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Unusual 410 Million-Year-Old Armoured Fish Fossil 'Rewrites History Of Sharks' - Science/Technology - Nairaland

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Unusual 410 Million-Year-Old Armoured Fish Fossil 'Rewrites History Of Sharks' by Macsjebs(m): 9:57pm On Sep 09
A bizarre 410 million year old armoured fish unearthed in Mongolia has rewritten the history of sharks.

It shows their skeletons were once made of bone - before turning into cartilage, say British scientists.

The bizarre creature, less than a foot long, shakes the family tree by its roots.

It is an ancient cousin of modern ocean behemoths - such as the whale shark and the Great White.

Named Minjinia turgenensis, it had bony plates over its head and shoulders that acted as shields.

It roamed the prehistoric seas 170 million years before the first dinosaurs walked the Earth.

Minjinia's fossilised skull - dug up in the foothills of spectacular snow capped mountains - turns history on its head.

It means the lighter skeletons of sharks developed from bony animals - rather than the other way round.

Lead author Dr Martin Brazeau, of Imperial College London, said: "The fish would have probably been somewhere between 20 and 30 cm long (7.9 to 11.8 inches).

"We currently only have part of the skull roof and braincase - but the skull roof was covered in a thick bony armour.

"We know from its relationships to other similar fishes from this time it would likely have had an extensive armour on the face and shoulder."

The animal described in Nature Ecology & Evolution sheds fresh light on shark evolution.

Whale sharks, the world's biggest fish, can reach over 60 feet. The Great White, the largest predatory fish, grow to more than 20 feet.

Minjinia belonged to a group called the placoderms. They were the first jawed fish out of which sharks and other vertebrates - including humans - evolved.

Some turned into 30 foot sea monsters. The articulated plates also performed the function of teeth. The rest of the body was scaled or naked.

Dr Brazeau said: "So, it would superficially have looked like other placoderms. Indeed, we have found fragments of armour with a similar pattern of ornamentation to the skull roof in the same rock bed.

"These suggest there would have been bony spines sitting in front of the fins, acting as either a cutwater or a defence. However, we don't yet have a full or partial skeleton.

"Like the vast majority of fishes from this time, it was likely predatory - but it's not yet possible to say exactly what it ate without the direct preservation of the jaws."

Today, sharks' skeletons are made of cartilage - which is around half the density of bone. It was thought to be the original template before the heavier alternative.

Minjinia completely contradicts this. Cartilage is known to have come first. Sharks were believed to have split from other animals prior to the arrival of bone.

The theory was they kept the former - even though fish generally favoured the latter. But Minjinia is a shared ancestor.

It suggests sharks had bones and then lost them - rather than keeping their initial cartilaginous state for over 400 million years.

Dr Brazeau said: "It was very unexpected. Conventional wisdom says a bony inner skeleton was a unique innovation of the lineage that split from the ancestor of sharks more than 400 million years ago,.

"But here is clear evidence of bony inner skeleton in a cousin of both sharks and, ultimately, us."

When we are developing as foetuses, humans and bony vertebrates have skeletons made of cartilage - like sharks.

But a key stage in our development is when this is replaced by hard 'endochondral' bone that makes up our skeleton after birth.

Previously, no placoderm had been found with this. The skull fragments of Minjinia were "wall-to-wall endochondral", said Dr Brazeau.

It points to a more interesting history for sharks.

Explained Dr Brazeau said: "If sharks had bony skeletons and lost it, it could be an evolutionary adaptation.

"Sharks don't have swim bladders, which evolved later in bony fish, but a lighter skeleton would have helped them be more mobile in the water and swim at different depths.

"This may be what helped sharks to be one of the first global fish species, spreading out into oceans around the world 400 million years ago."

Sharks are remarkably resilient. They've survived all five global mass extinctions that knocked 80 percent of the planet's mega-fauna out of existence.

But tracing their evolution is frustrating as fossilised cartilage does not preserve as well as bone.

The researchers still have plenty of other material collected from Mongolia to sort through - and perhaps find similar early bony fish.

The placoderms thrived for almost 60 million years - a period dubbed the 'Age of Fish'.

They were wiped out in a mysterious mass extinction event 359 million years ago - 120 million years before the first dinosaurs walked the Earth.

