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How To Setup & Establish Your Own Cashew Farm(With Pictures) - Agriculture - Nairaland

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How To Setup & Establish Your Own Cashew Farm(With Pictures) by Lesgupnigeria(m): 3:07pm On May 08, 2018
Cashew farming is a very lucrative one which require a diligent effort from land preparation to growing seedlings up to the harvest stage.

I will be sharing some of the important things you need to know and do, in the course of setting up your cashew farm.

This is important because cashew takes minimum of 2 and half years to start fruiting after planting and once you get it right from the beginning, you will continue to enjoy it's dividends.

Someone call me from oyo town recently to come and help check his cashew farm. He complained bitterly that his cashew trees are not fruiting but bring out flowers.
On getting there,i discovered that the trees are very close to each other, no proper spacing, poor ventilation, etc. Now its too late to correct.

This thread will cover
1.Getting the right hybrid seedlings
2.Land preparation and Spacing
3.Farm operation activities
4.Harvesting
5.Exportation of Cashewnuts etc

You wouldnot want to miss this.
stay tuned.
For more information on how to invest in cashew production, kindly like or follow me on www.facebook.com/waleagro




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https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=deFYFdHcMFk

Re: How To Setup & Establish Your Own Cashew Farm(With Pictures) by Lesgupnigeria(m): 10:47pm On May 08, 2018
Getting the right cashew seedlings to cultivate can be the most important thing to do.



https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5SVWUU74gBQ


I will be sharing tomorrow the steps to grow a grafted cashew seedling.

There are so many advantages of using a grafted seedlings than planting seeds directly on the field.

You can watch through the link above how I grow my cashew grafted seedlings on the farm

2 Likes

Re: How To Setup & Establish Your Own Cashew Farm(With Pictures) by Lesgupnigeria(m): 11:29am On May 09, 2018
I will explain with pictures culled from my farm


I cannot overemphasized the importance of using grafted cashew seedlings to start your cashew farm.

Faster growth, high yielding and disease resistance are some of the advantage of using a grafted seedlings.

The below are some of the processes to take to grow your own grafted seedlings

FIRST STEP

1. Choose a good hybrid seeds.

This is where the success and failure of your cashew farm is determined.
Normally, ogbomoso has the best cashewnut in the world and also the best planting varieties.
A good seeds should be purchased

Re: How To Setup & Establish Your Own Cashew Farm(With Pictures) by Lesgupnigeria(m): 10:05pm On May 09, 2018
The second steps is as well important to reduce the mortality rate of the nut when planted.

Fill up the black polythene bag with well treated soil.
How do you treat your soil? by exposing it to heat.
You can bag your soil and place it inside hot water for 5 minutes.

1 Like

Re: How To Setup & Establish Your Own Cashew Farm(With Pictures) by EMMAACHILE(m): 10:57pm On May 09, 2018
Lesgupnigeria:
I will explain with pictures culled from my farm


I cannot overemphasized the importance of using grafted cashew seedlings to start your cashew farm.

Faster growth, high yielding and disease resistance are some of the advantage of using a grafted seedlings.

The below are some of the processes to take to grow your own grafted seedlings

FIRST STEP

1. Choose a good hybrid seeds.

This is where the success and failure of your cashew farm is determined.
Normally, ogbomoso has the best cashewnut in the world and also the best planting varieties.
A good seeds should be purchased

Get good hybrids from CRIN. Ogbomosho does not produce hybrids I think.

1 Like

Re: How To Setup & Establish Your Own Cashew Farm(With Pictures) by Lesgupnigeria(m): 9:57am On May 10, 2018
EMMAACHILE:

Get good hybrids from CRIN. Ogbomosho does not produce hybrids I think.
Right.
What I am trying to say is that environmental conditions in ogbomoso allows it to produce the best cashewnuts and you can source from there as well.
Re: How To Setup & Establish Your Own Cashew Farm(With Pictures) by Lesgupnigeria(m): 3:24pm On May 10, 2018
The next step is to sort your seeds.
how do you do that?
Prepare a bowl filled with water and pour the amount of cashew seeds that can contain the bowl.

After pouring,the nuts that floats are not viable and should not be planted while the ones that settled at the bottom should be planted.

Planting the floating ones will lead to wasted time and effort because it won't germinate.

