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Earth Heading Towards 'Hothouse' State Not Seen In 50 Million Years (Photos) - Science/Technology - Nairaland

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Earth Heading Towards 'Hothouse' State Not Seen In 50 Million Years (Photos) by Macsjebs(m): 5:14pm On Sep 11
Researchers from the University of California at Santa Cruz have warned that Earth is getting warmer than at any time in the last 50 million years

Earth is getting warmer than at any time in the last 50 million years, according to new research.

The planet has experienced four distinct climate states since the Age of the Dinosaurs. Scientists have named them as "Hothouse", "Warmhouse", "Coolhouse" and "Icehouse".

They have been mapped in unprecedented detail for the first time using seabed rocks collected from drilling expeditions over the last five decades.

For the past three million years, Earth has been in an 'Icehouse' characterised by alternating glacial and interglacial periods.

Modern humans evolved during this time, but greenhouse gas emissions and other human activities are now driving the planet toward a 'Warmhouse' and 'Hothouse.'

This has not seen since the Eocene epoch, which ended about 34 million years ago. During the early Eocene, there were no polar ice caps, and average global temperatures were 9 to 14 degrees Celsius higher than today.

Co author Professor James Zachos, of the University of California at Santa Cruz, said: "The IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) projections for 2300 in the 'business-as-usual' scenario will potentially bring global temperature to a level the planet has not seen in 50 million years."

The ' climate reference curve' called CENOGRID can be studied like a colourful barcode - drawing comparisons between the past, present and future.

It puts current changes in context. The continuous record reveals natural climate variability due to changes in Earth's orbit around the sun is much smaller than projected future warming due to greenhouse gas emissions.

Lead author Dr Thomas Westerhold, of the University of Bremen in Germany, said: "We now know more accurately when it was warmer or colder and have a better understanding of the underlying dynamics and the processes that drive them.

"The time from 66 to 34 million years ago, when the planet was significantly warmer than it is today, is of particular interest, as it represents a parallel in the past to what future anthropogenic change could lead to."

These major climate states persisted for millions and sometimes tens of millions of years.

It sheds fresh light on the impact of manmade global warming - and how exceptional it is, warn the international team.

Prof Zachos said: "We have known for a long time the glacial-interglacial cycles are paced by changes in Earth's orbit, which alter the amount of solar energy reaching Earth's surface, and astronomers have been computing these orbital variations back in time.

"As we reconstructed past climates, we could see long-term coarse changes quite well. We also knew there should be finer-scale rhythmic variability due to orbital variations, but for a long time it was considered impossible to recover that signal.

"Now that we have succeeded in capturing the natural climate variability, we can see the projected anthropogenic warming will be much greater than that."

Unveiled in Science, the tool shows how the planet gradual cooling over the last 50 million years has now been dramatically reversed.

The distinctive climatic 'beat' of each climatic state is driven by greenhouse gas concentrations and polar ice volume.

Higher CO2 and little-to-no global ice volume is seen during the Hothouse and Warmhouse compared to the Coolhouse and Icehouse.

Prof Zachos said: "In an extreme greenhouse world with no ice, there won't be any feedbacks involving the ice sheets, and that changes the dynamics of the climate."

The researchers analysed oxygen and carbon isotopes from tiny microfossils found in the ocean sediments.

These are chemical 'signatures' of past climates recorded in the shells of microscopic plankton, called foraminifera.

The CENOGRID is the clearest and most accurate view of past climate conditions to date, providing information about past deep-sea temperatures, global ice volumes and the carbon cycle.

Co-author Dr Anna Joy Drury, of University College London, said: "We use CENOGRID to understand what Earth's normal range of natural climate change and variability is and how quickly Earth recovered from past events.

"While we show the Earth previously experienced warm climate states, these were characterised by extreme climate events and were radically different from our modern world.

"Since the peak warmth of the Hothouse, Earth's climate has gradually cooled over the last 50 million years.

"But the present and predicted rapid anthropogenic changes reverse this trend and, if unabated, far exceed the natural variability of the last 66 million years.

"CENOGRID's window into the past provides context for the ongoing anthropogenic change and how exceptional it is."

Most of the major climate transitions in the past 66 million years - after a giant asteroid strike killed the dinosaurs - have been associated with changes in greenhouse gas levels.

Previous research by Prof Zachos found a period of rapid global warming around 50 million years ago which drove the climate into a Hothouse state was caused by a massive release of carbon into the atmosphere.

Similarly, in the late Eocene, as atmospheric carbon dioxide levels were dropping, ice sheets began to form in Antarctica and the climate transitioned to a Coolhouse state.

