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How To Successfuly Start Onion Farming In Southern Nigeria - Agriculture - Nairaland

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How To Successfuly Start Onion Farming In Southern Nigeria by Adieza(m): 4:07pm On Mar 31, 2017
We all know onions and how it's highly demanded in
the market, but everybody thinks it only grows in the
northern part of Nigeria. I want to tell you that onion
actually grows in the south. TESTED and PROVEN. SO HOW WILL YOU PLANT YOUR ONIONS?
1. SITE PREPARATION
You need to make a bed just like every other
vegetable.
If you are planting in the dry season let the bed be
very low so that you don't need to water too much
and your onion will be able to get the little water it needs to grow. Apply poultry droppings 2 weeks before planting.
2. NURSERY
Onion is not directly planted into the field. So you
need to nurse it and transplant to the well prepared
bed in 15 days. see what you need for the nursery
1. Hybrid onion seeds
2. Wood shavings also known as 'sawdust'
3. Dried poultry droppings
4. Flat tray or trough PROCEDURES
Step 1. Mixed the wood shavings and the poultry
droppings together and water to make it moist, thenplace the mixed content on the tray or trough.
Step 2. Make horizontal lines on the tray at 2cm apart then sprinkled your hybrid onion seed exactly on the
lines and cover it with little dry soil.
Step 3. Wet every evening but don't allow water to
touch the line you planted the seeds. If you follow the procedures above then you onion
seedlings will be ready for transplanting in 10 days. Onions are in high demand in Nigeria and the price
soars during dry season. One can make a lot of money growing onions
commercially. The choice of onion variety matters a lot when it
comes to commercial farming / agribusiness. This is
because a farmer has to calculate the input costs and
the output costs in order to maximize profits. Optimum temperature for onions development is
between 15 to 30 .C, whereas temperature of 20 to
25’C is favourable for seedling growth. Generally, high temperatures favor bulbing and
curing. However, in cases of extremely high
temperatures, maturity is hastened and bulbs do not
grow to maximum size hence lowering yields. Fertile, well drained soils are good for plant growth.
The optimum pH is between 6 to 7.5. For irrigation, drip or overhead irrigation can be
used.
Onions at bulbing stage need a substantial amount of
water.
Excessive moisture, however, must be avoided
during growing season. Avoid too much application of fresh manure, as this
will cause the plant to develop thick neck and too
much leaf at the expense of bulb formation. Fresh
manure could also host important insect pests. Crop husbandry
Weeding; can be done by use of hand or chemical
applications/herbicides. Mulching can also be done to
suppress the weeds
Raised beds; this improves drainage and prevents
damping-off disease. Mulching; maintains and enriches soil organic
content, prevent soil borne diseases and suppress weeds.
Crop rotation; this is important to avoid build-up of
pests and diseases e.g. nematodes, Fusarium and
Sclerotium Insect pests
Important insect pests that attack onions include;
Thrips, Whiteflies and Aphids and would require
insecticide applications. Thrips are more severe in dry seasons. Hence one
should keep the plants well irrigated at such
seasons.
One can reduce pests’ populations by pulling out
weeds since they act as alternate hosts for the pests. Chemical applications can also be made i.e.
insecticide. Plants extracts have also been used and prove to be
effective. example is Neem and Garlic extracts. These
are sprayed on attacked plant parts. The plants
extracts should be tested for phytotoxicity before
any applications are made. Chemical Applications Fungicides: This can be classified as curative or
protective fungicides.
Protective fungicides are chemicals which have the
Active Ingredient
Mancozeb e.g. Milthane, Oshothane, Dithane, e.t.c.
This is applied when weather conditions would likely to favour development of the disease i.e. blights. Curative fungicides are applied to plants that are
already infected by the fungal diseases e.g. Pink Rot,
Purple blotch and blights (early & late blight).
In this case, applications are made on the infected
regions i.e. bulbs, stems. Harvesting Harvesting can be done as from 90 to 150 days after
sowing. The onions are ready for harvest when the
leaves collapse. The necks can be twisted and its
leaves bent over and left to dry for 10 to 12 days or
less depending on whether conditions.
The crop is pulled out by hand and kept for some days in the field with bulbs covered with leaves.
This is called windowing/curing process.
Leaves are then cut off and the mature bulbs stored. So here we are. If you are passionate about venturing into agribusiness then onion might be the wonder crop to start with.

www.agricinfo.com/2017/03/how-to-make-money-in-southern-nigeria-growing-onions.html?m=1

