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How To Make That Great Presentation Or Project Defence (public Speaking) - Education - Nairaland

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How To Make That Great Presentation Or Project Defence (public Speaking) by toby2all(m): 8:49pm On Apr 20, 2013
In life, public speaking is something you encounter from time to time but
many always avoid it. It could be while making an announcement, a debate, a
presentation or even defending your seminar/project research. This guide
anyway focuses on the last three (the purely academic ones). It could get really
embarrassing out there when you are alone and facing a crowd (probably large)
but with the help of the knowledge in this guide, apt preparation and adequate
confidence you can make something great out of your presentation. Remember
that you are not going to perform very well if you begin to sweat, tremble, or
shake and even stutter out of fear.

1. Research your topic thoroughly in-depth: Make detailed and extensive
notes and answer questions that you encounter during the research.
2. Arrange your findings: Decide which information is necessary, and cut
off irrelevant points. (A highlighter pen may be of good use here).
3. Make an outline: Start rough and general (brainstorm), then get
specific and to the point.
4. Get used to your topic, and then write down the whole speech as if it
were an essay. Learn the content of the essay well.
5. Write down your presentation steps in order: i.e. what you will say and
when you will say it. These should be key points in your outline (to
keep you on topic) and details and statistics (that would be too
difficult to remember e.g. dates, figures etc).
6. Practice your speech aloud several times alone several times alone
until you are confident with it: It doesn't have to be identical to your
essay in wording, but try to keep the content the same. Just practice,
practice, and practice your speech until it feels natural
7. Practice in front of the mirror if you can't find anyone else or try
giving the speech to things around your room. A teddy-bear, a vase, or
even the T.V. will be fine.
8. Choose what visual aids (if any) you will use to enhance your
presentation if necessary.
9. Practice in the room or venue where you will be speaking, if possible.
Knowing the territory, and testing out how loud you must be in order
to be heard is an advantage.
10. Once you have learned it well, practice your presentation in front of
family members and/or friends. They can give you support, feedback,
and help make you comfortable with speaking in front of people.
11. Take slow, deep breaths before your speech.
12. Wear a favourite piece of clothing (something smart and possibly
relating to your topic) but don’t overdress.
13. Before you speak, do a "hokey pokey" in the privacy of a bathroom
and shake out your hands too. This will loosen you up. Vocal exercises
that can help the voice are good, as well.
14. Eat a healthy meal before your speech, but not too much. If you
already feel nervous, having a full-to-bursting stomach is not good.
Drink plenty of water the day before as well.
15. Get a good night’s sleep


16. If possible, never hold a piece of plain paper in your hand while
speaking. It will flutter with every tiny movement and exaggerate all
your shakes. If you need notes, write them on index cards. And don’t
act as if you’re a news broadcaster. Look at points in the card just to
remember them. Don’t read your audience a long boring essay.
17. Always speak in a loud, clear voice but don’t shout.
18. Try to look at your audience, not the floor or the desk in front of you.
If it makes you uncomfortable to make eye contact, look at people's
foreheads. Find a focal point (or several) in the room just above the
audience’s heads. Instead of staring into many pairs of eyes, look at
their hair. Focus on people's foreheads. It will appear as if you're
making eye contact. This way, you will not have to stare into critical
eyes, if there are any.
19. If you are really nervous take a small paperclip up on stage (or in
class) bending it will help!
20. Find several other people in the audience that appeal to you and
"speak" to them. If they can give you a thumbs-up, or an encouraging
smile, it can help unimaginably.
21. Be confident! You know more about your topic than the other people
in your class, so be proud of what you have to tell them and enjoy
22. If you're presenting in a class with other students, then try to go first.
You should get a better grade, because your speech is the base for all
other speeches and if you build the confidence to go first you should
or you are not confident--or if you're terrified--ask your teacher
beforehand if you can go first or second. Ask immediately for going
"as soon as possible" so you can get it done before you worry too
much (note this works if you stay calm and breathe naturally).
23. When you are speaking and get nervous just focus on anything but the
people. Look at a wall clock or something else and focus on it while
alternating it with other objects. Look around occasionally or else you
look like you are an unmoving picture with a mouth.
24. Don't look down at your feet! Looking at your feet shows that you
don't feel confident and makes people want to just go to sleep. Your
feet aren't that pretty.
25. Practice standing still, not rocking back and forth, bouncing, etcetera
but If you are allowed to move around during the speech, plan out
where you will walk just to ease tension. Choreography will help take
your mind off the audience. If you will move during the speech, check
out anything that might make you trip.
26. While you're up there, remember: everyone watching you is so
nervous about their own presentations, they're probably not paying all
that much attention to you!
27. Keep in mind that you will stand out more if you stutter and use "um"s
in every sentence than if you were to give a speech perfectly and
without speech fright. Don't be afraid that people will think your
speech is horrible, and realize that probably a lot of other people in
your class, or school, etc, have nervousness when giving a speech.
Note: Pray well before you present. Anything can happen. And finally,

