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Culture / Re: Oldest History Books Say Yoruba Not Benin Founded Lagos by akigbemaru: 11:06pm On Dec 06
Travel / Re: Top 30 Countries With Highest Number Of Skyscrapers by akigbemaru: 7:10pm On Dec 05
I'm surprised Nigeria ain't there cos we have at least 50 buildings taller than 60metres.

If their definition of skyscraper is a building at least 100 metres tall, then we only have 14 that make the cut below. But personally, I think any building from 60 metres and higher is a skyscraper cos they look the part already.

14. CBN Tower, Marina Lagos - 100metres

13. Independence tower, Marina Lagos - 103metres

12. Famfa Oil towers, Ikoyi Lagos - 103metres

10. Cocoa house, Ibadan - 105metres

10. Intercontinental Hotel, V.I Lagos- 105metres

9. Dakkada Towers, Uyo - 109metres

7. 4 Bourdillon Tower, Ikoyi Lagos - 110metres

5. Eko towers beside Total, V.I Lagos - 118metres

4 & 7. World Trade center towers 1 & 2, Abuja - 120metres and 110metres

3. Union bank tower, Marina Lagos - 124metres

2 & 6. Eko Atlantic Champagne pearl and black pearl towers, Lagos - 134metres and 112metres

1. NECOM Tower, Marina Lagos - 156metres

It says 300 meter plus and that is why Nigeria is not included!
Sports / Re: Picture Of Julius Aghahowa As He Turns 41 by akigbemaru: 6:22pm On Dec 04

Putting his pix side by side with Beckham, does he look 51 to you if Beckham is 41?

Thank you brother! Most these folks criticizing him are confused people. The Aghaowa looks young at 41 when you compared him to Beckham. Once it is a black man the Africa’s doubting Thomases from Africa want to run him down. Just like how no Africans voted for Osimhen for world best player after being thrilled by his excellent performances at the club level.

In America, a lot white guys would have grey hair all over their heads at 35 year old, if it is African man, they will think he is 60.


Politics / Re: The 62 Lagos Township And Their Founders by akigbemaru: 3:09am On Nov 30
1. Isheri Olofin - Olofin Ogunfunminire Awogunjoye and his followers from Ife. They also founded Ebute Metta and Iddo.
2. Eko (Lagos Island) - Known originally as Ereko (Farmstead), it was the site of a pepper farm (Oko Iganran) founded by Awori prince Aromire from iddo.
3. Iddo Island - Olofin Ogunfunminire, it was founded by Aromire and his wife Ajaye.
4. Iru/Victoria island - Oniru Origefon traditionally part of the idejo land owning children of Ogunfunminire.
5. Ikate/Elegushi - Elegushi Kusenla (Another member of the idejo class).
6. Otto/Mainland - Pawu Ogboja Oloto.
7. Otto Awori - Aregi Ope, Iworu Oloja and Odofin, all part of the original Awori stream from Ife.
8. ijora/Orile Iganmu - Kueji/Isikokoojora.
9. Ajiran - Ojomu Ejo/Mogisho, brother to Olofin Ogunfunminire.
10. Ikoyi - Onikoyi Adeyemi/Efunluyi.
11. Ebute Ileke (Lekki) - Lootu, son of Labolo, grandson of Oba Alara of Ilara Epe.
12. Ibeju - Abeju Agbeduwa originally from ife through the coastal Ijebu area.
13. Ajah - Chief Olumegbon and settled by Ogunsemo and Ojupon from Ife.
14. Ojo - Esugbemi and Aina Aseba.
15. Iba - Àyoká Oniba ekun.
16. Mushin - Oduabore/Aileru.
17. Isolo - Akinbaye/Alagbeji.
18. Ejigbo - Fadu onimewon/Olojan.
19. Ikotun - Ategbo Olukotun.
20. Egbe - Kudaki/Akeja.
21. Oshodi/isolo - Olusi onigbesa/Agedegudu.
22. Ijegun - Ajibade Agbojojoye.
23. Igando - Eseba onimaba/Oko osi/Eshidana.
24. Eleko - Sobokunren.
25. Akesan - Ominuye/Aina odofin.
26. Ogba (Ikeja) - Owoeni and hisson Ashade. Ashade married an Otta woman, Ebo Aweri, who came with her cousin, Madarikan.
27. Ogudu - Amosu from Ile ife.
28. Ikeja - Baale Olo with Aworis people from Otta. The name is derived from the Akeja deity of the Oniyanru.
29. Aguda/Surulere - Gboin /Odunbure.
30. Itire - Ota Onitire.
31. Ilasa - Abere ije
32. Onigbongbo - Ikunyasun Awusefa.
33. Irewe - Edinni/Ojube/Oluwen.
34. Ikosi Kosofe - Aina ejo from Isheri.
35. Idimu - Eletu Apataiko (Isa Aperindeja Olugoke).
36. Ilara Epe - Tunse/Sabolujo/Alara Adejuwon/
37. Ibonwon - Soginna from Ijebu.
38. Ketu (kosofe) - Balogun oyero from Ketu-Ile, Benin republic.
39. Ojokoro - Oniojugbele Adeitan from Ota.
40. Ikaare - Ikeja Ajija.
41. Orile Agege - Efunmikan.
42. Obele odan (Surulere) - Alago asalu.
43. Ikorodu - Oga from Epe Sagamu. The name (Oko Odu) means the Oduvegetable farm.
44. Epe - Uraka from Ife joined by Isein & Modu of Omu. they settled under a Popoka tree, which became Poka township. Alaro (a woman) later joined. Then Ramope, Ogunmude and Oloja Shagbafara joined from Ijebu ode.
45. Odo Ayandelu - Ayandelu from Ile ife.
46. Agbowa - Olayeni Otutubiosun son of Owa Otutubiosun who was Awujale, and grandson of Lafogido of Ife.
47. Igbogbo - Oshinbokunren.
48. Meiran - Oroja from Ota.
49. Imota (Umu ota) - Oloja Adekoya Ofirigidi and Ranodu from Ijebu.
48. Owode Apa badagy - Oganogbodo-Akereyaso/Asese Alapa.
50. Ajido - Aholu gbangla sagbe Aho from Hwela Jakin kingdom Allada.
51. Oworoshoki - Ajumogijo.
52. Iworo/Imeke - Ajagunosin/Adejori isejoye.
53. Badagry - Egun people from Popo, Allada, Wida and Weme who fled the wars of the Dahomey conquest of the coastal kingdoms of Allada and Igelefe(Ouidah) to come settle on Apa lands to the east.
54. Ejinrin - Baloofi Ogunmude founded Ejinrin around 1619.
55. Eputu Lekki - Ogunfayo.
56. Orimedu Ibeju/Lekki - Ladejobi left Ife to Okegun then crossed the Lekki Lagoon.
57. Akodo & Iwerekun - Oyemade Ogidigan, father of Oniwonlu.
58. Offin - Liyangu of Ife.
59. Ibonwon - Soginna from Ijebu ode.
60. Ijede - Ajede.
61. Magbon Ilado - Onafula & Ogundeko from Orugbo.|
62. Orimedu - Ladejobi from Ife
Politics / Re: Eko Founders’ Controversy: Academics, Olota, Lagos Chief Tackle Oba Of Benin by akigbemaru: 2:41am On Nov 30
The oba of benin is a stupid animal.

