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Nigerians With Advanced Degrees But Without Jobs by ikorodureporta: 6:47am On Sep 12
Beyond The Figures: Meet Nigerians with advanced degrees but without jobs


When Nigeria’s statistics bureau, NBS, said in its latest unemployment report that about half of the nation’s 76,562 doctorate degree holders within the labour force were either jobless or underemployed, it sent eyes popping and neck swivelling with surprise.

Hassan Ya’u, a doctor of mass communication at Bayero University, Kano, was one of the sceptics.

He believed that students who enrol in PhD programmes often have a certain level of financial stability before they do so, and only a job could guarantee that.

“The statistics that NBS released is worrying, and I am doubting the credibility of the research,” he said.

“Significant numbers of students with PhD in Nigeria are already employed before embarking on the course.”

But when Rasheed Adigun heard about the report, he simply smiled, because he had not worked since April despite bagging a PhD late last year. In fact, when last he worked, he was paid ₦48,000 for the month.

Four years of searching for a job without a breakthrough, after a first degree, led Mr Adigun to seek additional educational qualification by applying for masters at the Usmanu Danfodiyo University, where he had finished with the best CGPA in the university (4.92 out of 5). Yet, no job came.

His feat as the best student nonetheless offered him a postgraduate scholarship at the University of Pretoria, South Africa, where he specialised in organic synthesis and medicinal chemistry.

Upon graduation, he returned to Nigeria to seek opportunities, but very little came his way. Then the nationwide coronavirus lockdown happened.

Since hand sanitisers were in high demand at the time, the chemist began to produce it, but demand struggled due to the lockdown. When the lockdown was eased, indifference towards the coronavirus ensured that demand for the product remained low.

“We are almost running at a loss now,” he said. “Now, people act like there is no longer (a) pandemic out there. They hardly buy.”

About 87 per cent of businesses in the country were negatively affected by the pandemic, a nationwide survey in April showed. Not less than four in every ten Nigerian who were working before the outbreak of coronavirus in the country lost their jobs due to the impact of COVID-19, NBS also said in April.

The data
Up from 23.1 per cent in the third quarter of 2018, Nigeria’s unemployment rate rose to 27.1 per cent in the second quarter of 2020, NBS said in August.

Although the number of people within the economically active or working age (aged 15–64 years) also rose by 1.2 per cent, from 115,492,969 people in 2018 to the current figure of 116,871,186.

About two-thirds (80,291,894) of the active population fall within the labour net — that is those who are able and willing to work — a figure now 11.3 per cent less than that of Q3 of 2018.

But for every two persons in the labour force, only one is gainfully employed (35,585,274), others are either jobless (21,764,617) or underemployed (22,942,003).


Roughly one in every two people in the labour force are not gainfully employed

NBS defines being underemployed as working between 20 to 39 hours on average a week, or working full time (40 hours) but in an activity that underutilises one’s skills, time and educational qualifications. To be unemployed, one must have done nothing at all or worked for less than 20 hours in a week.

Experts have attributed the unemployment rise to the increase in the youth population without matching unmet labour capacity, overreliance on the public sector, and cultural and religious constraints on certain jobs.

Beyond the figures
With the hope that it will boost her chances of securing a job, immediately after her service year, Saudah Suleiman, 26, enrolled in a masters programme. But it didn’t help much.

Since she completed her masters in 2019, she has been searching for a job with litte success. Eventually she got a job but the pay package is pitiful, she said. She currently assists a lecturer in her school to assess postgraduates’ theses and in turn gets “whatever comes.”

Nonetheless, her boss has encouraged her to pick up a PhD form.

NBS said of the 521,108 active masters holders, about half (284,149) are employed, 119,513 unemployed, and 117,446 underemployed.

Like Ms Suleiman, the thirst for better job prospects informed 25-year-old Hafsah Garba’s decision to pursue a masters degree. Her expectations upon graduation were, however, unmet. She said now she does “nothing” and would accept a job “anywhere and any type.”

Also, the report that over 2.8 million of the about 7 million active first degree graduates are unemployed came as no surprise to Folarin Komolafe because he was laid off during the nationwide lockdown in April, barely a year after he was orphaned.

The graduate of sociology started a drycleaning business, earned a certification in human resource management, but little more was achieved.

“I have made frantic efforts in securing a job since then. The pandemic has been a stumbling block as only few organizations are recruiting at this time,” he said.

“One could attribute the ban placed on recruitment in government MDAs as a stumbling block to Nigerians out there who have lost their jobs and are trying hard to secure another.”

Addressing skill mismatch, way to go
Citing a research by Ringier One Africa Media that revealed that 90 per cent of job applicants are not qualified for the jobs they apply for, even though some are qualified for other jobs, Ibrahim Oredola, founder and team lead at SkillNG, attributes rising unemployment rate to “skill mismatch in the job market.”