Prof Zachos added: "The climate can become unstable when it is nearing one of these transitions, and we see less predictable responses to orbital forcing, so that is something we would like to better understand."
Source: https://www.mirror.co.uk/science/earth-heading-toward-hothouse-state-22665020

3 Likes 1 Share

Re: Earth Heading Towards 'Hothouse' State Not Seen In 50 Million Years (Photos) by Bluntguy: 5:35pm On Sep 11
50 million years? Some so called scientists are simply mad men.

175 Likes 10 Shares

Re: Earth Heading Towards 'Hothouse' State Not Seen In 50 Million Years (Photos) by marvelphysics(m): 6:05pm On Sep 11
Make we find another planet abeg this one too small, and yet we de miss manage am
Righteousness is coming
The guy up this comment is ignorant

40 Likes

Re: Earth Heading Towards 'Hothouse' State Not Seen In 50 Million Years (Photos) by light099(m): 6:09pm On Sep 11
Well, thanks for the lengthy info fellas, but I see it nothing more than utter grandiloquence.
The whole info, being concerned about it or feeling indifferent about it doesn't change nothing in the long run.

The simple fact is, we're all nothing but pencils in the hand of the universe. We're nothing more than tiny deeks in the galaxy's black hole. If nature decides to fry everyone, no one can help nobody or do anything about it. Our technology at it's best cannot pull a single hair in the face of the universe.
All our big brother America, Russian or China are all helpless kids crying on the street, as vulnerable as any other nigga on the street.
The only good you can do yourself is to keep sipping your pepper soup while it's still hot, your beer while it's chilled and care less about what happens in the outer space, because when shiit is ready to fall, no one can change anything, we can only watch.

116 Likes 7 Shares

Re: Earth Heading Towards 'Hothouse' State Not Seen In 50 Million Years (Photos) by marvelphysics(m): 6:11pm On Sep 11
Bluntguy:
50 million years? Some so called scientists are simply mad men.
U are either art or commercial student

89 Likes 4 Shares

Re: Earth Heading Towards 'Hothouse' State Not Seen In 50 Million Years (Photos) by Stevecreativex: 7:05pm On Sep 11
.
Re: Earth Heading Towards 'Hothouse' State Not Seen In 50 Million Years (Photos) by classicfrank4u(m): 7:05pm On Sep 11
No be this one dey worry me now
Abg how much be 25kg rice bag now? cry

7 Likes

Re: Earth Heading Towards 'Hothouse' State Not Seen In 50 Million Years (Photos) by Enoch07: 7:06pm On Sep 11
it's another one!!
Re: Earth Heading Towards 'Hothouse' State Not Seen In 50 Million Years (Photos) by rentAcock(m): 7:06pm On Sep 11
Science is truly amazing. They can solve 50 million year old mysteries but we still don't know who killed Tupac & Biggie.

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14 Likes 1 Share

Re: Earth Heading Towards 'Hothouse' State Not Seen In 50 Million Years (Photos) by PlayerMeji: 7:06pm On Sep 11
In spite of all these big big grammar, I can assure everyone that we are safe for the next 50 million years, earth is going nowhere.

24 Likes

Re: Earth Heading Towards 'Hothouse' State Not Seen In 50 Million Years (Photos) by Firstorderwizard(m): 7:06pm On Sep 11
E better make everything destroy so that we will start afresh.
How will somebody be born with a silver spoon while some no go get spoon.
The worst be say untop the spoon we no get, dey come still born person for Nigeria

12 Likes

Re: Earth Heading Towards 'Hothouse' State Not Seen In 50 Million Years (Photos) by donprinyo: 7:07pm On Sep 11
Anything Dat can stop Apc is acceptable

8 Likes

Re: Earth Heading Towards 'Hothouse' State Not Seen In 50 Million Years (Photos) by Dominiqueismad: 7:07pm On Sep 11
Santa Cruz, this is a joke ok
Re: Earth Heading Towards 'Hothouse' State Not Seen In 50 Million Years (Photos) by PureGoldh(m): 7:07pm On Sep 11
Always be on guard.....the clock is ticking

Just incase you need Raw Original Honey...don't hesitate to contact O81 O1 66 67 71 let's talk about it now...Happy weekend to you all..Stay safe
Re: Earth Heading Towards 'Hothouse' State Not Seen In 50 Million Years (Photos) by Onlydaughter(f): 7:07pm On Sep 11
Wow!!! This is preposterous!!! shocked

6 Likes 1 Share

Re: Earth Heading Towards 'Hothouse' State Not Seen In 50 Million Years (Photos) by AFULA(m): 7:07pm On Sep 11
okay
Re: Earth Heading Towards 'Hothouse' State Not Seen In 50 Million Years (Photos) by Ogaemmii: 7:08pm On Sep 11
Ok
Re: Earth Heading Towards 'Hothouse' State Not Seen In 50 Million Years (Photos) by cutiedave(m): 7:08pm On Sep 11
This world sha wan end...

