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|History Of Violence In Nigeria Since 1960 (green White Green, Where Is The Red) by nyxus(m): 12:44pm On Nov 07, 2011|
After a bloodless independence, not even the colonialist could have forecasted the amount of bloodshed that has been spilled due to greed and selfishness of our past leaders. If they had, they might have had a rethink. In order to find a solution, A need to fully understand the depth and root of violence via history is needed to reach a logical conclusion and solution.
1966 January 14-15. First military coup. Balewa and other prominent leaders are killed. Major General Aguiyi-Ironsi becomes Head of State on January.
1966 July 29. Second military coup. Ironsi is killed. Lt. Col. Yakubu Gowon becomes Head of State. Many Easterners in the North are massacred. Exodus begins to the Eastern Region.
1967 May 30 Ojukwu, military governor of the Eastern Region, declares the Eastern Region to be the Independent Republic of Biafra.
1967 July 6. Civil War begins.
1970 January 15. Biafra surrenders and rejoins Nigeria. 1.5 million Lives lost, mainly to starvation.
1976 February 13. Fourth military coup, led by Col. Dimka. Murtala Muhammed is killed. Lt. General Olusegun Obasanjo becomes Head of State on the following day.
1980 May. Religious violence in Zaria. Much property is destroyed.
1980 December 18-20 Riots in Kano. The Maitatsine sect, 4,177 are killed.
1982 September 29 ? October 3. Disturbances in Kaduna, Kaduna State. 53 killed and many churches are burned.
1982 October 29-30. Further trouble in Maiduguri, Borno State, Maitatsine sects. 118 die.
1984 February 27 ? March 5. Disturbance in Yola, Gongola State. Maitatsine sect, 568 die.
1985 April 26-28 Riot in Gombe, Bauchi State. Maitatsine sect. 105 die.
1986 7th Coup, Coup attempt by General Mamman Vatsa fails. Coup plotters are executed in March
1986 March, Palm Sunday. Christians and Muslims clash during processions in Ilorin, Kwara State.
1986 May. At the University of Ibadan, Muslims burn the figure of the Risen Christ at the Catholic Chapel of the Resurrection
1987 March 5th and following days. In Kafanchan, Kaduna State, Christians and Muslims clash at the College of Education. 100 Churches and Mosques burned.
1987 March. Katsina, Funtua, Zaria, Gussau and Kaduna (Kaduna State). A wave of religious riots, many churches are burned and property destroyed, and many lives are lost.
1990 April 22. Coup Attempt by Major Gideon Orkah. 42 coup plotters will be executed on July 27
1991 April In Katsina, several lives are lost. Sh?ite sect in Katsina led by Malam Yahaya Yakubu stirs up trouble. At the end of April, in Tafawa Balewa (Bauchi State) over 200 lives are lost, and property and 20 churches are destroyed.
1991 October 14- 15. In Kano, the attempt of the Izala sect to stop Rev. Bonnke from preaching becomes violent Thousands of lives are lost and property destroyed.
1992 February 6th and then May 15-16 Zango Kataf, Zaria, Kaduna State Communal clash becomes a religious clash, with lives and property destroyed Funtua (Katsina State). Kalakato religious sect assaults a village head. 50 lives are lost and property destroyed
1993 June 12 Election. Abiola would win over Tofa.
1993 June 23. President Babangida nullifies the elections of June 12.
1994 May 21. A mob kills four men in Ogoniland. Eventually Ken Saro-Wiwa is hanged for allegedly being behind this.
1994 June 12. M.K.O. Abiola declares himself President but he is arrested one week later.
1995 Alleged abortive coup attempt. Forty persons are convicted. Among them, Obasanjo and Yar?adua are imprisoned. (10th Coup)
1995 November 10 Ken Saro-Wiwa and eight others are executed. He was a writer and leader of the Ogoni people.
1996 June 4. Kudirat Abiola, age 44, wife of Chief Abiola who is in prison, is assassinated in Lagos.
1997. December 21. Alleged 11th attempted coup. Second in Command, Chief of Staff Lt. General Oladipo Diya is arrested.
1998. July 7. Abiola dies in prison, while being visited by a delegation from the U.S.A. government
1999. May 20. Muslim-Christian riots in Kaduna, for three days, several hundred are feared dead.
1999. May 29. Obasanjo becomes President. Ijaw and Itsekiri fight in Delta Region, over 200 are killed
1999. July 18 Hausa and Yoruba riot in Shagamu, over 60 are killed. This leads to trouble in Kano where over 70 are killed. August 11. About 200 are killed as the army intervenes in Taraba State October. Sharia Law in is introduced in Zamfara State. November 25. Yoruba and Hausa clash in Lagos, about 100 are killed.
2000 February. Riots in Kaduna over the introduction of Sharia. Over 400 are killed.
2001 September 7. Christian-Muslim conflicts in Jos. Over 500 are killed.
2001 October 12-14 In Kano, there are anti-American riots, because of USA intervention in Afghanistan. At least 350 are killed. October 12. 19 soldiers are killed after feuds near Benue and Taraba States. October 21-22 The massacre of 200 civilians in Benue State by soldiers, in retaliation for 19 soldiers who were killed. No one is held accountable for the massacre. President Obasanjo defends it.
2001 December 23. Attorney General of Nigeria, Bola Ige is assassinated.
2002 January 27. Army Munitions depot in Lagos explodes, over 1000 die in panic.
Any useful addition will be welcomed.
|Re: History Of Violence In Nigeria Since 1960 (green White Green, Where Is The Red) by munha: 1:19am On Sep 12|
God bless you. Dis tin help me!!! 20 marks in gens 204. Peace and conflicts title of the course. Thanks alot
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