow When Lending Out Money by ledafaze(m): 8:52am On Apr 01
smurfy:

If someone comes to you to borrow, say, N100,000, knowing full well you can afford it, and promises heaven or earth to pay it back (most mean to pay back, I know), do you give him the sum of N10,000.

I tend to pity people a lot. You can imagine how much money and close friends I've lost out of such acts of kindness.

Guy, a lot of my N10,000 don waka down the drain and I give out such cos I know I cant kill myself over it. My own be say, I cant give out more than what I can let go
Family / Re: Principles To Follow When Lending Out Money by ledafaze(m): 9:51am On Mar 31
This is my take...

I ONLY lend what I can let go... so when it is lost, I wont displace water over it... let alone weight.

Guy, if you know u cant forget that money, dont lend it.

2 Likes

European Soccer / Re: :::Thread For All Spanish Team Fans!::: by ledafaze(m): 1:22pm On Mar 27
philfearon:
League ain't over yet bro!!

The race seems over for Real Madrid guys
Phones / Re: Android User Data Plan Coming Soon... Ordered By NCC by ledafaze(m): 12:46pm On Mar 25
It is very possible. All they have to do is develop an app that will run on Android, verify your SIM by placing an invisible or status sms being sent every 5 mins or so and then use the app as the gateway to the android portal. The app must be running for it to work and the downside is that it will be very slow cos they will put everyone in one basket.
Politics / Re: Govt Plans Electricity Import To Boost Supply by ledafaze(m): 11:37am On Mar 25
deor03:


We need suggestions and not ranting from Nigerian youths. This seems to be the trend, using the usual appellations ( clueless, daft, slow, silly etc)

WHAT ARE YOU SUGGESTIONS ?

Reading well shows that there are no suggestion to beat the government. Not even the CONFAB will do. All we need is a revolution. The Wole Soyinka wont be the one to lead, Not Femi Falana... Not Femi Kuti... we youths should wake up to the revolution. It is happening everywhere... Only revolution fights power.
Politics / Re: Govt Plans Electricity Import To Boost Supply by ledafaze(m): 11:16am On Mar 25
Someone please tell me... no b the same Congo that just survived a civil war? These stup-id leaders are just there with their obsolete brain doing nothing but waste money. Next thing they will tell us is that it will be subsidised and believe me, it is another venture for scam.

And don't be surprised getting to know one day that the Dam Project was steered by a Nigerian Stolen Fund by one hopeless leader.

We need to take justice into our hands... Revolution is the way I say...

NOTE: I am not saying it is bad for them to import something... at least if you are so clueless to produce something, you will have to import it. A problem leads to another.
Politics / Govt Plans Electricity Import To Boost Supply by ledafaze(m): 11:12am On Mar 25
NGRGuardian:
Govt plans electricity import to boost supply



• Signs pact with DR Congo

• Woos foreigners to invest in TCN

• UNIDO installs hydro-power plants

FACED with challenges of poor local production, the Federal Government may reach out to countries with higher generation capacity and those with very ambitious electricity generation programmes to boost supply.

Already, the Federal Government has signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to purchase power from the Democratic Republic of Congo, a country currently planning to produce at least 40,000 megawatts of electricity from its dams.

In a related development, the United Nations Industrial Development Organisation (UNIDO) has commenced the installation of mini hydro-power plants across the country as a deliberate move to boost electricity in the country.

Congo is fine-tuning work to expand electricity generation to over 40,000mw from dams through the ‘Grand Inga’ mega-project. Experts estimate that the project could provide 40 per cent of Africa’s electricity needs.

It is expected to become the world’s largest hydro project and could provide more than 500 million people with renewable energy when completed, according to available information on the Congo project.

Minister of State for Power, Mohammed Wakili, said at an investors’ conference organised by the Transmission Company of Nigeria (TCN) in Abuja Monday that some of the electricity to be bought from Congo would also be exported to some neighbouring countries where Nigeria’s transmission network expands to.

He added: “Nigeria is in bilateral and multilateral relationships at various stages of advancement with other governments for the importation and exportation of power. For example, Nigeria has signed MoU with Democratic Republic of Congo for the importation of electricity from the Inga Dam Power Plants, for both local consumption and export to other countries.

“The Inga is envisaged to exceed 40,000mw on full exploitation. TCN network spreads to all parts of the country and across the border to some neighbouring countries to form part of the West African Power Pool (WAPP).

“With the realisation of Inga and other initiatives, Nigeria will become a regional hub in international electricity trade, exporting large swathes of internally-generated as well as imported power to WAPP countries.

On Nigeria’s local generation, he stressed how vandalism had been a very big problem but was optimistic that things will improve for the country to reach about 4,500mw.

He noted that the conference was put together to lure foreigners to invest in transmission.

Wakili, who earlier presented a speech on behalf of the Minister of Power, Prof. Chinedu Nebo, stressed that the reforms in the Nigerian Electricity Supply Industry (NESI) presents huge opportunities for investment.

He said: “The Federal Government has taken steps to improve and sustain gas supply to existing prospective power plants.

