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Stats: 1274754 members, 1753625 topics. Date: Thursday, 27 November 2014 at 02:02 PM
|Culture / The Rise Of African Films by anonymous6(f): 3:08pm On Nov 04|
African film-making has come a long way since it was banned in French colonies prior to independence. Now, low budget Nigerian films are popular internationally, and South Africa has emerged as the continent’s Hollywood.
African filmmakers today have more access to funding than ever before, while a host of initiatives and international links are spurring a filmmaking revolution. New technologies and Africa’s economic growth have caused a paradigm shift in business models and global mindset.
Back in colonial times, Africa was a mere exotic backdrop for Western filmmakers – in French colonies, Africans were forbidden by law to make films. In 1944 a short film was made in Paris, and North Africa was active in the 1950s, but only at the end of colonial rule in the 1960s did filmmaking in sub-Saharan Africa, by Africans, belatedly call: “Action!”
Francophone Africa’s filmmakers benefited from funding from the French Ministry of Cooperation. Up to the 1980s, it financed two thirds of sub-Saharan films, but British and Belgian ex-colonies had no such cultural encouragement. Though would-be filmmakers had to study film in Moscow or Paris, great Francophone African directors emerged, although women are underrepresented in the early days.
African filmmaking debuted in 1963, with the first film of the father of African cinema, distinguished Senegalese writer Ousmane Sembene. African filmmakers of the independence era saw filmmaking as an important political tool for reclaiming the image of Africa for Africans. With the creation of the Pan-African Film Festival Fespaco in 1969, held in Burkina Faso, African film had its own forum. The Federation of African Filmmakers (Fepaci) was formed to promote production, distribution and exhibition. Filmmaking then was primarily a Francophone sub-Saharan occupation.
New generation of directors
A landmark came in 1973, when the first African film was seen at the Cannes Film Festival (Touki Bouki by Djibril Diop Mambety) and in 1987 when the first film by a black African (Souleymane Cisse’s Yeelen) was selected for Cannes’ official competition. The challenge was to achieve recognition. African films had no hero and often no professional actors – they examined the cultural roots of societies under change, the conflict between tradition and modernity, rural and new urban lifestyles.
New, younger directors such as Jean Pierre Bekolo, Jean-Marie Teno, Pierre Yameogo and Abderrahmane Sissako emerged in the 1990s and won awards at international film festivals.
African audiences were hungry to see images of themselves on screen, but there was almost no infrastructure – and in some countries, no cinemas – to achieve this and, outside Burkina Faso, no national policies. Having directors but few producers, the industry was like a head without a body. With no labs in Africa, film had to be sent to France to be developed, meaning directors could not see their daily rushes. It was easier to see African films in Europe than in Africa.
In the 1990s, as French government funding to Africa waned and the fortunes of post-Apartheid South Africa waxed, Francophone African films lost their dominance and the emphasis shifted towards English-speaking productions. In South Africa, Afrikaners, shot the first feature as long ago as 1910. And since 1994, South Africa has become a location for foreign filmmakers – it has an established filmmaking infrastructure, a Hollywood-style film studio in Cape Town and an annual turnover of US$300 million.
There are government-funded bodies, regional film commissions and coproduction agreements with a number of countries. Broadcasters have local-content quotas and more than seven daily dramas or soap operas are produced. Gavin Hood’s gang drama Tsotsi (2005) – pictured opposite – won an Oscar and science fiction District 9 (2009), directed by Neill Blomkamp, was an international success.
From film to digital
The slow growth of African film is now in fast forward thanks to new technology. With digital media, filmmakers are no longer reliant on expensive 35 mm film. Production costs are becoming affordable, enabling a flow of content with transnational themes that could reach out to international audiences.
In Nigeria, there has been an explosion of low-budget, often low-quality, video filmmaking, dubbed Nollywood. Its commercial approach has made it the most prolific film industry after Bollywood, churning out over 2,000 films a year. What was just local investment or sponsorship is now international, with funds coming from the UK or US. The industry has an estimated turnover of $250 million.
Ghana, Kenya and South Africa have joined in and the African diaspora have begun to play a more important role.
Festivals, film schools and funding
For years Fespaco – now, significantly, titled the Pan-African Film and TV Festival – was the only African film festival. In February it screened 170 films from all over the continent. These days African film festivals are popular all over Africa and beyond. US actor Danny Glover, inspired by his visit to Fespaco, initiated his own Pan-African Film Festival in Los Angeles, which celebrated its 21st anniversary this year screening 154 films. In Africa, the annual African Movie Academy Awards, which rotates between host nations, rival the US’s Oscars, with entrants in 25 categories.
