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Temporary Marriage: Does Quran Allow It? - Islam for Muslims - Nairaland

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Temporary Marriage: Does Quran Allow It? by usisky(m): 1:46pm On Aug 08, 2013
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Glory Be To God(Allah), He begets not, neither is He begotten. He Alone Guides to the right path; the path of absolute and uncompromising MONOTHEISM.


>>Question: Is Temporary (Muta) Marriage Allowed in Islam? Sura 4 Ayat 24 <<

I seek refuge in God from Satan the rejected.
In the name of God, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.


Salamun Alaykum


Temporary marriage is not permitted in Islam. The verse quoted is given below and there is no reference to a temporary marriage here. This verse refers to the requirement of mutual attraction and dowry as pre-requisites for marriage.

(sub-title) Mutual Attraction And Dowry Required

[4:24] Also prohibited are the women who are already married, unless they flee their disbelieving husbands who are at war with you.* These are GOD's commandments to you. All other categories are permitted for you in marriage, so long as you pay them their due dowries. You shall maintain your morality, by not committing adultery. Thus, whoever you like among them, you shall pay them the dowry decreed for them. You commit no error by mutually agreeing to any adjustments to the dowry. GOD is Omniscient, Most Wise.

Footnote: *4:24 If believing women flee their disbelieving husbands who are at war with the believers, they do not have to obtain a divorce before remarriage. See 60:10.



To make it even more clear, consider the verses before and after 4:24. Sura 4 is titled "Women", and the theme of Sura 4 is protection of women, which is emphasized when we read these verses.

[4:19] O you who believe, it is not lawful for you to inherit what the women leave behind, against their will. You shall not force them to give up anything you had given them, unless they commit a proven adultery. You shall treat them nicely. If you dislike them, you may dislike something wherein GOD has placed a lot of good.

Protection for Women

[4:20] If you wish to marry another wife, in place of your present wife, and you had given any of them a great deal, you shall not take back anything you had given her. Would you take it fraudulently, maliciously, and sinfully?
[4:21] How could you take it back, after you have been intimate with each other, and they had taken from you a solemn pledge?

Respect for the Father

[4:22] Do not marry the women who were previously married to your fathers--existing marriages are exempted and shall not be broken--for it is a gross offense, and an abominable act.

Incest Forbidden

[4:23] Prohibited for you (in marriage) are your mothers, your daughters, your sisters, the sisters of your fathers, the sisters of your mothers, the daughters of your brother, the daughters of your sister, your nursing mothers, the girls who nursed from the same woman as you, the mothers of your wives, the daughters of your wives with whom you have consummated the marriage--if the marriage has not been consummated, you may marry the daughter. Also prohibited for you are the women who were married to your genetic sons. Also, you shall not be married to two sisters at the same time--but do not break up existing marriages. GOD is Forgiver, Most Merciful.

Following is the next verse 4:25, which once again re-emphasizes the importance of not taking advantage of a slave (i.e., dowry must be paid), and that there is no difference with a slave in terms of belief and faith. Finally, it is clear from 4:27, that there are those who wish to follow their lusts, but God clearly condemns this (i.e., once again emphasizing that are no grounds for temporary marriage, which is in plain terms simply "prostitution"wink.

[4:25] Those among you who cannot afford to marry free believing women, may marry believing slave women. GOD knows best about your belief, and you are equal to one another, as far as belief is concerned. You shall obtain permission from their guardians before you marry them, and pay them their due dowry equitably. They shall maintain moral behavior, by not committing adultery, or having secret lovers. Once they are freed through marriage, if they commit adultery, their punishment shall be half of that for the free women.* Marrying a slave shall be a last resort for those unable to wait. To be patient is better for you. GOD is Forgiver, Most Merciful.

footnote *4:25 This law proves that the punishment for adultery could not possibly be stoning to death as stated in the laws of corrupted Muslims (see 24:2 for the prescribed penalty). How do you give half the punishment of stoning a human being like you to death if it is as stated by the followers of satanic teachings?

[4:26] GOD wills to explain things for you, and to guide you through past precedents, and to redeem you. GOD is Omniscient, Most Wise.

God's Mercy


[4:27] GOD wishes to redeem you, while those who pursue their lusts wish that you deviate a great deviation.