1 Like

Re: How To Setup & Establish Your Own Cashew Farm(With Pictures) by deborsky(m): 6:59pm On May 10, 2018
yea
Re: How To Setup & Establish Your Own Cashew Farm(With Pictures) by Lesgupnigeria(m): 9:32pm On May 10, 2018
Allow the settled cashew seeds to stay in the water for 24 hours before planting.

Fill the black polythene bag with the treated soil and plant the seed.

2 Likes 1 Share

Re: How To Setup & Establish Your Own Cashew Farm(With Pictures) by Lesgupnigeria(m): 9:05am On May 11, 2018
After planting the seeds in the polythene bags, the seeds start germinating after some weeks

1 Like

Re: How To Setup & Establish Your Own Cashew Farm(With Pictures) by Lesgupnigeria(m): 4:24pm On May 11, 2018
The next step is to start grafting.
You have to pay attention here because this is the most delicate part of it which you should not missed.

Before we proceed, let me explain what grafting means, the advantage of grafting over direct seeding, why you should go for grafted seedlings over ordinary seedlings, etc

The layman meaning of grafting is taking a part ( it's called scion) of a tree with desirable characteristics and Joining it with another (it's called root stock) to get early maturing, fast growing, and better yield.
Re: How To Setup & Establish Your Own Cashew Farm(With Pictures) by Lesgupnigeria(m): 4:27pm On May 11, 2018
On the farm picking out some scions

Re: How To Setup & Establish Your Own Cashew Farm(With Pictures) by Lesgupnigeria(m): 9:54am On May 12, 2018
Farmers in the making.

Re: How To Setup & Establish Your Own Cashew Farm(With Pictures) by EMMAACHILE(m): 10:00am On May 12, 2018
Lesgupnigeria:
On the farm picking out some scions
Where did you get them?
Re: How To Setup & Establish Your Own Cashew Farm(With Pictures) by EMMAACHILE(m): 10:02am On May 12, 2018
Lesgupnigeria:
The next step is to start grafting.
You have to pay attention here because this is the most delicate part of it which you should not missed.

Before we proceed, let me explain what grafting means, the advantage of grafting over direct seeding, why you should go for grafted seedlings over ordinary seedlings, etc

The layman meaning of grafting is taking a part ( it's called scion) of a tree with desirable characteristics and Joining it with another (it's called root stock) to get early maturing, fast growing, and better yield.
You need to spell out the advantages here. The only one I know is the fast fruiting of grafted plants.
Re: How To Setup & Establish Your Own Cashew Farm(With Pictures) by Johnnyessence(m): 2:40pm On May 12, 2018
waooooooo very detailed explanation of how to plant cashew seed. I think I will have to download your video and send it to my client. nice one brother.
Re: How To Setup & Establish Your Own Cashew Farm(With Pictures) by hajlat2(m): 7:08pm On May 12, 2018
Following.
Re: How To Setup & Establish Your Own Cashew Farm(With Pictures) by Lesgupnigeria(m): 8:56am On May 13, 2018
EMMAACHILE:

You need to spell out the advantages here. The only one I know is the fast fruiting of grafted plants.
Ok. Thanks.
Apart from the fast fruiting,resistance to disease and higher yielding are some of the advantages

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Re: How To Setup & Establish Your Own Cashew Farm(With Pictures) by Lesgupnigeria(m): 8:39pm On May 13, 2018
Johnnyessence:
waooooooo very detailed explanation of how to plant cashew seed. I think I will have to download your video and send it to my client. nice one brother.
Thanks please do.
Re: How To Setup & Establish Your Own Cashew Farm(With Pictures) by Lesgupnigeria(m): 9:11pm On May 13, 2018
Get a good scion.
The scion in the picture above is gotten from a parent tree with fast growing,high yielding and bigger nuts
Now, after the seedlings have grown for some weeks, you can now start the grafting process.

cut the flowering top of the seedlings, and get your scion in a moist state.

To get a successful grafted seedlings, you need to add some water with your scion and wrap it with a paper to keep the scion always moist especially if you will be travelling a long distance with the scion.

Remembered when I travelled to an African country to get a mango variety that produce triple size of the normal mango size in the market, I had a success rate of 40% because I did not moisten it well.