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Re: How To Make That Great Presentation Or Project Defence (public Speaking) by cnnamoko(m): 9:46pm On Apr 20, 2013
get free project topics and materials http://nairaproject.com
Re: How To Make That Great Presentation Or Project Defence (public Speaking) by toby2all(m): 7:21am On Apr 21, 2013
cnnamoko: get free project topics and materials http://nairaproject.com
@cnnamoko, are we allowed to post links here??!!!
Re: How To Make That Great Presentation Or Project Defence (public Speaking) by overhypedsteve(m): 8:02am On Jan 09
31 Academic Research Project Defense Questions and How To Answer Them. view all the tips you need to make a compelling project defense
Re: How To Make That Great Presentation Or Project Defence (public Speaking) by overhypedsteve(m): 12:56pm On Jan 13
Top 30+ Research Project defence questions and how to answer them.
Note: this is a very long post and the nairaland post box not contain it.visit the link above for the full guide and other interesting research tips
The following are the top 31 academic research project defense questions that you may encounter during an academic research project defense. Please use this guide to assess yourself to see if you are actually ready for your research defense. Observe these questions and the recommended steps to answering them. We went through the record of past academic research project defense questions, I am also advising that you go further and ask past students about some of their academic research project defense questions they encountered during their own defense just make sure you do not restrict yourself to only these questions.

Question 1: What is Your Research About?

That this is the first academic research project defense question you are asked does not mean you should take it lightly every academic research project defense question is geared towards testing how well you understand your research study area. Here they will ask you to explain to them in few sentences what your research is all about. The question is basic right? Well this is a part of the academic research project defense process that gets most students choking for words. At any rate the questions is simple and as a student either BSc or MSc or PHD ,as a student during your academic research project defense the least that is expected of you is for you to know what your research is all about.

To answer this academic research project defense question, you have to know everything about your research project from the first chapter to the last. To answer this question all you have to do is to give them a summary of the research, at this stage your abstract is your friend. Yes! Before going for your academic research project defense as an undergraduate or post graduate you must have mastered the content of your abstract, you should at this time be able to boldly pour out the content of your abstract to them. And this is one reason why I have always advised that while writing your research your abstract should never be taken for granted. It is the synopsis of the work and a better understanding of your abstract is all you need to get past this often embarrassing question.

Question 2: Why did you decide to undertake this specific research?

Watch out! Take your next step carefully. This particular academic research project defense question can be extremely complicated and it goes a long way to persuade the board that you have done a relevant study. The question could also come in a more direct form and they could just ask you, “What is the research problem”

This is how you should answer this question, you may choose to expound on the issue(s) examined in the study. Your decision to tackle this problem turns into your inspiration. Try not to state monetary reasons or the need to graduate as an inspiration as you may effortlessly go off point. this questions could give birth to the following questions so just prepare for them:

Questions 3: What are the motivations for your research?

Question 2 and 3 may look similar but answering them may reveal a slight difference. You could be motivated by solving an existing problem to embark on this research, you could be motivated by the need to contribute to the body of knowledge in the field and you could also be motivated by professional curiosity.

Question 4: Why is the problem you have tackled worth tackling:

not all research-able problems are worth tackling with a full academic study please note. You should be able to identify the problem being tackled as relevant enough to warrant the conduct of an academic investigation into its resolution.

Question 5: What are the main aims, questions, hypotheses?

do not worry too much about this particular academic research project defense question if you are an undergraduate. this question may only come up during a PHD defense. It can be easily answered using the tips in question

Question 6: How will this study contribute to the body of knowledge?

This is one question that has not changed over the years. At this point you are required to justify how your study will add to the existing body of knowledge. This is the part where your method, contextual analysis or any special model or conceptual framework that was utilized as part of the investigation should be used to defend it.

Top 30+ Research Project defence questions and how to answer them.

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