Re: How To Successfuly Start Onion Farming In Southern Nigeria by Adieza(m): 5:02pm On Mar 31, 2017
cc: Lalasticlala and Mynd44
Re: How To Successfuly Start Onion Farming In Southern Nigeria by greenmonk: 9:51pm On Mar 31, 2017
Adieza:
We all know onions and how it's highly demanded in
the market, but everybody thinks it only grows in the
northern part of Nigeria. I want to tell you that onion
actually grows in the south. TESTED and PROVEN. SO HOW WILL YOU PLANT YOUR ONIONS?
1. SITE PREPARATION
You need to make a bed just like every other
vegetable.
If you are planting in the dry season let the bed be
very low so that you don't need to water too much
and your onion will be able to get the little water it needs to grow. Apply poultry droppings 2 weeks before planting.
2. NURSERY
Onion is not directly planted into the field. So you
need to nurse it and transplant to the well prepared
bed in 15 days. see what you need for the nursery
1. Hybrid onion seeds
2. Wood shavings also known as 'sawdust'
3. Dried poultry droppings
4. Flat tray or trough PROCEDURES
Step 1. Mixed the wood shavings and the poultry
droppings together and water to make it moist, thenplace the mixed content on the tray or trough.
Step 2. Make horizontal lines on the tray at 2cm apart then sprinkled your hybrid onion seed exactly on the
lines and cover it with little dry soil.
Step 3. Wet every evening but don't allow water to
touch the line you planted the seeds. If you follow the procedures above then you onion
seedlings will be ready for transplanting in 10 days. Onions are in high demand in Nigeria and the price
soars during dry season. One can make a lot of money growing onions
commercially. The choice of onion variety matters a lot when it
comes to commercial farming / agribusiness. This is
because a farmer has to calculate the input costs and
the output costs in order to maximize profits. Optimum temperature for onions development is
between 15 to 30 .C, whereas temperature of 20 to
25’C is favourable for seedling growth. Generally, high temperatures favor bulbing and
curing. However, in cases of extremely high
temperatures, maturity is hastened and bulbs do not
grow to maximum size hence lowering yields. Fertile, well drained soils are good for plant growth.
The optimum pH is between 6 to 7.5. For irrigation, drip or overhead irrigation can be
used.
Onions at bulbing stage need a substantial amount of
water.
Excessive moisture, however, must be avoided
during growing season. Avoid too much application of fresh manure, as this
will cause the plant to develop thick neck and too
much leaf at the expense of bulb formation. Fresh
manure could also host important insect pests. Crop husbandry
Weeding; can be done by use of hand or chemical
applications/herbicides. Mulching can also be done to
suppress the weeds
Raised beds; this improves drainage and prevents
damping-off disease. Mulching; maintains and enriches soil organic
content, prevent soil borne diseases and suppress weeds.
Crop rotation; this is important to avoid build-up of
pests and diseases e.g. nematodes, Fusarium and
Sclerotium Insect pests
Important insect pests that attack onions include;
Thrips, Whiteflies and Aphids and would require
insecticide applications. Thrips are more severe in dry seasons. Hence one
should keep the plants well irrigated at such
seasons.
One can reduce pests’ populations by pulling out
weeds since they act as alternate hosts for the pests. Chemical applications can also be made i.e.
insecticide. Plants extracts have also been used and prove to be
effective. example is Neem and Garlic extracts. These
are sprayed on attacked plant parts. The plants
extracts should be tested for phytotoxicity before
any applications are made. Chemical Applications Fungicides: This can be classified as curative or
protective fungicides.
Protective fungicides are chemicals which have the
Active Ingredient
Mancozeb e.g. Milthane, Oshothane, Dithane, e.t.c.
This is applied when weather conditions would likely to favour development of the disease i.e. blights. Curative fungicides are applied to plants that are
already infected by the fungal diseases e.g. Pink Rot,
Purple blotch and blights (early & late blight).
In this case, applications are made on the infected
regions i.e. bulbs, stems. Harvesting Harvesting can be done as from 90 to 150 days after
sowing. The onions are ready for harvest when the
leaves collapse. The necks can be twisted and its
leaves bent over and left to dry for 10 to 12 days or
less depending on whether conditions.
The crop is pulled out by hand and kept for some days in the field with bulbs covered with leaves.
This is called windowing/curing process.
Leaves are then cut off and the mature bulbs stored. So here we are. If you are passionate about venturing into agribusiness then onion might be the wonder crop to start with.

www.agricinfo.com/2017/03/how-to-make-money-in-southern-nigeria-growing-onions.html?m=1

What is the spacing for planting?

