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Fact-checking Trump’s Address On The Iran Missile Attacks - Foreign Affairs - Nairaland

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Fact-checking Trump’s Address On The Iran Missile Attacks by Blindersoff: 3:23pm On Jan 09
President Trump’s address to the nation after Iran’s missile attacks on bases in Iraq where U.S. troops are stationed contained a number of factually dubious statements. Here’s a quick round-up.

“Iran’s hostilities substantially increased after the foolish Iran nuclear deal was signed in 2013 and they were given $150 billion, not to mention $1.8 billion in cash.”

The deal was signed in 2015, but that’s not the least of Trump’s factual problems in this sentence. It includes two misleading statements, including one Bottomless Pinocchio claim.

Trump often makes it sound like the United States cut a check to Iran as part of the Iran nuclear deal, formally known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA). He also always uses too high an estimate, $150 billion, for the assets involved.

But this was always Iran’s money. Iran had billions of dollars frozen in foreign banks around the globe because of international sanctions over its nuclear program. The Treasury Department estimated that once Iran fulfilled other obligations, it would have about $55 billion left. The Central Bank of Iran said the number was actually $32 billion.

As for the $1.8 billion (actually, $1.7 billion), this was related to the settlement of a decades-old claim between the two countries, not the Iran nuclear agreement. An initial payment of $400 million was handed over on Jan. 17, 2016, the day after Iran released four American detainees, including Washington Post correspondent Jason Rezaian. The timing — which U.S. officials insisted was a coincidence — suggested the cash could be viewed as a ransom payment.

But the initial cash payment was also Iran’s money. In the 1970s, the then pro-Western Iranian government under the shah paid $400 million for U.S. military equipment. The equipment was never delivered because the two countries broke off relations after the seizure of American hostages at the U.S. Embassy in Iran. Two other payments totaling $1.3 billion — a negotiated agreement on the interest owed on the $400 million — came some weeks later.

“Instead of saying, ‘Thank you,’ to the United States, they chanted, ‘Death to America.’ In fact, they chanted 'Death to America’ the day the agreement was signed.”

This is a straw man. A relatively small percentage of Iranians participate in these chants, which is mainly of symbolic use for the government. “Over the decades, I’ve heard ‘Death to America!’ shouted routinely at Friday prayers, and at commemorations of the U.S. Embassy takeover and other demonstrations,” our former colleague Robin Wright wrote in the New Yorker in 2015. “The regime refuses to shelve the slogan. These days, however, students are often bused in on anniversaries as crowd-filler; the perk is a day off from school. They chant when prompted. The enthusiasm is a bit like the anti-American graffiti on public walls—it hasn’t been painted over, but it’s fading.”

“Then Iran went on a terror spree funded by the money from the deal and created hell in Yemen, Syria, Lebanon, Afghanistan and Iraq.The missiles fired last night at us and our allies were paid for with the funds made available by the last administration.”

All money is fungible, but Trump is stretching the factual evidence to blame the missiles on the deal negotiated by the Obama administration. Experts say such a claim is far-fetched and that actual intelligence tying Iran deal monies directly to the missiles is highly unlikely. The White House did not respond to a request for evidence.

“There’s no way to corroborate that,” said Karim Sadjadpour, an Iran policy analyst at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. “It’s such an obviously unprovable claim I’m surprised it wasn’t excised.”

When the nuclear deal was negotiated, many experts warned that lifting sanctions on Iran would free up more money for militant groups funded by Iran. Obama administration officials said they expected Iran’s activities in the region would increase and they were prepared to take action through sanctions and other methods. “As we expected, Iran has not moderated this conduct since the implementation of the JCPOA,” a senior Treasury official said in 2016. “And, as we promised, we have continued to target this behavior, with interdictions, with diplomatic pressure, and with sanctions.”

Moreover, one specific criticism of the deal was that it did not cover Iran’s ballistic missile program. Iran insisted the deal was limited to the nuclear program, not its missile program. Limits on Iran’s ballistic missiles thus have been handled under U.N. Security Council resolutions, including the one that implemented the deal. The Washington Post recently reported that Iran has made unexpected gains in the accuracy of its missiles, as a result of changes ordered more than a decade ago by the country’s supreme leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei. But whether those improvements can also be tied to the Iran deal is unclear.

“The very defective JCPOA expires shortly anyway and gives Iran a clear and quick path to nuclear breakout.”

This is false. The JCPOA's prohibition on Iran building nuclear weapons does not expire. Other international agreements to which Iran has committed itself also prohibit the development of such weapons.