Some film festivals have tie-ins with distribution in their own country. The European Network of Film Festivals has set up the African Vision Exchange to do just that, though, importantly, commercial international distributors are still lacking. Without cinema distribution, directors are dependent on secondary income from pay TV and DVDs.
With new technology, distribution of film and television productions is starting to converge. Discop is an annual international market for African television productions. A huge library of African films past and present is available online through South African subscription TV channel M-Net’s African Film Library, with other smaller collections springing up. London is developing its own film archive – the Pan-African Film Library.
International links are boosting training. In East Africa, the International Emerging Film Talent Association partners with Ethiopian Film Initiative to train new directors. In Rwanda, filmmaker Eric Kabera founded the Rwanda film school and Rwanda Film Festival (Hillywood), which shows films on inflatable screens around the country, while Lee Isaac Chung’s Almond Tree Films links Rwanda with Tribeca in the US and Rotterdam in the Netherlands.
Meanwhile, the French TV network Canal France International’s Haraka! will award $12,293 to 12 African filmmakers to produce short films, which it will distribute in Africa and Europe.
Crossing over and globalisation
Directors such as Nigeria’s Kunle Afolayan (The Figurine) are making their own commercial international coproduction links. The irreverent Viva Riva! by Djo Munga of DR Congo, financed through his own Kinshasa production company and named Best African Movie at the MTV awards, has caught the international imagination – it was bought for distribution in 18 countries straight after its 2011 premiere at the Toronto Film Festival.
Getting international releasing outside the continent right, as well as revitalising the domestic market, are elements that are crucial to commercialising African film. Nigeria’s Cinemart is seeking to roll-out a chain of cinemas across Africa. The first Nigerian film to have a UK release, Mirror Boy, grossed £40,000 – overseas income would make a huge difference to the funding of future films.
Africa is a large continent and filmmaking there is as varied as it is in any continent. But, as yet, there is not enough Hollywood-standard material emerging. However, young filmmakers are emerging in Africa with a global vision that reflects the realities of contemporary life – rapid urbanisation, internet-enabled mobile phones and satellite TV in middle-class African homes. They are closer to their peers around the world and are asking the same questions about crowdfunding, platforms and technologies.
|Foreign Affairs / Re: 14 African Countries Forced By France To Pay Colonial Tax by anonymous6(f): 3:02pm On Nov 04|
I guess this is another reason their is a difference between anglophone african and francophone african countries in the way they deal with their former colonizers and how they moved forward as a country. In francophone african countries they weren't allowed to even make their own movies as well when they were still under France: http://www.nairaland.com/1981411/rise-african-films
|Foreign Affairs / Re: Lil Wayne Shades Off His Dread...(see Photo) by anonymous6(f): 9:16pm On Nov 02|
|Romance / Re: Nigerian Woman And African American Men by anonymous6(f): 8:57pm On Nov 02|
I think its because they are not a popular couple in general when it comes to mingling with each other, they are very small in numbers, plus many of them are not into each other. Most Nigerian women are not looking at African american men direction and the same in reverse and it doesn't bother either side. I don't think there is anything wrong with that it's just the way it is. I was born and raised in America and my parents are Nigerians(yoruba), I was raised in the culture and never really looked at african american men as potential partners and always knew I wanted a Nigerian man and I ended up having one as a husband. I think tribe is involved though because some tribes in Nigerian are more open to dating and marrying them then other tribes from Nigeria if they consider them a option to date in the first place. Lastly this is not only a Nigerian women issue only, most African women tend not to be into African american men in general and it has nothing to do with looks but mentality, cultural differences and etc.
|Culture / Re: 8 Reasons Why You Meet Few Hausa/Fulanis In The Uk by anonymous6(f): 3:05pm On Oct 30|
This is about The UK, no AAs there but I never knew Hausa's and fulanis mingle with AAs alot in the US, I heard they even separate themselves from other Nigerians as well at least in the US.
|Foreign Affairs / Re: Lil Wayne Shades Off His Dread...(see Photo) by anonymous6(f): 3:01pm On Oct 30|
Take this to the celebrity section, I don't even know if it will be noticed there either
|Foreign Affairs / Re: Pictures Of Nigerian Roadside Prostitutes In Italy by anonymous6(f): 4:02pm On Oct 25|
sad I saw a documentary from BBC & Aljazerra about the nigerian prostitution problem and I am at loss for words
|Foreign Affairs / Re: Pictures Of Nigerian Roadside Prostitutes In Italy by anonymous6(f): 3:59pm On Oct 25|
|Foreign Affairs / Re: How 1 Doctor Saved Nigeria From Ebola Catastrophe by anonymous6(f): 10:58pm On Oct 23|
Amen I agree, and thats how the world is responding to this disease.
