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MMM Nigeria: Ponzi Scheme, Robbing Peter To Pay Paul? TheGuardian - Business - Nairaland

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MMM Nigeria: Ponzi Scheme, Robbing Peter To Pay Paul? TheGuardian by Kangol99(m): 9:22am On Oct 24, 2016
With the current high rate of unemployment, job losses and pressing financial needs in the country, it is not surprising that the youth are embracing questionable get rich quick schemes and opportunities.

For instance, the number of Nigerians that now patronise the popular lottery games is on the increase. Some youths are also deeply involved in sport betting through such platforms as Nairabet, Merrybet and Bet9ja, among others.

It is against this backdrop that the MMM Federal Republic of Nigeria made a grand entrance into the Nigerian investment market in 2016. MMM stands for Mavrodi Mondial Moneybox and takes its name from its founders, Sergei Panteleevich Mavrodi, Vyacheslav Mavrodi, and Olga Melnikova.


The outfit was established in 1989 by these three Russian nationals, and promises its clients 30 per cent return on investment (ROI) for money put into the system for 30 days. The scheme prides itself as a mutual aid fund through which recruited members contribute money to assist others. The founders claimed they are not into banking, online business, investment company or a multi level marketing (MLM) programme. The scheme structure, however, indicates otherwise.
For instance, members can have multi-level structures under them and receive bonus from each donation of every participant in their structures.

The company has been able to persuade many Nigerians to buy into its idea. Many Nigerian big online Business coaches and entrepreneurs with vast subscriber base are encouraging their followers to key in to the MMM opportunity. Thus, some Nigerians have invested millions of Naira into this scheme and are enjoying their newfound wealth.

This reporter has seen screenshots of money many claimed to have earned from the scheme. According to one such subscriber, Babajide Abayomi, MMM ensures a level playing ground for all. And with it, people don’t have to be under the yoke of the banking system, which demands that huge interest be paid on loans. He said MMM is real and safe.

However, the question some have asked is: How long would it take to sustain the profits? Many still remember vividly the mad days of the Wonder banks in the early 2000s. Then, many lost their hard-earned money to the likes of Pennywise and such other scammers.

To really grasp the risk involved in investing in this type of scheme, a study of the founders’ backgrounds provides good insights into the viability of their outfit.

According to Wikileak, the online information library, МММ was a Russian company that perpetrated one of the world’s largest Ponzi schemes in the 1990s. By different estimates, between five and 40 million people lost up to $10b. The website said the exact figures of money lost are not known, even to the founders. The site described Sergie Mavrodi as a Russian criminal and a former deputy of the State Duma in Russia. According to it, he is the founder of the МММ series of pyramid schemes. Wikileak reported that in 2007, Mavrodi was found guilty in a Russian court of defrauding 10,000 investors out of 110m rubles ($4.3m).

Wikileak reported: “In January 2011, Mavrodi launched another pyramid scheme called MMM-2011, asking investors to buy so-called Mavro currency units. He frankly described it as a pyramid, adding, “It is a naked scheme, nothing more … People interact with each other and give each other money. For no reason!” Mavrodi said his goal for launching MMM-2011 is to destroy the current financial system, which he considers unfair, and form something new to take its place.

“In 2011 he launched a similar scheme in India, called MMM India, again stating clearly that the vehicle is a pyramid. He has also launched MMM in China. He was reported to be trying to expand his operations into Western Europe, Canada, and Latin America.

“In 2015, MMM began operating in South Africa with the same business model as MMM-2011, claiming a “30 percent per month” returns through a “social financial network.”

“The group was identified as a possible pyramid scheme by the National Consumer Commission and accounts of clients were later frozen by Capitec Bank.”

In January 2016, the Chinese government banned MMM on the ground that it is a pyramid scheme, (Ponzi scheme), and not registered in the country. Earlier this year, the scheme crashed in South Africa. MMM Global only gave South Africans the bad news with a post on its website saying: “We regret to inform you that we have to close down the Republic of Bitcoin. It was an experiment, and, unfortunately, it failed. We turned out not to be able to pay 100 percent per month.” Also recently, the scheme collapsed in Zimbabwe.


One of the victims, Mrs. Rosemary Mawonde was quoted by Breaking Times, saying: “We never thought the scheme would end this way, as we believed that by using EcoCash to do the transactions, things were in order. I am surprised that EcoCash is also distancing itself from the scheme and it is clear that I will never recover the $300 that I invested.”
What then is a Ponzi scheme? The scheme (also a Ponzi game or a Ponzi) is an investment operation, where the operator, an individual or organisation pays returns to its investors from new capital paid to the operators by new investors, rather than from profit earned through legitimate investments. Operators of Ponzi schemes usually entice new investors by offering higher returns than other investments, in the form of short-term returns that are either abnormally high or unusually consistent.

Initially, the promoter would pay out high returns to attract more investors, and to lure current investors into putting in additional money. Other investors would begin to participate, leading to a cascade effect. The “return” to the initial investors is paid out of the investments of new entrants, and not out of profits.