Thunder fire the skirt wearing lunatic in that his benin village

he should face his tribemen that are dying in the medittarenean sea just to go and do ashawo and cultism.

Exactly, Yorubas don't wear skirts. Bini people used to be under Yorubas until Portuguese set feet on West Africa's soils. Bini laganguage is a mixture of Yoruba, Portuguese and their local dialects. They worship Olokun, Shango, Ogun, Ogoni till this moment and all copied from Yorubas.


Health / Re: Milky "Garri" Discharge Help by akigbemaru: 12:05pm On Nov 22
Like someone said it is a candida or called it by its real name aka the yeast infection. It is not contagious and everybody has it in their bodies and only when some people eat certain things that trigger it that it cones out during sec. It is like cottage cheese. I used to date this Calabar lady that had it. I taught I had caught a great disease from her and my little hospital visit costs me $6,500 and all the tests pointed to no trace of yeast infections on me. Your friend should be alright unless the lady has something else.


Education / Re: Herbert Wigwe To Build $500M University In Nigeria by akigbemaru: 5:54am On Nov 14
Students that would graduate and start looking for paid jobs or the ones that will put what they studied in practice, creating jobs in the process, just as it's in developed countries?? What Nigeria needs is not more universities, it's aggressive industrialisation. In fact, let's even begin with the easiest—agricultural industrialization, which can turn Nigeria into a developed country within 25 years! Netherlands of 17m people makes about $79B yearly via agricultural export, that's aside the massive blue-collar millions of jobs provided to the citizens while Nigeria with so-called black gold makes meager $39B - approximately half of it. Do you think if Nigeria has a very organised national mechanised agriculture tens of millions of currently unemployed Nigerian graduates won't be working in those farms as agronomists, electrical and mechanical engineers, accountants, geneticists, animal nutritionists, IT experts, veterinarians, hydrologist, farm nurses and doctors, marine scientists, unlike the current system where the agricultural sector is handled by 90% old men and women using hoes and cutlass and who are majorly illiterates etc?? Even those who did not read agaric-related courses will hop in, because of the avalanche of jobs in the sector. And the prosperity from that sector would then trickle down into other industrial sectors such as steel, shipbuilding, car, electronics manufacturing, etc. This is how countries such as the USA, China, Malaysia became what they are today!
Crime / Re: CCTV Captures 4 Men Stealing From A Woman's Vehicle In Lekki (pics/video) by akigbemaru: 9:32pm On Nov 09
I know the one on red shirt

He's Ajibola from Ogun state

A rice bandit
Plantain thief

Ajibola can steal anything stealable
Not true, look at the one catching items from the SUV through window and see his Flat-Head to know who he's. Authentic Igbo man and no Efulefu though. Since Igbos are sojourners in Lagos, from their infants to olds, they will steal anything. Yorubas need good government and vetting process to check Igbo influx in Yorubaland.


Romance / Re: 12 Sets Of People You Must Never Have Sex With by akigbemaru: 9:00am On Nov 08
Yoruba girls

Yorubas need to start killing Igbos in our region as you are animals who should be left uncivilized. No history, no culture or vestiges before the advent of Europeans. Beasts of no nation just wander all around Nigeria with intention to spread diseases and to steal.
Business / Re: Wema Bank Grows Profit By 131% In Q3, 2023 by akigbemaru: 2:20am On Nov 08
Wema bank taking over. Wema bank doing great stuff. There numbers are impressive. The bank is getting recognition. The bank is setting standard.

WEMA Bank: https://www.instagram.com/p/CzWC803NnCk/?igshid=N2VoeDZidzFqdHdn
Politics / Re: FG Targets Wealthy Nigerians In New Tax Drive by akigbemaru: 10:23am On Sep 29
Error and catastrophy. They will simply relocate their assets and profit to leave the economy in more perils.

Why not tax nonproductive consumptions, especially the imported ones. Cigarette, wines, fashion, gadgets, and digital services like Netflix and SM? That will reduce demand for forex and strengthen the naira. It will also promote employment because the rich you are about to chase out with tax will rather invest in local production of previously imported foreign goods with their wealth than ran away. Dangote is a god example.

This govt is an evil one. Ignorance is evil.
Politics / Re: PEPC Judgement: Abuja Indigenes Head To Court, To Demand Elected Gov, 3 Senators by akigbemaru: 1:18pm On Sep 11

There is nothing like FCT indigene anymore, they can’t eat their cake and have it they were relocated and compensated in order that the FCT could be created. By law there is nothing like an FCT indigene, they’ve been bought out and settled long ago.