|Foreign Affairs / How 1 Doctor Saved Nigeria From Ebola Catastrophe by anonymous6(f): 1:42am On Oct 23|
A day after the World Health Organization declared Nigeria free of Ebola, the doctor who treated the country's first case of the deadly virus and later died from the disease herself is being hailed as a hero for helping stop the outbreak.
Dr. Stella Ameyo Adadevoh, a doctor at First Consultant Hospital, oversaw treatment of Patrick Sawyer, Nigeria's Ebola patient zero, when he arrived sick in Lagos, Nigeria's former capital and Africa's largest city, on a flight from Liberia in July.
Adadevoh fought to isolate Sawyer, a top official in the Liberian Ministry of Finance who did not take kindly to isolation and lied about his symptoms, officials said.
"Immediately, he was very aggressive," Dr. Benjamin Ohiaeri, the hospital's director, told the BBC. "He was more intent on leaving the hospital than anything else. He was screaming. He pulled his intravenous [tubes] and spilled the blood everywhere."
Adadevoh, the Telegraph writes, "effectively saved the country from disaster by spotting that its first Ebola patient was lying about his condition, and then stopped him leaving her clinic."
Sawyer, who had been caring for his Ebola-stricken sister, was reportedly set on visiting one of Nigeria's Pentecostal churches "in search of a cure from one of the so-called miracle pastors," the BBC said.
"The Liberian ambassador started calling Dr. Adadevoh, putting pressure on her and the institution," Ohiaeri said. "He felt we were kidnapping the gentleman and said it was a denial of his fundamental rights and we could face further actions. ... The only way we could be sure and live up to our responsibility to our people, the state and nation — this is all about patriotism at the end of the day — was to keep him here."
Sawyer, 40, collapsed in Lagos on July 20 after getting off a plane from Liberia. He died just five days later. Adadevo and 11 colleagues were infected with Ebola.
"She was fine all along and then suddenly it became apparent," Adadevoh's son Bankole Cardoso told the news service.
She died on Aug. 19.
"We lost some of our best staff," Ohiaeri said. "Dr. Adadevoh had been working with us for 21 years and was perhaps one of the most brilliant physicians. I worked with her. I know that she was sheer genius."
Thanks to patient isolation and aggressive contact tracing (including 18,500 visits to 894 people), Nigeria had just 20 Ebola cases, including eight deaths — a far lower death rate than the 70 percent seen elsewhere.
Cardoso, still mourning the loss of his mother, says it's become "more and more apparent exactly what she had done" in identifying Sawyer as patient zero.
"It really helped Nigeria to prepare and get ready to trace everybody," Cardoso said. "And I think that's the difference between us and our West African neighbors — Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone."
Rui Gama Vaz, WHO director for Nigeria, called the containment of Ebola in the most populous country in Africa a "spectacular success story."
"But we must be clear that we only won a battle," Vaz added. "The war will only end when West Africa is also declared free of Ebola."
|Foreign Affairs / Re: Pastor Announces Hiv/aids Status In Church After Sleeping With Church Members by anonymous6(f): 6:16pm On Oct 13|
what he did was wrong and he calls himself a pastor. What he did seems unforgiven to me, its just wrong. I feel for the females he messed up.
|Foreign Affairs / Re: What Texas Can Learn From Nigeria When It Comes To Containing Ebola by anonymous6(f): 4:05pm On Oct 12|
|Foreign Affairs / What Texas Can Learn From Nigeria When It Comes To Containing Ebola by anonymous6(f): 2:57am On Oct 12|
While devastating reports continue to stream out of West Africa, where the deadly virus has overwhelmed already weak public health systems and left thousands of people dead, and anxiety grips the United States over the first case of Ebola diagnosed in the country, one nation serves as an example of hope: Nigeria, which appears to have successfully contained Ebola.
As concerns spread over U.S. hospital readiness, there are some lessons to be learned from Nigeria, where officials managed to get ahead of the fast-moving virus after it was brought into Africa's most populous country by an Ebola-infected man who'd flown into Lagos. This week, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported that the outbreak could be coming to an end in Nigeria, with no new Ebola cases since Aug. 31.