Critics of the JCPOA have voiced concerns that, despite these commitments, Iran could keep working toward nuclear weapons capability under the guise of pursuing peaceful goals, such as a nuclear energy program. The JCPOA gradually lifts restrictions on the types of nuclear activities and the level of uranium enrichment Iran may conduct. These and other provisions sunset over 10, 15, 20 or 25 years. Trump administration officials argue that easing these restrictions over time would open the door to nuclear weapons development in Iran, rendering the JCPOA ultimately ineffective.

Supporters of the nuclear accord say the JCPOA at least buys time, subjecting Iran to strong constraints on its nuclear activities for 10 to 25 years. Without the deal in place, Iran could hasten its development of nuclear weapons on an even shorter timeline than the one Trump found unsatisfactory, they say.

After Trump withdrew the United States from the JCPOA in 2018, the other signatory nations chose to remain in the deal, though experts say the accord may now be on its last legs.

Iran began to flout some of the JCPOA's restrictions after Trump withdrew from the pact, while continuing to comply with other terms.

“In July 2019, Iran exceeded the agreed-upon limits to its stockpile of low-enriched uranium, and then began enriching uranium to the higher concentration used in medical isotopes, still far short of the 90 percent purity required for weapons. ... In September, Iran further weakened its commitments by starting to develop new centrifuges to speed up uranium enrichment, and in November, it resumed heavy water production at its Arak facility,” according to the Council on Foreign Relations.

After a U.S. drone strike last week killed Iran's top military commander, Maj. Gen. Qasem Soleimani, Iran said it would no longer abide by uranium enrichment limits in the JCPOA.

“Iran’s announcement alone does not render the agreement moot, and at least one important element of it — U.N. inspection power — remains in force,” The Washington Post’ reported. “But Iran has less incentive now to abide by the agreement, and Trump appears to have less leverage to hash out the better deal with Tehran that he says President Barack Obama failed to get.”

Trump never acknowledges that Iran is a signatory to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty and has committed itself to ratifying the International Atomic Energy Agency’s Additional Protocol in 2023. The former restricts Iran from ever developing nuclear weapons, and the latter grants international inspectors wide access to monitor nuclear-related activities within Iran’s borders. In agreeing to the JCPOA in 2015, Iran reaffirmed its commitment to the Non-Proliferation Treaty and stated: “Iran reaffirms that under no circumstances will Iran ever seek, develop or acquire any nuclear weapons.”

“Over the last three years, under my leadership, our economy is stronger than ever before and America has achieved energy independence. ... We are now the number one producer of oil and natural gas anywhere in the world. We are independent, and we do not need Middle East oil.”

Trump frequently lays claim to the strongest economy in U.S. history, but it’s another Bottomless Pinocchio claim (which he’s repeated 242 times as of Dec. 10, by our count). In reality, the unemployment rate has gone lower and GDP growth has been higher in previous administrations.

The president also frequently takes credit for a boom in the U.S. energy sector that began during the Obama administration.

The United States has led the world in natural gas production since 2009. Crude oil production has been increasing rapidly since 2010, reaching record levels in August 2018, according to U.S. Energy Information Administration data. In September 2018, the United States passed both Russia and Saudi Arabia to become the largest global crude oil producer. It is expected to hold that position, according to predictions from the International Energy Agency.

His claim that the United States is now energy-independent and does “not need Middle East oil” is misleading. “In 2018, the United States imported about 9.94 million barrels per day (MMb/d) of petroleum from nearly 90 countries,” according to an EIA report, with 43 percent coming from Canada and 16 percent from Persian Gulf countries.

“The American military has been completely rebuilt under my administration, at a cost of $2.5 trillion.”

Trump appears to be including three fiscal years of military funding, including the current one, which began in October.

But the money is not all spent, only a portion of it is destined for new equipment, and the equipment is not all built. It takes years to assemble fighter jets, ships and submarines.

TheWashington Post reported previously that the president’s comments “grossly overstate spending decisions and mask an aging fleet of planes.”

"The actual amount spent on military equipment since he became president is much less, closer to $420 billion, according to Todd Harrison, a defense budget expert and senior fellow at the Center for Strategic and International Studies," The Post said. "The rest was spent on things like personnel, operations and maintenance, and research and development.”

"Three months ago, after destroying 100 percent of ISIS and its territorial caliphate, we killed the savage leader of ISIS, al-Baghdadi.”

