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Nairaland Forum / Nairaland / General / Culture / Ònkà Yorùbá: Numbers And Numbering System In Yorùbá (42652 Views)
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|Ònkà Yorùbá: Numbers And Numbering System In Yorùbá by Abiyamo: 2:11pm On May 10, 2013|
What is 450 in Yorùbá? You dey squeeze face? Okay, what of 52? One million? If you pose that kain question to many Yorùbás, the answer you get is a head-scratching smile, a dazed look with rolling eyes or a funny 'Saka don port' lip twitch...lol Some will make attempts and try in vain to remember what their Yorùbá class teacher taught them back in the primary school. Well, the numbering is actually very easy and today, we will be taking a look at it together. I hope you have fun with it, you may try out some numbers on your own to see if you are correct.
See full details here: http://abiyamo.com/onka-yoruba-numbers-numbering-system-in-yoruba/
Numbering more than 40 million, the Yorùbá people are found mainly in southwestern Nigeria. They are also found in Benin Republic, Togo, Ghana, Ivory Coast (Cote d'Ivoire) and all over the globe. Yorùbás have a highly-developed language, the Yorùbá language which has been classified under the Niger-Congo family of languages, making it closely related to Itsekiri and Igala (other languages in the family are Igbo, Jukun, Swahili, Wolof and Efik). As it is with other civilizations across the globe, theYorùbás developed a system of naming numerals, said to be based on counting cowries, fingers and toes. The system is quite easy and straightforward.
According to Olu Lounge, the Yorubas have an elaborate vigesimal (base-20) numeral system which makes use of addition, subtraction and multiplication. Other languages using the vigesimal (with 20 as the block unit) numeral system include Dzongkha (national language in Bhutan), Ainu (Japan), French, Mayas, Aztecs, Danish, Welsh, Scottish Gaelic, Georgian and has also found historical use in England where the old British currency system involved 20 shillings and 240 pence or usage in literature e.g three scores and seven.
As outlined in the book, The History of the Yorubas (From the Earliest Times to the Beginning of the British Protectorate) by Reverend Samuel Johnson (1897), the numerals are Cardinal and Ordinal or Serial and based on the system, we can have three groupings: Simple Enumeration, Quantitative (or Numeral Adjectives) and Numismatics (for money and currencies). Now, let's take a stroll through the simple enumeration but before then, please note:
'Di' means 'less than' or 'subtracted from'. For example, if ogota is 60, 55, will be 'five (arun) subtracted from 60'. Thus, 55 will be 'arunDIlogota.' On the other hand, 'le' means 'more than' or 'added to'. For instance, 54 will be 50 (adọta) + (le) merin (four) using the quantitative or numeral adjectives or in simple enumeration (Ẹrinleladọta). 'Lona or ona' is used for multiplication. Summary: ‘ó lé’ for addition,‘ó dín’for subtraction and ‘onà’ for multiplication.
To use the quantitative or numeral adjectives, all you need to do is to add 'm' to the number. For example, arun (five) will become 'marun' while okanla (11) becomes 'mokanla'. Some special numbers like 1, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, 80, 90, 100, 200, 300, 400, 500, 600, 700, 800, 900, 1,000, 2,000, 3,000 etc in that order are exceptions as they remain unchanged without the 'm'. And 'Lá' e.g in mejila is a contraction of 'lé mẹ̀wá' meaning 'and ten'.
FOR HIGHER NUMBERS: 20,000 and above
200,000- 10 MILLION
100 MILLION TO ONE TRILLION
ORDINALS (Ordinal Numbers)
ADVERBS OF NUMBER
ADVERBS OF TIME
Now, let's roll!
NB: The other names are alternative spellings.
1-Ení or ọ̀kan (for numismatics or currencies like cowries or coins).
2-È jì or Eéji (for numismatics or currencies like cowries or coins).
3-Ẹta or ẹẹ́ta (for numismatics or currencies like cowries or coins, same pattern till 19).