Last month a study suggested it was caused by radiation from an exploding star 65 light years from Earth.
Source: https://www.mirror.co.uk/science/unusual-410-million-year-old-22642650

1 Like 2 Shares

Re: Unusual 410 Million-Year-Old Armoured Fish Fossil 'Rewrites History Of Sharks' by josh123(m): 10:15pm On Sep 09
it seems life exit million of years before adam and eve

21 Likes

Re: Unusual 410 Million-Year-Old Armoured Fish Fossil 'Rewrites History Of Sharks' by michlins(m): 11:01pm On Sep 09
Snow and mountain contain more accurate information about the history of earth than any book.

7 Likes 1 Share

Re: Unusual 410 Million-Year-Old Armoured Fish Fossil 'Rewrites History Of Sharks' by marvelphysics(m): 7:36am On Sep 10
-

5 Likes 1 Share

Re: Unusual 410 Million-Year-Old Armoured Fish Fossil 'Rewrites History Of Sharks' by josh123(m): 7:42am On Sep 10
marvelphysics:

What are u saying didnt God create the animals before man
I know was only trying to say animals exist millions of years before adam was created

19 Likes

Re: Unusual 410 Million-Year-Old Armoured Fish Fossil 'Rewrites History Of Sharks' by marvelphysics(m): 7:50am On Sep 10
josh123:
I know was only trying to say animals exist millions of years before adam was created
I know that wat am saying too

2 Likes

Re: Unusual 410 Million-Year-Old Armoured Fish Fossil 'Rewrites History Of Sharks' by iamyemiakins(m): 8:52am On Sep 10
Inside life, orisirisi nkan lón selè.

L'agbo Macjebs, orisirisi discovery lo n ben'be.
Kuonbe!

7 Likes

Re: Unusual 410 Million-Year-Old Armoured Fish Fossil 'Rewrites History Of Sharks' by Eife(m): 9:02am On Sep 10
A thousands years on earth is a day in heaven.
That means God created the heavens and the earth within 6 days (using heaven's time zone) but on earth the creation took millions of years.






Anyway what do I know self
This osogbo weed too strong for me

48 Likes 2 Shares

Re: Unusual 410 Million-Year-Old Armoured Fish Fossil 'Rewrites History Of Sharks' by Macsjebs(m): 9:35am On Sep 10
iamyemiakins:
Inside life, orisirisi nkan lón selè.

L'agbo Macjebs, orisirisi discovery lo n ben'be.
Kuonbe!
Lol grin grin grin grin grin grin
I loyal Sir
Re: Unusual 410 Million-Year-Old Armoured Fish Fossil 'Rewrites History Of Sharks' by sotall(m): 10:26am On Sep 10
Nice discovery.

@righteousness89...how does this discovery relate to the world coming to an end? undecided

8 Likes

Re: Unusual 410 Million-Year-Old Armoured Fish Fossil 'Rewrites History Of Sharks' by sapphiere(f): 10:27am On Sep 10
May God rewrites our history from grass to grace

6 Likes

Re: Unusual 410 Million-Year-Old Armoured Fish Fossil 'Rewrites History Of Sharks' by ThinkSmarter(m): 10:28am On Sep 10
Do God exist?
Did he actually created all things?
Who is he?
How did he came into existence?
Where is he now
Who created God?,
Or did he evolve from nothing?
How did he got all powers attributed to him?
Where was he before the creations.
Where did he sourced the raw materials used for creation.
Could the big bang be true?
Could evolution be true?.
Why the sudden human population growth from the 1990s?
Evolution is getting more interesting.

6 Likes 2 Shares

Re: Unusual 410 Million-Year-Old Armoured Fish Fossil 'Rewrites History Of Sharks' by Mathantics: 10:29am On Sep 10
Watch how Nigerians will be laughing and insulting these scientists now for adding their names in history.


Tomorrow our children will be studying/reading about them and how they did their findings, our children will be wondering what we were doing then.

9 Likes

Re: Unusual 410 Million-Year-Old Armoured Fish Fossil 'Rewrites History Of Sharks' by Lamasta(m): 10:29am On Sep 10
Archaeologists and their millions of years sha...

