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Death Of Fulani And Fulfulde Language - Culture - Nairaland

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Death Of Fulani And Fulfulde Language by amingafar(m): 6:16pm On Nov 21, 2010
In Kogi, Fulani find new wealth, new tongue .

Jibrin Abubakar, who was in Kogi .

They are in a perpetual state of flux. Nomadic Fulani are the most widely travelled ethnic group in Nigeria. Many of them have become Hausa, some are now Yoruba. But there is fear that the Fulani tongue may disappear in years to come.

This is corroborated by the fact that many Fulani people cannot speak Fulfulde. In Kogi, they have found a new melting pot where the pasture is richer and greener.

In Kogi’s Bunu-Kabba Local Government, the story is not different but the evolution is taking business dimension where the Fulani assimilate Owe as a business language helped by inter-ethnic marriage. The Owe speaking people are scattered around Bunu-Kabba and Yagba West Local Governments of the state.

Zango in Bunu-Kabba is considered the goose that is laying the new ‘golden eggs’. It is seen as a melting point and a catalyst to the evolution of the new ‘tribe’. Zango is a place where both ethnic groups meet to do hard cattle business, and then all other things follow.

On daily basis, Zango causes the immigration of more Fulani people. It is a place to make money. The aborigines are said to be hospitable to their guests. The green grass also smiles at the nomadic pastoralists.

The daily value of trade in cattle is put at about N4 million in Zango, while an average of 20 heads of cattle are sold or bought. This is apart from the small auxiliary businesses flourishing around the area.

The chief Imam of the Hausa community, Malam Muhammadu Ahmad said that there is growing trend of inter-marriage taking place between the Hausa and the owe speaking people.

“We have been marrying ourselves. Our children speak the owe language fluently. This is not a problem, it is normal,” he said.

According to him, most Hausa people came to Bunu-Kabba to take refuge from South East of the country during the Biafran War.

“The people of this region gave us refuge and accommodation when we were being killed during the war. In fact, the sarkin Hausa of the town was born here.”

He said he came to the area in 1980s when he was trading in wrist watches and clocks. According to him, the Owe-speaking people are very hospital and peace loving.

Yakubu Haruna is in his 70s. He immigrated to Bunu-Kabba in 1980. He said nomadic life brought him to Kogi State from Plateau. He said he has about 200 cows and that the average price of a grown cow is N100,000. He said most of their children now speak the local dialect and that inter-marriages preceded his arrival. He, however, added that the only ticket needed for marrying a Fulani man or woman is Islam.

Speaking also, sarkin Zango (Head of the zango), Malam Abubakar Aliyu, who is also a Fulani, originally from Sokoto, said he left his ancestral home 27 years ago in search of green pasture; but when he arrived Bunu-Kabba, he said to himself he has found a new home.

Regaling our reporter with the story of Zango, he said: “The story of Zango is not more than 15 years back when we applied to use this land that was originally slated for market purposes. When they gave us the go-ahead, we started with three cows. Today, an average of 80 cows are sold on daily basis. This is in the region of N4 million.

“The cows come from Jega, Wudil, Shinkafi and Tambuwal. Our major problem here is that we have no tap water and we want the government to also contribute to environmental sanitation.”

He advised government to develop interest in what is happening in Zango as it generates about N50,000 into government coffers.

Alhaji Muhammadu Altini, who is the Sarkin Pawa (in charge of slaughtering) is Hausa, originally from Tambuwal, Sokoto State. He left Tambuwal 33 years back to join his elder brother at Ajaokuta. He left Ajaokuta to Bunu-Kabba eight years ago and was later asked to head the slaughtering segment of the Zango. He is credited with the construction of all the shops in Zango.

Speaking about his department, he said he has up to 18 staff in his unit.

He added, “we have some problems here. Our abattoir is not in good shape. Cows’ waste is not properly disposed of and this poses serious environmental hazard. We, that have titles are also not paid salaries or allowances. We want the local government and the traditional institution to show more concern in what we are doing here.”

Despite some of the concerns raised by the immigrants, Bunu-Kabba is a new home and Owe, a new tongue they have found. Salient cultural changes are also taking place, some are noticed, others are not. The underlying current now is business.
Re: Death Of Fulani And Fulfulde Language by Fulaman198(m): 9:12pm On Jul 31, 2012
I know what you mean but Fulani language (Fulfulde) will never truly disappear in Nigeria (Adamawa, Gombe, Plateau, even in Jigawa and Yobe). In Neighbouring Cameroon, the Adamawa dialect is spoken throughout from Maroua to Garoua and in Ngaoundere. The Fulani language has so many dialects though, from Senegal to Sudan where it is widely spoken. The language is here to stay even if ethnic Fulani in NW Nigeria are speaking Hausa. Those of us who are proud of who are will never forget.

Teddungal e bamtaare pulaaku
Re: Death Of Fulani And Fulfulde Language by Nobody: 10:14pm On Jul 31, 2012
Same here, i Senegal languages like pular and serer diola mandinka tend to disapear because of a general "wolofization" of people living in big cities. People do not speak their mother tongues anymore but just wolof. However, toucouleur people are known to be very close to their culture, they generally don't marry outside their tribe and speak only pular among themselves. They are the most conservative tribe in senegambia.