Cut with a sharp knife about 1cm deep into the rootstock

Re: How To Setup & Establish Your Own Cashew Farm(With Pictures) by Lesgupnigeria(m): 7:26am On May 14, 2018
Monday Motivation


Lack of money will want to discourage you
lack of connection to the people you think can help you achieve your goals, family members might not want to help but keep taking those baby steps toward your dream and in no distant time, you will reach your destination.

Never give up on your dream!!!

1 Like

Re: How To Setup & Establish Your Own Cashew Farm(With Pictures) by Lesgupnigeria(m): 1:46pm On May 14, 2018
Insert the scion into the rootstock and tied with a transparent white nylon as shown in the pictures

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Re: How To Setup & Establish Your Own Cashew Farm(With Pictures) by EMMAACHILE(m): 3:13pm On May 14, 2018
Lesgupnigeria:
Insert the scion into the rootstock and tied with a transparent white nylon as shown in the pictures
Great lessons so far
Re: How To Setup & Establish Your Own Cashew Farm(With Pictures) by Lesgupnigeria(m): 8:02pm On May 14, 2018
EMMAACHILE:
Great lessons so far
Thanks
Re: How To Setup & Establish Your Own Cashew Farm(With Pictures) by Lesgupnigeria(m): 8:16pm On May 14, 2018
Tie both the scion and the rootstock together, after doing this, cover with a white transparent nylon and tied with rope.

After some days, the scion and rootstock should have gel together.

You can remove nylon after some weeks.

2 Likes

Re: How To Setup & Establish Your Own Cashew Farm(With Pictures) by Lesgupnigeria(m): 10:07am On May 15, 2018
hajlat2:
Following.
Thanks for following
Re: How To Setup & Establish Your Own Cashew Farm(With Pictures) by Lesgupnigeria(m): 8:25pm On May 15, 2018
LAND PREPARATION AND SPACING

The first thing to do is to clear the land before using tractor to plough.

Spacing depends on whether you are cultivating cashew alone or intercropping with vegetables, cassava etc.

My advice is to always intercrop cashew with cassava or vegetables.
Re: How To Setup & Establish Your Own Cashew Farm(With Pictures) by EMMAACHILE(m): 9:38pm On May 15, 2018
Lesgupnigeria:
LAND PREPARATION AND SPACING

The first thing to do is to clear the land before using tractor to plough.

Spacing depends on whether you are cultivating cashew alone or intercropping with vegetables, cassava etc.

My advice is to always intercrop cashew with cassava or vegetables.
Though when the cashew is fully grown, it won't be advisable. Only crops such as vegetables that tolerate shade will strive under a cashew tree shade.

Great work on this thread.

1 Like

Re: How To Setup & Establish Your Own Cashew Farm(With Pictures) by Nobody: 1:57am On May 16, 2018
EMMAACHILE:

Though when the cashew is fully grown, it won't be advisable. Only crops such as vegetables that tolerate shade will strive under a cashew tree shade.

Great work on this thread.
Good morning sir! I am a follower of your threads and learnt you are into agric, plants and animals both.

I am seeking for such jobs please. Would you please offer me farm labour in any of them. I am open to both. I can tend to poultry and also plant pre and post planting operations.

Awaiting your kind response. Thanks.
Re: How To Setup & Establish Your Own Cashew Farm(With Pictures) by EMMAACHILE(m): 6:40am On May 16, 2018
Ibelievee:

Good morning sir! I am a follower of your threads and learnt you are into agric, plants and animals both.

I am seeking for such jobs please. Would you please offer me farm labour in any of them. I am open to both. I can tend to poultry and also plant pre and post planting operations.

Awaiting your kind response. Thanks.
I don't have any large scale plantation now. The ones I have are small scale like a hectare of trees in the village. There is a girl that connects people for farm work. Maybe I will link you with her.
Re: How To Setup & Establish Your Own Cashew Farm(With Pictures) by Nobody: 8:03am On May 16, 2018
EMMAACHILE:

I don't have any large scale plantation now. The ones I have are small scale like a hectare of trees in the village. There is a girl that connects people for farm work. Maybe I will link you with her.
Okay, please do.
Re: How To Setup & Establish Your Own Cashew Farm(With Pictures) by Lesgupnigeria(m): 10:57am On May 16, 2018
EMMAACHILE:

Though when the cashew is fully grown, it won't be advisable. Only crops such as vegetables that tolerate shade will strive under a cashew tree shade.

Great work on this thread.
You are right.
Thanks for your contribution

3 Likes

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