|Join Nairaland / LOGIN! / Trending / Recent / New|
Stats: 1,846,331 members, 3,677,375 topics. Date: Sunday, 23 July 2017 at 09:39 PM
|Programming Turns 70 by MrAwePresident: 7:15am On Apr 20|
April 12th, 1947: ENIAC, the world's first general-purpose programmable electronic computer, ran the first code written in the modern paradigm, marking the birth of computer programming as a profession.
This first test code ran computations for the hydrogen bomb.
These first professional programmers were all WOMEN, a fact that took 50 years to be recognized.
Coding ENIAC to solve a single problem would take weeks. Today, you can build a website in a matter of hours!
MAKE HISTORY: CODE SOMETHING
In Other News
Apple II at 40: Explore Mac History
On April 17, 1977, the Apple II computer was unveiled. 40 years later, your browser can load and run Classic Mac OS, its successor’s operating system, in seconds.
|Re: Programming Turns 70 by MrAwePresident: 7:38am On Apr 20|
LALA this is front page worthy
To encourage women to consider programming
When last has a thread from programming section make FP
|Re: Programming Turns 70 by MrAwePresident: 3:32pm On Apr 20|
|Re: Programming Turns 70 by Nobody: 10:31am On Apr 21|
The first programmers started out as "Computers." This was the name given by the Army to a group of over 80 women working at the University of Pennsylvania during World War II calculating ballistics trajectories - complex differential equations - by hand.
When the Army agreed to fund an experimental project, the first all-electronic digital computer, six "Computers" were selected in 1945 to be its first programmers.
They were Kathleen McNulty Mauchly Antonelli, Jean Jennings Bartik, Frances Snyder Holberton, Marlyn Wescoff Meltzer, Frances Bilas Spence and Ruth Lichterman Teitelbaum.
|Re: Programming Turns 70 by Nobody: 10:32am On Apr 21|
The ENIAC was the first all-electronic digital computer, a machine of approximately 18,000 vacuum tubes and forty black 8-foot panels. Because the ENIAC project was classified, the programmers were denied access to the machine they were supposed to tame into usefulness until they received their security clearances. As the first programmers, they had no programming manuals or courses, only the logical diagrams to help them figure out how to make the ENIAC work.
They had none of the programming tools of today. Instead, the programmers had to physically program the ballistics program by using the 3000 switches and dozens of cables and digit trays to physically route the data and program pulses through the machine. Therefore, the description for the first programming job might have read: "Requires physical effort, mental creativity, innovative spirit, and a high degree of patience."
On February 15, 1946, the ENIAC Computer was unveiled to the public and press. It ran the ballistics trajectory programmed by the six programmers and captured the world's imagination.
In 1947, the ENIAC was turned into a "stored program" computer, the world's first. Thus, these six programmers were the only generation of programmers to program it at the machine level.
All six women contributed to the programming the ENIAC. Many of these pioneer programmers went on to develop innovative tools for future software engineers and to teach others early programming techniques.
|Re: Programming Turns 70 by Cannicus: 10:52am On Apr 21|
You studied computer science?
|Re: Programming Turns 70 by Nobody: 10:52am On Apr 21|
|Re: Programming Turns 70 by Cannicus: 10:55am On Apr 21|
Darn! Broke my jinx.
First time posting outside that section.
|Re: Programming Turns 70 by Nobody: 10:56am On Apr 21|
Cannicus:Lol you intentionally don't post outside of it?
|Re: Programming Turns 70 by Cannicus: 10:58am On Apr 21|
That was the plan. Now its botched. Its freefall from here on.
|Re: Programming Turns 70 by Nobody: 11:00am On Apr 21|
|Sections: politics (1) business autos (1) jobs (1) career education (1) romance computers phones travel sports fashion health |
religion celebs tv-movies music-radio literature webmasters programming techmarket
Nairaland - Copyright © 2005 - 2017 Oluwaseun Osewa. All rights reserved. See How To Advertise. 55