Often, the high returns encourage investors to leave their money in the scheme, with the result that the promoter does not have to pay out very much to investors; he simply has to send them statements showing how much they have earned. This maintains a semblance that the scheme is an investment with high returns.

The Securities and Exchange Commission has warned the public about the activities of the scheme on August 30 of this year. According to its website, SEC said: “The attention of the Securities and Exchange Commission, Nigeria (SEC) has been drawn to the activities of an online investment scheme, tagged ‘MMM Federal Republic of Nigeria (nigeria.). The platform has embarked on an aggressive online media campaign to lure the investing public to participate in what it called “mutual aid financial network” with a monthly investment return of 30 percent.

“The Commission hereby notifies the investing public that the operation of this investment scheme has no tangible business model, hence it’s a Ponzi Scheme, where returns are paid from other people’s invested sum. Also, the Commission does not register its operation.

“The general public is hereby advised to distance itself from this online scheme. Please note that anyone that subscribe to this illegal activity does so at his/her own risk.”

Managing Partner, Two-Edge Partners Global Limited, Olajide Alex-Oni said such scheme is usually targeted at the extremely poor, greedy and desperate people of the society.

He said: “The get rich quick scheme usually comes out looking so attractive to the populace, but like what is, it is robbing Peter to pay Paul!

“When a company encourages existing investors to invite other potential investors by rewarding them with money from these new comers, then what do you call that? Such a model is not sustainable and is a highly risky investment, because once the flow of investors and their funds stop flowing into the scheme, the investors will most definitely suffer unimaginable losses.”


Speaking on MMM operations, he said a number of countries around the world have banned this scheme and Nigeria should equally do the same. He said since SEC has warned Nigerians on the activity of this group, it is, therefore, illegal to invest in them, because their model is a typical pyramid scheme. He explained that the scheme was not licensed to operate in Nigeria, noting that its operations are online based, which can crash or get closed down unannounced. He said it’s designed to attract huge traffic and promises unconventional high returns on investment.
Speaking further, Alex-Oni warned: “People have to be careful of such schemes, because they claim to be foreign investor driven with amazing success stories, thus the attraction for the ignorant. The ignorant in this case are usually aware of the risk involved, but the greed in them let them take such risk with the hope to exit before the scheme crashes.

“It is also quite sad that in some extreme cases, some investors actually commit their entire life savings into these kinds of ponzi schemes. People should learn to get creative and innovative through hard work and smart thinking and start creating values and ideas that money will chase. That way, you may start small, but you will think big to grow big the proper way. A warning is enough for the wise.”


Source:http://m.guardian.ng/business-services/mmm-nigeria-ponzi-scheme-robbing-peter-to-pay-paul/

22 Likes 13 Shares

Re: MMM Nigeria: Ponzi Scheme, Robbing Peter To Pay Paul? TheGuardian by Rita30: 9:32am On Oct 24, 2016
Foolish boy

8 Likes 1 Share

Re: MMM Nigeria: Ponzi Scheme, Robbing Peter To Pay Paul? TheGuardian by veekid(m): 12:47pm On Oct 24, 2016
Praise the Lord

1 Like

Re: MMM Nigeria: Ponzi Scheme, Robbing Peter To Pay Paul? TheGuardian by Okundaye4(m): 12:47pm On Oct 24, 2016
Alryt, Noted. But that doesn't stop me from making my money

136 Likes 5 Shares

Re: MMM Nigeria: Ponzi Scheme, Robbing Peter To Pay Paul? TheGuardian by SweetJoystick(m): 12:48pm On Oct 24, 2016
I never do, and I no go ever do. The risk pass my power abeg. I rather gamble

I heard of a lady in Festac who invested 2m. Her life savings and some borrowed. If the scheme crash without payout today? No be suicide be that?

37 Likes 1 Share

Re: MMM Nigeria: Ponzi Scheme, Robbing Peter To Pay Paul? TheGuardian by aragon4realz(m): 12:48pm On Oct 24, 2016
believe I never believe in it but it's working and I don't think it's robbery cos you get what you want at the other room...

20 Likes 5 Shares

Re: MMM Nigeria: Ponzi Scheme, Robbing Peter To Pay Paul? TheGuardian by Neimar: 12:48pm On Oct 24, 2016
I nid a BJ dix hot afternoon angry

7 Likes 1 Share

Re: MMM Nigeria: Ponzi Scheme, Robbing Peter To Pay Paul? TheGuardian by brunofarad(m): 12:48pm On Oct 24, 2016
grin





To each, their own

1 Like 1 Share

Re: MMM Nigeria: Ponzi Scheme, Robbing Peter To Pay Paul? TheGuardian by MrPresident1: 12:48pm On Oct 24, 2016
I have never been taken in by Ponzi schemes.