1 Like

Re: How To Successfuly Start Onion Farming In Southern Nigeria by babakk2(m): 9:37am On Apr 01, 2017
Adieza:
We all know onions and how it's highly demanded in
the market, but everybody thinks it only grows in the
northern part of Nigeria. I want to tell you that onion
actually grows in the south. TESTED and PROVEN. SO HOW WILL YOU PLANT YOUR ONIONS?
1. SITE PREPARATION
You need to make a bed just like every other
vegetable.
If you are planting in the dry season let the bed be
very low so that you don't need to water too much
and your onion will be able to get the little water it needs to grow. Apply poultry droppings 2 weeks before planting.
2. NURSERY
Onion is not directly planted into the field. So you
need to nurse it and transplant to the well prepared
bed in 15 days. see what you need for the nursery
1. Hybrid onion seeds
2. Wood shavings also known as 'sawdust'
3. Dried poultry droppings
4. Flat tray or trough PROCEDURES
Step 1. Mixed the wood shavings and the poultry
droppings together and water to make it moist, thenplace the mixed content on the tray or trough.
Step 2. Make horizontal lines on the tray at 2cm apart then sprinkled your hybrid onion seed exactly on the
lines and cover it with little dry soil.
Step 3. Wet every evening but don't allow water to
touch the line you planted the seeds. If you follow the procedures above then you onion
seedlings will be ready for transplanting in 10 days. Onions are in high demand in Nigeria and the price
soars during dry season. One can make a lot of money growing onions
commercially. The choice of onion variety matters a lot when it
comes to commercial farming / agribusiness. This is
because a farmer has to calculate the input costs and
the output costs in order to maximize profits. Optimum temperature for onions development is
between 15 to 30 .C, whereas temperature of 20 to
25’C is favourable for seedling growth. Generally, high temperatures favor bulbing and
curing. However, in cases of extremely high
temperatures, maturity is hastened and bulbs do not
grow to maximum size hence lowering yields. Fertile, well drained soils are good for plant growth.
The optimum pH is between 6 to 7.5. For irrigation, drip or overhead irrigation can be
used.
Onions at bulbing stage need a substantial amount of
water.
Excessive moisture, however, must be avoided
during growing season. Avoid too much application of fresh manure, as this
will cause the plant to develop thick neck and too
much leaf at the expense of bulb formation. Fresh
manure could also host important insect pests. Crop husbandry
Weeding; can be done by use of hand or chemical
applications/herbicides. Mulching can also be done to
suppress the weeds
Raised beds; this improves drainage and prevents
damping-off disease. Mulching; maintains and enriches soil organic
content, prevent soil borne diseases and suppress weeds.
Crop rotation; this is important to avoid build-up of
pests and diseases e.g. nematodes, Fusarium and
Sclerotium Insect pests
Important insect pests that attack onions include;
Thrips, Whiteflies and Aphids and would require
insecticide applications. Thrips are more severe in dry seasons. Hence one
should keep the plants well irrigated at such
seasons.
One can reduce pests’ populations by pulling out
weeds since they act as alternate hosts for the pests. Chemical applications can also be made i.e.
insecticide. Plants extracts have also been used and prove to be
effective. example is Neem and Garlic extracts. These
are sprayed on attacked plant parts. The plants
extracts should be tested for phytotoxicity before
any applications are made. Chemical Applications Fungicides: This can be classified as curative or
protective fungicides.
Protective fungicides are chemicals which have the
Active Ingredient
Mancozeb e.g. Milthane, Oshothane, Dithane, e.t.c.
This is applied when weather conditions would likely to favour development of the disease i.e. blights. Curative fungicides are applied to plants that are
already infected by the fungal diseases e.g. Pink Rot,
Purple blotch and blights (early & late blight).
In this case, applications are made on the infected
regions i.e. bulbs, stems. Harvesting Harvesting can be done as from 90 to 150 days after
sowing. The onions are ready for harvest when the
leaves collapse. The necks can be twisted and its
leaves bent over and left to dry for 10 to 12 days or
less depending on whether conditions.
The crop is pulled out by hand and kept for some days in the field with bulbs covered with leaves.
This is called windowing/curing process.
Leaves are then cut off and the mature bulbs stored. So here we are. If you are passionate about venturing into agribusiness then onion might be the wonder crop to start with.

www.agricinfo.com/2017/03/how-to-make-money-in-southern-nigeria-growing-onions.html?m=1

please where can one get the seeds
Re: How To Successfuly Start Onion Farming In Southern Nigeria by Adieza(m): 9:57am On Apr 01, 2017
babakk2:

please where can one get the seeds
Contact me via whastapp. 08074114382
Re: How To Successfuly Start Onion Farming In Southern Nigeria by Adieza(m): 10:37pm On Apr 01, 2017
greenmonk:


What is the spacing for planting?

To produce green onions, plant the larger sets 1 _
inches deep and close enough to touch one another
(green onions are harvested before crowding
becomes a problem). To produce dry onions, plant the
smaller sets 1 inch deep, with 2 to 4 inches between
sets. Allow 12 to 18 inches between rows. If sets are 2 inches apart, harvest every other plant as green
onions so that bulb development of the remaining sets
is not impeded by neighboring plants.
Re: How To Successfuly Start Onion Farming In Southern Nigeria by Cohsyn(m): 9:04pm On Sep 03, 2020
Dizengoff or Premier Seed

babakk2:


please where can one get the seeds

(1) (Reply)

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