It is like traditional rulers claiming sovereignty. The British had overthrown them and they have lost their kingdoms, that they are still recognized for sentimental and cultural reasons does not mean they have any Kingdoms or can start claiming rights to kingdoms. There is no mention of traditional rulers in the constitution because they don’t exist in the eyes of federal law It is only states that recognize them again for cultural sentiment and administrative reasons. Same with FCT indigenes.
Politics / Re: Africa’s Growing Coup Tolerance By Monday Philips Ekpe by akigbemaru: 8:17pm On Sep 08
The power desperate tyrannical and autocratic power despots ehen! The military governments in Mali, Sudan,Niger, Burkina Faso and now Guinea are more legitimate than what is down here at the moment. What do we call the government in Nigeria?
Family / Re: Is This Enough Reason To Send My Niece Back To The Village? by akigbemaru: 1:13am On Sep 06
Based on your narration, couple of things are involved.

1. Your niece is a child who still needs the love of parents. You are trying to turn her into an adult but psychologically, she’s not fully developed to deal with some responsibilities. You’ve turned her into a nanny to mop and do everything. You are stealing her childhood. Let kids be kids.

2. You promised her parents that you brought her to your house in order to take her to school? Is she currently going to school? If she is, when does she study because you want her to be mothering your children. It didn’t sound like she goes to school because you spoke of how you & your wife were out of the house.Do you pay her for the services rendered or by giving her food & accommodation is what you consider as payment?

3. We as Africans, we are taught to automatically cane children when they misbehave. In most African homes, children are there to be seen but should not be heard talking about anything. Your niece is doing what we call in psychology, projecting. It is actually a defense mechanism, where someone instead of dealing with their emotions, they take it out on other people. She has some psychological hurt that she’s trying to numb by giving a carefree attitude.

4. If you mean well for your niece, take her back to her parents. She’s still in developmental stages where she needs her parents. If indeed your promise to train her was genuine, you can get a good boarding school and send her there since it sounds like the family is not well off.

5. Going forward, hire an adult who is mentally & physically mature & can handle children. Let’s stop child labor in the name of helping relatives. It’s taking advantage of their financial state.Take that child back to her parents.

What an excellent submission! Africans went through the whammy brunt of slavery and subjugation should not be using the same treatments on one another. African governments should outlaw Housemaids and House-helpers for anything less than 18. Most house helpers in Lagos in those days for girls started having sex at 11, maybe through grown adults in the house or through neighbors. Underage girls are very vulnerable.

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Foreign Affairs / Re: Chadian Army Proudly Displays Nigerian-Built Armoured Personnel Carriers (Photos by akigbemaru: 2:42pm On Aug 28

The same INNOSON substandard armoured trucks, that killed our security Agents on a lone Accident. Our Gallant Soldiers were on their way for a distress call in an INNOSON substandard armoured trucks.

The Trucks suddenly scattered on the road, without any external obstruction. Killing some Soldiers that were onboard. Since then, Federal Government swore never to patronise INNOSON fake and substandard Chinese made armoured trucks.

How can armoured trucks scatter as if it is made of Egg shell? They said it is made of armoured materials and can resist bullets. But INNOSON substandard armoured trucks can't even resist anything. Fake mottors.
Investment / Re: Billion Dollar Startups Founded By Nigerians by akigbemaru: 11:10am On Aug 19
Here are the Billion Dollar Startups Founded by Nigerians and their worth

1. Cityblock Health ($5 billion) | Primary HealthcareCo-founded by Toyin Ajayi

Dr. Toyin Ajayi, our CEO and co-founder, has spent her whole career serving Medicaid patients. Here, she explains what we do, why we do what we do, and what compassionate care is all about.

2• Calendly ($3 billion) | Scheduling

Tope Awotona is the founder and CEO of Calendly, the modern scheduling platform for high-performing teams and individuals accelerating business forward. Tope founded Calendly in 2013 with the vision of simplifying scheduling for everyone without the back-and-forth emails

3• Flutterwave ($3 billion) | Fintech Founded by Olugbenga Agboola and Iyinoluwa Aboyeji

Flutterwave is a post Series A payments technology company headquartered in San Francisco with operations and offices across Africa and Europe. Flutterwave was launched over two years ago with the goal to build digital payments infrastructure for Africa and enable businesses receive or make any payments across Africa and globally. In two years of operations, Flutterwave has processed over $2B across all product platforms and has been the recipient of several prestigious awards including the "Best Technology Platform" as awarded by The Asian Banker, the "Top 100 Fintech Firms" among others.

4• Andela ($1.5 billion) | Software Engineering Place Network

Iyinoluwa Aboyeji was born in Lagos on March 28, 1991, to Reverend (Mr) and Reverend (Mrs) Aboyeji. He is a Nigerian native of Isin LGA in Kwara State. Heattended Primary School at St Saviour’s Primary School Ebute-Metta, Lagos. After earning his secondary school certificate from the Loyola Jesuit College in Abuja in 2007, he continued to the University of Waterloo in Ontario, Canada, where he received his Bachelor of Arts in Legal Studies.
Iyinoluwa is currently the CEO and General Partner of Fund for Africa’s Future (popularly known as Future Africa), Africa’s largest seed stage investor which has invested millions of dollars into over hundred startups across Africa. Prior to that he co-founded Flutterwave, a billion-dollar global payments platform connecting African businesses and individuals to the global economy and served as its Founding CEO from May 2, 2016, to October 5, 2018. In those years, he led thecompany to become one of the fastest growing payments technology businesses of all time, processing over $2 billion across over 50 million transactions.
In May 2014, Iyinoluwa co-founded Andela, Africa’s largest engineering organization that provides training for African software engineers which has provided training and jobs for over 100,000 African software and tech professionals. The company has received investments from Mark Zuckerberg and Google Ventures, amongst others. Iyinoluwa has also served his country as the youngest member of Nigeria’s Presidential Council on Industrial Policy and Competitiveness and as the Deputy Director General for Madam Obiageli Ezekwesili Campaign for President in 2019. He has been recognized as a World Economic Forum Young Global Leader and a Forbes 30 under 30 honoree amongst other awards and fellowships

5• InterSwitch ($1 billion) | Fintech company Founded by Mitchell Elegbe

Before establishing Interswitch in 2002, Mitchell worked with TELNET as the Group Head for Business Development after an impactful time as a Wireline Engineer at Schlumberger.