Trump has a long history of exaggerating U.S. progress against ISIS, a proto-state terrorist network that can be traced back to a group called al-Qaeda in Iraq, which was started by a Jordanian terrorist named Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, and arose in response to the U.S. invasion of Iraq in 2003.

ISIS has certainly lost physical land holdings but it remains a serious threat with some 18,000 fighters in Iraq and Syria. (While Trump takes credit for a 100-percent reduction in ISIS’s territory, about half of that gain took place under Obama, according to a 2017 briefing by a Trump administration official.)

“Despite losing its territorial ‘caliphate,’ the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS) solidified its insurgent capabilities in Iraq and was resurging in Syria this quarter,” the Defense Department Inspector General said in a report in August that said Trump’s withdrawal of forces from the Syrian-Turkish border had complicated the situation. “The reduction of U.S. forces has decreased the support available for Syrian partner forces at a time when their forces need more training and equipping to respond to the ISIS resurgence.”


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Re: Fact-checking Trump’s Address On The Iran Missile Attacks by popsy2(m): 3:32pm On Jan 09
Enough of this Iran - USA issue already. Over flogged.

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Re: Fact-checking Trump’s Address On The Iran Missile Attacks by budaatum: 3:59pm On Jan 09
If Trump's lies made Trump's nose grow he'd be trodding on it by now!

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Re: Fact-checking Trump’s Address On The Iran Missile Attacks by daddytime(m): 4:01pm On Jan 09
Make una leave Trump and him ignorant maverick/eccentric, supporters wey feel say na dem e dey play him politics for.

Some Nigerians believe say, Trump come to help them obliterate Iran to save Israel, their second and heavenly home. Yes, some folks believe they are Israelites-God's own chosen and peculiar people. Even the so-called educated GO's believe and propagate this nonsense.

Meanwhile, a real Orthodox Israeli go even spit on you as a Christian not to talk of say you be Negro. Effing racists they are.

My people still dey sleep sha, una go open eye one day.

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Re: Fact-checking Trump’s Address On The Iran Missile Attacks by Richdad50(m): 4:22pm On Jan 09

Silly OPs who have not fact checked their own President. Mouthpiece of CNN and liberal media.

By the time Trump is done with his presidency, the world order would have be reversed and uprooted, righteousnesss, religious freedom, free speech will once again be defended.


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Re: Fact-checking Trump’s Address On The Iran Missile Attacks by naijaguy123456(m): 4:22pm On Jan 09
The world need peace.


Re: Fact-checking Trump’s Address On The Iran Missile Attacks by Slawormir: 4:22pm On Jan 09
Damnnnnn niggarrr

Fuckkking trump
Just apologize to Iran you Moda fuckkker

Soleimani was supposed to meet with irag prime minister in Baghdad to discuss about security and peace talks
Trump should apologize
Killing a government official of a sovereign nation just because you have intelligent report that he is aiding terrorists is bad. Another country top commander for that matter!
And no evidence to show soleimani was about to launch an imminent terror campaign

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Re: Fact-checking Trump’s Address On The Iran Missile Attacks by Sammy07: 4:23pm On Jan 09
Lol, all Countries leaders do lied to the citizens in order to rest assured them..

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Re: Fact-checking Trump’s Address On The Iran Missile Attacks by Lovelies1: 4:24pm On Jan 09

We pray for rapture and the introduction of the full out war of Antichrist then the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ

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Re: Fact-checking Trump’s Address On The Iran Missile Attacks by Zoharariel(m): 4:24pm On Jan 09
To be honest - I am highly disappointed in Iran for announcing the intended retaliatory strikes to Iraq (who immediately informed Amerika) ahead of time.

Jack Khoury - An Israeli Journalist revealed on his Twitter yesterday that "224 Amerikan soldiers, were wounded during the Iranian missile attack, and were immediately transferred to Tel Aviv by an Amerikan plane and admitted to the hospital".

Jack Khoury’s Twitter account was suspended a few minutes after posting this tweet.


I should also bring to your notice that a lot of disinformation are currently being peddled by the Empire's propaganda outlets in order to sway public opinions.

For example, The Guardian has reported that the Jack Khoury's twitter account was suspended because it was spreading & promoting false claims - but the BASTARD NEWSPAPER FORGOT TO TELL US THE REAL TWITTER HANDLE OF JACK KHOURY WHICH IS NOT PEDDLING FALSE CLAIMS. grin


We're already used to the lies of Amerika & Israel. The Amerikans suffered heavy shellacking from the Iranian retaliatory strikes but they covered it up inorder to save face.