As in the U.S. case, Ebola arrived in Nigeria by passenger plane. But unlike Thomas Eric Duncan — who arrived in Dallas before he became symptomatic and was therefore not contagious during his flights from Liberia to Texas through Brussels and Dulles International Airport — Patrick Sawyer was already symptomatic when he landed in Lagos on July 20. At that point, Sawyer, Nigeria's Patient Zero, was contagious and dying.
It was a nightmare scenario with the potential to spiral out of control, given the bustling city of Lagos, Africa's largest, is a major transportation hub. As Sawyer was placed in isolation, public health officials had to track down every single person who'd come into contact with him, from the flights he'd boarded to the Lagos airport and the private hospital where he went after landing. And they had to do so quickly, making the process known as contact tracing a priority.
"In the whole system approach in beating the war on Ebola, contact tracing is the key public health activity that needs to be done," said Gavin MacGregor-Skinner, who helped with the Ebola response in Nigeria with the Elizabeth R. Griffin Research Foundation. "The key is to find all the people that patient had direct close contact with."
From that single patient came a list of 281 people, MacGregor-Skinner said. Every one of those individuals had to provide health authorities twice-a-day updates about their well-being, often through methods like text-messaging. Anyone who didn't feel well or failed to respond was checked on, either through a neighborhood network or health workers.
Nigeria took a "whole community approach," with everyone from military officials to church elders in the same room, discussing how to handle the response to the virus, MacGregor-Skinner said.
Such an approach, and contact tracing in general, requires people be open and forthright about their movements and their health, he said. Stigmatization of patients, their families and contacts could only discourage that, so Nigerian officials sent a message to "really make them look like heroes," MacGregor-Skinner said.
"This is the best thing people can do for Nigeria: They are going to protect and save Nigeria by being honest, by doing what they need to do, by reporting to the health commission," he said. This made people feel like they were a part of something extremely important, he said, and also took into account real community needs. "You got real engagement and compliance from the contacts. They're not running and hiding."
Sawyer had come into contact with someone who ended up in Port Harcourt. That person, a regional official, went to a doctor who ended up dying from Ebola in August. Within a week, 70 people were being monitored. It ballooned to an additional 400 people in that one city.
Success stories of people coming through strict Ebola surveillance alive and healthy helped encourage more people to come forward, as they recognized that ending up in a contact tracer's sights didn't mean a death sentence.
In the end, contact tracers — trained professionals and volunteers — conducted 18,500 face-to-face visits to assess potential symptoms, according to the CDC, and the list of contacts throughout the country grew to 894. Two months later, Nigeria ended up with a total of 20 confirmed or probable cases and eight deaths.
The CDC also pointed to the robust public health response by Nigerian officials, who have had experience with massive public health crises in the past — namely polio in 2012 and large-scale lead poisoning in 2010.
When someone is on a contact list, that doesn't mean that person has to stay at home for the entire incubation period of 21 days from the last contact with someone who had Ebola. People on contact lists are not under quarantine or in isolation. They can still go to work and go on with their their lives. But they should take their temperature twice a day for 21 days and check in with health workers.
Officials in Texas began with a list of about 100 names; they have whittled the list down to 50 people who had some contact with Duncan. Of those, 10 are considered high-risk.
The CDC recommends that people without symptoms but who have had direct contact with the bodily fluids of a person sick with Ebola be put under either conditional release, meaning that they self-monitor their health and temperature and check in daily, or controlled movement. People under controlled movement have to notify officials about any intended travel and shouldn't use commercial planes or trains. Local public transportation use is approved on a case-by-case basis.
When symptoms do develop, that's when the response kicks into high gear. People with Ebola are contagious only once they begin exhibiting symptoms, which include fever, severe headaches and vomiting.
While four people in Dallas are under government-ordered quarantine, that is not the norm. Those individuals "were non-compliant with the request to stay home. I don’t want to go too far beyond that," Dallas County Judge Clay Lewis Jenkins said Thursday.
On Friday, the four people were moved to a private residence from the apartment where Duncan had been staying when he became symptomatic.
A law enforcement officer will remain with them to enforce the order, and none of the people are allowed to leave until Oct. 19.