An alumnus of the IESE/Wharton/CEIBS Global CEO Program, Mitchell is a Bishop Desmond Tutu fellow of the African Leadership Institute. Building a remarkable career on his background as an Electrical/Electronic Engineering graduate from the University of Benin, Nigeria, he has won several awards, including the CNBC/Forbes All African Business Leader (AABLA) for West Africa, and Ernst and Young Entrepreneur of the Year Award.

Mitchell currently serves as a Board Member at Endeavor and is reputed as a High Impact Entrepreneurship Enabler.

6• Esusu ($1 billion) | Software company Co-founded by Wemimo Abbey

Esusu, a Nigerian fintech firm, has secured a $130 million Series B funding round to help build the racial wealth gap.

The company announced this on Thursday, breaking the $1 billion valuation barrier as one of the few startups with a black founder to reach unicorn status.

The funding round was led by Softbank, Vision Fund 2 with participation from Jones Feliciano Family Office, Lauder Zinterhofer Family Office, Schusterman Foundation, SoftBank Opportunity Fund, Related Companies, and Wilshire Lane Capital.

The firm said the fund would be used to scale its team and drive growth through product innovation while building the most comprehensive financial health platform in the market.
Abbey Wemimo, the founder of Esusu, said the company was established because of his financial exclusion experience while growing up in an immigrant home.

“We founded Esusu with the vision of using data to bridge the racial wealth gap and create more equitable financial opportunities for low-to-moderate-income households in this country,” Wemimo said.

“By establishing and improving credit scores, we are strengthening financial identities while empowering individuals, families, and communities to meet their long-term financial goals.”

7- Paystack by Shola Akinlade

In 2015, Paystack was co-founded by Shola Akinlade and Ezra Olubi. The two entrepreneurs founded Paystack which becomes a popular Fintech company in Africa. This platform allows payments to be made online.

Shola Akinlade is a software engineer and a technology expert. He is popularly known for being the CEO of Paystack and was born in Lagos State, Nigeria.

Before he co-founded Paystack, he worked from November 2007 to April 2009 as a database manager for Heineken, a brewing company in Nigeria.

Source: https://twitter.com/AfricaFactsZone/status/1692638083001270505?t=JhigUAXpttLZjSDEg4E3Xw&s=19
Politics / Re: Presidential Panel To Exempt More Nigerians From Income Tax by akigbemaru: 10:49am On Aug 17
Ok naa..

But then, how can there be good Tax Regime WHERE THERE IS NO SINGLE CATEGORISED DATA OF THE CITIZENS WHO ARE EARNING, (and those who are unemployed)

Where there is no data which captured the modes and methods of earnings for those citizens who are earning, their earning ranges, and most importantly,, THEIR EXPENDITURE PATTERNS,, as well as the Uncompromised Data on the Luxury Taxes.??

Culture / Re: Babalorisa Paulo: Most Sophisticated Babalawo In The World (Photos) by akigbemaru: 11:47am On Jul 17
(Pics) Meet The Flyest, Dopest & Most Sophisticated Babalawo In D World

His name is Babalorisa Paulo Tyomolu. He practice the 'Yoruba' Religion. Yes, Yoruba cool
And he is the Flyest you will ever see.

This is not a movie!

While our Yoruba graduates are struggling here, somebody is hustling our culture and living fly! Damn!

Spread the words! Front page!

Check on him: http://www.facebook.com/paulo.novaes
Health / Re: Notable Deaths Caused By Pharmaceutical Drugs by akigbemaru: 12:54am On Jul 13
The pharmaceutical industry plays a crucial role in advancing healthcare, providing numerous life-saving medications that improve the quality of life for millions of people worldwide. However, alongside their many benefits, pharmaceutical drugs also carry risks, and in some unfortunate cases, they can lead to tragic consequences, including death.
In this article, we delve into some of the popular deaths caused by pharmaceutical drugs, highlighting the need for stringent safety measures and constant vigilance within the industry.

1. Vioxx (Rofecoxib): One of the most well-known instances of pharmaceutical-related deaths is the case of Vioxx. Manufactured by Merck & Co., Vioxx was a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) prescribed for pain relief associated with conditions like arthritis. However, studies revealed an increased risk of heart attacks and strokes in patients taking Vioxx, leading to its withdrawal from the market in 2004. It is estimated that the drug may have caused thousands of deaths worldwide. One of the prominent figures who died due to Vioxx is Robert C. Ernst.
While not a widely known celebrity, his case became highly publicized due to the legal implications surrounding his death. Robert C. Ernst, a 59-year-old marathon runner and former Vioxx user, died in 2001 from a heart attack. His widow, Carol Ernst, filed a lawsuit against Merck & Co., the manufacturer of Vioxx, alleging that the drug caused her husband's death. The case gained significant attention as it became the first Vioxx-related lawsuit to go to trial.
During the trial, it was argued that Vioxx significantly increased the risk of heart attacks and strokes, and Merck allegedly failed to adequately warn patients and physicians about these risks. The jury found Merck liable for Robert Ernst's death and awarded his widow $253 million in damages, which was later reduced due to legal limitations. This landmark case set a precedent for numerous subsequent lawsuits against Merck and played a significant role in raising awareness about the potential dangers associated with Vioxx.
It is important to note that while Robert Ernst's case gained widespread attention, there were numerous other individuals who died or experienced adverse health effects as a result of taking Vioxx. The collective impact of these cases ultimately led to the withdrawal of Vioxx from the market and spurred significant changes in drug safety regulations and monitoring processes.

2. OxyContin (Oxycodone): The opioid crisis has caused devastation across many countries, and OxyContin, a powerful painkiller, has been at the center of it. Although initially marketed as a safer alternative to other opioids due to its extended-release formula, the drug's addictive nature and potential for abuse resulted in widespread misuse. Countless lives have been lost due to overdoses involving OxyContin, prompting tighter regulations on opioid prescriptions and increased efforts to combat addiction. One notable person whose death was associated with OxyContin is musician and artist Prince. On April 21, 2016, Prince was found unresponsive in his home in Minnesota and was later pronounced dead. The official cause of his death was determined to be an accidental overdose of fentanyl, a powerful synthetic opioid. It was reported that Prince had been prescribed pain medication to manage chronic hip pain.
While OxyContin was not specifically mentioned as the drug involved in Prince's overdose, it is worth noting that OxyContin belongs to the same class of drugs (opioids) as fentanyl a synthetic opioid that is up to 50 times stronger than heroin and 100 times stronger than morphine. It is a major contributor to fatal and nonfatal overdoses in the U.S.. Both drugs carry a high risk of addiction and can cause respiratory depression when taken in excessive amounts. The tragic death of Prince brought further attention to the opioid crisis and the dangers associated with prescription painkillers.