Looking at the passage as a whole, it is clear that 4:24 follows from 4:22-23, which details prohibited categories in marriage (60:10 further explains the reference to women who flee disbelieving husbands in case of war). The dowry is emphasized in 4:24 and 4:25, to prevent people from taking advantage of those in financially weaker situations (see also: 4:127). There is never a license for temporary marriage, and on the contrary, as we see in 7:189 and 30:21, marriage is considered a life-long bond between a man and a woman, with love and care.

[30:21] Among His proofs is that He created for you spouses from among yourselves, in order to have tranquility and contentment with each other, and He placed in your hearts love and care towards your spouses. In this, there are sufficient proofs for people who think.

[7:189] He created you from one person (Adam). Subsequently, He gives every man a mate to find tranquility with her. She then carries a light load that she can hardly notice. As the load gets heavier, they implore GOD their Lord: "If You give us a good baby, we will be appreciative."


To summarize, God does not advocate temporary marriage in 4:24. Temporary marriage that is permitted in some so-called "Muslim" societies is no more than a thinly-veiled term for prostitution which is strongly condemned by God in the Quran. Marriage is a sacred relationship designed by God, and involves love and care towards one's spouse (30:21). Mut'a is not marriage as God defines it, and is a gross lie attributed to God.

Marriage as per Quran is given at the following page:

http://www.masjidtucson.org/perspectives/family/marriage/index.html

There are no other marriages in Quran. As we see here marriage involves solemn pledge. It is a serious matter not to be taken lightly. Marriage relationship that is temporary does not have God's approval.

God does not advocate divorce, but God has in His infinite grace and mercy specified laws for divorce. For ending a marriage one has to go through these procedures, there are no two ways about this. Following the process of arbitration and cooling off as specified in Quran--the divorce process itself is likely to take over six months. Where is the logic then of a "temporary marriage" spanning a few days?

For more on divorce per Quran, please see our page on divorce which includes the Quranic verses detailing the process.

May God protect us from attributing lies to God (like advocating temporary marriage).

[10:60] Does it ever occur to those who fabricate lies about GOD that they will have to face Him on the Day of Resurrection? Certainly, GOD showers the people with His grace, but most of them are unappreciative.

[10:69] Proclaim: "Those who fabricate lies about GOD will never succeed."


PEACE!!


www.submission.org
www.masjidtucson.org
www.quranalone.com
www.miracleof19.org
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Re: Temporary Marriage: Does Quran Allow It? by LagosShia: 6:44pm On Aug 08, 2013
your entire post of a thousand words is deficient and can be summarized in one sentence. it is based on mistranslation of verse 4:24.the word "to do mut'ah" (istamta'toom) found in the verse is mistranslated as "whoever you like among them".

"Quran-only Muslims" or "submitters" like you are deficient in Islam.there is more substance if I as a Shia Muslim debate this topic with your Sunni Muslim branch masters, from whom you sprung up as an heretical movement aiming to confuse people under the guise of avoiding the hadith literatures and "only sticking to the Quran"-a deception at best.even Sunnis do not deny mut'ah but rather claim it was a later prohibition (by the Prophet),to which the Shia refuse and say that mut'ah was never prohibited by the Prophet (sa) but by and during the days of the second Sunni caliph,Umar.you mistake yourself as the "spokesperson" for the Quran so you raised such a topic intending to voice authority on Quranic matters.

since you insist that you are a "Quran-only muslim" (as if other Muslims contradict the Quran by following hadiths,or as if the hadith is hindu scripture),and that there is no "hadith" (i.e. narration,explanation or literature) that "guides" you except the Quran,you should not have mistranslated verse 4:24 firstly.secondly,you should not have fit in your own notion/words of prohibiting what God has permitted to pass for your "Quran-only" impression.i mean you should bring a verse that Allah (swt) states categorically that "temporary marriage" otherwise known as "pleasure marriage", in relation to the word "mu'tah", is forbidden.otherwise,as the "Quran-only" muslim you deceive others to believe you are,i actually would have expected you to embrace mut'ah marriage as something permissible (regardless if we embark on doing it or not,as it is not an obligation that a muslim must do it if the circumstances/situation do(es) arise),since the Shia to a very large extent only depend on verse 4:24 of the Holy Quran to prove the eligibility of performing mut'ah marriage.perhaps,since authentic hadiths from sunni sources are used by the Shia to explain the "cause of revelation" of verse 4:24,you deemed it necessary to oppose mut'ah marriage, while ignoring the Arabic grammar in the verse which is enough to establish the case for mut'ah.in other words you just want to stir controversy and argue with those greater than you in Islamic knowledge,who do not deny their history out of paranoia and being intimidated by hadith literature.an heretical movement of about 50 years old that you follow cannot or rather should not attempt to challenge the Shia Islamic movement which is a movement as old as Islam itself dating to the very days of the holy Prophet (sa),the very religion you want to claim.the essence of Islam is the Shia movement,or rather the latter is just simply islam itself.just maintain silence/calm.dont venture into muddy waters where your Sunni masters have and failed.keep arguing with your masters and convince them to throw away bukhari and muslim.do that first and don't bite off more than you can chew.