Guys repent o...

There isn't time again...

Read the book of Daniel recently and i knew for a fact that we are in the end days

13 Likes 1 Share

Re: Earth Heading Towards 'Hothouse' State Not Seen In 50 Million Years (Photos) by Suspect33(m): 7:08pm On Sep 11
Las Las righteousness89 is right about the times we're living in

13 Likes 2 Shares

Re: Earth Heading Towards 'Hothouse' State Not Seen In 50 Million Years (Photos) by Sirmwill: 7:08pm On Sep 11
marvelphysics:
Make we find another planet abeg this one too small, and yet we de miss manage am
Righteousness is coming
The guy up this comment is ignorant
You don't know that if Righteousness89 does not get FTC or STC or TTC,he'll rather not comment again... cheesy

6 Likes

Re: Earth Heading Towards 'Hothouse' State Not Seen In 50 Million Years (Photos) by istina: 7:08pm On Sep 11
What Nigeria is heading toward is Hellhouse

2 Likes

Re: Earth Heading Towards 'Hothouse' State Not Seen In 50 Million Years (Photos) by Kreamie(m): 7:09pm On Sep 11
Things like this no dey bother Africans.

2 Likes

Re: Earth Heading Towards 'Hothouse' State Not Seen In 50 Million Years (Photos) by ladyGKilaBCrueD(f): 7:09pm On Sep 11
it's about time for this depraved world to end abeg. things have gone to this shiits for the last 100 years. we should all be exterminated.

2 Likes

Re: Earth Heading Towards 'Hothouse' State Not Seen In 50 Million Years (Photos) by Joystark(f): 7:09pm On Sep 11
Hmmmm.


I wonder what the 22nd Century would feel like.

1 Like

Re: Earth Heading Towards 'Hothouse' State Not Seen In 50 Million Years (Photos) by Timekeeper: 7:09pm On Sep 11
Really?

Mumu scientist.. Millions years ko, billion. Ni
Re: Earth Heading Towards 'Hothouse' State Not Seen In 50 Million Years (Photos) by Tunde835(m): 7:09pm On Sep 11
Kreamie:
Things like this no dey bother Africans.
Most of this global warming is caused by d west nd other developed countries Africa contributes only 3% to green house emissions
Re: Earth Heading Towards 'Hothouse' State Not Seen In 50 Million Years (Photos) by Triangles1(m): 7:09pm On Sep 11
Ride on scientist, we are debating on edo election.
Re: Earth Heading Towards 'Hothouse' State Not Seen In 50 Million Years (Photos) by Trabelsi10(m): 7:10pm On Sep 11
Asif their generation have been decided in the last 50 years
Re: Earth Heading Towards 'Hothouse' State Not Seen In 50 Million Years (Photos) by Earlystar698(m): 7:10pm On Sep 11
50 million years as af they're God... their research are good but we must not believe everything this people dish out.

5 Likes

Re: Earth Heading Towards 'Hothouse' State Not Seen In 50 Million Years (Photos) by Goldenheart(m): 7:10pm On Sep 11
grin even if humans colonize another planet...

They will replicate all the evil on earth

2 Likes

Re: Earth Heading Towards 'Hothouse' State Not Seen In 50 Million Years (Photos) by Righteousness89(m): 7:10pm On Sep 11
Except you Wanna Just DECIEVE yourself, it's Clear that this World is at the tip..

The World is Being Rolled like a Scroll.

This Ship is Sinking Fast!

What is Holding Events right now is the RAPTURE of the Church...

We Have been Announcing and Announcing that Everyone Should Get Prepared!

Anytime from Now! JESUS will Snatch His own out of Here!

It's Almost time Folks! Believe me! It's Almost Time!

32 Likes 1 Share

Re: Earth Heading Towards 'Hothouse' State Not Seen In 50 Million Years (Photos) by successking401(m): 7:11pm On Sep 11
If you know anybody suffering from anything that spells infection e.g wormlike movement in d body,staphylococus,premature ejaculation,tooth ache,stubborn boil, fibroid,piles,cough,no matter how long it have been.my contact number is on my signature

1 Like 1 Share

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