Prince's death served as a catalyst for discussions surrounding opioid misuse, the need for better pain management alternatives, and increased efforts to address addiction and overdose prevention. It highlighted the devastating consequences that can arise from the misuse or abuse of powerful prescription medications, including OxyContin.

3. Thalidomide: In the 1950s and 1960s, Thalidomide was prescribed as a sedative and to treat morning sickness in pregnant women. Tragically, it was later discovered that the drug caused severe birth defects, leading to limb abnormalities and other developmental issues in thousands of children. The Thalidomide tragedy raised awareness about the importance of rigorous testing and safety protocols, leading to significant improvements in drug approval processes.
In response to the devastating impact of thalidomide, various compensation programs and legal settlements were established in different countries to support the affected individuals and their families. These initiatives aimed to provide financial assistance, medical care, and other forms of support to help address the lifelong challenges faced by thalidomide survivors.
In many countries, pharmaceutical companies that marketed thalidomide or their insurers have been held accountable for the damage caused by the drug. The compensation programs have been established through legal settlements, government-funded initiatives, or collaborations between the affected individuals and pharmaceutical companies.
The specific details and extent of thalidomide compensation vary across countries. For instance, in Germany, the Contergan Foundation was established in 1972 as a government-funded organization to provide lifelong financial support, medical assistance, and social services to thalidomide survivors. In the United Kingdom, the Thalidomide Trust was set up to provide financial assistance, healthcare support, and mobility aids to the affected individuals.

4. Accutane (Isotretinoin): Accutane, a medication used to treat severe acne, has been linked to a number of deaths by suicide. While it is essential to acknowledge that mental health conditions can be complex, Accutane has been associated with an increased risk of depression and suicidal ideation. In response to these concerns, strict protocols have been established to monitor patients taking the drug and provide appropriate support.
One notable case is that of Charles Bishop, a 15-year-old student pilot in Florida. In January 2002, Bishop stole a small aircraft and crashed it into a building in Tampa, resulting in his own death. It was reported that Bishop had been taking Accutane at the time. His actions sparked debates and raised concerns about the potential link between Accutane and suicidal behavior.
The association between Accutane and suicidal ideation has been the subject of extensive scrutiny and scientific investigation. In response to these concerns, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) implemented strict guidelines for the use of Accutane, including the implementation of the iPLEDGE program in 2006. This program requires patients, prescribers, and pharmacies to adhere to specific protocols to ensure the safe use of the medication, including regular monitoring of patients' mental health.

5. Propofol: Propofol, a potent anesthetic, gained notoriety due to its association with the death of pop icon Michael Jackson in 2009. Although primarily intended for use in hospital settings, the misuse and abuse of Propofol can have fatal consequences. Another notable Propofol-related death is that of Joan Rivers, the renowned comedian and television personality. In August 2014, Joan Rivers underwent a routine endoscopy at a New York City clinic. During the procedure, she was administered Propofol for sedation. Unfortunately, Rivers went into cardiac arrest and subsequently passed away a few days later.
The New York City Medical Examiner's Office determined that the primary cause of Joan Rivers' death was a lack of oxygen to the brain due to the cardiac arrest. While the administration of Propofol was not identified as the sole cause of her death, its use during the procedure raised questions and concerns about the safety and appropriate use of the drug outside of hospital settings.

The tragic incident involving Joan Rivers shed light on the importance of proper training, monitoring, and adherence to established protocols when using Propofol, especially outside the controlled environment of a hospital operating room. It emphasized the need for strict supervision and skilled healthcare professionals trained in anesthesia to administer and monitor the effects of Propofol safely.
The case of Joan Rivers underscored the potential risks associated with the misuse or improper administration of Propofol, a powerful anesthetic medication. It served as a reminder of the critical role of healthcare professionals in ensuring patient safety and the importance of maintaining stringent protocols when using medications with potentially serious side effects.

The instances of popular deaths caused by pharmaceutical drugs highlight the delicate balance between the benefits and risks associated with medications. While pharmaceutical drugs have transformed healthcare and saved countless lives, it is crucial for the industry to maintain strict safety standards, conduct thorough clinical trials, and promptly address emerging concerns.
These tragic incidents serve as reminders of the continuous need for robust regulatory systems, comprehensive patient education, and ongoing monitoring of medications even after they have been approved. By doing so, the medical community can strive to minimize the risks and ensure that patients receive the utmost care and safety when using pharmaceutical drugs.

Source: https://medssafety.com/notable-deaths-caused-by-pharmaceutical-drugs/
Travel / Re: Seychelles Places A Ban On Nigerian Passport Holders by akigbemaru: 9:26pm On Jul 09

That's why I said Nigeria is irredeemable. The foundation of the country Is too bad. Our value systems are completely eroded. Our west African neighbors will ban Nigerians if they could. Everywhere Nigerians go they commit crimes. If it's not cultism, it's fraud. If it's not fraud, it's drug trafficking and armed robbery. Nigerians are the single reason why more than 20 African countries were banned from the UAE. We steal, we lie, we vote for dumb leaders. Help Incompetent fools to rig elections. Nigeria is rotten from bottom to top and top to bottom
Properties / Re: 'Banana Island Belonged To My Father But The Government Stole It' - Remi Adeleke by akigbemaru: 9:01pm On Jul 06

It was common Knowledge that Banana Island belonged to the Adeleke family

(Davido's Clan)

But what does he expect the Onigbesa of Igbesa to say, the Military FG took half of the Land from Igbesa in Ogun State to Oshodi in Central Lagos from him

Abacha was even seizing Lands from the Old Missionary Schools with very big fields

But there is still a Rumour that Babangida gave Davido's Dad an Oil well which will mean that the FG has indirectly paid for it and the rest of the family need to collect their own share from him
Education / Re: Meet Highest JAMB Scorers In The Last 10 Years by akigbemaru: 7:18am On Jul 06

Don't use every opportunity to insult northerners. Everyone naturally has their strength and weakness. The problem of Nigeria is that we don't make intentional efforts to understand our strength in diversity and develop it. The point is, everyone must not perform well in conventional schools.