13 Likes 1 Share

Re: Unusual 410 Million-Year-Old Armoured Fish Fossil 'Rewrites History Of Sharks' by nurez305(m): 10:29am On Sep 10
Fake
Re: Unusual 410 Million-Year-Old Armoured Fish Fossil 'Rewrites History Of Sharks' by Madibah(m): 10:30am On Sep 10
Them don start again o
410million years shocked

24 Likes 1 Share

Re: Unusual 410 Million-Year-Old Armoured Fish Fossil 'Rewrites History Of Sharks' by Hndrrxxx(m): 10:30am On Sep 10
Hh
Re: Unusual 410 Million-Year-Old Armoured Fish Fossil 'Rewrites History Of Sharks' by fk001(m): 10:30am On Sep 10
Eife:
A thousands years on earth is a day in heaven.
That means God created the heavens and the earth within 6 days (using heaven's time zone) but on earth the creation took millions of years.






Anyway what do I know self
This osogbo weed too strong for me

Then why didn't he just say he created the earth in 6 million years instead of 6 days? Or perhaps he wants to confuse you lot.


Didn't he know that our days are shorter than his?

2 Likes

Re: Unusual 410 Million-Year-Old Armoured Fish Fossil 'Rewrites History Of Sharks' by Perfecttouchade: 10:30am On Sep 10
Ok
Re: Unusual 410 Million-Year-Old Armoured Fish Fossil 'Rewrites History Of Sharks' by Djyucee1(m): 10:30am On Sep 10
These scientists should calm down in confusing us. The confusion in Nigeria is more than enough for us to deal with kiss kiss

5 Likes

Re: Unusual 410 Million-Year-Old Armoured Fish Fossil 'Rewrites History Of Sharks' by Hotzone(m): 10:31am On Sep 10
Good to know
Re: Unusual 410 Million-Year-Old Armoured Fish Fossil 'Rewrites History Of Sharks' by Auxtin85(m): 10:31am On Sep 10
Dem don come again oo, who create am? When was Adam and Eve created
Re: Unusual 410 Million-Year-Old Armoured Fish Fossil 'Rewrites History Of Sharks' by haywhy1026(m): 10:32am On Sep 10
Isook
Re: Unusual 410 Million-Year-Old Armoured Fish Fossil 'Rewrites History Of Sharks' by bobchigar(m): 10:33am On Sep 10
All these people will be mentioning "millions of years" as if it is Nigerian currency in millions with little value.

6 Likes

Re: Unusual 410 Million-Year-Old Armoured Fish Fossil 'Rewrites History Of Sharks' by Factfinder1(m): 10:33am On Sep 10
josh123:
it seems life exit million of years before adam and eve

Yes there was a pre Adamaic dispensation but the bible somehow just didn't want us to know about it

1 Like

Re: Unusual 410 Million-Year-Old Armoured Fish Fossil 'Rewrites History Of Sharks' by Ayobami7(m): 10:35am On Sep 10
Noted
Re: Unusual 410 Million-Year-Old Armoured Fish Fossil 'Rewrites History Of Sharks' by NaijaOlosho(f): 10:35am On Sep 10
grin grin

See dem again
Re: Unusual 410 Million-Year-Old Armoured Fish Fossil 'Rewrites History Of Sharks' by DeltaOilWell(m): 10:35am On Sep 10
See as this people they mentioned millions of years ago like say na � money shocked

Still, man go tell you say them get sense pass animals and � fishes. embarassed
Re: Unusual 410 Million-Year-Old Armoured Fish Fossil 'Rewrites History Of Sharks' by FuckThaMod: 10:35am On Sep 10
Madibah:
Them don start again o
410million years shocked
Sit down son and learn
Re: Unusual 410 Million-Year-Old Armoured Fish Fossil 'Rewrites History Of Sharks' by sotall(m): 10:35am On Sep 10
Eife:
A thousands years on earth is a day in heaven.
That means God created the heavens and the earth within 6 days (using heaven's time zone) but on earth the creation took millions of years.






Anyway what do I know self
This osogbo weed too strong for me

That's how religious apologists like you cherry pick meanings in the bible.

There are many instances of reference to days in the bible but because science has proofs of animals being on earth for millions of years, you just have to find s way to defend the bible.

5 Likes

Re: Unusual 410 Million-Year-Old Armoured Fish Fossil 'Rewrites History Of Sharks' by GlorifiedTunde(m): 10:37am On Sep 10
How dem take calculate am? undecided

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