Eid Mubarak.
Re: Temporary Marriage: Does Quran Allow It? by BetaThings: 2:01am On Aug 09, 2013
usisky:

Temporary marriage is not permitted in Islam.
I don't agree with your "Qur,an only" doctrine
ButI agree that temporary marriage is haraam. It was permitted at a time (given the history of Arabs) but it is now forbidden
Just like alcohol was allowed (given the history of the Arabs) and was abrogated in stages
Sunnis unanimously AGREE that temporary marriage is forbidden
Re: Temporary Marriage: Does Quran Allow It? by LagosShia: 12:43pm On Aug 09, 2013
BetaThings:
I don't agree with your "Qur,an only" doctrine
ButI agree that temporary marriage is haraam. It was permitted at a time (given the history of Arabs) but it is now forbidden
Just like alcohol was allowed (given the history of the Arabs) and was abrogated in stages
Sunnis unanimously AGREE that temporary marriage is forbidden

pseudo-scholar,alcohol was never permitted by Islam.simply because the Prophet (sa) met arabs getting drunk in his initial part of his mission doesn't mean it was the Prophet (sa) himself who permitted alcohol.i am not surprised with such exposition by you when your very own scholars claim that even the Prophet (sa) "might" have consumed alcohol.

as for temporary marriage,i don't know why the Prophet (sa) allow what was forbidden and then prohibit it.the truth about the matter as already explained is that Sunnis do not deny temporary marriage was permitted by the Prophet (sa).Sunnis say it was permitted and later prohibited.the Shia on the other hand believe it was never the Prophet (sa) who later prohibited it,but Umar-second sunni caliph-long after the Prophet's (sa) demise.there is no need to go over this again.many threads already exist on the topic.the positions of both camps is clear,and to you your own and to me my own.the Shia principle remains: whatever is permitted is permissible from the beginning of creation and after the Hereafter.and whatever is forbidden is prohibited from the beginning of time till after Qiyama.Allah (swt) does not change His mind and therefore does not change His laws.
Re: Temporary Marriage: Does Quran Allow It? by BetaThings: 4:19pm On Aug 09, 2013
LagosShia:

pseudo-scholar,alcohol was never permitted by Islam.simply because the Prophet (sa) met arabs getting drunk in his initial part of his mission doesn't mean it was the Prophet (sa) himself who permitted alcohol.i am not surprised with such exposition by you when your very own scholars claim that even the Prophet (sa) "might" have consumed alcohol.

as for temporary marriage,i don't know why the Prophet (sa) allow what was forbidden and then prohibit it.the truth about the matter as already explained is that Sunnis do not deny temporary marriage was permitted by the Prophet (sa).Sunnis say it was permitted and later prohibited.the Shia on the other hand believe it was never the Prophet (sa) who later prohibited it,but Umar-second sunni caliph-long after the Prophet's (sa) demise.there is no need to go over this again.many threads already exist on the topic.the positions of both camps is clear,and to you your own and to me my own.the Shia principle remains: whatever is permitted is permissible from the beginning of creation and after the Hereafter.and whatever is forbidden is prohibited from the beginning of time till after Qiyama.Allah (swt) does not change His mind and therefore does not change His laws.
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Re: Temporary Marriage: Does Quran Allow It? by LagosShia: 9:53pm On Aug 09, 2013
BetaThings:
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Alhamdulillah. smiley

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