If Nigéria was a sane society, there would be efforts towards building schools of agriculture in the north because believe it or not, those people feed the rest of the country. The schools of agriculture will teach them how to farm with modern farm implements and ranch cattle to optimise their products, instead using cows to cause problems all over the place (pastoral nomadism) and blame it on culture.
Education / Re: How I Emerged Best UTME Candidate With 360 Score - Umeh Nkechinyere by akigbemaru: 1:05am On Jul 06
Even before opening, i don know sqay na one South West school student. Na here we dey develop everybody. God don too bless us. Even our amiable vice president na product of prestigious University of Ibadan. If you wan succeed or make am in life, just come Yorubaland. Na the abroad of Nigeria and Africa be that. hehehe. Almost all the legit billionaires in the yeast and north had at least a primary, secondary or tetiary education in Yoruba land. The most blessed land there is in Africa.
Jobs/Vacancies / Re: My Job Hunting In The City Of Abuja by akigbemaru: 12:11am On Jul 04
[quote author=QuinModah post=124166489][/quote]
Politics / Re: Alaba Market: Sanwo-Olu, Uzodinma Issue Joint Press Conference, Set Up Committee by akigbemaru: 8:34pm On Jul 01
Politics / Re: Yorubas Were Early Settlers In Lagos by akigbemaru: 11:26am On Jun 30
The recent "deportation" of some Igbos by Lagos State Government to Onitsha in Anambra State has stirred up a hornet's nest in the country. In fact this is now subject of discussion in the office, newspaper stand (free readers association), print and electronic media, social media, beer parlour and pepper soup joints. Virtually all classes of Nigerians illiterate and literate, naive and knowledgeable, uninformed and informed have taken part in this discourse in one form or the other. The question now is: Who owns Lagos? Is Lagos a no man's land?

The present day Lagos State has a high percentage of groups who migrated to the area from Isheri along the Ogun River. History has it that the Awori were actually from Ife, the cradle of Yoruba land. Due to wars, those from the hinterland like Ekiti ran towards Isheri. With the fleeing people from the hinterland, most of them scattered to different places some to Otta, Ado, Ebute Metta ie landing in three places- Oyingbo, Iddo and Lagos Island. With the full commencement of the war, others moved to Otto Awori or Otto Ijaniki towards modern day Badagry.

Prior to the Portuguese name of Lagos being adopted, Lagos was originally called Eko by the Bini's and her geographic boundry then is what is now known as Lagos Mainland. Lagos Island consisted of a pepper farm and fishing posts. No one lived there though.

From the mid-nineteenth century, freed Yoruba slaves started returning to Lagos from Brazil and then Sierra Leone. The Sierra Leonean creoles mainly of Egba origin in present-day Abeokuta in Ogun State started returning in trickles about 1838.

On the other hand, the Igbo people are increasingly mobile but not normadic. They are located around the Niger-Benue confluence but due to their mibile nature, they migrated through the Niger to different parts of the country including Lagos for commerce and trading. They are also present in many African countries particularly Cameroon, Equitorial Guinea, Ghana, Liberia and Senegal.

Though Lagos is geographically located on Yoruba land with Yoruba as its predominant language, this writer is of the opinion that the Yorubas were the early settlers in Lagos before the arrival of other tribes and modern day Lagosians are intermingled migrants from different parts of the country and outside the country, Eko oni baje o!

Reference: www.lagosstate.gov.ng
Politics / Re: Some Yoruba Returnee Slaves And Their Ancestral Origin In Yoruba Land by akigbemaru: 11:19am On Jun 30
Some Saro & Brazilian Emigres in Lagos & their actual town of origin:

Egba - J. W. Cole, Hon. J. J. Thomas, R. B. Blaize, J. S. Leigh, Henry Robbin, J. S. Bucknor, J. A. Savage, the Hon. C. J. George, Robert A. Coker.

Ijesa- J. P. Haastrup and P. J. Meffre.

Ijebu - Jacob Williams, Bishop James Johnson and J. A. O. Payne

Oyo - I. H. Willoughby, A. C. Willoughby, Rev. E. H. S. Willoughby, Mr Hethersett, E. O. Macaulay, and Mr Kester.

Does anyone know Rhodes-Vivour’s family origin in Yorubaland?

1 Like

Culture / Re: Where Does The Name Yoruba Come From? by akigbemaru: 11:16am On Jun 30

As an ethnic description, the word "Yoruba" was first recorded in reference to the Oyo Empire in a treatise written by the 16th century Songhai scholar Ahmed Baba.

It was popularized by Hausa usage and ethnography written in Arabic and Ajami during the 19th century, in origin referring to the Oyo exclusively.

The extension of the term to all speakers of dialects related to the usage of the Oyo (in modern terminology North-West Yoruba) dates to the second half of the 19th century.

It is due to the influence of Samuel Ajayi Crowther, the first Anglican bishop in Nigeria. Crowther was himself a Yoruba and compiled the first Yoruba dictionary as well as introducing a standard for Yoruba orthography.

The alternative name Akú, apparently an exonym derived from the first words of Yoruba greetings (such as Ẹ kú àárọ? "good morning", Ẹ kú alẹ? "good evening"wink has survived in certain parts of our diaspora as a self-descriptive, especially in Sierra Leone.

The first name the Yorubas were called was Yoruba.

What does that mean? I carried on, Samuel Ajayi Crowther in his Yoruba dictionary defines ‘Yoruba’ as a bastard and deceitful person in Hausa.

Another description comes from the Dr Taiwo Ayanbolu who insisted Yoruba is a name derived from Hausa language which means deceit. He claimed he found the definition at York Museum in England dating to the 19th century.

