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A Short Essay On Gegemu. Botanical Name: Datura Stramonium. - Health - Nairaland

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A Short Essay On Gegemu. Botanical Name: Datura Stramonium. by freeDR(m): 8:50pm On Feb 18, 2017
A SHORT ESSAY ON GEGEMU.
BOTANICAL NAME: Datura stramonium.

Gegemu plant is a household name in Nigeria, especially among the Yoruba's. In this essay, it is going to be discussed under the following headings:

-INTRODUCTION
-DESCRIPTION
-RANGE AND HABITAT
-TOXICITY
-USE IN TRADITIONAL MEDICINE
-SPIRITUAL USE
-CULTIVATION.

INTRODUCTION

Datura stramonium, known by the common names jimsonweed or Devil's snare, is a plant in the nightshade family. It is believed to have originated in Mexico, but has now become naturalized in many other regions. Other common names for D. stramonium include thornapple and moon flower, and it has the Spanish name toloache. Other names for the plant include hell's bells, devil’s trumpet, devil’s weed, tolguacha, Jamestown weed, stinkweed, locoweed, pricklyburr, GEGEMU and devil’s cucumber.

Datura has been used in traditional medicine to relieve asthma symptoms and as an analgesic during surgery or bonesetting. It is also a powerful hallucinogen and deliriant, which is used entheogenically for the intense visions it produces. However, the tropane alkaloids responsible for both the medicinal and hallucinogenic properties are fatally toxic in only slightly higher amounts than the medicinal dosage, and careless use often results in hospitalizations and deaths.

Re: A Short Essay On Gegemu. Botanical Name: Datura Stramonium. by freeDR(m): 8:51pm On Feb 18, 2017
DESCRIPTION

Datura stramonium is a foul-smelling, erect, annual, freely branching herb that forms a bush up to 60 to 150 cm (2 to 5 ft) tall.

The root is long, thick, fibrous and white. The stem is stout, erect, leafy, smooth, and pale yellow-green. The stem forks off repeatedly into branches, and each fork forms a leaf and a single, erect flower.

The leaves are about 8 to 20 cm (3–8 in) long, smooth, toothed, soft, and irregularly undulated. The upper surface of the leaves is a darker green, and the bottom is a light green. The leaves have a bitter and nauseating taste, which is imparted to extracts of the herb, and remains even after the leaves have been dried.

Datura stramonium generally flowers throughout the summer. The fragrant flowers are trumpet-shaped, white to creamy or violet, and 6 to 9 cm (2 1⁄2–3 1⁄2 in) long, and grow on short stems from either the axils of the leaves or the places where the branches fork. The calyx is long and tubular, swollen at the bottom, and sharply angled, surmounted by five sharp teeth. The corolla, which is folded and only partially open, is white, funnel-shaped, and has prominent ribs. The flowers open at night, emitting a pleasant fragrance, and are fed upon by nocturnal moths.

The egg-shaped seed capsule is 3 to 8 cm (1–3 in) in diameter and either covered with spines or bald. At maturity, it splits into four chambers, each with dozens of small, black seeds.

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Re: A Short Essay On Gegemu. Botanical Name: Datura Stramonium. by freeDR(m): 8:52pm On Feb 18, 2017
RANGE AND HABITAT.

Datura stramonium is native to North America, but was spread to the Old World early. It was scientifically described and named by Swedish botanist Carl Linnaeus in 1753, although it had been described a century earlier by botanists such as Nicholas Culpeper. Today, it grows wild in all the world's warm and moderate regions, where it is found along roadsides and at dung-rich livestock enclosures. In Europe, it is found as a weed on wastelands and in garbage dumps.

The seed is thought to be carried by birds and spread in their droppings. Its seeds can lie dormant underground for years and germinate when the soil is disturbed. People who discover it growing in their gardens, and are worried about its toxicity, have been advised[by whom?] to dig it up or have it otherwise removed.

Re: A Short Essay On Gegemu. Botanical Name: Datura Stramonium. by kllinxman(m): 8:53pm On Feb 18, 2017
Toxicant, that why some pple mixed it with party drinks...

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Re: A Short Essay On Gegemu. Botanical Name: Datura Stramonium. by negz1(m): 9:26am On Feb 20, 2017
highness
Re: A Short Essay On Gegemu. Botanical Name: Datura Stramonium. by Nobody: 10:40am On Nov 17, 2017
Seeing this leaf for the 1st time, though I have been hearing about it for a very long time..... Nairaland, una well done.
Re: A Short Essay On Gegemu. Botanical Name: Datura Stramonium. by sulakishop(m): 4:31pm On Oct 18
It is supposed to be named suicide plant

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