How many times have we witnessed this kinda scenario?

During the NATO bombing of Yugoslavia in 1999, Serbia shot down an Amerikan B2-Spirit Bomber (Spirit of Missouri - which ofcourse has been replaced now) & F117 Nighthawk with the Russian S-125 Neva/Pechora SAM and Amerika denied it never happened, only for the bastards to send NATO's military delegation to Serbia 2 years later, sharing questionnaires and asking stupid questions, not only about the downing of the F-117, but also about the B2-Spirit. grin

In 2011, an Amerikan RQ-170 Sentinel drone was captured in flight by Iran and the Amerikan bastards - as usual quickly denied it, until pictures of the wreckage began to surface on the internet. grin

I could go on & on. Amerika has peddled too many lies to be taken seriously on anything she says.

I am neither an Amerikan robotic zombie who believes & gobbles carefully-crafted propaganda disseminated by their useless MSM, nor am I a Nigerian secessionist & religious bigot trying hard to showing blind solidarity to Trump & Satan-Yahoo, hoping to secure their support in balkanizing Nigeria & granting them their utopian Country.

The Amerikan Senators are coming out one after the other to deny Trump LIES & CLAIMS that Qassem Soleimani was planning an impending strikes on the Amerikans while our vacuous Nigerians whose emotions & religious bigotry have taking the better part of them - thereby pushing them to comment (inorder to garner useless LIKES on social media) on Issues they know absolutely nothing about except what they're fed on CNN & other MSM channels.

The same Qassem Soleimani who was praised by CNN some years ago for fighting & decimating ISIS - is now a Terrorist simply because Amerika says so?


Even with the rumoured casuality on the Amerikan side, the Iranian retaliatory strikes are not sufficient to deter these Zionist Murdering Bastards from ever crossing the redline again.

In the 60s, the United Snakes had a programme to produce a single Bomb so powerful that just one could destroy the whole of the USSR.

Mother Russia on the other hand went 10 steps further. They planned to produce a single Bomb so powerful it would destroy the whole planet when detonated.

The idea was to put this thing on a big cargo ship and sail it up & down her coast.

If Russia was destroyed in a surprise attack, the sailors on board would light the blue touch paper, and we would all kiss the world goodbye. Funny right? grin

Fortunately saner counsels prevailed and none of these monstrosities saw the light of day.

If Amerika dares nuke Iran, trust me, scores of Countries would begin to chase & buy nukes even if they can't produce it.

The is the reason Iran HAS TO respond, or as is pointed out, Bashar Al-Assad, Hassan Nasrallah and the Iranian Supreme Leader are next on the Ziocon hit list.

A deterrent price has to be extracted.

There has to be a price tag on these murders, or else they will be daily events.

The Zionists don’t bomb Lebanon because they know there will be brutal retaliation.

They bomb Syria because they have been able to get away with it. Nothing less would be acceptable to the millions on the streets of Tehran.

This is not fanciful. Iraq already wants the bastard Amerikan troops out of their country, leading to another Trump Twitter tantrum.

Once they are gone from Iraq, those in Syria will follow. Iran could respond by declaring a security zone in the Straits of Hormuz.

Any Amerikan ship would be assumed to be hostile and destroyed without warning.

Just Amerikan ships. Any others, and the tanker traffic, could proceed unmolested.

Amerikan warships in the Gulf can rust in port in Bahrain, till their presence becomes irrelevant.

This would impose a real cost on Amerika without firing a shot or taking a single life – unless Amerikan ships try to force the Straits, like ducks in a shooting gallery.

I also expect Iran to quickly export the "Magrav Technology" to all her allies (Resistance Axis) and the war-gaming of all Amerikan Aircrafts & Vessels (Military & Civilian) should commence forthwith - while the S-400Triumf and other components like the BUK, Pantsir & Tor-2 are immediately bought & delivered to Tehran from Russia.

The United Snakes of Amerika would largely become irrelevant, and sidelined - and Countries would make their own security arrangements without any Amerikan involvement.

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Re: Fact-checking Trump’s Address On The Iran Missile Attacks by tophumble(m): 4:24pm On Jan 09
They won't allow us rest with this Trump thing

Well the guy is gaining more popularity for a re-election


Re: Fact-checking Trump’s Address On The Iran Missile Attacks by Maxymilliano(m): 4:24pm On Jan 09
Hmm ..