It has been recorded that the Hausa-Fulani who had been in contact with the Yoruba even before the rise of Oyo Empire had for some reasons chosen to call us Yoruba, or Yaribansa. Perhaps this might have been a result of Yoruba people’s bargaining skills which often made the Fulani traders fall victim of trade by barter.

Some say that the word Yoruba started protruding during the clash between Yoruba and Fulani that steered the lost of Ilorin to them in the 18th century.

Professor Ade Ajayi in “Yoruba Warfare in the Nineteenth century” insisted that during the indirect rule era, it was necessary for the imperialists to give a unique name to the entire towns and people who spoke Yoruba language.

Somehow, they settled for Yoruba. Yoruba is a deviation of Yoruba which the Yoruba people of that century rejected. The Ijebu, Ijesa and Egba rejected this name vehemently but because during the Kiriji war (the Yoruba civil war) where the collapse of Oyo Empire commenced and the signalling factor the imperialists used to prompt the rule over Oyo from covers.

The name Yoruba was foisted on Oyo and Ibadan mainly on documents and slowly the name Yoruba was enshrined in our culture and hence, our appellation. Research shows that the Egba were the last to accept Yoruba as their appellation, reason coming from facts emanating from the first newspaper published in Yorubaland in 1859, goes: Iwe Iroyin Fun Ara Egba Ati Yoruba. This indicates that the Egba refused the name Yoruba as at 1859.

Furthermore, in the Ifa Corpus there's no Odu where we were referred to as Yoruba, rather, it is as Omo Kaaro Ojiire, Omo Oduduwa or Omoluabi.

Thus said, the word Yoruba is new in our vocabulary and it is a way of showing we accepted a negative appellation dropped on us by hostile foreigners.

Debo Kayode Ogunranti
Culture / Re: The Igbos & Yorubas Of Sierra Leone by akigbemaru: 11:12am On Jun 30
The Igbos and Yorubas are not indigenous to Sierra Leone but they played enormous roles in this country as freed slaves long before the nineteenth century. They were known in Sierra Leone as Ibos (or Ebos) and Akus. The Ibos were Christians while the Akus were principally Muslims.

Today, most of the Ibos and Akus in Sierra Leone have been absorbed into the Sierra Leone Creole people.

Sierra Leone Creole ethnic construction was naturally done by the mingling of the newly freed blacks, Nova Scotians, Jamaican Maroons and Liberated Africans such as the Akan, Bakongo, Igbo and Yoruba - over several generations in the late 18th and early 19th centuries.

Some of this information and history hold several advantages for the Nigerian people. It reveals who we are as a people and how we can have a common ground to forge a new identity without erasing our history. For example, in present-day Agbor, some people who have Igbo names and even practice a very similar culture to the Igbos claim that they are not Igbos, a phenomenon that gained ground after the civil war.

However, history tells us that before the 18th century, the people of Agbor and indeed some parts of the present-day Delta State and Edo State identified as Igbo.

Richard F. Burton and Verney Lovette Cameron, travellers who sojourned West Africa in their book "To The Gold Coast for Gold" published in 1883 noted that Agbor didn't only identify as Igbo but also was known as the HEADQUARTER of Igboland. The Yoruba people in Sierra Leone were known as Aku.

In volume 2 of To The Gold Coast for Gold, the Igbos of Sierra Leone were described as "Swiss of the community". Here is what the authors wrote:

"The Ibos, or 'Eboes' of American tales, are even more divided (diverse); still they feel and act upon the principle 'Union is strength.' This large and savage tribe, whose headquarters are at Abo, about the head of the Nigerian delta, musters strong at Sá Leone; here they are the Swiss of the community; the Kruboys, and further south the Kabenda-men being the 'Paddies.'

It is popularly said that while the Aku will do anything for money, the Ibo will do anything for revenge. Both races are astute in the
extreme and intelligent enough to work harm. Unhappily, their talents rarely take the other direction. In former days they had faction fights: the second eastern district witnessed the last serious disturbance in

Now they do battle under the shadow of the law. 'Aku constables will not, unless in extreme cases, take up their delinquent countrymen, nor will an Ebo constable apprehend an Ebo thief; and so on through all the different tribes,' says the lady 'Resident of Sierra Leone.'

If the majority of the jury be Akus, they will unhesitatingly find the worst of Aku criminals innocent, and the most innocent of whites, Ibos, or Timnis guilty. The Government has done its best to weld all those races into one,
and has failed."

This 1883 revelation by Richard F. Burton and Verney Lovette Cameron also points out that while Igbos weren't united into one kingdom, they had each other back to the point of safeguarding other Ibos who aren't innocent of a crime. The same could be said about the Akus and other tribes of Sierra Leone anyway.

To date, the "Union is Strength" philosophy known locally as "Igwe bu ike" has continued to be a major principle of the Igbo people. If anyone can understand this principle better, it should be the Igbos. The Igbo identity was formed by diverse people who shared similar cultures and spoke several dialects of the same language of which some of these dialects aren't even mutually comprehensible.

The Igbos understand that together, as a united force, they can reach any height and protect their interest. To date, Igbos are always quick to form an Igbo association whenever they migrate or travel to places outside Igbo lands, they don't only form an association, they appoint, elect and coronate an "Igwe" or "Eze" who serves as a leader of the Igbos in that community.

While Igbos may be majorly divided across opinions at home, they are always united amongst strangers to protect their interests. Among Igbos, they see any Igbo who opposes the common interest of Igbos as a sell-out.

The Igbos and Yorubas of Sierra Leone also didn't have the best of relationships, they didn't see each other as one which means that they had no "pan Nigeria" ideology. At best, Nigeria was considered a colonial imposition. When an Aku beholds an Ibo, they don't see a brother, there was no such thing as the Nigerian consciousness then.

This kind of sheds light on the problem we have in Nigeria today. In Sierra Leone, the government failed to unite the Igbos and Yorubas into one ethnic group after several attempts. If we could borrow some sense from this, we can only postulate that the only solution for the divisions in Nigeria today is a regional system of Government or autonomy of States as practised in the United States of America.

The Ibos and Akus of Sierra Leone played significant roles in the country. The first President of Sierra Leone was an Ibo man, Christopher Okoro Cole.