“The foregoing measures will greatly ramp up the total generation on the TCN grid, necessitating the massive and rapid expansion of the transmission and other infrastructure. It is projected that TCN requires $8 billion in the next five years to prosecute its capacity expansion programme. We hereby invite all and sundry to partake in this investment bonanza. Government has established various mechanisms to safeguard and protect your investments in TCN and elsewhere in the NESI.”

He added: “The electricity supply industry has undergone radical changes. Traditionally, the NESI involved itself with the generation, transmission and distribution of electric power, usually by vertically-integrated utilities.

“For Nigeria, the main features of the reforms are to expose the erstwhile vertically-public utility to competition in the generation and distribution and to move the power sector from the then centralised structure towards a decentralised structure. This administration will provide the enabling environment and level-playing ground for all comers to engage in every aspect of the electricity business with security of portfolio.”

Chairman of TCN board, Ibrahim Dahiru Waziri, stressed that ‘chronic’ underfunding was one of the challenges that had plagued transmission over the years.

Noting that the board and management had been given a free hand to run TCN, he stressed that the funds from donors would be properly utilised.

Waziri said the company had a target of $1.5 billion yearly.

“What we are looking at in our template is $1.5 billion yearly for the next five, six years. Some years may have higher while others may be lower, but generally, it is within that range,” he noted.

Waziri added: “We have plans because at the end, everything we are doing is to make sure that we attain 20,000mw wheeling capacity by the year 2020. But at the ‘moment’ on a balanced system where everything is working, we believe we can transmit up to 7,000mw of generated power.

“Issues generally relating to gas and water at dams do affect what is available for wheeling. But we at TCN as at the moment can transmit up to 7,000mw and we want to move to 20,000mw. It should be noted that we can only attain that objective if we get the level of funding that we are looking for. The Federal Government has always been gracious by accessing loans for us. We heard the World Bank is giving us $700 million. Now with other multilateral and bilateral agencies that we are getting money from, we will be able to achieve that.”

On gas and the worsening power situation, he stressed: “Gas supply has dropped significantly within the last two weeks. That has resulted in reduced generation as of this morning to about 2,500mw, back to square one. But we are addressing all these issues.

“Then of course we had accidents along Benin-Sapele Road and a lot of transmission lines collapsed due to fire incidents and this affected a very small area in that locality in terms of giving them power. But like I said earlier, these issues are being addressed.”

The organisation and the United Nations High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR), the Taraba State Government and the International Centre for Small Hydro-Power Plant (ICSHP) in China have already successfully installed a 400kW small hydro-power (SHP) plant in Kakara community of Taraba State.

The SHP, according to a statement from UNIDO yesterday, is expected to provide sustainable access to clean energy for industrial activities to local industries and the adjoining villages.

“The installation of the 400kW SHP is one in the series of other SHP plants that will be installed across Nigeria,” UNIDO said in Abuja yesterday.

A statement from the organisation noted: “At the moment, similar projects have been implemented by UNIDO in Waya Dam, Bauchi State and Ezioha Mgbowo, Enugu State. The UNIDO SHP sites in Amoke, Benue State; Ikejile, Osun State and at the Olusegun Obasanjo Presidential Library, Abeokuta, Ogun State, have reached an advanced stage of implementation.

“Sustainable access to power is a basic necessity for inclusive and sustainable industrial development in developing countries like Nigeria,” UNIDO Representative to Nigeria, Dr. Patrick Kormawa said.

He said: “We have identified 200 sites for the installation of SHP plants and affirm that the potential for SHP plants is very high in Nigeria. We are willing to work with our partners, the Energy Commission of Nigeria and other federal ministries to increase SHO development in communities across Nigeria.

Source: http://www.ngrguardiannews.com/index.php/news/national-news/154958-govt-plans-electricity-import-to-boost-supply
Business / Re: Do It Yourself Importation Guide Free - Season 2 by ledafaze(m): 4:53pm On Mar 24
initialize:

http://www.trackitonline.ru/?service=track

Thanks... saw that website last week but same result for over a week now... Don't you think I am getting an obsolete result?
Business / Re: Do It Yourself Importation Guide Free - Season 2 by ledafaze(m): 11:47am On Mar 24
initialize: HK Post is vexing, My seller shipped my package through Hongkong Post on 13/03/14 and it is already in Ibadan today 19/03/14. That's just 6days to get the item here through HK post free shipping. Better times Ahead

China Post self try but their witch no fit fly like Hongkong witch. Package sent through China post on 27/2/14 arrive Lagos on 18/3/14. That's 19days on transit.

@All

How long will the post office keep the package before they decide to send it back to the sender. I thought the package will take at least 15days to get to me that's why i choose Ibadan. I am in Lagos presently and I can't travel to Ibadan now till next week.


Hi,

What site did you use in tracking.

I need a site that can help me track China, HongKong and Singapore Air Mail parcels as I got some incoming items and dont know how to track them.
Foreign Affairs / Re: How To Steal An Airplane: From 9/11 To MH370... by ledafaze(m): 9:23am On Mar 21
I dey always enjoy your feeds... I thot I was the only one thinking this way... Wait till another five years and see some tower get bombed.
Religion / Re: The Christian Chatbox ( sticky) by ledafaze(m): 8:13am On Mar 19
Report Card...


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