“Technically, it’s not really that there are no other jobs at all, the problem is that people are applying for jobs they are not qualified to do,” he said, adding that despite this, jobs are not in abundance.

“But if we effectively address the issue of skill mismatch and development, we might just be on the right track to solving this perennial problem. We need to look at the skills in demand, what skillsets employers are looking for, what problems are they looking to solve and then tweak our education system to respond to those demands.”

About two-thirds of active first degree holders are not gainfully employed (Credit: Yusuf Akinpelu)

He said while the nation needs to review its academic curricula, job seekers also need to be proficient in more than just one skillset, because “we are in an era of concurrent multiple careers.”

“Also, the HR departments of various organisations have a lot to do to ensure that vacancies are accurate as much as possible. You don’t say you are recruiting for a social media manager and are looking for the requirements of an accountant or programmer, that’s very confusing.”

Jamila Muhammad, a lecturer at Ahmadu Bello University (ABU), also noted that institutions need to prioritise skills acquisition and run practical-oriented curricula rather than theory-driven ones.

In Germany, for instance, under a system termed “ausbildung” (meaning apprenticeship), students are required to attend vocational training and school simultaneously. In some cases, the students are paid.

“There is an urgent need to review our system in order to feed students with vocational skills from the institutions. That will help to ease the competition in the labour market,” Mr Ya’u said.

Data limitations

Fatima Muhammed works as a part-time research consultant with an international organization, and for every day she works, she said she is paid ₦100,000. That amounts to ₦3 million, assuming she works all month long. Before COVID-19, she worked from 9-5.

“But now, I work at my leisure. I could work for four hours a day,” she said, adding that she has two aides she employed herself. By that count, Ms Muhammed works about 20 hours weekly and would fall within the category of the underemployed.

Mr Ya’u said the NBS figures might be inaccurate because people like Ms Muhammad might have been misrepresented.

In the same breath, Ms Muhammed of ABU said those engaged in jobs like digital marketing for example, who might not have definite work hours, could have been misrepresented in NBS’ counting.

“If you check all social media platforms, you will see business pages and it’s working for many people. You cannot categorize those guys as unemployed. They are earning even more than some of us in the public sector,” she noted.

https://www.premiumtimesng.com/features-and-interviews/413927-beyond-the-figures-meet-nigerians-with-advanced-degrees-but-without-jobs.html

4 Likes 1 Share

Re: Nigerians With Advanced Degrees But Without Jobs by money121(m): 1:08pm On Sep 12
We are the leaders of Tomorrow Na major Scam cry cry


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55 Likes 2 Shares

Re: Nigerians With Advanced Degrees But Without Jobs by ForeThinker: 1:08pm On Sep 12
We suffer more often in imagination than in reality.

38 Likes

Re: Nigerians With Advanced Degrees But Without Jobs by CotenantNIG: 1:08pm On Sep 12
It is very annoying

There are many square pegs in round holes in this country and we wonder why the country is not moving forward


Do you need a shared apartment or have a shared apartment
https://cotenant.ng/add-listing/

8 Likes 1 Share

Re: Nigerians With Advanced Degrees But Without Jobs by Jackyboy: 1:08pm On Sep 12
cheesy
Them neva scratch surface self.......that statistics no correct.
Cos i no say them no add me, no white collar..........so we hustle legit no matter how small we earn!
Our rest of mind plenty !!!!

58 Likes

Re: Nigerians With Advanced Degrees But Without Jobs by brandmix: 1:08pm On Sep 12
Wawu

1 Like 1 Share

Re: Nigerians With Advanced Degrees But Without Jobs by rentAcock(m): 1:09pm On Sep 12
I've always known that education doesn't make you rich. You need too think outside the box to become rich. Having a job is simply helping another person achieve their dream.

Have advanced degrees but no job? You can win N5,000 right here on nairaland by answering simple trivia questions. Show starts today Sept 12th @ 9pm. See previous episodes here
https://www.nairaland.com/5429655/naija-quiz-show-5-win

14 Likes

Re: Nigerians With Advanced Degrees But Without Jobs by Bornfool(m): 1:09pm On Sep 12
Hussle like a dropout you won't hear

21 Likes

Re: Nigerians With Advanced Degrees But Without Jobs by DuBLINGreenb(m): 1:09pm On Sep 12
Lol Una never see something

They didn't even add these 2 sets of Corpers that passed out during this Corona period

6 Likes

Re: Nigerians With Advanced Degrees But Without Jobs by Cerevisiae: 1:09pm On Sep 12
God no go shame us

5 Likes

Re: Nigerians With Advanced Degrees But Without Jobs by seunlayi(m): 1:09pm On Sep 12
Tertiary Institutions in Nigeria are scams, what you've bn taught up to waec standard is enough to sustain many.

And the worst part of it is when you decide to work digitally on your own online. You are automatically tagged as "yahoo-boy"

Do you agree?