7 Likes 2 Shares

Re: MMM Nigeria: Ponzi Scheme, Robbing Peter To Pay Paul? TheGuardian by philip0906(m): 12:49pm On Oct 24, 2016
grin grin grin

1 Like

Re: MMM Nigeria: Ponzi Scheme, Robbing Peter To Pay Paul? TheGuardian by modath(f): 12:50pm On Oct 24, 2016
SweetJoystick:
I never do, and I go ever do. The risk pass my power abeg. I rather gamble..

cheesy cheesy cheesy cheesy

4 Likes 1 Share

Re: MMM Nigeria: Ponzi Scheme, Robbing Peter To Pay Paul? TheGuardian by masterP042(m): 12:50pm On Oct 24, 2016
Together we change the world

52 Likes 1 Share

Re: MMM Nigeria: Ponzi Scheme, Robbing Peter To Pay Paul? TheGuardian by MVLOX(m): 12:50pm On Oct 24, 2016
If we talk nw dem go call us haters.... But dis is so true ''scheme is usually targeted at the extremely poor, greedy and desperate people of the society.'' Imagine a guy who afta sch nd service couldn't fine a small jab to do telling me dat I should come and register for MMM.... Wat a pity

19 Likes 1 Share

Re: MMM Nigeria: Ponzi Scheme, Robbing Peter To Pay Paul? TheGuardian by Sunkyphil(m): 12:51pm On Oct 24, 2016
Abeg make guardian go sidon one place no some people carry 786million naira run comot naija

64 Likes 1 Share

Re: MMM Nigeria: Ponzi Scheme, Robbing Peter To Pay Paul? TheGuardian by faith551(m): 12:51pm On Oct 24, 2016
The way people jump into other people's business is overwhelming, what will you prefer the jobless government frustrated youth's do instead? carry guns and rob you No body is forced into this,every participant chose to join out of their own free will.
If you used the energy and time you wasted on this on our government it wouldn't have been such a waste

199 Likes 8 Shares

Re: MMM Nigeria: Ponzi Scheme, Robbing Peter To Pay Paul? TheGuardian by virginboy1(m): 12:51pm On Oct 24, 2016
hmmmm

I prefer to use my money do sport bet, than this MMM thingy.

Because if my money hang for Sport bet I know who to hold but if e hang for MMM. hnnnmmm.

"Na die be that ooo"

11 Likes 1 Share

Re: MMM Nigeria: Ponzi Scheme, Robbing Peter To Pay Paul? TheGuardian by uwa244(m): 12:53pm On Oct 24, 2016
The government will continue to criticize the scheme, as long as MMM did not register its operations with the NDIC in other for the govt to collect Tax from them. That does not mean MMM is fake. Am a living witness.MMM ALL THE WAY UP!

142 Likes 4 Shares

Re: MMM Nigeria: Ponzi Scheme, Robbing Peter To Pay Paul? TheGuardian by Olofintoto(m): 12:53pm On Oct 24, 2016
who cares?
MMM pays the bill...

49 Likes 5 Shares

Re: MMM Nigeria: Ponzi Scheme, Robbing Peter To Pay Paul? TheGuardian by Kruzilano(m): 12:53pm On Oct 24, 2016
is it you robbing leave us to make our money .....

22 Likes 1 Share

Re: MMM Nigeria: Ponzi Scheme, Robbing Peter To Pay Paul? TheGuardian by Mrakthedream(m): 12:53pm On Oct 24, 2016
Na no dey tire?
Is it your money?
Is it your scam?
Iss Peter and Paul complaining?
If what I hve been experiencing with MMM is truely a scam,pls let the scam continue and never stop o..
Why not tell us the current status of Nigeria Stock exchange and the state of the economy?

133 Likes 3 Shares

Re: MMM Nigeria: Ponzi Scheme, Robbing Peter To Pay Paul? TheGuardian by daniska3yaro(m): 12:53pm On Oct 24, 2016
How the being help our matter b4 mmm nigeria show,make them chill jor,abeg dangote make I show u the way to be the richest man on earth not only africa bt the whole world,com make I register u 4 mmm.

21 Likes 3 Shares

Re: MMM Nigeria: Ponzi Scheme, Robbing Peter To Pay Paul? TheGuardian by Nobody: 12:53pm On Oct 24, 2016

2 Likes 4 Shares

Re: MMM Nigeria: Ponzi Scheme, Robbing Peter To Pay Paul? TheGuardian by Nobody: 12:54pm On Oct 24, 2016
Make dem dey dere grin

Even the CBN plays MMM grin

59 Likes 3 Shares

Re: MMM Nigeria: Ponzi Scheme, Robbing Peter To Pay Paul? TheGuardian by kvngveektour(m): 12:54pm On Oct 24, 2016
like if u believe MMM is authentic




share if u think it robs Peter to pay paul


the likes have it

258 Likes 49 Shares

Re: MMM Nigeria: Ponzi Scheme, Robbing Peter To Pay Paul? TheGuardian by Tonyosas101(m): 12:54pm On Oct 24, 2016
Nah wah ooo ....just too long


LIKE if you didn't read all
SHARE if you read all

*modified
{obviously the LIKES have it}

74 Likes 21 Shares

Re: MMM Nigeria: Ponzi Scheme, Robbing Peter To Pay Paul? TheGuardian by omanifrank(m): 12:55pm On Oct 24, 2016
who cares

2 Likes 2 Shares

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