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Re: Fact-checking Trump’s Address On The Iran Missile Attacks by Sammy07: 4:24pm On Jan 09

Goal goal

1 Like

Re: Fact-checking Trump’s Address On The Iran Missile Attacks by Ezekiel36vs28: 4:25pm On Jan 09
For what exactly?
Damnnnnn niggarrr

Just apologize to Iran you Moda fuckkker


Re: Fact-checking Trump’s Address On The Iran Missile Attacks by CrimeKsmart: 4:25pm On Jan 09
Donald Trump is a stupid president and talks like a parrot with no element of truth. I pray he gets removed from office at the end of the day since his intention is to sacrifice Americans for his own reelection.

Remember anything IPOB support lose at the end because God Almighty doesn't support lies and propaganda. Let's see what comes out of ipob support for Donald Trump.

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Re: Fact-checking Trump’s Address On The Iran Missile Attacks by johnshagb(m): 4:26pm On Jan 09
I will read all that when i get home.
Re: Fact-checking Trump’s Address On The Iran Missile Attacks by sameasy4real(m): 4:26pm On Jan 09
Abeg,enough of this US vs Iran palava


Re: Fact-checking Trump’s Address On The Iran Missile Attacks by SenecaTheYonger(m): 4:26pm On Jan 09
I like how they say death to America is just a normal chant lol


Re: Fact-checking Trump’s Address On The Iran Missile Attacks by livebyday(m): 4:26pm On Jan 09

The Dems have come again with their anti Trump pandering sentimentality which is just wasted on the readers time

Trump smacked Iran and all Iran could do was fire rockets at parking lots in two American bases

In future Iran will think twice about using proxies to attack the USA

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Re: Fact-checking Trump’s Address On The Iran Missile Attacks by dochenaj: 4:26pm On Jan 09
Trump is going to use this US - Iran crisis to ride to victory in the upcoming general elections.

It is all beginning to look like a scripted plot by the Republicans to take attention off the impeachment.

And interestingly it is working.

Welcome to Politics 101.

16 Likes 1 Share

Re: Fact-checking Trump’s Address On The Iran Missile Attacks by GOFRONT(m): 4:27pm On Jan 09
Let the war begin immediately......Can't wait to have one or two of those Missiles dropped off in Nigeria either by mistake or intentionally.....

It's high time this present Cursed Nigerian generation get wiped Off, paving way for other sets of blessed New Naija!!!


Re: Fact-checking Trump’s Address On The Iran Missile Attacks by Sammy07: 4:27pm On Jan 09

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Re: Fact-checking Trump’s Address On The Iran Missile Attacks by Etinosa1234(m): 4:27pm On Jan 09
over to u ... nairaland war analyst coolcheesy


Re: Fact-checking Trump’s Address On The Iran Missile Attacks by Topmaike007(m): 4:27pm On Jan 09
USA Ńa useless country abeg

You kill a sitting general and tag him terrorist,while is people mourned heavily for him, pls can Nigeria mourn for Shekau?

And now Iraq have sent them(USA) packing from there country..

wo God go punish them once again

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Re: Fact-checking Trump’s Address On The Iran Missile Attacks by ContractKiller: 4:27pm On Jan 09
Re: Fact-checking Trump’s Address On The Iran Missile Attacks by fergie001(m): 4:27pm On Jan 09
Whatever it may, shout all you can-Soleimani is dead.
Iran has returned likewise though with no casualties.
Both parties have independently agreed to de-escalate, if una like break una head ontop coconut.

The distraction has helped us a bit, it's time to return to our local problems and "anal-ise" it the way we have for Donald Trump and Ayatollah.

Some have even become online registered members of Dems/GOPs. Tufiakwa.

This OP go cry tire for Trump matter today.....opened his account 18 Dec....1st comment... grin

20 Likes 1 Share

Re: Fact-checking Trump’s Address On The Iran Missile Attacks by Tokziby: 4:28pm On Jan 09
Trump na business man.

If u are familiar with the financial market, u will realise that every of his tweets affects the market. Since last week this saga began, both Crude oil and gold price don shoot up when every body was expecting it to deep.
Now that he's calling off the war the price nose dived when people thought he will escalate it after Iranian attack. The guy don cash out some millions if not billions of dollars in 7 days

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Re: Fact-checking Trump’s Address On The Iran Missile Attacks by Helpfromabove1(m): 4:28pm On Jan 09
this story is too long can someone pls summarize

1 Like 1 Share

Re: Fact-checking Trump’s Address On The Iran Missile Attacks by Truthbites: 4:28pm On Jan 09
This article makes it seem like Iran is a saint

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