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Re: Death Of Fulani And Fulfulde Language by JallowBah(f): 9:03pm On Aug 01, 2012
thiendella: Same here, i Senegal languages like pular and serer diola mandinka tend to disapear because of a general "wolofization" of people living in big cities. People do not speak their mother tongues anymore but just wolof. However, toucouleur people are known to be very close to their culture, they generally don't marry outside their tribe and speak only pular among themselves. They are the most conservative tribe in senegambia.

I saw that one in some cases is Gambia. MMost of the people who where fulani, and only speak wolof, grew up in wolof compounds, and had maybe only one person around them who spoke fula.
Its very sad, as fula is no longer in writing form. It is very hard to find ANY books written in fulani, and I would love to have that in my home.

I do hope and pray that people of all tribes and heritage treasure their own language, and try to keep it as much as they can. Children books, novels etc should come in every damn language if you ask mewink

And, when people marry someone who do not speak their own language and they have kids; make sur to teach your kids your own language as well.

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Re: Death Of Fulani And Fulfulde Language by Nobody: 10:01pm On Aug 01, 2012
JallowBah:

I saw that one in some cases is Gambia. MMost of the people who where fulani, and only speak wolof, grew up in wolof compounds, and had maybe only one person around them who spoke fula.
Its very sad, as fula is no longer in writing form. It is very hard to find ANY books written in fulani, and I would love to have that in my home.

I do hope and pray that people of all tribes and heritage treasure their own language, and try to keep it as much as they can. Children books, novels etc should come in every damn language if you ask mewink

And, when people marry someone who do not speak their own language and they have kids; make sur to teach your kids your own language as well.


Very sad indeed! It's even worse for serer people, A teacher in High school used to say that in 2050 there will not be serers anymore in senegambia because they will all assimilate into wolof. But wolofisation is slower for toucouleurs because most of them hate speaking wolof. My toucouleur friends always speak fula among themselves even when i'm in the room and have no clue about what they're saying. I've already seen a father beat his kid because he was speaking wolof at home

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Re: Death Of Fulani And Fulfulde Language by Fulaman198(m): 10:05pm On Aug 01, 2012
These are all sad cases
Re: Death Of Fulani And Fulfulde Language by Africaman: 10:42pm On Aug 01, 2012
Anyone wanting to learn the Fulani/Fulfulde/Peul languge should please see:

"A Vocabulary of Primary Science and Mathematics in Nine Nigerian Languages: Fulfulde, Izon, Yoruba", it is a publication of the Nigerian Educational Research Development Council(NERDC), in Sherda Abuja.

Also this website which has links to Fulani/Fulfulde/Peul language learning resources at the bottom of that page. I believe you have to be registered on the site before you are allowed to download the materials. Here is the link:

http://www.abibitumikasa.com/forums/abibitumi-kasa-afrikan-language-institute/42369-fula-language-texts-1850-1890-see-pdf-attachments.html


Hope this helps.
Re: Death Of Fulani And Fulfulde Language by JallowBah(f): 11:19pm On Aug 01, 2012
thiendella:


Very sad indeed! It's even worse for serer people, A teacher in High school used to say that in 2050 there will not be serers anymore in senegambia because they will all assimilate into wolof. But wolofisation is slower for toucouleurs because most of them hate speaking wolof. My toucouleur friends always speak fula among themselves even when i'm in the room and have no clue about what they're saying. I've already seen a father beat his kid because he was speaking wolof at home

For me, that becomes a little..too much. Both of the examples.
If I am sitting with people who do not speak Norwegian, I try to talk much english, so they can be part of the conversation.
My husband grew up with 90% fulas around him, still he speaks wolof, mandinga, and some Jola.

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Re: Death Of Fulani And Fulfulde Language by Adamskuty(m): 4:34pm On Jan 09, 2014
R....i.......p sad

most kogilites look like fulanis thou
Re: Death Of Fulani And Fulfulde Language by Fulaman198(m): 4:57pm On Jan 09, 2014
Adamskuty: R....i.......p sad

most kogilites look like fulanis thou

Fulani language is still very much alive in Northeast Nigeria.
Re: Death Of Fulani And Fulfulde Language by CAMNEWTON4PRES: 7:30pm On Jan 09, 2014
Fulaman what I said is true and was not an insult, you know it is a guerilla tactic among fulani , they go to the village and take local women as wives. Then gradually they start controlling the land politically and sometimes economically . However never culturally because this tactic has a risk , most of the times despite the children still representing their Fulani side they speak their mum language. The same thing happened/is happening in hausaland .

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Re: Death Of Fulani And Fulfulde Language by Fulaman198(m): 7:11pm On Jan 10, 2014
CAMNEWTON4PRES: Fulaman what I said is true and was not an insult, you know it is a guerilla tactic among fulani , they go to the village and take local women as wives. Then gradually they start controlling the land politically and sometimes economically . However never culturally because this tactic has a risk , most of the times despite the children still representing their Fulani side they speak their mum language. The same thing happened/is happening in hausaland .

I think you should really stop with ethnic bigoted remarks. There are kind and unkind people in every society. Yours is not excluded. Not everyone has the spirit of a saint.
Re: Death Of Fulani And Fulfulde Language by aleniboro(m): 1:52pm On Apr 15, 2018
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