Stop being a "Bornfool" give yourself a rebirth and reorientation

80 Likes 5 Shares

Re: Nigerians With Advanced Degrees But Without Jobs by abdullahi45: 1:09pm On Sep 12
This is serious!

2 Likes

Re: Nigerians With Advanced Degrees But Without Jobs by 1Alex: 1:10pm On Sep 12
One day, something may click.

2 Likes

Re: Nigerians With Advanced Degrees But Without Jobs by BigSarah(f): 1:10pm On Sep 12
This isn’t news.

1 Like

Re: Nigerians With Advanced Degrees But Without Jobs by Goldenheart(m): 1:10pm On Sep 12
undecided

This life no balance, Some people still dey reject job offer, some no even get job at all cry

10 Likes 1 Share

Re: Nigerians With Advanced Degrees But Without Jobs by whytediamond(m): 1:10pm On Sep 12
Average school for naija na scam.
Re: Nigerians With Advanced Degrees But Without Jobs by AFULA(m): 1:10pm On Sep 12
okay
Re: Nigerians With Advanced Degrees But Without Jobs by Rgade: 1:11pm On Sep 12
You will be looking at unemployment figures and be seeing millions, but na millions of people oo.
Imagine having as much jobless people enough to make a midsized country grin

18 Likes 4 Shares

Re: Nigerians With Advanced Degrees But Without Jobs by Bornfool(m): 1:11pm On Sep 12
seunlayi:
Education na scam

Rubbish because na only school u fii get educated.

School no be scam if you know how to use your degree and education is not about school, you can get education from anywhere even from a person that doesn't even go to school, even from a animal self. Open your dictionary and check the meaning of education.

47 Likes 3 Shares

Re: Nigerians With Advanced Degrees But Without Jobs by datola: 1:11pm On Sep 12
The issue is, most graduates including the PhD holders are not creating jobs by solving problems. They just want to go to school, pass exams and 'look' for jobs.

Nigerian graduates should think of what they can do for Nigeria or humanity and not what Nigeria/humanity can do for them.

48 Likes 5 Shares

Re: Nigerians With Advanced Degrees But Without Jobs by sirblend: 1:11pm On Sep 12
In Nigeria it is easy to start life if you have a handwork.
Las Las yahoo go always pay

6 Likes 1 Share

Re: Nigerians With Advanced Degrees But Without Jobs by Merimental(m): 1:11pm On Sep 12
I know many ppl who got federal appointment through "connection" n didn't even resume for work until after 3-4 months yet were paid in full.

if u don't understand Nigeria, sorry 4 u .

9 Likes

Re: Nigerians With Advanced Degrees But Without Jobs by Ventura1: 1:12pm On Sep 12
Wahala dey o, I remember how some of my lecturers advice me to put in for Masters immediately after NYSC, there reason is that i could secure lecturing job, then afterwards enrol for Ph.d. My worry was that, I've not put my undergraduate knowledge into use, but to them, it's about getting the JOB.
This is the mentality of most lecturers doning our citadel of learning, it also explain why graduates are often running after getting job.

20 Likes 4 Shares

Re: Nigerians With Advanced Degrees But Without Jobs by ProfOkai: 1:12pm On Sep 12
You see...You see

Buhari why?
You didn't finish primary schooling, allow us get the jobs now?

3 Likes

Re: Nigerians With Advanced Degrees But Without Jobs by Fisher007: 1:12pm On Sep 12
Hmm since the day I experienced how third class and second class lower candidates were picked against Distinction candidates for employment due to link/connections with big politicians in Nigeria.

E shock me. My fellow nairalanders I gave up on Nigeria.

6 Likes

Re: Nigerians With Advanced Degrees But Without Jobs by Dangrace01: 1:12pm On Sep 12
God

Since I graduated no job I sell cars please support my hustle. Nigeria no easy.

We sell excellent cars

24 Likes 3 Shares

Re: Nigerians With Advanced Degrees But Without Jobs by Rahyberg(m): 1:12pm On Sep 12
Reading this alone will almost make you to believe the theory of the street which Says, "School Na Scam" but I believe I'm gonna make it irrespective of the circumstances.
Call us for the repair of your Mikano, FG Wilson, CAT generator cos that's what I'm learning presently with that I knew I'm gonna make it.

If you go school without having a skills, you'll be counted among this figure listed here.

15 Likes

Re: Nigerians With Advanced Degrees But Without Jobs by akanbiaa(m): 1:12pm On Sep 12
Hmmmm
Re: Nigerians With Advanced Degrees But Without Jobs by Gaxyman: 1:13pm On Sep 12
Hmm that is Nigeria for us because their is no fear of God n love my just cool down ur destiny is already seal

1 Like

Re: Nigerians With Advanced Degrees But Without Jobs by seunlayi(m): 1:13pm On Sep 12
BigSarah:
This isn’t news.
we live in it and with it daily grin

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