4-Ẹrin, ẹ̀rin or ẹẹ́rin
5-Àrún or aárùn
6-Ẹfà or ẹẹ́fà
7-Èje or eéje
8-Ẹjọ, ẹ̀jọ or ẹẹ́jọ
9-Ẹsan, ẹ̀sán or ẹẹ́sàn
10-Ẹwa,ẹ̀wá or ẹẹ́wà
11-Ọkanla, ọ̀kanlá, oókànlá
12-Ejila, èjìlá, eéjìlá
13-Ẹtala, ẹ̀talá, ẹẹ́talá
14-Ẹrinla, ẹ̀rinlá, ẹẹ́rìnlá
15-Ẹdogun (Ẹedogun, ẹ́ẹdógún)
20-Ogun, ogún, okòó or Okowo (ọkẹ owo for numismatics or currencies like cowries or coins).
30-Ọgbọn, ọgbọ̀n, ọɡbọ̀n ǒ or Ọgbọnwo (Ọgbọn owo for numismatics or currencies like cowries or coins )
40-Ogoji, ogójì, ojì (Ooji, Ogun meji, two twenties)
50-Adọta (aadọta), àádọ́ta
60-Ọgọta, ọgọ́ta, ọta (ogun mẹta, three twenties)
70-Adọrin (Aadọrin), àádọ́rin
80-Ọgọrin (Ogun mẹrin, four twenties), ọgọ́rin, ọrin
90-Adọrun (Aadọrun), àádọ́rùn
100-Ọgọrun (ogun marun, five twenties), ọgọ́rùn, ọrún
KINDLY FOLLOW THE LINK ABOVE FOR THE REST (200-900, 1,000-20,000, 20,000 and above, 200,000- 10 MILLION, 100 MILLION TO ONE TRILLION, ORDINALS (Ordinal Numbers), ADVERBS OF NUMBER and ADVERBS OF TIME).
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|Re: Ònkà Yorùbá: Numbers And Numbering System In Yorùbá by suqexconcepts(m): 2:33pm On May 10, 2013|
This is beautiful. Good job!
|Re: Ònkà Yorùbá: Numbers And Numbering System In Yorùbá by Emusan(m): 2:48pm On May 10, 2013|
How can I learn yoruba pls?
|Re: Ònkà Yorùbá: Numbers And Numbering System In Yorùbá by Abiyamo: 3:31pm On May 10, 2013|
There are countless websites offering free Yoruba lessons, you may want to check them out.
Emusan: How can I learn yoruba pls?
|Re: Ònkà Yorùbá: Numbers And Numbering System In Yorùbá by Nobody: 9:41pm On May 11, 2013|
Wow, Proudly Oodua !!!
Abiyamo e seun ooo !!!
|Re: Ònkà Yorùbá: Numbers And Numbering System In Yorùbá by Abiyamo: 9:44pm On May 11, 2013|
#Thumbs up Da Don!
donroxy: Wow, Proudly Oodua !!!
|Re: Ònkà Yorùbá: Numbers And Numbering System In Yorùbá by Rgp92: 10:03pm On May 11, 2013|
|Re: Ònkà Yorùbá: Numbers And Numbering System In Yorùbá by EzePromoe: 9:13am On May 12, 2013|
why are there rare words for numbering in trillions so that our locals can see how miraculously money are being embezzled in this country.
|Re: Ònkà Yorùbá: Numbers And Numbering System In Yorùbá by gboyetade: 9:18am On May 12, 2013|
Obama dressed as a Nigerian. I beg Moderator. Front page please [size=8pt][/size]34
|Re: Ònkà Yorùbá: Numbers And Numbering System In Yorùbá by Rgp92: 9:08pm On May 12, 2013|
gboyetade: Obama dressed as a Nigerian. I beg Moderator. Front page please [size=8pt][/size]34
it is photoshopped
|Re: Ònkà Yorùbá: Numbers And Numbering System In Yorùbá by warlei(m): 11:53pm On May 12, 2013|
Abiyamo o ku ise takun takun.
|Re: Ònkà Yorùbá: Numbers And Numbering System In Yorùbá by Abiyamo: 2:01pm On May 13, 2013|
Esheun gidi gan o, modupe lopolopo
warlei: Abiyamo o ku ise takun takun.
|Re: Ònkà Yorùbá: Numbers And Numbering System In Yorùbá by Funjosh(m): 12:05pm On Feb 03, 2015|
This a good work. Am happy am an Egba boy
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