Duncan is the only person with an Ebola diagnosis in Dallas, and no one else is showing symptoms at the moment. But, as Nigeria knows, the work in Dallas has just begun.
|Culture / Re: Italian Couple Perform Igbo Traditional Wedding Rites by anonymous6(f): 2:49am On Oct 12|
cause I would never expect that from a couple from Europe or any westernized country
|Foreign Affairs / Cynicism Dies Hard In Ebola-hit Liberian Slum by anonymous6(f): 12:33am On Oct 06|
Monrovia (AFP) - In the narrow, gloomy alleyways of one of west Africa's largest slums, Liberian teenagers explain the dangers of Ebola to their neighbours -- but the message is falling on deaf ears.
West Point, a squalid township of 75,000 jutting from Liberia's capital Monrovia into the Atlantic Ocean, has been awash with cynicism since being quarantined at gunpoint after riots in August.
The population density in the byzantine network of tin-roofed shanties is staggering. People live cheek-by-jowl, touching, jostling -- and presenting the perfect opportunity for proliferation of a virus that many residents even refuse to believe exists.
"It's one of the worst communities in Liberia. There are a lot of bad guys, a lot of violence and criminality," says social worker Prezton Vaye.
A group of young girls in West Point are on the front line of the fight against an epidemic which has killed 2,000 Liberians, with an initiative they call "A-Life", or "Adolescents Leading the Intense Fight against Ebola".
They have received training to deliver information from UNICEF and a local charity called Think on preventing the spread of the tropical pathogen
The girls have a shared history: A-Life is the second iteration of a community support group they formed to combat sexual violence.
They were persuaded Ebola was an even more pressing concern however when an armed mob attacked and looted an isolation centre in the slum, sparking a national panic when a group of infected patients escaped.
The government's response to the incident was swift and brutal. On August 20 the slum's residents were surrounded by a cordon of soldiers and heavily armed police.
A riot ensued, with the inhabitants pelting security forces with stones and provoking return fire. A teenager, Siafa Kamara, was fatally wounded.
The lockdown stayed in place for ten days and, by the time it was lifted, many residents had decided there was no Ebola in West Point at all, heightening their sense of injustice at having been penned in.
- 'People don't listen' -
"I want to help my fellow citizens. There are a lot of sick people in West Point, but the people here still don't believe Ebola is real, because they don't see (anyone) die," says Jessica Neufville, 16.
Twice a week, around 60 teenagers in sky blue T-shirts fan out through West Point's alleys, going from door to door, or opening to opening where no doors have been installed.
"We tell people how they can protect themselves: no shaking hands, avoid body fluid contact. We tell them that if someone in the family is sick, one particular person should take care of the sick, in a specific room," Jessica tells AFP.
The response, she says, is often mistrust, or blank faces at best
"People don't want to listen, they say it's not true," she tells AFP.
President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf echoed Jessica's frustration at the launch of an international youth coalition against Ebola in Monrovia on Thursday, speaking out against Liberians failing to accept the reality of the epidemic.
"We can build Ebola treatment units across the country, establish testing centres, bring in all the medication and personal protective equipment, but if the behaviour of Liberians is not changed, the virus will continue to spread," she said.
In a lane about 1.5 metres (five feet) wide, three mothers sit on a small wooden bench, leaning against a wall. The girls surround them, one delivering the well-rehearsed message.
One mother hides her face in her hands, embarrassed or perhaps hostile. The other two never deign to look up or speak, busying themselves instead with plaiting their hair.
The day's canvassing passes without incident or impediment, but things don't always go so smoothly, says Vaye, the social worker.
"People don't want to hear about Ebola. They say the government is lying, it's a way to take our money," he tells AFP.
Among those least open to being educated on Ebola are the most destitute residents of a community where penury was a way of life even before the epidemic destroyed the black market economy.
The A-Life girls collar another mother on their rounds but find that health concerns are not among her priorities.
"I want work. Since Ebola, there's nothing. I want work," she says.
|Foreign Affairs / Re: Ebola Could Drain Billions Of Dollars From African Economies: World Bank by anonymous6(f): 12:28am On Oct 06|
I guess you and me have to agree to disagree if you believe ISIS is a hoax, lol
|Foreign Affairs / Re: Ebola Could Drain Billions Of Dollars From African Economies: World Bank by anonymous6(f): 11:48am On Oct 05|
No I don't have evidence beside the Medical staff and doctors of both Liberia and America(including scientist) who actually proved first hand accounts that it exist.