Okoro Cole was Chief Justice of Sierra Leone in 1970. He was the country’s last Governor-General in 1971 before he became President on March 19, 1971.

Okoro was also the First Permanent Representative to the United Nations and Ambassador to the United States. He was the country’s last Governor-General in 1971 before he became President on March 19, 1971.

In April of 1992, an Igbo by the name of Captain Yahya Kanu became Military Head of State of Sierra Leone.

In 1857, a Sierra Leonian and ex-slave of Igbo extraction, Simon Jonas, wrote the first manuscript written in the Igbo language, ‘Isoama-Ibo Primer’. The Igbo dialect spoken in Sierra Leone is called Isoama/Isuama-Igbo. Ex-Lagos slave, Samuel Crowther, published it as a book. Both Jonas and Crowther stayed together in Lagos before being shipped to Sierra Leone.

Simon Jonas's work was a result of the assembling of a group of native Africans led by Schoen to master the Ibo language for effective missionary work with African other than Europeans. Simon Jonas worked with Christopher Taylor to produce a Primer in 1857 which they handed over to Bishop Samuel Ajayi Crowther, an ex-Yoruba slave and Scheon.

When the missionaries reached Igboland, the natives could barely understand them and they also could barely understand the Igbo natives. The dialect used in the primer was only spoken by Sierra Leonians of Igbo descent which is an adulterated Igbo from several generations. However, the works of Simon Jonas, a Sierra Leonean Igbo, laid the foundation for the official Igbo Bible.

The Aku people of Sierra Leone have always been seen as distinct from the Creoles even though some of them have intermarried and mingled with the Creoles. But their strong ancestry and religious identity separate them from the Creoles.

While the Creoles made up of various ethnic groups like Ibos, African Americans, Yorubas and even blacks born in the Western world are predominantly Christians, the Akus are predominantly Yoruba Muslims with only 0.5% of them identifying as Christians. To be accepted into the Creole community in those days, becoming a Christian was one of the unwritten rules.

Another thing that sets the Aku people apart from the Creoles was that the Aku people practised female genital mutilation and cliterodotomy which is the sectioning of the clitoral nerves. They also practised polygamy, unlike the monogamous Creoles.

Various scholars however do not consider Aku as distinct from Creole people but see them as a sub-ethnic group because of their closeness and adoption of western education and other aspects of Western culture.

While Igbos are known globally for their trading prowess, the Aku women too were great traders. However, several Akus who would later become educated returned to the core Yoruba lands in Nigeria.

According to the Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland (1886). The paper read by T. R. Griffith, Esq., Colonial Secretary at Sierra Leone on the Races inhabiting Sierra Leone indicated that the Eboes (Igbos) "...are a numerous and thriving people at Sierra Leone and many of them have acquired wealth and influence."

"They come from a country on the west bank of the River Niger, not far from its fall into the sea, and those who inhabit that country are described as tall and robust, capable of enduring great fatigue, frequently paddling their own large canoes for forty-eight hours without taking food."

He also revealed that the Igbos ascribe a superior social rank to their women in contrast to most other uncivilised tribes. The Igbos were known to be very dynamic as they quickly adapt to the customs of where they lived.

The paper read by Griffith also explained that the Igbos had a very strong desire to become excellent in whatever they embark on
Culture / Re: Empire Of The Eboes (hackbous Igbos Iboes Igboes Egboes) 1868 Publication by akigbemaru: 5:57pm On Jun 28
Location of the Empire of the Egboes1

SITUATED between the Rivers Niger and Old Calabar and bounded on the north by the left or Binnue branch of the first river, on the south by the Atlantic, on the east by Old Calabar and the Dwalla Countries, and on the west by the River Niger, Benin, and Igara, is the extensive and well-watered tract of the territory included in the Empire of the Egboes. According to Dr. Baikie, Egboe extends east and west from the Old Calabar River to the banks of the Niger, or Kwora and possesses also some territory at Abo, in the westward of the stream on the north it borders on Igara and Akpoto, and is separated from the sea only by petty tribes all of which trace their origin from the great race.

It is divided into several districts or counties, each speaking different dialects, although derived from one root. The principal counties are Isuama, Elugu, Isielu, Isiago, Abaga, _Mitshie, and Djuku, all of which are situated on the north; in the middle are Abo, Abazim, Aro, and Amazunie, and in the south are Brass, Nimbe, Okrika, Ebane or Bonny, and Adony. Very little is known of these districts their histories are shrouded in impenetrable darkness; expeditions have been made through the great water course into the interior; but no cross expedition, starting from the eastern banks of the Niger to the Old Calabar River has as yet been attempted.

In the south the districts are intersected by numerous streams and rivulets, which enter to form the delta of the Niger; mangrove swamps are abundant in various places except between Bonny and Old Calabar, the soil is rich and fertile Further up, the country is more open and elevated, and numerously populated. In Isuama most of the towns are built on rising grounds, dry, and well selected; so that Isuama, Elugu, and Isiago, are far healthier and dryer than the seacoast towns

But there are yet several large and important countries in the interior of Egboe of which nothing is known, as the country has not received that attention among civilized settlers that other parts of the Coast have. After the great failure of the expedition of 1841, no adequate attempt was made to open the River Niger until 1854 when a new impetus was given by the complete success of that year, but which, unfortunately, has been followed by tardy operations.

Egba, Igbo, Ebo, and Ibo are the various spellings met with in books describing the race inhabiting this part of the Coast. Among the soft Isuama and Elugu, the soft Ebo and Ibo is used; but among the inhabitants on the coast, such as Bonny and Okrika the harsher name Egbo is prevalent In the interior north of the Territory, the nations are called Igbo, which approaches more to the original name of the inhabitants. 1
Politics / Re: Yorubas Are The Most Industrious,Richest & Educated Tribe in Nigeria & Africa by akigbemaru: 11:02am On Jun 28

what do ibos produce other than pirated, fake or substandard goods. You people almost killed your own Dora for trying to protect people from substandard nonsense. shame of a nation.Lol.
Even your own people wey get small sense wont ride in those peices of sh*t you call innosoon.

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