|Foreign Affairs / Re: Meet The Woman Likely To Be Brazil's First Black President by anonymous6(f): 11:45am On Oct 05|
Good luck to her
|Foreign Affairs / Re: Nigeria's 'nollywood' Movie Industry Rolls At High Gear by anonymous6(f): 11:39am On Oct 04|
yeah it would be ackward
|Foreign Affairs / Re: Ebola Could Drain Billions Of Dollars From African Economies: World Bank by anonymous6(f): 11:38am On Oct 04|
It's obvious in the news especially in Liberia
|Foreign Affairs / Boko Haram Video Shows Beheading Of Nigeria Pilot by anonymous6(f): 11:38am On Oct 04|
LAGOS, Nigeria (AP) — Boko Haram, the extremist Islamic group In Nigeria, has published a video that shows charred plane wreckage and the beheading of a man identified as a pilot of a missing Nigerian Air Force jet, bolstering the group's claims that it shot down a fighter plane.
The video also allegedly features Boko Haram leader Abubakar Shekau, a man Nigeria's military twice has claimed to kill — first in 2009 and again last year. Two weeks ago the military said they had killed a Shekau lookalike who had posed in the group's videos.
"Here I am, alive, and I will remain alive until the day Allah takes away my breath," the man says in the Hausa language. "Even if you kill me ... it will not stop us imposing Islamic rule ... We are still in our Islamic state, reigning and teaching the Quran."
The United States still has a $7 million bounty on Shekau's head.
The video was made available to The Associated Press through the same channels used previously and seems to show the same man. Nigeria's Defense Headquarters suggested in a blog that the insurgents had manipulated images and cloned "another Shekau."
In the video, the man identified as Shekau says Boko Haram is implementing strict Shariah law in areas of northeast Nigeria under its control. Examples are shown, including the stoning death of a man apparently accused of adultery; the amputation of the hand of a young man accused of theft; the lashings of a man and what appears to be a girl covered in a hijab.
The video ends with a show of burnt-out plane parts in rugged bush. Two pilots and an Alpha jet have been missing since Sept. 11 when it left the northeastern town of Yola on a bombing mission against Boko Haram.
The video shows a kneeling man in a camouflage vest with his right hand in a sling, with a fighter hovering over him with an ax, which is later used in the beheading.
Speaking in English, the victim identifies himself as a wing commander in the Nigerian Air Force and says he was undertaking a mission in Kauri area of northeast Borno state.
"We were shot down and our aircraft crashed," he says. "To this day I don't know the whereabouts of my second pilot."
The insurgents have stolen military hardware from Nigerian forces, probably including anti-aircraft weapons.
|Foreign Affairs / Nigeria's 'nollywood' Movie Industry Rolls At High Gear by anonymous6(f): 4:07pm On Sep 26|
LAGOS— Twenty years after its birth in a video shop in Lagos, Nigeria's "Nollywood" is one of the most prolific film industries on earth. Despite low budgets and whirlwind production schedules, Nigerian films are wildly popular in Africa and industry professionals say they hope, in the future, their films will be as great in quality as they are in quantity.
As a generator hums on the roof, Director F. Olu Michaels shoots his 14th episode of Remember Me, a soap opera about a girl with magical powers.
He said that since he got into the business 16 years ago, Nollywood has grown from a rag-tag industry into a giant -- producing thousands of films a year.
F. Olu Michaels, a Nollywood director, said, “It has changed a lot. Bad jobs don’t really make waves anymore. If you don’t really do a good job you’re nowhere. Bad jobs just die along the line, but good jobs are recommended and people keep talking about it.”
But Nollywood also suffers from the same woes as the rest of Nigeria -- widespread poverty, insecurity, and lack of electricity. As a result, Nigerian artists say their movies are made on tight budgets and films lack "polish."
At a fancy country club in Lagos, Olu Jacobs, one of Nollywood’s most famous actors, said many movies are shot in only a week for less than $30,000.
"We haven’t got the money to prolong it for more than six, seven, eight, nine, 10 days maximum. Otherwise you run out of money,” said Jacobs.
Jacobs said Nollywood movies are popular, though, because they reflect themes Africans can relate to, instead of Hollywood's version of the continent: an exotic land of large, wild animals and suffering villagers.
“I’m an eternal optimist. I will tell you Nollywood is going to improve by leaps ands bounds because more and more people and organizations are beginning to see that this field is respected outside this country,” said Jacobs.
Back on the set of Remember Me, where the generator is still the only source of power, 21-year-old actress Bronze Mannuels said Nollywood gives young Nigerian artists a chance to “make it."
“It’s about the passion. It’s about how much effort you can put into. That’s how I see it,” she said.
This is Mannuel's first role after many auditions. She said she doesn’t want to be just another actress, however, she wants to be a Nollywood star.
|Foreign Affairs / Re: Ebola Could Drain Billions Of Dollars From African Economies: World Bank by anonymous6(f): 4:05pm On Sep 26|
GenBuhari: This may be one of the possible real reasons to behind the Ebola propaganda - To justify World Bank /IMF involvement in the region which would help USA take over the resources in the region.
well when it comes to Ebola I believe it exist, however I am not naive to the fact that there are organizations and etc that don't have the best interest for Africans and use certain ways to do that but when it comes Ebola I don't think it's the case.
|Health / Re: Man Dies At Sperm Bank After 4th Donation In 10 Days (PHOTO) by anonymous6(f): 8:21pm On Sep 18|
Cause of the love of money
|Foreign Affairs / Re: Asia's Billionaires See Fastest Wealth Growth: Report by anonymous6(f): 6:00pm On Sep 18|
Asians don't play when it comes to business and money, so I am not surprised. This what Asian people look up to that's why they are progressing. I think Black Africans will have more billionaires in the near future as time progresses because their are many african entrepreneurs in Africa with new ideas in Africa that hasn't been touched in Africa.
|Health / West African Powerhouse Ivory Coast Battles To Keep Out Ebola by anonymous6(f): 11:21pm On Sep 17|
ABIDJAN (Reuters) - The billboard depicts a masked health worker in a biohazard suit looming over a bed-ridden patient. Above them, bright red letters warn commuters on a busy Abidjan street that "The Ebola risk is always there".
As Ivory Coast campaigns to fend off an Ebola outbreak ravaging neighboring West African states, such grim reminders of the catastrophe unfolding across its western border are everywhere.
The worst recorded outbreak of the virus has killed over 2,400 people in Liberia, Sierra Leone and Guinea, wreaking havoc on their fragile economies, and has also spread to Nigeria and Senegal.
If it reaches Ivory Coast, the powerhouse of French-speaking West Africa, the economic consequences could be yet worse. The country of 20 million people
exports 40 percent of the world's cocoa, the raw material for chocolate, and supplies its landlocked neighbors with everything from rice to fuel.
Ivory Coast is taking the kind of aggressive anti-infection measures that its poorer, smaller western neighbors were slow to adopt. Hand washing stations have appeared at the entrances of government buildings and office towers in Abidjan, the bustling economic capital. People have abandoned the traditional three-kiss greeting.
Mass mobile text messages send out a government awareness campaign nationwide. And children, exposed to the information drive on radio and television, quarantine their classmates in a playground game they call "Ebola".
"It's without precedent," said Daouda Coulibaly, the epidemiologist charged with leading the effort. "We started back in March to explain to people that this is a real disease. It must be taken seriously."
The World Health Organization (WHO) has already warned that several neighboring countries are at risk. With the outbreak gathering pace, the WHO has said a $1 billion international response will be needed to keep the number of those infected within the "tens of thousands".
Coulibaly is working seven days a week to ensure that none of them is Ivorian, and the government has imposed draconian measures at its borders. Flights to and from Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia have been banned - provoking anger in those countries - and last month the western border was shut.
Dozens of people have been tested for the disease. The army is now patrolling the area and those caught crossing into Ivory Coast illicitly face an automatic 21-day quarantine.
A man hunting bush rats in violation of a government ban on bush meat, thought to be one way in which Ebola is transmitted, was condemned to five years in prison last month.
But experts warn that Ivory Coast may struggle to insulate itself completely due to its long, porous borders with both Guinea and Liberia - the country worst hit by the disease.
"The epidemic, particularly in Sierra Leone and Liberia, is outpacing our attempts to control it," said Marc Poncin, head of emergency response for medical charity Medecins Sans Frontieres in Guinea. "Ivory Coast is the country most at risk. It's probably a question of time before it appears in Ivory Coast."
RENAISSANCE AT RISK
Little over three years after a civil war, the Ivorian economy is bouncing back. Growth hit 9.8 percent last year and investors' interest is booming.
A $750 million Eurobond issued in July attracted $4.75 billion worth of orders, and the government has said it will tap international debt markets again next year.
President Alassane Ouattara, who emerged victorious from the 2011 conflict largely thanks to military backing from France, is up for reelection next year. He is campaigning as the architect of an Ivorian renaissance but Ebola could jeopardize that.
"We're worried by Ebola in neighboring countries that are our economic and commercial partners," Ouattara said on Wednesday, in his first direct comments on the outbreak. "We're working to ensure that we maintain our strong rate of growth."
For Ronak Gopaldas, head of country risk analysis at South Africa's Rand Merchant Bank, the government knows its record is on the line: "Ebola risks puncturing all the good work that's been done and I think that's why they've been so proactive."
While economists assess Ebola's impact, it is clear that an economic calamity is brewing across Ivory Coast's borders. Economic growth in Liberia and Sierra Leone could drop by almost 3.5 percentage points, according to the International Monetary Fund, as Ebola cripples agriculture and services.
Prices there have rocketed as worried citizens rush to stock up on provisions and border closures disrupt imports.
Ivory Coast would face the same problems were Ebola to jump the border. But, with an economy that makes up 40 percent of the eight-nation CFA franc bloc, the repercussions would be regional, including higher inflation.
"We're already affected economically speaking because of the perception," Trade Minister Jean-Louis Billon told Reuters. "Those who are frightened are more those who know less about Africa and are coming to discover."
Though the country has yet to register a single case, at least two international conferences due to take place in Ivory Coast have been canceled. International cocoa exporters have restricted staff movements in the country, exposing the sector's vulnerability to the growing fear of Ebola.
"The more you go to the perception that things are getting out of control, the more you will have this psychological effect," said Alain Feler, IMF representative in Ivory Coast.
Citizens of Abidjan are wary. On packed public buses, people try to avoid touching. "It's often difficult because you can't avoid human contact," said student Cesar Kouame Kouakou. "But we try to do it because no-one knows what causes this sickness."
Ivorian authorities are heartened by events in Senegal and Nigeria, where relatively rapid government responses appear to have contained outbreaks.
After an initially slow start, hundreds of millions of dollars in international financial assistance are also beginning to pour into Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone to fund the Ebola fight and offset the economic damage.
President Barack Obama has announced that the United States plans to send 3,000 troops to the region.
For Coulibaly, the growing momentum is a positive step, but he worries that nations on the frontline are still being neglected. "The neighboring countries must be assisted financially, logistically, with material resources," he said. "We need to see that assistance now."
|Celebrities / Re: Celebrities Who Beleive The World May End In 2012? by anonymous6(f): 11:13pm On Sep 17|
jayriginal: and it came to pass that . . .
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|Foreign Affairs / Ebola Could Drain Billions Of Dollars From African Economies: World Bank by anonymous6(f): 11:07pm On Sep 17|
WASHINGTON (Reuters) - The largest-ever outbreak of Ebola could drain billions of dollars from economies in West Africa by the end of next year if the epidemic is not contained, the World Bank said in an analysis on Wednesday.
The global development lender predicted that slow containment of the deadly virus in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone could lead to broader regional contagion, particularly through tourism and trade.
Under the worst-case scenario, Guinea's economic growth could be reduced by 2.3 percentage points next year while Sierra Leone's growth would be cut by 8.9 percentage points. Liberia would be hardest hit, with a reduction of 11.7 percentage points next year.
"We really need to scale up our response and what we have learned from this study is that time is of the essence," World Bank President Jim Yong Kim told reporters.
Even under the best-case scenario, countries would need a "massive" scaling up of their response to contain the disease in the next four to six months, the bank said.
The World Health Organization (WHO) said the outbreak requires a $1 billion expenditure to limit its spread. "The ($1 billion) is something we need right now, and it could go up rapidly if we do not respond," Kim said.
The United States announced on Tuesday it would send 3,000 troops to help tackle the Ebola outbreak.
The bank itself has pledged about $200 million in emergency assistance to Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone, the three countries most affected.
The World Bank predicted the three West African countries so far affected by the virus would lose $359 million in economic output this year. All three also have significant funding gaps, totaling nearly $300 million.
Inflation and food prices were also starting to rise due to shortages, panic buying and speculation, the bank said.
Failure to contain the virus quickly could also affect business in neighboring countries, including Nigeria, Ghana and Senegal.
"The analysis finds that the largest economic effects of the crisis are not as a result of the direct costs ... but rather those resulting from aversion behavior driven by fear of contagion," the bank said in a statement.
The worst Ebola outbreak since the disease was identified in 1976 has already killed nearly 2,500 people, half of the number infected by the virus.
The bank said agreeing on a standardized Ebola treatment and prevention protocol, endorsed by the WHO, was critical and would significantly reduce the virus's death rate, now at 53 percent.
The outbreak of the highly contagious virus, which causes fever and uncontrolled bleeding, was first confirmed in the remote forests of southeastern Guinea in March.
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